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BurmaNet News September 2, 1995

------------------------ BurmaNet ------------------------
"Appropriate Information Technologies, Practical Strategies"

The BurmaNet News: 2 September, 1995
Issue #213

Noted in Passing: 
It looked bad for them. They said the Karenni have surrend-
ered and returned to the legal fold but the next day we
declared we would continue to struggle for our political
objectives. They were very angry. - Raymond Htoo, KNPP
Secretary General on the SLORC (quoted in Between the 
Hammer and the Anvil)

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1 September 1995

Rangoon's military is once again playing the religious card in
an effort to divide and undermine one of the last fighting its
rule, according to officials from the besieged Karenni Na
tional Progressive Party (KNPP).

Abel Tweed, foreign affairs minister for the KNPP, said the
central government had co-opted the influential Bishop of
Loikaw, the religious leader of Karenni-dominated Kayah state,
into becoming a "medium  for Rangoon's message that the rebels
should lay down their weapons and return to the "legal fold.

KNPP officials said they feared that Rangoon was seeking to
re-create the kind of dissension among its followers that led
to the demise of another ethnic group, the Karen National
Union, earlier this year.

The Burmese military has been accused of orchestrating a
mutiny by Buddhist foot-soldiers against the Baptist leader
ship of the KNU. The revolt led to the fall of the rebel
group's largest bases along the Thai-border Burma and to the
end of the KNU as a legitimate military force.

"Unlike the Karens we are all of the same religion, Tweed
said. "But if this continues it could get serious in the
future with the Catholics divided into two parts, one part
pro-bishop and the others against him."

Rev Edward Evans, a Catholic scholar who recently visited
Kayah state said the Bishop had been placed between the "ham
mer and the anvil. 

"He was weak although you can't fault him. His people are
suffering and he wants to help them. The Karenni are very
devout. They will listen to him for everything. But now he has
gone too far....he has placed himself in Slorc's hands," he
said referring to the State Law and Order Restoration Council,
the official name of Burma's ruling junta.

Karenni and Catholic sources say the KNPP's troubles with the
Bishop began last year when he approached Slorc strongman Khin
Nyunt for relief from a campaign of military persecution.

In addition to the usual litany of Burmese army abuses that
have been documented by human rights groups such as the round
ing up of young men and children for portering, forced labour,
the theft of crops, and dislocation of villages, the Rangoon
military in Kayah state had, according to the Karennis,
rounded up villages in three concentration camps and been
carrying out a systematic campaign to crush the Catholic
religion. Priests and nuns were arrested and harassed, Karenni
cemetries and religous sites desecrated and destroyed.

Catholics and Karennis said Khin Nyunt, stepped in to order
the release of a priest who had been arrested on a charge of
aiding communist rebels. I return he asked the Bishop tp act
as a go-between for Rangoon in its dealings with the Karennis.

Since then, the Bishop has made 10 trips to see the KNPP
leadership who are based along the Thai-Burmese border and
addressed refugee camps as an advocate of Rangoon's peace

In fact, the Karenni are one of 15 ethnic groups that have
already reached ceasefire agreements with the Burmese govern
ment. But fighting resumed between government soldiers and
Karenni troops within three months of the ceasefire ceremony
on March 22 this year.

Since June 14, KNPP officials estimate Rangoon has moved more
than 4,000 troops into Kayah state in a bid to crush their
four-decade old insurgency.

Thai military and other observers suggested that the cause of
the fighting had more to do with the lucrative trade in teak
across the Thai-Burma border than politics.

Tweed conceded that timber was a factor in the fighting but
denied it was the main cause. "It's not because of the logs
but because we are a threat to the three principles, he said
referring to Slorc's stated aims of preventing the break up of
the country.

Raymond Htoo, KNPP secretary general, said the news of the
ceasefire and its almost immediate repudiation by the Karennis
had embarrassed and angered Ranoon.

"It looked bad for them. They said the Karenni have surrend-
ered and returned to the legal fold but the next day we
declared we would continue to struggle for our political
objectives. They were very angry." he said.

Rangoon's official reasons for launching the rainy season
offensive against the Karennis were threefold: a/ that they
needed to protect the national logging trade from bandits and
Thais; b/ the military needed access through Kayah state for
their offensive against Shan warlord Khun Sa in the north; and
c/ they needed to secure strategic points along the border
with Thailand should relations with Thailand further deterio
rate as a result of the Thai national election in July.

