[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index
BurmaNet News: November 24, 2000
- Subject: BurmaNet News: November 24, 2000
- From: strider@xxxxxxxxxxx
- Date: Fri, 24 Nov 2000 20:20:00
______________ THE BURMANET NEWS ______________
An on-line newspaper covering Burma
________November 24, 2000 Issue # 1665__________
INSIDE BURMA _______
*The Los Angeles Times: Ethnic Karen Losing in Myanmar Struggle
*Shan Herald Agency for News: Junta army occupies disputed ceasefire
*Time: SE Asia embraces Internet Age,even Myanmar
*AFP: Myanmar ducks ASEAN's IT spotlight
*AFP: Environmental alliance demands halt to mega dam projects
*The Star (Bangladesh): Myanmar included in RM9b rail project
*The Nation (Bangkok): Asean leaders close ranks to support Burma
*The Nation: Pyongyang, Rangoon to restore diplomatic ties
*The Hindu (New Delhi): WOOING A MILITARY JUNTA
The BurmaNet News is viewable online at:
__________________ INSIDE BURMA ____________________
The Los Angeles Times: Ethnic Karen Losing in Myanmar Struggle
Nov 24, 2000.
By DAVID LAMB, Times Staff Writer
MAE SOT, Thailand--Their battle for self-rule is one of the world's
longest wars, a struggle that spans 52 years and generations of death.
But today the ethnic Karen of Myanmar are facing a harsh awakening:
Their long, lonely journey may be leading them nowhere. Here along the
Thai border with Myanmar,often referred to by its previous name, Burma,
more than 100,000 Karen arecloistered in 11 camps of bamboo huts spread
out along the frontier. There are thousands more refugees living outside
the camps. International attention to their plight--minimal in the best
of times--is waning. Their military capability is dwindling. Their
refugee population is growing, at the rate of 500 a month,and even
Thailand, their traditional protector, increasingly considers them a
burden, which some Thai politicians want eased with their repatriation
within three years. The Karen, along with a similar number of East
Timorese in the Indonesian province of West Timor, represent the last
large concentrations of externally displaced people in Southeast Asia,
where the refugee population
has sunk to its lowest level in more than 20 years with the resettlement
of the masses who fled Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia in the aftermath of
the Vietnam War.
"We look to the East, and we see nothing," said Saw Tay Tay, director of
the Karen Refugee Committee, who works out of a garage adorned with
pictures of Myanmar's dissident leader, Aung San Suu Kyi. "But we look
to the West, and we see moral support, maybe even a solution, because of
its opposition to the Burma government. We know where our bread is
buttered. "But times have changed. We're no longer under any illusion
that we can defeat the Burmese army and achieve independence. And we
realize that countries should not be divided. We
feel people can coexist if they are treated fairly. If we can be assured
our dignity, that would be enough. We could live at peace with the
Burma government." If the Karen have scaled back their aspirations, it
is largely because they have had no choice. Myanmar's army overran the
Karen National Union, or KNU, stronghold at Manerplaw in 1995 and
continues to nibble away at its border enclaves, pushing the Karen--many
of whom fought for Britain during
World War II even as Burma supported Japan--near or into Thailand. The
KNU's fighting strength has dwindled to 2,000 to 3,000 men, and the war
has ebbed into spasms of platoon-level engagements.
Meanwhile, Myanmar's government, a repressive band of soldiers known as
the State Peace and Development Council, has signed peace treaties with
the country's 15 other ethnic groups. In return
for laying down their arms, some of the groups, such as the Wa, have
been given a large degree of autonomy and the OK to produce drugs, which
flood into Thailand and make their way to distant corners of the world.
The Karen,many of whom were converted to Christianity by U.S.
missionaries two centuries ago, have never played by the same rules.
They have shunned the drug trade and held
nothing more than preliminary peace talks with the Myanmar government.
But their influence inside Myanmar has diminished with their falling
numbers, as tens of thousands fled to Thailand, some to escape fighting,
others to seek economic opportunity. "There's no jobs in Burma, not
enough food, very little medicine," said Aung Kyaw, 26, as a medic at
Dr. Cynthia's Clinic in Mae Sot,
Thailand, examined his sick daughter. After two years in Mae Sot, Aung
Kyaw, a high school dropout, earns the equivalent of $50 a month as a
gardener, more than a university professor with a doctorate would make
in Myanmar. Aung Kyaw is one of an estimated 100,000 illegal Myanmar
immigrants, many of them Karen, in Thailand, in addition to those in the
overflowing refugee camps.
