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BurmaNet News: June 8, 2001

______________ THE BURMANET NEWS ______________
        An on-line newspaper covering Burma 
		June 8, 2001    Issue # 1920
______________ www.burmanet.org _______________

*Deutsche Presse-Agentur: Shan people become refugees in their own state 

*New light of Myanmar (SPDC): Secretary-3 attends Myanmar War Veterans 
Organization Conference  (2001) 

MONEY _______
*Far Eastern Economic Review: Court to Hear Burma Brewery Case
*Asahi Shinbun (Tokyo): Creating a Stir with 3 Billion Yen-- Aid to 
*Bangkok Post: Inside Politics--Burmese Daze 

*Deutsche Presse-Agentur: Myanmar reclaims crown as world's opium king 

*Bangkok Post: Foreign media driving wedge, says Gen Chavalit
*Bangkok Post: 'Explanation' to be offered on textbook
*The Nation: Historical Enmities--little Love Crosses Region's Borders  
Academics Say Nationalism, Bias Common in Southeast Asia
*soc.culture.burma: [Posting on defection of SPDC's Dep-UN 
representative in New York]

*Naew Na (Thailand): Enlist help with Burmese
*The Nation: Burmese are just rattling our cage 
*Burma Peace Foundations: Concerns Regarding The Report of the ILO 
Mission to Yangon
*The New light of Myanmar (SPDC): It is now all clear, isn't it?

*BurmaNet Kachin: Translation of headlines in current issue
*BurmaNet Karen: Translation of headlines in current issue

__________________ INSIDE BURMA ____________________

Deutsche Presse-Agentur: Shan people become refugees in their own state 

June 7, 2001, Thursday, 
By Peter Janssen, dpa 

Piang Phra Camp, Thai-Myanmar border 

Nan Thaw fled to this border enclave last month with his wife and two 
small children to escape the Wa, a people in search of a new homeland. 

"They took our farms and stole our pigs, chickens and even our clothes," 
said Nan Thaw of the Wa, a Myanmar (Burmese) ethnic minority group of 
Mon-Khmer origin whose traditional lands are in the Eastern Shan State, 
a barren mountainous terrain that borders Yunnan province of southern 

"We had to run away or starve," said Nan Thaw, a former resident of Mong 
Klan village, about 15 kilometres to the west. Like 300 other Shans, his 
small family has erected a bamboo hut in Piang Phra, a hilltop camp just 
across the border from Hintek village, in Chiang Rai province of 
northern Thailand. 

Some 50,000 Wa families, or about 200,000 men, women and children, have 
been settled along the border of Chiang Rai province since late 1999 as 
part of the Myanmar government's mass migration policy. 

The Wa, whose capital is Pang Sang, Shan State, have been opium farmers 
for decades, partly because their traditional lands in the mountainous 
eastern part of the Shan State are too barren and inclement for other 

Myanmar's military junta in late 1999 announced plans to relocate 
hundreds of thousands of Wa opium farmers to the Thai-Myanmar border 
area as part of their commitment to eradicate opium growing by the year 

Most of the Wa migrants have settled in new border towns, such as Mong 
Yawn and Mong Mai, but others have moved into villages and farms once 
occupied by Shan, such as Mong Klan, Mong Thon and Mong Hsat. 

At least 15 Shan village headmen and civilian leaders from the three 
Shan villages have been arrested by the Myanmar army, and imprisoned in 
Mong Hsat jail since October last year, said Shan State Army (SSA) 
Lieutenant Colonel Gon Chin. 

"They are using every way to drive the Shan out," said Gon Chin. "They 
accuse the Shan headmen of breaking the law and imprison them 

The SSA, which six years ago was a faction within the Mong Tai Army of 
notorious drug warlord Khun Sa, claims to have cleaned up its act and 
denies any involvement now in the lucrative narcotics trade. 

While such claims need to be taken with a grain of salt along the 
drug-infested border, what seems clear is that the SSA's open military 
opposition to Myanmar's junta has made the Shan people an easy target 
for the Myanmar army and their ally, the 7,000-strong United Wa State 
Army (UWSA). 

"The Burmese are worried about the Shan movement," said Sai Aung Mak, a 
spokesman for the Shan Restoration Council. "If the SSA movement gathers 
momentum, the border can be controlled by the Shan, then we will have 
the border trade." 