The KNPP claims that more than 300 Burmese soldiers have been
wounded the fighting as a result of guerrilla attacks,
landmines and disease. They did not have a figure for fatali
ties. The guerrilla group reported six Karenni deaths and
eight wounded.

Independent sources doubted the casualty tolls were as high as
those claimed by the KNPP. "The Slorc troops are close and
here in force but there are not a lot of people getting
killed,_ said a guerrilla with the All Burma Students Demo
cratic Front which holds a mountain-top base near the Thai

"You can hear the Burmese at night, shouting and shooting at
random and somethings tripping a land mine,_ the student
guerrilla said. "They are firing mortars into the mountains
but they are  only hitting trees,_ he said.

Raymond Htoo said the Burmese objectives were the remaining
two border passes controlle by the KNPP. Asked what the KNPP
would do to finance their struggle for autonomy should the
passes fall, he shrugged his shoulders and repied, "I don't

Student dissidents said heavy rain and the hrush mountainous
jungle conditions had blunted the Burmese offensive but pre
dicted fighting would intensify once the wet season had

Tweed said the KNPP would continue their fight for indepen
dence and if that could not be achieved then they would settle
for autonomy. "But lets take it to the table not the battle
field,_ he said.

The foreign minister said the KNPP had not been in contact
with Rangoon since they received a letter from Khin Nyunt
setting an August 13 deadlin for the guerrillas to halt their
hostilities. Other dissident sources however said that a
senior KNPP intelligence officer had been in Rangoon since
March and the two sides were talking.

Tweed said he was not optimistic an agreement could be
reached. "They just want to wipe us out, he said and warned
that the situation could get critical next year because the
Burmese authorities had refused to release irrigation water
from the Loikaw dam for this year's rice planting.

"They are planning to flood the area in November during har
vest time and wipe out what crops have been grown,_ he said.
"People are very afraid that next year they will be starv

BURMA September 1, 1995

Forces of Burma's drug warlord Khun Sa and ethnic Wa fighters have
been facing off against each other on Burma's eastern border with
Thailand, a Thai border official said yesterday.

Between 2,000 to 3,000 fighters from the United Wa State Army (UWSA)
were seen setting up positions opposite an equal number of men from
Khun Sa's Mong Tai Army (MTA) in the Burmese state of Shan, a senior
Thai army officer said.

The two sides had been warned to keep fighting from spilling across
the border, the officer said, but added that apart from sporadic
shots from light weapons, the two forces had yet to engage each

"We thought they were too close to the border, about a kilometre
away, and that clashes could result in shells or rockets landing on
Thai soil," he said.

Khun Sa, the self-proclaimed independence leader of the Shan ethnic
group, has been reported to be under attack by a combined force of
Burmese government troops and the UWSA.

The officer said both sides had been trying to take control of
mountain ridges along the border, but said recent press reports that
fighting had spilled over the frontier were inaccurate.

He said that both sides had few heavy weapons and that no shelling
had been heard yet in the border area. But he added that skirmishes
between the UWSA and the MTA were reported to have taken place deep
inside Burma.

It was reported yesterday that Burmese troops and the UWSA have
shelled MTA bases for three consecutive days and that both sides
have tried crossing into Thailand to gather food.

Kyodo reports from Rangoon: The leader of a party which opposed
Burma's central government for over 40 years met leaders of the
governing State Law and Order Restoration Council (Slorc) on
Wednesday to pledge his party's cooperation, the state-owned
English-language daily New Light of Myanmar said yesterday.

The paper said Nai Shwe Kyin, the 85-year-old chairman of the New
Mon State Party, and other party leaders, met Slorc Secretary-
General Khin Nyunt in Rangoon and promised to work "hand-in-hand
with the Slorc for stability of national sovereignty and in building
a peace and prosperous modern state".

The party's leaders and Slorc officials, including ministers, at the
Wednesday meeting discussed the development of fisheries,
agriculture, mining, tourism and other projects in Burma's Mon
State, which borders Thailand in the country's southeast.

The party formally ended over 40 years of armed struggle against the
central governments at a ceremony on June 29 in the state capital of

Nai Shwe Kyin was unable to attend the ceremony because of poor
health, but arrived in Rangoon recently for consultations with
government officials.