Over the course of many years, dating back to the Vietnam War, Thailand
has been Southeast Asia's most hospitable country for refugees. But its
patience is running thin with Myanmar refugees after two embarrassing
incidents that could result in the welcome mat being withdrawn. In
October 1999, five Myanmar rebel gunmen took over the Myanmar Embassy in
Bangkok, the Thai capital. After
releasing their hostages unharmed, the rebels were allowed to go free,
much to the annoyance of the generals in Myanmar. Then in January, 10
Karen rebels stormed a Thai provincial hospital and held the staff and
The rebels were killed by Thai commanders. On both occasions, the goal
of the attackers was unclear. Thailand responded to the crisis by
sending about 200 Karen back across the Friendship Bridge that spans the
Moei River on the border and increasing security at the camps. Thai
Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai, who toured several camps, said, "The
refugee situation is a problem, which must be
urgently solved." Myanmar, though, is reluctant to accept returnees who
are political dissidents and an economic burden. "It's a very difficult
situation, a day-to-day struggle, because young people are leaving Burma
toget jobs to support their families and the Thais don't really want
them here and the government in Yangon does not want to take them back,"
said Dr. Cynthia Maung, a refugee who set up her clinic in Mae Sot in
1988. The Karens' struggle today, said one Western refugee specialist,
isn't so much about independence or autonomy as it is about geopolitics
and economics. Along the border, they represent a convenient buffer for
forces inside Myanmar battling for control of the teak forest industry
and the drug trade. To countries such as the United States and Britain
that want to isolate Myanmar because of human rights abuses
and involvement in drugs, the Karen are a welcome destabilizing force
against the generals in Yangon, Myanmar's capital. So Saw Tay Tay, in
his garage in Mae Sot, sharing tea with a guest, paused and had to think
hard when asked what 52 years of armed struggle had achieved for the
Karen. "Well," he said after a while, "perhaps not much. The situation
isn't getting any better."
Shan Herald Agency for News: Junta army occupies disputed ceasefire
No: 11 - 19News
Forces from Northeastern Regional Command (HQ in
Lashio) yesterday launched on operation against Mongkoe, a town on the
Chinese border, where two factions of the Mongkoe Defense Army of Mong
Sala were fighting against each other.It was learned this morning that
the "Tamadaw" had "re-occupied" the Mongkoe area. Details of the
operation and the fate of Mong Sala are still not known.
Time: SE Asia embraces Internet Age,even Myanmar salutes
Friday November 24, 8:03 am Eastern
By Simon Cameron-Moore
SINGAPORE, Nov 24 (Reuters) -
Myanmar's military government signed an accord with other Southeast
Asian nations on Friday to promote use of the Internet, even though it
is currently banned for ordinary citizens.
The 10 leaders of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
signed an e-ASEAN Framework Agreement to promote electronic commerce
and help hook up people, technology and businesses in the region.
Senior General Than Shwe signed for Myanmar. His government has been
fiercely criticised over its human rights record and suppression of the
pro-democracy movement led by the imprisoned Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu
Some European Union governments are expected to send junior delegations
to an EU-ASEAN ministerial meeting in Laos next month to protest against
Myanmar's record, which was also raised during Friday's summit.
Brigadier General David Abel, representing Myanmar on a panel of ASEAN
economic ministers, told a news conference his country was drawing up
new laws covering the Internet.
Currently only the government and 10 state firms are allowed Internet
``Once you are on the web its hard to keep things away. There are bad
things there are good things,'' Abel said, in response to a question how
his government would handle connecting schools to the Internet while
controlling the potential proliferation of dissent down the Net.
``Today we have a certain amount of websites functioning. There are bad
things, there are good things. We just accept it as it is,'' Abel said.
``But, if things get out of control...things coming in the Net that are
detrimental to security or things like that, then we'll have to deal
accordingly with the law. The law is being written up right now,'' he
Roberto Romulo, chairman of the e-Asean task force, was optimistic that
the government's cautious embrace of the Internet was a sign that
Myanmar was beginning to think about opening up after decades of keeping
the shutters down on the outside world.