Aung Mak estimates that some 400,000 Shans have been displaced by the 
Myanmar army and Wa since 1996, shortly after their combined forces 
defeated Khun Sa's Mong Tai Army (MTA) and became the chief force in the 
Golden Triangle. 

The migration of the Wa to the border area, and their heavy involvement 
in the illicit production of methamphetamines and heroin, has already 
severely strained Thai-Myanmar relations. 

Since February the Thai and Myanmar armies have engaged in several 
cross-border artillery clashes and an even fiercer war of words has 
ensued between the two governments. 

While the Thais accuse the Myanmar military of turning a blind eye to 
the Wa's lucrative drug trade, which will pump an estimated 600 million 
methamphetamine pills into the Thai market this year, the Burmese accuse 
Thailand of supporting the Shan rebellion against them. 

Yangon has pledged to stop all drug production in the Wa areas along the 
border by the year 2005. 

"The Myanmar government said they would take five years to stop this 
business, but we cannot wait that long," said Thailand's commander of 
the Third Army Region, Lieutenant General Wattanachai Chaimuenwong. 

Besides the current drug problem, Wattanachai and many other observers 
foresee an escalation of ethnic fighting as a result of the Wa 

"There will be a big problem in the future, because this is the Shan 
area," predicted Wattanachai. "But now the Wa have used their influence 
with the Burmese to use land that did not belong to them in the past." 

When the Wa move into Shan territory, they tell the displaced Shan 
families that they have been given permission from Lieutenant General 
Khin Nyunt, First Secretary of the ruling junta in Yangon, to claim 
their lands. 

Khin Nyunt is the military leader who engineered Yangon's alliance with 
the UWSA in the early 1990s, which others within the Myanmar military 
reportedly oppose. 

"I don't think the Wa can remain here comfortably," said SSA Lieutenant 
Colonel Gon Chin. "If the Myanmar army stopped helping them the Wa could 
not remain here.


New light of Myanmar (SPDC): Secretary-3 attends Myanmar War Veterans 
Organization Conference  (2001) 

[BurmaNet adds--The following article from the New Light is little more 
than a list of names and makes for dry reading.  In light of wire 
service accounts indicating that the regime may be building up the 
Myanmar War Veterans Organization as a political entity to contest a 
future election, the names in this article take on some significance as 
a who is who of the regime?s preferred political network.]

Yangon, 6 June- The preliminary meeting of Myanmar War Veterans 
Organization  Conference (2001) was held at Hsinbyushin Hall of Defence 
Services  Orthopaedic Hospital (500-bed) in Mingaladon Township on 1 
Present on the occasion were Chairman of MWVO Central Organizing 
Committee  Secretary-3 of the State Peace and Development Council 
Adjutant-General  Lt-Gen Win Myint and COC members and delegates of 
States and Divisions to the  conference. Vice-Chairman of the MWVOCOC 
Maj-Gen Saw Tun presided over the  conference together with Chairman of 
Putao District WVO Lt-Col Maung Myo and  Chairman of Sagaing Township 
WVO Lt-Col Soe Myint (Retd).  
 The master of ceremonies announced the commencement of the conference  
because 435 delegates out of 437 or 99.31 per cent attended the 
conference.  First, Chairman of MWVOCOC Secretary-3 Adjutant-General 
Lt-Gen Win Myint  extended greetings. Member of COC U Aung Thaung 
explained matters related to  the conference. 

The master of ceremonies read out the lists of delegates who would  
participiate in five groups for discussions in respective sectors. After 
the  priliminary conference, the delegates of the group-1 discussed the 
National  Politics Sector; the group-2 the Defence and Security of the 
State Sector;  the group-3 the Economic Sector; the group-4 the 
Community Welfare Service  Sector; and the group-5 the Social Activities 
and Welfare Sector.  

 Vice-Chairman Maj-Gen Saw Tun presided over the National Politics 
Sector  discussion together with COC members Maj-Gen Hla Myint Swe, 
Brig-Gen Soe Win  Maung, Col Thaik Tun, Brig-Gen Khin Aung Myint and 
Lt-Col Chit Naing (Retd).  In the Defence and Security of the State 
Sector, COC member Col Tin Hlaing  presided over the discussions 
together with COC Secretary Brig-Gen Thura  Myint Maung, COC members Col 
Soe Win, Col Myint Tun (Retd) and Col Aung Nwe  (Retd). In the Economic 
Sector, COC member U Aung Thaung presided over the  discussions together 
with COC members U Thaung, Brig-Gen Maung Maung Thein  and Brig-Gen Kyaw 

In the Community Welfare Service Sector, COC member Brig-Gen Pyi Sone  
presided over the discussions together with COC members Brig-Gen Win 
Sein,  Brig-Gen Yan Thein, Col Maung Pa and Maj Saw Ngwe (Retd). In the 
Social  Activities and Welfare Sector, COC (See page 6) member Col Thein 
Nyunt  presided over the discussion together with COC members Col Myo 
Myint (Retd)  and Col Sit Myaing (Retd). 