The paper said Khin Nyunt, who is also chairman of the government's
Works Committee for Development of Border Areas and National Races,
said at the Wednesday meeting that the New Mon State party is the
15th of 16 armed ethnic groups in the country to accept the
government's peace terms. (TN)

September 1, 1995

Prime Minister Banharn Silpa-archa said yesterday he has been
advised to make an official trip to Burma because no Thai premier
has visited the country in a long time.

He made the remark during a meeting with the ambassadors of the six
other Asean nations, who called on Banharn to congratulate him for
his Royal appointment as the country's new prime minister.

The premier told reporters after the meeting that Foreign Minister
MR Kasem Kasemsri had recommended he make the trip to Burma "at an
appropriate time" because such a visit had not taken place for quite
some time. Banharn did not say whether he would take Kasem's advice.

The premier said Burma was not raised for discussion during the
Asean envoy's visit but he expects Defence Minister Gen Chavalit
Yongchaiyudh to brief him on his two-day visit to Burma which starts

Chavalit, also deputy prime minister, failed yesterday to attend a
House committee hearing on Burma, saying he would do so after he
returns from his trip.

Suwat Liptapanlop, chairman of the House Committee for Foreign
Affairs, said Chavalit had called to say he could not attend the
hearing because he had to depart for Burma today.

The minister pledged to appear before the committee next week, said
Suwat. Chavalit, who has established close connections with senior
members of the Burmese junta, will take with him his personal
secretary Gen Pat Akanibutr and several senior army officers,
including Assistant Army Chief Gen Chettha Thanajaro and Lt Gen
Sanan Kajornklam, a senior officer at Supreme Command.

The Defence Minister is expected to hold talks with junta leader Gen
Than Shwe, deputy prime minister and chairman of the foreign
investment committee, Vice adm U Maung Maung Khin, and Brig Gen
David Abel, concurrently the minister for National Planning and
Economic Development.

Speaking after a two-hour House hearing, Suwat said his committee
was very concerned with the strained bilateral ties and the impact
on the country's border economy. He said the committee has urged the
Foreign Ministry to fond a means to resolve the problem.

The Foreign Ministry, he said, has recommended the estiblashment of
a joint committee comprising representatives from both the
government and the private sector to oversee economic interests and
activities between Thailand and Burma. The ministry is studying how
such a committee could be set up, he added.

The ministry plans to invite Lt Gen Khin Nyunt secretary of the
ruling Burmese State Law and Order Restoration Council (Slorc), to
visit Thailand later this year. Thailand has invited Khin Nyunt
several times, but he has never made the trip.

Suwat said the hearing concluded that many factors were behind the
damage done to the Thai-Burmese relationship, but some were related
to problems inside Burma, such as the suppression of armed ethnic
insurgencies_the Karen, the Mon, the Shan and opium warlord Khun
Sa's Mong Tai Army. (TN)

BURMA        September 1, 1995       By Nussara Sawatsawang

The official visit to Burma by Deputy Premier and Defence Minister
Chavalit Yongchaiyudh starting today is a confidence building
exercise carrying the hopes of a good many people.

General Chavalit is expected to achieve results largely because he is a
professional soldier enjoying a history of good relations with a
former leader of the ruling military junta in Rangoon.

As army commander-in-chief, Gen Chavalit effectively became the
first foreign dignitary, in December 1988, to recognise a regime
that was condemned internationally for the brutal suppression some
months earlier of Burma's pro-democracy advocates.

After that visit to Rangoon as a guest of Gen Saw Maung, the first
chairman of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (Slorc), Gen
Chavalit brought home generous logging and fishing deals that were
seen to have been given in exchange for the repatriation, soon
afterwards, of some 80 Burmese students who had sought refuge in

As deputy premier and defence minister, Gen Chavalit can continue to
impress Rangoon's key military officers, but he is unlikely to carry
the same weight with them that he did seven years ago when army

The inclusion in Gen Chavalit's delegation of Assistant Army
Commander Chettha Thanajaro indicates Thailand's recognition of the
need to cultivate military-to-military contacts.

Gen Chettha is said to be close to some of Burma's regional
commanders, notably Maj Gen Ket Sein of the Southeastern Command,
and Maj Gen Saw Tun, a former commander of the Eastern region who is
now Minister of Construction.

But Thai-Burmese relations may well be at their lowest point ever,
with the death of Burmese seamen at issue in the latest of serious
outstanding problems between the two neighbours.