``There's a political challenge, but at the same time they are excited
and committed. They have created an e-national committee made in the
mirror image of the e-ASEAN task force and Singapore's IDA (Infocomm
Development Authority),''he said.
``Censorship or no censorship, the beauty of Internet is that
individuals are empowered and once they are enabled they will be on
their modems and you can't stop them. So if they are encouraging
Internet access maybe they are opening up to the world,'' Romulo added.
Currently, anyone caught in possession of an unlicensed computer modem
in Myanmar could face a seven to 15-year jail term. Access to fax and
electronic mail is also limited.
Myanmar joined ASEAN in 1997 to end decades of self-imposed isolation,
but its membership has given the organisation diplomatic headaches.
Under the E-ASEAN pact the six more advanced members -- Brunei,
Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand -- will
liberaliseintra-ASEAN trade in information, communication and technology
(ICT) by January 2003.
Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam, where very few people have access
to a personal computer, have pledged to eliminate duties and non-tariff
barriers onICT products by January 2008.
All ASEAN members will work toward creating favourable legal and policy
environment for ICT, and laws governing electronic commerce will be
based on international norms.
AFP: Myanmar ducks ASEAN's IT spotlight
Friday, November 24 3:38 PM
SINGAPORE, Nov 24 (AFP) -
Myanmar officials at the ASEAN summit Friday refused to directly answer
questions on Internet access, in an embarrassing moment for regional
leaders launching an information-technology programme.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) said it was
attempting to bridge the digital divide with the signing of an "e-ASEAN
Singapore Prime Minister Goh Chok Tong singled out Myanmar as an ASEAN
member which would get special assistance to foster a knowledge-based
But Myanmar's Economic Minister David Abel was evasive when questioned
by reporters on what would be the requirements to have Internet access
in his country which requires people to have a permit for fax machine
"We have the Net set up in Myanmar but we don't have the law yet. We are
writing up the law, so the Net is available and it is set up as
The use of the telephone and fax machines "has to be worked out
according to the law," he added.
Malaysian Trade Minister Rafidah Aziz said Kuala Lumpur allowed pro and
anti-government websites and also had "various legislation in place that
will take care of any undue aberrations or distortions that come about
through the negative or wrong use of the internet."
Further pressed on what requirments would be imposed for Internet access
in Myanmar, Abel said: "Today, we have a certain amount of our websites
functioning. Bad things are there, good things are there, we just accept
"But I think, like Rafidah says, if things get out of control or things
coming through the Net detrimental to national security, then we will
have to deal accordingly with the law and the law is being written up
The e-ASEAN initiative launched on Friday is designed to help ASEAN
members compete in a global economy and will "transform ASEAN into one
seamless, borderless market of 500 million consumers instead of 10
fragmented markets,"a forum statement said.
One of the aims of the agreement is to set up a "free trade area for
goods, services and investments for the information-communications
AFP: Environmental alliance demands halt to mega dam projects
Friday, November 24 8:12 PM SGT
BANGKOK, Nov 24 (AFP) - Asian environmental groups Friday called for an
immediate halt to the construction
of mega dams in the region while a new report by the World Commission on
Dams (WCD) is reviewed.
The report, released in London last week, said the dams had failed to
deliver promised benefits and had caused serious harm to rural
communities, as well as environmental devastation on a massive scale.
Rivers Watch East and Southeast Asia, a network of organisations working
to restore the region's waterways, said construction must stop until
efforts were made to compensate dam-affected communities.
"We demand a moratorium on large dam construction in east and southeast
Asia until the recommendations of the WCD have been implemented by all
dam-building agencies," it said in a statement.
Anti-dam organisations from around the world met in the Thai capital
Friday to discuss the implications of the report by the independent
The two-year study, prepared by engineers, ecologists, government
officials and indigenous people, had the backing and participation of
the World Bank. However, it stopped short of calling for a moratorium on
"Indigenous peoples have unique needs and if these are ignored it may
result in a tragedy one may term cultural ethnocide," said Shamila Annie
Mohammed Ariffin of Friends of the Earth Malaysia.
Families affected by the Bakun Hydroelectric project in Sarawak were
subsisting on one meal a day of rice and salt after losing the river
which had been the source of their livelihood, she said.
