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BurmaNet News September 15, 1995

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"Appropriate Information Technologies, Practical Strategies"

The BurmaNet News: September 15, 1995
Issue #227

Noted in Passing:
As far as it is concerned, Karnyord will be redubbed a drug
trafficker if he decides to go back to the MTA. And if he does 
attack the MTA, the issue of  `who's the traitor and who's the real 
freedom fighter' will throw great confusion among the populace and 
the resistance.And both outcomes are fine with the SLORC. - 
anonymous source (see MTA MUTINEERS) 


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September 8, 1995  Muangmai
 (note: S.H.A.N. stands for Shan Herald Agency News)

The breakaway MTA group, renamed the Shan National
Army, is being forced into beginning open armed clashes with its erstwhile
mother-organisation, reported a source coming into Thailand.

Unlike the DKBO, the breakaway Karen group which enthusiastically cooperated
with SLORC forces during their campaign against the KNU, the SSNA of Major
Karnyord during its three-month long seperate existence from the MTA has
carefully refrained from starting a civil war with the MTA, among whom are the
mutineers' close friends, relatives and life long comrades.Above all, the
presence of Gunjade,Karnyord's most respected exsuperior in the vicinity proves
an almost tangible deterrent.Instead, it has turned to the tactic of persuading
the dissatisfied soldiers to desert their units, which has had some success.

However, the ambitious SLORC commanders have not been impressed with Karnyord's
exploits, and have so far refused to bankroll his psychological operations,
except to print and distribute his anti-Khun Sa pamphlets. " Everytime he turns
toward the SLORC for funds and arms", says the source, " they keep asking him
when his military operations will start. So far, he has received only K 1
million from General Khin Nyunt, who sent his aide, Col San Pwint, to talk to
him in his stead."

In the meantime, the MTA, under the new leadership, has made a series of
concessions to Karnyord's demands, which includes the recall of controversial
commanders Yiapmong and Kaw-hat, collective leadership and an end to summary
executions without trial. It also promises 
amnesty and reinstatements for all returnees including Karnyord.Many prominent
Shan individuals and agencies are also mediating in order to head off an armed
conflict, which once begun would go out of control and and play directly into
the hands of SLORC.

Everything seems to rest on the decision of Karnyord, who is badly in need of
raw cash to upkeep his splinter army. The SLORC does not seem worried , so says
the source; " As far as it is concerned, Karnyord will be redubbed a drug
trafficker if he decides to go back to the MTA. And if he does attack the MTA,
the issue of  `who's the traitor and who's the real freedom fighter' will throw
great confusion among the populace and the resistance.And both outcomes are fine
with the SLORC."
(We found only a few civilians in the whole report and only one woman.  
But then what kind of official delegation did SLORC send to Beijing?)

"Military Bureauracy of SLORC"
September 4, 1995
13 pages
from the Documentation and Research Centre, ABSDF
P.O. Box 42, Mae Hong Son P.O.
Mae Hong Son 58000, Thailand

Since the military coup led by General Ne Win on 2 March
1962, the military has launched a systematic militarisation by
replacing almost all the intellectual civilian posts in every
adminstrative sector with the officers in uniform.  With the
lack of experience in individual fields, every civil and
professorial administration has been ruined by the
monopolisation of the military.  That mismanagement led the
country into the Least Developed Country (LDC) with 4000
million US$ foreign debt in December 1987.

Consequently, Burmese people called for an end to one party
dictatorship and restoration of democracy in their motherland. 
Although one party rule was at its sunset because of the nation-wide uprisings
, the military took over power and established a
new junta in Sptember 1988 in order to safeguard the military
dynasty and the hierarchy of the outgoing regime.  Claiming to
introduce the "Free Market Economy" in Burma, the SLORC
military junta reformed the bureaucracy.  But they readopted
the old and unpopular model of militarisation, assigning army
officers to all civil administration posts.  At the same time,
SLORC has been convening "National Convention" to
legitimise the role of the miltiary in Burma's future politics.