Foreign policy analysts say the success of Gen Chavalit's mission
depends more on what he has to offer as solutions than the military
backgrounds of himself and others in his delegation, or the military
nature of the leadership in Rangoon.

Gen Chavalit will be the guest over the next two days of the Burmese
government, not of its military, sources point out. His direct host
is Deputy Premier Maung Maung Khin, and his programme has been
worked out by the foreign rather than defence ministry in Rangoon.

Whatever his guest status, it was Gen Chavalit who initiated the
idea of paying the visit, and a scheduled meeting with the regime's
foremost leader is seen as a warm response, giving grounds for hope
that Rangoon is interested in improving relations.

Soon after his arrival this morning, Gen Chavalit is due to meet
with Gen Than Shwe, who is concurrently the Slorc chairman, Prime
Minister, Minister of Defence, and Armed Forces Commander.

Gen Chavalit is expected  to carry a message from Prime Minister
Banharn Silpa-archa to Gen Than Shwe expressing regret over the
death of the seamen and confirming Thailand's commitment to bring
the guilty to justice.

But doubters are asking whether Gen Chavalit can make as much
headway with Gen Than Shwe as he did with his predecessor, Gen Saw

Gen Chavalit was unsuccessful in having a ban of fisheries and
logging concessions lifted when he visited Rangoon in June 1993 as
Interior Minister. The Burmese side simply did not respond to his

Gen Than Shwe is reputed to be quite different from Gen Saw Maung,
whom he succeeded in April 1992. A professional soldier and devout
practising Buddhist, Gen Than Shwe is not known to risk long-term
national interests for short-term profit.

Gen Chavalit made it known he wished to open a dialogue with Burma
soon after he assumed office as a member of Mr Banharn's government.

This was before the murder of the Burmese seamen became an issue
between the two countries, but there were three other problems which
had sourced relations since early this year.

Two concerned Thailand's alleged support for ethnic Karen and Shan
rebels. The closure in early March of the Mae Sot-Myawaddy border
checkpoint is seen as Slorc's "punishment" for alleged Thai help for
rebels of the Karen National Union (KNU).

Thailand was accused not only of reinforcing troops at the border to
obstruct the pro-Slorc Democratic Kayin Buddhist Army, but also of
helping KNU soldiers relocate to the Thai side.

The closure in March of the Mae Sai-Tachilek border checkpoint is
seen as Slorc's response to what it saw as Thai help for the forces
of drug warlord Khun Sa. Thai authorities cited humanitarian reasons
for allowing these rebels to take shelter and receive medical

The third problem, which led to Rangoon's suspension in June of
construction work at the Thai-Burmese Friendship Bridge across the
Moei river, concerned alleged Thai encroachment on Burmese

Burmese authorities alleged the illegal encroachment had alerted the
borderline marked by the Moei River. They demanded the removal of
construction materials, rock filling, and all buildings on the river
bank as preconditions for talks.

In what is seen as a response to the Burmese demands, Mae Sot
district authorities ordered the removal in early July of all
shophouses and stalls built in the area within a month. The
shophouse and stall operators have appealed for another 60 days, or
up till October 8.

The Thai side argued that the river bank was filled with rocks to
prevent soil erosion. They also countercharged that Burmese
authorities in Myawaddy had erected stakes along their river bank in
order to redirect the current and damage the Thai side.

Gen Chettha, who has been involved in several rounds of regional-
level talks, earlier said two different issues were at stake and
that separate Thai-Burmese committees on bridge construction and
boundary work should be set up to deal with them.

But Burma has held out against the idea, sustaining a tough line
after a recent visit to the area by Slorc Vice Chairman and Army
Chief Commander Gen Maung Aye, who knows the problem through his
time as commander of the Eastern Region and co-chairman of the Thai-
Burmese Regional Border Committee seven times.

The general was furious to find a small island in mid-river being
developed from the Thai side, a source familiar with the situation

The murder of Burmese seamen aboard Thai vessels early last month
has resulted in the closure of the checkpoints at Ranong and Burma's
Victoria Point, and the disruption of all Thai fishing operations in
Burmese waters.

While exports of other Burmese raw materials, such as logs, are
still permitted, the export of fish is prohibited "for the time
being" as "a kind of punishment", a Burmese source said.