"More often than not, dams bring these people more economic exclusion
... nowhere more so than in the Mekong Delta Basin," considered by many
the world's most abundant untapped resources, said Ngun Win of Oxfam
Ngun said the WCD report "confirmed that people whose lives most need
improvement barely benefit from the construction of dams."
The WCD studied 10 dams worldwide, including the controversial Pak Moon
project in Ubon Ratchathani which has been bitterly opposed by villagers
Dam construction projects elsewhere in Asia have caused major
In India, a high-profile campaign against the 3.9 billion dollar Narmada
dam in the western state of Gujarat has been led by social activist
MedhaPatkar and celebrated novelist Arundhati Roy.
U Sai Win Pay from the organisation Salween Watch said that in Myanmar's
Shan state, the planned Tasang dam has already resulted in the
displacement of over 3,000 villagers in the military-run country.
"We Shan can do nothing. People of Shan state ... who depend on the
river (Salween) for our livelihood deserve a say in how it can benefit
society," he said.
"We have a saying -- As long as Salween river flows, our Shan land will
The Star: Myanmar included in RM9b rail project
Nov 24, 2000.
SINGAPORE: Asean leaders are expected to endorse the Malaysia-proposed
Trans-Asian rail link at their two-day 4th informal summit starting
today. The plan will also see a slight yet significant change in the
rail route to include Myanmar.
International Trade and Industry Minister Datuk Seri Rafidah Aziz said
once the proposal was endorsed, Thailand, which chairs the steering
committee for the project, would find ways to finance the multi-billion
"We will leave it to Thailand to draw up the proposal,'' she said.
Rafidah said the decision to include Myanmar in the plan was to ensure
the country could also reap the economic benefits that would come with
The estimated RM9.5bil rail link connecting seven Asean countries with
China is projected to be completed by 2006.
The Nation - Nov 25,
2000.Police comb woods for last Burmese
escapeeBY PONGSAK BAI-NGERN
DOZENS of police officers aided by search dogs were combing 700 rai of
bush in Kanchanaburi yesterday in pursuit of a Burmese jail-breaker who
narrowly escaped a deadly commando assault on his eight collaborators on
Ra, the fugitive, was saved by the call of nature as he left the getaway
station wagon shortly before the commandos unleashed a hail of gunfire
on the vehicle.
During the shooting eight Burmese escapees and a Thai convict were
One hostage, Samut Sakhon prison commander Somwong Siriwej, was
critically injured, but the two other captives were rescued and a second
Thai convict arrested with only slight wounds.
Col Puwadol Wuttikanok, head of a Kanchanaburi border-police patrol
unit, recalled seeing Ra leave the station-wagon before the commandos
"We saw him getting out of the vehicle, but by then it was time for the
commandos to go in," he said, "and we forgot about the guy."
After the operation was over, Puwadol saw Ra lying low under a tree. The
Burmese convict was carrying a gun.
"Onlookers were all over the place. I was worried about them if we tried
to take him dead. I fired shots into the air to threaten him, but he ran
into the bush, throwing away his shirt," Puwadol said.
About 40 officers set off on a hunt. Houses in the area were searched
and their owners warned against any stranger coming to ask for food or
The search team yesterday afternoon found the fugitive's sandals and hat
several kilometres from the road.
Somwong remained in the intensive-care unit at the Police Hospital
yesterday. He was shot four times during the rescue operation. One
bullet hit him in the head, causing bleeding and swelling in the brain.
An investigation into the dramatic jailbreak still yielded few clues as
to how the nine Burmese and two Thai prisoners had acquired weapons
whichincluded pistols, knives and home-made bombs, officials said.
"There remain many possibilities," said Siwa Saengmanee,
director-general of the Corrections Department. "The weapons could have
come in food trucks or other trucks. They could have been smuggled in by
visitors or thrown in over the walls, or some corrupt officials could
have provided them, or the weapons could have come in pieces to be
reassembled inside the prison."
The department has ordered all prisons nationwide to implement stricter
measures regarding foreign convicts, he said.
"The strict measures are always there, but the problem is
"After this incident we need to step up our security measures, but with
prisoners overcrowding the jails, the wardens outnumbered and equipment
so unsophisticated, there's always a chance of this kind of incident
The Nation: Pyongyang, Rangoon to restore diplomatic ties
Nov 25, 2000.