We do hope that this "Military Bureaucracy of SLORC" will
help you improve your awareness of how the regime
monopolises the civil administration. 

Documentation and Research Centre
All Burma Students' Democratic Front
September 4, 1995


1  Senior General Than Shwe,
    Chairman  Prime- Minister,
    Commander-in-Chief of Defence Service, Minister for
2  General Maung Aye, Vice-Chairman,   
    Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services 
3  Vice-Adm. Maung Maung Khin
    Member    Deputy Prime- Minister
4  Lt-Gen. Tin Htun
    Member   Deputy- Prime-Minister 
5  Lt-Gen. Phone Myint 
    Member    Chairman of Security & Management Committee
6  Lt-Gen. Aung Ye Kyaw  
    Member   Member of Security & Management Committee
7  Lt-Gen. Sein Aung
    Member   Minister for Industry No. 1
8  Lt-Gen. Chit Swe
    Member    Minister for Forestry
9  Lt-Gen. Kyaw Ba
    Member    Minister for Hotel & Tourism
10  Lt-Gen. Maung Thint
    Member. Minister for Progress of Border Area 
    & National Race & Development
11  Lt-Gen. Aye Thaung
   Member   Minister for Labor
12  Lt-Gen. Myint Aung
    Member   Minister for Agriculture
13   Lt-Gen. Mya Thin
    Member   Minister for Interior Affairs
14   Lt-Gen. Htun Kyi  
    Member   Minister for Trade
15   Lt-Gen. Myo Nyunt
    Member   Minister for Religious Affairs
16  Lt-Gen. Maung Hla
    Member   Minister for Immigration & & Manpower
17  Lt-Gen. Kyaw Min     
    Member   Minister for Mines
18  Maj-Gen Soe Myint 
    Member    Minister Social Welfare & Resettlement
19   Maj-Gen Nyan Lin
    Member    No Portfolio
20   Lt-Gen. Khin Nyunt 
     Secretary-l   Director of Defence Special Intelligence
     Director of Military Strategy Study
21    Lt-Gen. Tin Oo
      Secretary-2  Chief of Staff 
      Special Operation No.(1) Commander


1   Senior General    Than Shwe    Prime-Minister and Defence
2   V.Adm    Maung Maung Khin    Deputy Prime-Minister
3   Lt- Gen. Tin Tun     Deputy Prime Minister 
4   Lt-Gen.   Sein Aung   Industry 1 
5   Lt-Gen.   Chit Shwe    Forestry
6   Lt-Gen.   Myint Aung   Agriculture
7   Lt-Gen.   Kyaw Ba   Hotels & Tourism
8   Lt-Gen.   Maung Thint   Border Areas Development
9   Lt-Gen   Mya Thinn    Home
10  Lt-Gen. Kyaw Min    Mines
11  Lt-Gen  Tun Kyi    Trade
12  Lt-Gen.  Aye Thaung   Labor
13  Lt-Gen.  Myo Nyunt     Religious Affairs
14  Lt-Gen.  Thein Win   Transport
15  Lt-Gen.  Min Thein Office of the Chairman of SLORC
16   Lt-Gen.  Maung Hla   Immigration and Population
17                         Ohn Gyaw   Foreign
18   (Ex-Lt-Col)  Pang Aung   Education
19   (Ex-Col)   Win Sein    Rail Transport
20    (Ex-Lt-Col)   Khin Maung Thein  Energy
21                SoeTha     Communication, Post & Telegraph
22             Than Aung     Co-operative
23    V-Adm    Than Nyunt     Health
24   Maj-Gen   Kyaw Than    Industry - 2 
25   Maj-Gen    Soe Myint     Social Welfare & Resettlement
26   Maj-Gen    Aye Kyaw     Information
27   Maj-Gen    Saw Tun    Construction
28   Brig-Gen.  Win Tin    Finance & Revenue 
29   Brig-Gen.   David Abel   Planning & Economic
30   Brig-Gen.   Maung Maung   Livestock & Fisheries
31   Brig-Gen.   Thaung Myint   Culture
32   Brig-Gen.   Myo Thant   Office of the Chairman of
33   Brig-Gen.   Lun Maung   Prime Minister's Office
34   Col   Pe Thein    Prime Minister's Office
35   (Ex-Col)   Than Shwe    Prime Ministers Office
36                     Khin Maung Yin   Deputy Prime Minister's
37    Brig-Gen.Tin Aye   Deputy- Minister (Tourism)
38    Brig-Gen.  Maung Kyi   Deputy Minister (Social
39    Col   Tin Hlaing   Deputy, Minister (Home)
40   Col    Aung Thaung   Deputy Minister (Trade)
41   Col   Than Zin   Deputy Minister (Health)  
42   Col   Kyi Maung Deputy Minister (Education)
43           Dr. Than Nyunt Deputy Minister (Education)
44   (Ex-Col)  Nyunt Swe Deputy Minister (Foreign)
45  (Ex-Col)  Than Nyunt Deputy Minister (Industry 1)
46             Saw Tun Deputy Minister (Industry 2)
47              Aung Phone Deputy Minister (Forestry)
48              Aung Thein   Deputy Minister (Livestock &
49   (Ex-Lt-Col)   Soe Nyunt Deputy Minister (Culture)
50   (Ex-Col)   Aung Khin  Deputy Minister (Religious)
51                  Kyaw Tin  Deputy Minister (Border Areas)
52   (Ex-Col) Win Hlaing  Deputy Minister (Mines)
53                  Myint Thein Deputy Minister (Mines)
54                  Tin Hlaing Deputy Minister (Agriculture)
55    (Ex-Lt-Col)  San Wai  Deputy Minister (Transport)
56   (Ex-Lt-Col)  Thein Sein  Deputy Minister (Information)
57                Tin Tun   Deputy Minister (Energy)
58    (Ex-Col)   Aung San Deputy Minister (Construction)
59                Kyaw Aye Deputy Minister (Labor)
60                Win Naing  Deputy Minister (Finance and