 The conference chairmen gave speeches at their groups. Then, delegates 
were  selected for the second-day session of the conference. Next, 
sector-wise  proposals were compiled. On 2 June, the second-day session 
of the conference  continued at the same place. Present were Chairman of 
MWVOCOC Secretary-3  Adjutant-General Lt-Gen Win Myint and COC members 
and delegates. Before the  conference, they signed in the record book of 
the conference.  

The Secretary-3 presided over the second-day session of the conference  
together with COC members U Thaung and Col Tin Hlaing. The master of  
ceremonies announced for beginning the conference because 340 delegates 
out  of 437 or 98.40 per cent attended the conference. 

 The Secretary-3 delivered an opening address. (The address of the  
Secretary-3 was reported separately.) Then, COC member U Aung Thaung 
presided  over the conference together with COC members U Thaung and Col 
Tin Hlaing.  COC Secretary Brig-Gen Thura Myint Maung submitted the 
MWVCOC report to the  conference. 

Chairman of Myitkyina District WVOSC Lt-Col Hla Thaung, Chairman of 
Loikaw  District WVOSC Lt-Col Tin Tun, Chairman of Kayin State District 
WVOSC Lt-Col  Kyaw Win Maung, Chairman of Chin State District WVOSC 
Lt-Col Win Naing,  Chairman of Sagaing Division WVOSC Lt-Col Ye Htut, 
Chairman of Taninthayi  Division WVOSC Lt-Col Khin Maug Nyo, Chairman of 
Thegon Township WV  Organizing Committee Lt-Col Hla Wai (Retd), Chairman 
of DaikU Township WVO  Lt-Col Tin Myint (Retd) and Chairman of Magway 
Division WVOSC Lt-Col Myo Aung  submitted implementation of tasks in one 
year in respective States and  Divisions. 

 In the afternoon, COC member Brig-Gen Khin Aung Myint presided over the 
 conference together with Chairman of Myawady Township WVO Capt Han Tin 
(Retd)  and Chairman of Thingangyun Township WVO Col Aung Myint (Retd). 
Chairman of  Mandalay Division (MCDC outside area) WVOSC Lt-Col Tin Ohn, 
Chairman of Mon  State WVOSC Lt-Col Aung Maw Maw, Chairman of Rakhine 
State WVOSC Lt-Col Thein  Kyaing, Chairman of Dagon Township WVO Maj 
Maung Win (Retd), Chairman of  Taunggyi District WVOSC Lt-Col Ye Tun 
Sein, Chairman of Muse District WVOSC  Lt-Col Myint Thein, Chairman of 
Shan State (East) WVOSC Lt-Col Thet Hnin Oo  (Retd) and Chairman of 
Ayeyawady Division WVOSC Lt-Col Sein Maung submitted  implementation of 
tasks in one year in respective States and Divisions.  
 The second-day session of Myanmar War Veterans Organization Conference  
(2001) continued at respective places and Hsinbyushin Hall at Defence  
Services Orthopaedic Hospital (500-bed) in Mingaladon Township on 3 June 
 morning. The delegates of group-1 discussed the National Politics 
Sector at  Hsinbyushin Hall. Vice-Chairman of MWVO Central Organizing 
Committee Maj-Gen  Saw Tun presided over the discussions with COC 
members of MWVO Maj-Gen Hla  Myint Swe, Brig-Gen Soe Win Maung, Col 
Thaik Tun and Brig-Gen Khin Aung  Myint. Chairman of Dagon Township WVO 
Maj Maung Win (Retired) acted as master  of ceremonies with Chairman of 
Mayangon WVO Lt-Col Min Han as joint MC.  Vice-Chairman Maj-Gen Saw Tun 
made a speech on the occasion.  