According to the Burmese embassy's account, Thai fishermen assaulted
18 Burmese crewmen after learning they had reported Thai violations
of a joint venture fishing agreement sealed only a few months ago to
Burmese authorities. The Thai were said to have caught marine
animals prohibited under the agreement.

In an aide memoire handed to Thai Ambassador in Rangoon Poksak
Nilubol, the Burmese Foreign Ministry has demanded that legal action
be taken against the culprits.

Over the past week, two suspects have been arrested, and three days
ago, skipper Sunthorn Kaew-song-duang, who is said to have ordered
the beating of the Burmese crewmen with a water pipe, surrendered to

NCC Asian Fisheries Co, which has a stake in the Thai-Burmese joint
venture company, also is reported to have contacted Burmese
authorities with an offer of compensation for the crewmen.

Over the next two days, Gen Chavalit may face the biggest challenge
of his political career. Concerning ethnic minorities, he might be
able to argue that Thailand was providing humanitarian aid to people
in trouble.  But Thailand can hardly escape legal responsibility for the murder
of Burmese seamen, or encroachment on Burmese territory at the
bridge. (BP)

1 September 1995

THE House Committee on Foreign Affair has recommended that the
Government cooperate more closely with Burma in order to improve
relations, which have become strained of late.

To hear their views on Thai-Burma relations, the committee met
representatives of the National Intelligence bureau, of the NSC, and
of the Foreign, Defence, Interior, Commerce and Agriculture

The representatives agreed that Thailand cannot ignore the problem
of members of Burmese minorities fleeing Burmese governments
oppression and seeking shelter on Thai soil.

But they said Thailand's humanitarian policy of giving temporary
refuge to the displaced persons has made Burma suspicious of
Thailand's motives.

A representative from the Defence Ministry assured the House
committee that the military has no intention of interfering in the
internal affairs of Burma.

After hearing the different views of the parties concerned, the
House committee concluded that a panel should be set  up to explore
how to improve bilateral ties. (BP)

September 1, 1995

Border Patrol Police in Mae Sot have made several protests to the
Burmese authorities in Myawaddy over the reclamation of part of the
Moei River bank.

Officers of 346 Border Patrol Police said on Wednesday that the
Burmese action was a clear violation of a bilateral agreement, which
suspended all activities that could affect the banks or the flow of
the Moei River. The river banks serve as the interim boundary line
between the two countries.

The officers said the Burmese began to fill in the river in June
after Rangoon halted construction of the joint-venture bridge across
the Moei River.

The suspension of work stemmed from Burmese resentment over river
bank reclamation by Thai businessmen. The two sides have since
agreed to halt any activities that could affect the natural boundary
and the river, and to begin negotiations on demarcating the

The officers said reclamation subsequently ceased on the Thai side
of the river, but the Burmese then violated the agreement. Burmese
authorities had not replied to the Thai protests, they added.

Yesterday about 2,000 Burmese students, soldiers and volunteers were
seen extending the river bank with earth and stones. They also put
up a Burmese flag on the reclaimed land, which now extended about
three metres beyond the original river bank, local Border Police

Throughout the activity, Burmese authorities broadcast patriotic
music, urging the people to love and be prepared to fight to protect
their beloved motherland.

The officers said the Burmese junta yesterday despatched the
commander of the 77th Division, Brig Gen Than Thun, to Myawaddy to
assess the situation.

Defence Minister Chavalit Yongchaiyudh is tomorrow scheduled to
begin a two-deay visit to Burma.

Chavalit will try persuade the Burmese leaders to reopen border
crossings at Myawaddy, Tachilek and Victoria Point or Kawthaung,
which were closed early this year after several border clashes and
incursions. He will also urge the Burmese to resume construction of
the Moei bridge linking Myawaddy and Mae Sot. (TN)

September 1, 1995   (article abridged)

(editor's note: similar story in THE SYDNEY MORNING HERALD,
 September 1, 1995, page 9, and on the wire services)

Keynote speakers at the largest international women's meeting in
history did what their Chinese hosts feared most yesterday. Led by
Burmese dissident Aung San Suu Kyi, they challenged governments, big
business and religious fundamentalists.

Outside the opening plenary session, Amnesty International tested
China's decision to limit demonstrations to a tiny school yard by
marching for several blocks and holding a protest. Chinese police
filmed in but did not interfere.

Against a backdrop of friction over Chinese restrictions on free
speech and lingering problems about living arrangements and shuttle
busres, the 10-day NGO Forum on Women finally got down to work.