BY SA-NGUAN KHUMRUNGROJ
NORTH Korea is expected to normalise relations with Burma next year,
ending a 17-year diplomatic freeze that was triggered by a failed
assassination attempt on South Korea's former president in Rangoon by
North Korean agents, a source said yesterday.
The negotiations to restore ties are in their final stage, the source
"Now, for us (North Korea) the time is ripe and we are ready to restore
diplomatic ties with Burma some time next year," the source quoted a
North Korean senior official as saying.
In recent years, Pyongyang and Rangoon have been using Bangkok,
Vientiane and Hanoi as venues for negotiations on the re-establishment
of ties, the source said.
A Burmese delegation quietly visited Pyongyang a few days ago to prepare
for the normalisation of relations, he added.
Burma is the only Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean) member
that has no official relationship with Pyongyang. The Philippines
established ties with North Korea in July.
Rangoon severed links with Pyongyang on November 4, 1983 after a
dramatic but unsuccessful attempt by North Korean agents to assassinate
then SouthKorean president Chun Doo-hwan by detonating a bomb at the
Aung San Mausoleum. The attack killed 21 people, including four South
Korean cabinet ministers, and
But after Burma became an Asean member in 1997, Pyongyang launched a
series of diplomatic overtures urging the group and China to persuade
Rangoon to reconcile. Rangoon has insisted that Pyongyang acknowledge
its terrorist actand issue an official apology.
However, Rangoon's attitude began to soften in the wake of the historic
North-South Korean Summit in June and after Pyongyang became a member of
the Asean Regional Forum on security the following month. Contacts and
negotiations between both sides subsequently began to increase.
A Western diplomat based in Rangoon said the two countries had for years
been trading with each other despite the diplomatic stalemate. In 1995,
North Korea dispatched a delegation to Burma to negotiate a rice
purchase toalleviate its severe food shortage after Thailand cut off
rice supplies due toPyongyang's failure to repay a long-overdue
$94-million (Bt4.09 billion) rice debt.
"Pyongyang hoped the economic relations through this 'rice diplomacy'
would help improve its long-lost relations with Burma," he added.
The Nation: Asean leaders close ranks to support Burma
Nov 25, 2000.
BY MARISA CHIMPRABHA
SINGAPORE - The 10 Asean leaders yesterday closed ranks in support of
Burma's membership, agreeing on a policy that tells outside countries
meetings with the group to "take all 10 of us or none at all".
The new policy meant that if one Asean member was not invited to a
meeting, then no meeting would occur, said Foreign Ministry spokesman
The new approach was decided at the first gathering of the 10 Asean
heads of state for an informal summit being held here, Don said,
declining to namethe leader who suggested it.
"The leaders endorsed a new approach that says, 'We come in as a group
and should be accepted as a group'," he told reporters after the
The move toward such a policy, Don said, was motivated by the Asean
leaders' desire to demonstrate unity in their joint efforts and increase
the group's bargaining power in its negotiations with non-Asean
Asean comprises Burma, Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Indonesia, Malaysia,
Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
In the past, Western communities have usually banned Burma from any
assistance or participation in meetings, due to the dictatorship of
country's military junta, its acceptance of forced labour and its dismal
human-rights record. Asean, meanwhile, has strongly supported Burma.
One sign of the shifting attitude can be seen in the recent developments
surrounding the Asean-Europe Ministerial meeting, which had been
more than two years with Burma at the centre of controversy.
The meeting, which is finally to be held in Vientiane, is now caught in
dilemma caused by the EU's displeasure with Burma.
The Asean leaders who gathered yesterday also agreed to push for some
Asean members that have not yet been admitted to international groupings
such as the
Asia-Europe Meeting (Asem) and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
(Apec), to join those groups as soon as possible.
Cambodia, Laos and Burma, for example, have not yet joined Apec.
The leaders also agreed that each Asean member would have to strengthen
itself before the group could present a strong, collective front.
This, they agreed, is no small challenge, given the continuing impact of
the economic crisis through much of the region.
Identifying the challenges facing Asean, the summit said the grouping
should take measures to bridge the gap between new Asean members (Burma,
Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam) and old ones, narrowing the differences in
areas such as human-resource development.