 Then, the delegates Captain Than Htwe (Retired) of Kachin State, Lt-Col 
 Naing Win of Kayah State, Lt-Col Soe Myint Aung of Kayin State, Lt-Col 
Win  Naing of Chin State,ÊMaj Aung Min (Retired) of Sagaing Division, 
Captain Hla  Thaung (Retired) of Taninthayi Division , Maj Maung Maung 
Lay (Retired) of  Bago Division (West), Maj Thein Htay of Bago Division 
(East), Lt-Col Htay Oo  of Magway Division, Lt-Col Tin Tun of Mandalay, 
Lt-Col Aung Maw Maw of Mon  State, Captain Khin Maung Myint (Retired) of 
Rakhine State, Lt-Col Lt-Col  Aung Pyi of Yangon Division, Captain Chit 
Aye (Retired) of Shan State  (South), Maj Soe Win Kyaw of Shan State 
(North),ÊLt-Col Thet Hnin Oo  (Retired) of Shan State (East) and Lt-Col 
Maung Pyone of Ayeyawady Division  reported on thier reports on National 
Politics sector. 

 The members of panel of Patron selected a person who will reports on  
national politics sector to the conference. Then, Maj-Gen Saw Tun made a 
 concluding speech. The delegates of group-2 discussed the Defence and  
Security of the State Sector at messing hall. COC member Col Tin Hlaing  
presided over the discussions with COC Secretary Brig-Gen Thura Myint 
Maung  and COC members Col Soe Win, Col Myint Tun (Retired) and Col Aung 
Nwe  (Retired) Col Tin Hlaing made a speech on the occasion. 

 Then, the delegates Captain Myo Naing Aung (Retired) of Kachin State,  
Lt-Col Tin Tun of Kayah State, Lt-Col Ko Ko Gyi of Kayin State, Lt-Col 
Aung  Moe Myint of Chin State, Captain Than Myint (Retired) of Sagaing 
Division,  Lt-Col Myo Nyunt of Taninthayi Division , Captain Thaung Tin 
(Retired) of  Bago Division (West), Maj Khin Maung Nyunt of Bago 
Division (East), Lt-Col  Kyee Myint (Retired) of Magway Division, Lt-Col 
Kyaw Win (Retired) of  Mandalay, Lt-Col Thaw Zin of Mon State, Captain 
Myo Min Soe (Retired) of  Rakhine State, Col Tin Soe (Retired) of Yangon 
Division, Captain Ba Aye  (Retired) of Shan State (South), Lt-Col Soe 
Win (Retired) of Shan State  (North),ÊLt-Col Myo Nyunt of Shan State 
(East) and Maj Yin Sein of Ayeyawady  Division reported on their reports 
on Defence and Security of the State  sector. The members of panel of 
Patron selected a delegate who will reports  on Defence and Security of 
the State sector to the conference. Col Tin Hlaing  made a concluding 
speech on the occasion. The delegates of group-3 discussed  the Economic 
Sector at the cinema of the hospital. COC member U Aung Thaung  presided 
over the discussions with COC members U Thaung, Brig-Gen Maung Maung  
Thein, Brig-Gen Kyaw Myint and Lt-Col Tin Aung Myint (Retired). U Aung 
Thaung  made a speech on the occasion. 

Then, the delegates Lt-Col Myo Swe of Kachin State, Maj Thein Lwin 
(Retired)  of Kayah State, Captain Han Tin (Retired) of Kayin State, Cpl 
Nan Khan Lian  (Retired) of Chin State,ÊMaj Aung Khin (Retired) of 
Sagaing Division, Captain  Sein Win (Retired) of Taninthayi Division , 
Captain Phone Lwin (Retired) of  Bago Division (West), Lt-Col Tin Myint 
(Retired) of Bago Division (East),  Lt-Col Tin Myint Aung (Retired) of 
Magway Division, Lt-Col Myo Myint of  Mandalay Division, Lt-Col Nyo Win 
Myint (Retired) of Mon State, Maj Aung  Hlaing (Retired) of Rakhine 
State, Maj Hlaing Win (Retired) of Yangon  Division, Maj Pe Tin 
(Retired) of Shan State (South), Capt Kyaw Oo (Retired)  of Shan State 
(North),ÊLt-Col Khin Maung Kyaw of Shan State (East) and Lt-Col  Nay Win 
of Ayeyawady Division reported on their reports on the economic  sector. 