Its goal is to top women's equality on top of the international
agenda and influence the official UN Fourth World Conference on
Women, which opens on Monday in Peking, 50 km away.

They focused on women's vulnerabilities spousal abuse, gential
multilation, forced prostitution and strengths peace-making efforts,
grassroots politicking, and banks for poor women.

But yesterday's biggest drawing card was the videotaped keynote
address from Aung San Suu Kyi which was smuggled out of Burma. More
than 3,000 cheering, applauding women jammed inside a cinema to
watch, but thousands were left fuming outside.

Organisers promised a replay last night. The Nobel Peace Prize
winner, who spent nearly six years under house arrest for leading a
pro-democracy movement, said the tape was made with the help of
people who believe in "freedom of expression." Organisers refused to
say how it was smuggled out.

Suu Kyi said she remained in Burma to work for the freedom of
Burmese men and women "who continue to suffer far more than I have."
She described the struggle for democracy as "a struggle for life and
dignity." But she devoted much of her 15-minute speech to women's
role as peace-makers.

"To the best of my knowledge, no war was ever started by women," she
said. "Women have a most valuable contribution to make in situations
of conflict by paving the way to solutions based on dialogue rather
than viciousness and violence."

She said the world must spend "less on the war toys of grown men and
much more on the urgent needs of humanity as a whole."

"It is not the prerogative of men alone to bring light to this
world. Women with their capacity for campassion and self-sacrifice,
their courage and preseverance, have done much to dissipate the
darkness of intolerance and hate, suffering and despair," she said.

1 September 1995

UNITED Communication Industry Plc is conducting a feasibility study
to establish an optical fibre plant in Burma to satisfy demand from
its mobile phone and cable TV subsidiaries for network expansion.

Boonchai Bencharongkul, Ucom CEO, said the investment is expected to
be worth about Bt40-Bt50 million in the first stage. The plant, if finalized, 
will have equal stakes held by Ucon and another two local partners, 
Boomchai said. (BP)

1 September 1995

BAD weather and an avalanche have forced a Japanese family to
abandon their attempt to become the first climbers to conquer
Burma's tallest mountain, a state owned newspaper said.

They Ozaki family was forced to turn back 3,621 feet (1,097 metres)
from the summit of the 19,296 foot (5,847 metre) Hkakabo Razi
mountain in Kachin State, northern Burma.

Takashi Ozaki, his wife, 11 year old son and 8 year old daughter
were accompanied by members of the Myanmar Mountaineering and Hiking

They reached the foot of the mountain on July 31, and had hope to
reach the summit on August 20. (BP)

September 1, 1995       (Karen National Union)
1. Eleventh Congress of the KNU was being successfully held from
August 21, to August 31, 1995. One hundred and six KNU
representatives and 79 observers from the civil as well as the
military establishments in all provinces attended the Congress.

2. After deliberation upon the prevailing domestic and
international situations, the Congress  made necessary
modifications with regard to policies and programs of the Karen
revolution, and Constitution of the KNU, so as to make them to be
in consonant with time.

3. The Congress elected 35 candidates consisting of senior,
middle and younger leaders as Central Standing Committee members
and from among the 35, the Congress again elected eleven members
to serve on the Central Executive Committee. The Congress also
elected 20 young leaders as candidate members to the Central
Standing Committee.

4. In addition, the Congress elected Gen. Saw Bo Mya as
President, Saw Shwe Saing as vice-President, Saw Ba Thin as
General Secretary, and Mahn Sha Lar Pan and Saw Tu Tu Lay as
Joint-General Secretaries of the KNU.

5. With the reconfirmation of 11th Congress, the KNU is to
undertake the following important tasks. They are:

(a) To further consolidate the KNU morally, politically and

(b) To further strengthen the Karen National Liberation Army and
Karen National Defence Organization so that they may be able to
serve more than ever the interests of the people and the Karen

(c) To endeavour for the unity of the entire Karen nation;

(d) To continue to uphold the stand of holding and to endeavour
for a dialogue between the KNU and SLORC for the establishment of
genuine and lasting peace in the country.

In conclusion, we, the KNU, would like to affirm that we will
firmly join hands together with the entire people and fellow
alliance forces, and resolutely struggle on for victory by
upholding high our objectives of the establishment of genuine
peace, democracy and a genuine federal union.