15 Stember 1995

BURMA'S government is trying to help increase the influx of
tourists ahead of next year's "Visit Myanmar Year" by launching
air links with mire countries, media and officials said.

The Burmese government hopes for 500,000 tourists next year.

A delegation from Lao Airlines Co and Burma's Civil Aviation
Department met Transport minister Lt Gen Thein Win on Wednesday
to discuss starting a link between Laos and Burma in November.

Lufthansa Airlines' regional director Michael Uhlmann also met
the minister on Wednesday to talk about matters relating to air
services and increasing tourists arrivals, the media reported.

A German Embassy official said that Lufthansa planned to fly
between Bangkok and Rangoon via an agreement with Thai Airway
International  Plc.

The airlines already have approval from German and Thai
authorities and plan to start the operation in October as soon
as Burma gives the go-ahead.

Lufthansa has no current plans to fly directly between Rangoon
and Europe because airports in Burma are not equipped to handle
large planes.

Two international airports with the capacity to handle big
aircraft are being built in Burma's second city Mandalay and
Pago, about 50 miles from Rangoon.

Discussions are also underway to start airlinks with India, a
Transport Ministry official said. Initially fights would be
between Madras and Rangoon, and services may also be extended to
Calcutta later. (TN)

15 September 1995
State media suggest Rangoon has limited view of dialogue Aung
Zaw comments

THERE was little in the way of pleasantries ;last week when
Burma's powerful military intelligence chief, Lt Gen Khin Nyunt
met US ambassador to the United Nations, Madeleine Albright, in

The ambassador made sure that the Burmese junta, understood
clearly Washington's position regarding the restoration of
democracy and respect for human rights. Albright also urged
Slorc's leaders to begin a dialogue with opposition leader Aung
San Suu Kyi, who was released in July after spending six years
under house arrest.