>From now on, the Asean grouping must take a wider view of regional
problems, so that such gaps could be filled sooner, Don said.
To strengthen the grouping, transportation linkages should be made
combining roads, railways and sea routes, so that all Asean countries
and their people have the means to communicate with one another. The
transportation linkages would also open access to trade, markets,
business and investment for
new Asean members.
Cultural ties should also be strengthened, the leaders agreed. To this
end, they decided to join forces in conducting such events as Asean
Cultural Week,an idea proposed by Vietnamese leader Pham Van Khai, who
also offered to host it for the first year.
Besides these, Asean is considering joint events such as a road show and
trade fair to showcase the members' trade and cultures to other
The spokesman added that Burma expressed a need for more investment, and
that if other countries weren't willing to help, then Asean members
should step forward.
The leaders began the summit with a "retreat meeting" at which no
translators or foreign ministers were present.
The Hindu (New Delhi): WOOING A MILITARY JUNTA
The Hindu Newspaper (New-Delhi)
Date: Friday, November 24, 2000
By ROLLING OUT the red carpet to the Myanmar military
junta's senior leader, Gen. Maung Aye, the Vajpayee
Government has signalled an uncalled for warmth in
relations with Myanmar but the rationale for such an
enthusiastic gesture is not really clear. It is a
reversal of a long-standing policy of supporting the
forces of democracy in a land that has suffered most
of its independent years under one military junta
another. There might be some merit in keeping any
regime in Yangon engaged rather than ostracising it,
particularly since sanctions have tended to penalise
the innocent civilians without really hurting the
repressive regimes against which they are directed.
Yangon's cooperation in tackling insurgency in the
North-East and stepping up security along the vital
sea lanes and its role as a gateway to the Southeast
Asian region have been cited for the initiative to
step up cooperation with the regime. New Delhi had by
the mid-1990s recognised these and begun to engage the
junta, also mindful of the reality that other powers
have been more than willing to fill the vacuum in a
strategically vital nighbourhood.
The pursuit of the national interest should not
however come at the cost of the basic principles for
which the country. For, whatever the merits of the
change of the policy direction, the cozying up to the
military regime in Yangon is bound to have the effect
of undermining the valiant struggle the Nobel
laureate, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, has been waging under
extraordinarily trying circumstances in Myanmar.
New-Delhi had been one of the staunchest supporters of
the decades-long democracy movement in Yanmar led by
Ms. Suu Kyi. After a brief respite, she is again under
house arrest. But the junta has failed to break her
spirit or silence the voice of protest despite
feverish attempts. In its efforts to gain global
legitimacy, the regime won a major victory when the
ASEAN granted it membership after a long internal
debate. The current eagerly sought endorsement from
New-Delhi would unfortunately reinforce that
legitimacy but comes at an inauspicious time, close on
the heels of a major defeat suffered at the
International Labour Oganisation which has decided to
The decision to embrace Gen. Maung also exposes New
Delhi's doublespeak. Hardly six months ago, the
country's representatives had argued vehemently at the
forum of the Non-Aligned Movement for expulsion of
military regimes that had seized power by ousting
democratic governments. The target then was Pakistan.
What was-and continues to be - applicable to the
neighbour to the west is apparently not thought
applicable to the newfound friend in the strategic
east. Here is a junta that has defied international
opinion by continuing its repressive measures. Instead
of legitimising the regime, New-Delhi must redouble
the effort to help Myanmar return to democratic rule
society that observes the rule of law and not by
courting a repressive regime. Any
engagement of Yangon must have but one goal: lessen
the military's hold on the country towards democracy.
The BurmaNet News is an Internet newspaper providing comprehensive
coverage of news and opinion on Burma (Myanmar) from around the world.
If you see something on Burma, you can bring it to our attention by
emailing it to stri-@xxxxxxx
For a subscription to Burma's only free daily newspaper, write to:
You can also contact BurmaNet by phone or fax:
Voice mail or fax (US) +1(202) 318-1261
You will be prompted to press 1 for a voice message or 2 to send a fax.
If you do neither, a fax tone will begin automatically.
Fax (Japan) +81 (3) 4512-8143
T O P I C A http://www.topica.com/t/17
Newsletters, Tips and Discussions on Your Favorite Topics