 The members of panel of Patron selected a delegate who will reports on  
economic sector to the conference. U Aung Thaung made a concluding 
speech on  the occasion. The delegates of group-4 discussed the 
community welfare  services sector at the cinema of the hospital. COC 
member Brig-Gen Pyi Sone  presided over the discussions with COC members 
Brig-Gen Yan Thein, Col Maung  Pa and Maj Saw Ngwe (Retired). Brig-Gen 
Pyi Sone made a speech on the  occasion. 

 Then, the delegates Capt Cho Tun (Retired) of Kachin State, Maj Thein 
Myint  (Retired) of Kayah State, Maj Thet Naung (Retired) of Kayin 
State, Maj Maung  Toe (Retired) of Chin State, Cpl Aung Thein (Retired) 
of Sagaing Division,  Maj Aung Myint (Retired) of Taninthayi Division , 
WO II Maung Shwe (Retired)  of Bago Division (West), Maj Tin Win 
(Retired) of Bago Division (East), Maj  Tin Ko (Retired) of Magway 
Division, Lt-Col Khin Maung Oo of Mandalay  Division, Lt-Col Tin Aung of 
Mon State, Maj Than Aye of Rakhine State, Maj  Myint Swe (Retired) of 
Yangon Division, Capt Than Win (Retired) of Shan State  (South), Maj Ko 
Ko Naing(East) and Capt Tint Lwin Oo of Ayeyawady Division  reported on 
their reports on the economic sector. 

 The members of panel of Patron selected a delegate who will reports on  
community welfare service sector to the conference. In the Social 
Activities  and Welfare Sector of the group-5, COC member Col Thein 
Nyunt presided over  the discussion together with COC members Col Myo 
Myint (Retd) and Col Sit  Myaing (Retd). Conference chairman COC member 
Col Thein Nyunt gave a speech.  

Lt-Col Maung Myo of Kachin State, Lt-Col Win Myint of Kayah State, 
Lt-Col  Kyaw Win Maung of Kayin State, Sgt Khin Maung San of Chin State 
(Retd), WOII  Myint Lwin (Retd) of Sagaing Division, Maj Soe Lwin (Retd) 
of Taninthayi  Division, Capt Than Aye (Retd) of Bago Division (West), 
Capt Kyaw Naing  (Retd) of Bago Division (East), Maj Saw Tun (Retd) of 
Magway Division, Lt-Col  Ye Swe of Mandalay Division, Maj Win Maung 
(Retd) of Mon State, Maj Than Soe  Naing (Retd) of Rakhine State, Capt 
Aye Myint (Retd) of Yangon Division, Capt  Khaing Htoo (Retd) of Shan 
State (South), Mja Myint Kyi (Retd) of Shan State  (North), Lt-Col Aung 
Htey of Shan State (East) and Maj Nyi Nyi Tin of  Ayeyawdy Division took 
part in the discussion. 

 Then, one delegate was selected for submitting findings of the Social  
Activities and Welfare Sector to the third-day session of the 
conference.  Afterwards, Col Thein Nyunt gave the concluding remarks. In 
the afternoon,  delegates compiled the papers in the respective sectors 
at the designated  places.


Far Eastern Economic Review: Court to Hear Burma Brewery Case

June 07, 2001

The International Court of Justice has decided to hear the controversial 
case of the Burmese government's 1998 nationalization of Mandalay 
Brewery. On May 16, the court, which is the United Nations' principal 
judicial organ and has its seat in The Hague, appointed a three-member 
tribunal of international law experts from the United States, Britain 
and France. The case is scheduled to open later this month. Yaung Chi Oo 
Trading, the Singapore-based company that invested $6.3 million in the 
Mandalay Brewery joint venture with the government, had vainly attempted 
to get its case heard by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations' 
dispute-settlement mechanism. The ICJ's willingness to hear the case 
appears to have made certain quarters of Burma's ruling junta skittish. 
On May 31, military intelligence official Gen. Kyaw Min, recently 
assigned the task of striking a settlement, made Yaung Chi Oo's managing 
director, Win Win Nu, a do-or-die offer: Return to Burma and present her 
case in person to intelligence chief Lt.-Gen. Khin Nyunt, or be banished 
permanently. Until it was nationalized, Mandalay Brewery was Burma's 
largest taxpayer.