As he has done to other visiting dignitaries, Lt Gen Khin Nyunt
explained the development of the National Convention, which is
supposed to draw up a new constitution and set Burma back on the
path to democracy. Khin Nyunt described the National Convention
as a process for dialogue. Albright dubbed it "phoney," saying
it was part of Slorc's long term plan to stay in power

One hopeful sign that emerged from the meeting, however, was
Albright's assertion that the junta leader had hinted they may
be ready to talk to "the ;ready." Speaking at a press conference
in Bangkok, Albright said the US was "modestly encouraged" to
hear that Slorc was considering talking to Suu Kyi.

Khin Nyunt, however, stressed that the dialogue with Suu Kyi
will come only after "internal consultations" within the top

But the question that remains is, exactly what sort of dialogue
will take place? Is Rangoon's intention only to appease the
public and the world community, or will it be a meaning dialogue
that will lead to the restoration  of genuine democracy?

There is still much to suggest that Slorc  is less  than
enthusiastic about the prospect of sitting down with the Suu
Kyi-led democracy groups.

An article entitled "Dialogue... Dialogue"  that  appeared in
the Slorc-controlled New Light of Myanmar recently argued that
dialogue might  not be needed. 

"Dialogue... Dialogue... Meet? Talk! Seek a solution at a
negotiating table! Don't seek a  military solution!
Very easily said. Very easy to make exhortations. But it is not
at all easy in practical  terms," the article's author Sithu
Nyein Aye asserted. The writer cited conflicts in Bosnia, the 
Philippines and Sri Lanka as examples where he said dialogue had

Then he went on  to attack the Western bloc and dissidents whom 
he said had been telling Slorc to open a dialogue. Referring to
Slorc's ceasefire agreements with armed ethnic groups, he said,
"No praise, no congratulations and no happiness was expressed
from the Western bloc and their political  pundits who keep
advocating patching up differences  through dialogue have kept

The agreements  reached between Slorc and ethnic
groups_specificially ceasefire agreements, so far offer little
guarantee for lasting peace. Sithu Nyein Aye said Western bloc
and dissidents are turning a blind eye on the biggest dialogue
forum consisting of representatives of all national races, of
all parties, of all elected deputies, of the peasantry, of
workers, of artists and the intelligentsia, of all the strata of
people_ the National Convention."

He asked: "Are there any other forums more  important than the 
National Convention?" Far from being representative, however,
most of the delegates at the National Convention were handpicked
by Slorc. Despite this, they are not allowed to speak out.

Khin Nyunt said to Albright that Slorc had "broad public
support" and that the Burmese people "smile a lot." But
Albright, saying repressive societies, replied that, such
"people often smile not because they are happy, but because they
are afraid."

Albright, also had an extended meetings with opposition
politicians, including Nobel Prize winner Aung San Suu Kyi, and
her close associates Tin Oo and Kyi Maung. Suu Kyi has
repeatedly expressed a readiness to start a dialogue with the
junta. "This is the only way to solve problems," she told the
BBC World Service.

Albright said she made it clear to the Rangoon generals that
they have two choices: "A choice between its present isolation
and reintegration into the international community. As a result
of my visit, the Slorc leadership undoubtedly knows what it must
do. The choice is theirs." She warned Khin Nyunt that Burma's
"isolation would deepen unless concrete steps towards political
freedom are taken." "The sooner the dialogue begins, the
better," Suu Kyi has said. (TN)

15 September 1995

Mae Sot
AN a Australia delegation led by the Deputy Speaker of the House
of Representatives Harry Jenkins yesterday visited a Karen
refugee camp at Ban Huay Kalok of Tambon Mae Pa in this northern
border town.

Tak Governor Kasem Nakarat along with local officials led the
delegation consisting of 10 Australian MPs on an inspection of
the camp, which now accommodates more than 6000 refugees.
The Ban Huay Kalok camp was set up in 1984 after Rangoon forces
launched a major suppression drive against a number of Karen
National Union bases. The refugee camp is supported by many
Australia non-governmental organizations.

This year, the Australian government and NGOs have provided
eight financial aid, medical and personal assiatance programmes
costing upwards of 8.5 million baht for the refugees in the

The Australian delegation also inspected the Thai-Burmese
Friendship Bridge linking Mae Sot and Myawaddy across the Moei
River. (BP)