Asahi Shinbun (Tokyo): Creating a Stir with 3 Billion Yen-- Aid to Burma

5 June 2001 (Tuesday) Page 13

[Unofficial Translation from Japanese original]

Creating a Stir with 3 Billion Yen: Aid to Burma
Japan sunshine policy to promote talks
US/EU due to human rights concerns, ill-timed 

The aid Japan has promised to Myanmar (Burma) is creating a stir.  
Though aimed at promoting the talks between the democracy movement 
leader Aung San Suu Kyi and the military regime, which began last 
October, in the west, where more concern is placed on the human rights 
problems under the military regime,  ll-timed is the stronger 
impression.  UN Special Envoy Rosali, a go-between in the talks, was 
visiting again in Myanmar until the 4th to confirm the current status of 
the talks.  

In April, Japan promised to the deputy foreign minister visiting Japan, 
to give 3-3.5 billion yen in grant aid to repair the aging Baluchaung 
Hydropower Plant. As Myanmar  electricity shortage is severe, the 
Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) came to the conclusion that  f the 
hydropower plant ceases functioning, it will impact the lives of 
approximately 20% of the population. 

A MOFA official said,  e are aware that there are differing opinions in 
the international community, but in order to promote the talks, Japan 
will use a  unshine policy. This is perhaps a rare case of strategic 
aid.  The grant will be divided up over several years, so that if the 
situation worsens, stopping it would be possible.

Since the political changes in 1988, Japan  assistance to Myanmar has 
essentially stopped. In 1995, cooperation was expanded to continuing 
projects and things concerning basic needs, to include support for 
expansion of a nursing college (1.6 billion yen) and repair of the 
Yangon International Airport (approx 2.5 billion yen). 

It appears that Japanese aid, which comprises 60% of the aid Myanmar 
receives, backs up Japanese industries, as well as provides a check on 
the no-interest loans, provision of weapons, and military training which 
have been provided by China.  

Regarding the scale and delicate timing of this controversial aid from 
Japan, and considering that there have been no confirmed results from 
the talks, the west has cautioned that  o invest in this regime at this 
time is not appropriate (Secretary of State Powell). The International 
Labor Organization (ILO) also called for member countries to implement 
sanctions due to forced labor and other human rights abuses.  
Domestically, movement has been seen by RENGO and others calling on the 
foreign ministry to review its aid.

Associate Professor Kei Nemoto of Tokyo University of Foreign Studies 
points out that if Burma  military budget, which comprises half the 
national budget, were used, it would be sufficient to repair the dam.  
But the current electricity shortages are a reality.  If this grant is 
to be implemented, it is imperative that Japan prepare to dispatch staff 
by themselves or from an international organization to monitor the 
situation for forced labor. 


Bangkok Post: Inside Politics--Burmese Daze 

June 7, 2001 

Whatever you do, don't mention the pagoda, or those pesky Shan, or those 
newspaper reports, or... But, otherwise, things could not be better. 
Where things could be better is at home where the man who would be 
everything to everybody has been denied a cherished command. And things 
could definitely be better for the permanent parliament staff being 
asked to give way. 

Reports that the Shan State Army is planning a series of military 
attacks on Burmese outposts along the border have some people very 
worried that this might cause serious harm to our relations with Burma 
at a time when Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra is planning a visit to 
Rangoon to present his credentials. 

One who walks the Government House corridors said Mr Thaksin would 
probably make the trip before Burma's foreign minister, Win Aung, visits 
us in about a fortnight's time. 

The prime minister also plans to tack on a Laos leg to his tour, and he 
would have us believe that the timing of his visit has nothing to do 
with U Win Aung popping in to see us. 

"If everything is settled as swiftly as planned, then the premier's trip 
could start next week," said one cabinet minister. 

"Under the present circumstances, once a chance opens for talks then we 
should snatch the opportunity if it can help resolve misunderstandings 
and strengthen bilateral ties," said a security officer. 

The officer accepted that there were differences in thinking among the 
prime minister's battalion of advisers over the advisability and the 
timing of the trip. 

Gen Chavalit Yongchaiyudh, deputy prime minister and defence minister, 
favours Mr Thaksin getting over to Rangoon as soon as his billionaire 
housemaid can pack his valise. The minister thinks there is real urgency 
as there are elements out there wanting to hurt any chances of close 
ties between ourselves and the Burmese. 

Apparently this elderly gentleman was beside himself with the news that 
the state-managed New Light of Myanmar newspaper ran a May 31 article 
which softened criticisms of Thailand and the monarchy which had 
appeared earlier in its pages. 

"It is Gen Chavalit's genuine desire to see peace and stability along 
our border with Burma since neither side can benefit from the tense 
situation," said one chap at Defence. 

He said a team led by one of Gen Chavalit's close lieutenants was 
already in Rangoon working out details of Mr Thaksin's visit. 

The defence minister himself had been planning to pop across to Rangoon 
to rub epaulettes with his fellow generals there from June 18-20, but 
there might now be changes in the itinerary. The Foreign Ministry is 
working with Defence to work out a schedule for the prime minister. 

Meanwhile, much closer to the action, Lt-Gen Watanachai Chaimuanwong, 
commander of the Third Army which keeps a watch on things along the 
border, has been told to avoid any unnecessary confrontation with the 
Burmese, according to one army leak. 

He said people in Bangkok were very worried that events along the border 
could spoil the Thaksin does Rangoon tour and relations between our two 
countries generally. 

This explains the trepidation within the Chavalit camp over reports that 
the Shan wanted to blacken the eye of the Burmese government forces and 
that our own Third Army planned to protest to Rangoon about the building 
of a pagoda in the disputed area of Koo Teng Na Yong. 


Deutsche Presse-Agentur: Myanmar reclaims crown as world's opium king 

June 7, 2001, Thursday, 

By Peter Janssen, dpa 

Chiang Rai, Thailand 

With the destruction of Afghanistan's poppy crop earlier this year, 
Myanmar (Burma) has reclaimed its crown as the world's leading producer 
of opium and heroin, albeit by default. 

The country already holds the dubious distinction of being Asia's top 
producer of amphetamine type stimulants (ATSs). 

With the Taliban's enforced eradication of 100,000 hectares of poppy 
fields in the Golden Crescent this year, world attention is likely to 
shift to opium output from the Golden Triangle, the tri-border area 
between Myanmar, Thailand and Laos. 

The overwhelming bulk of the triangle's opium has traditionally been 
grown in the Shan State of Myanmar. 

Compared with Afghanistan, Myanmar's efforts to eradicate poppy growing 
have been slow-paced and success has been largely weather-related. 

"The yields have been terrible for the past three years because of the 
weather, something to do with the El Nino," said one Western drug 
enforcement agent based in northern Thailand. 

According to U.S. State Department estimates, Myanmar's opium production 
reached 1,085 tons last year, less than half of its peak output in 1989 
of 2,400 tons. 

For the U.S. market the Golden Triangle stopped being its major supplier 
of heroin in 1996, after the surrender of former drug kingpin Khun Sa to 
Myanmar troops, leading to a temporary disruption in the heroin trade. 

Nowadays, heroin from the Golden Triangle accounts for only 25 per cent 
of the U.S. market and a similar percentage of Europe's. 

The United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP), which 
launched a crop substitution programme in the Wa territory of the Shan 
State in 1997, claims some of the credit for Myanmar's reduction of its 
opium growing area by 35 per cent over the past three years. 

Even Myanmar's military junta, which has relocated an estimated 50,000 
Wa families from the poppy-growing terrain of the northern Shan state to 
the Thai-Myanmar border, has contributed to the reduction, Western 
diplomats in Yangon admit. 

Myanmar was overtaken by Afghanistan as the world's main supplier of 
opium and heroin during the past decade, but this year, with Afghanistan 
out of the picture and heroin prices already soaring in Pakistan and 
Yangon, Myanmar's efforts to wipe out opium growing will be put to the 

"In terms of opium production, Myanmar is number one again," 
acknowledged UNDCP regional representative Sandro Calvani. 

Calvani warned a drug conference in Yangon last month, "The latest news 
from Bolivia and Afghanistan of a complete illicit crop elimination are 
certainly good news, however, they also bring the obvious risk that the 
problem will migrate to another angle of the world and it is very likely 
that it will be our corner." 

In fact, there is plenty of evidence that the Golden Triangle's heroin 
trade never went away, although it has certainly been overshadowed by a 
boom in Myanmar's methamphetamine trafficking. 

"We haven't seen heroin shipments from this area diminish, although they 
tend to be smaller in size, about 20 kilograms each," said William 
Snipes, head of the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration in Bangkok. 

There is also evidence that with the Thai military's more vigilant 
crackdowns on drug traffickers along the Thai-Myanmar border this year, 
shipments have shifted to other routes through Yangon (Rangoon), India 
and China. 

For instance, a shipment of 56 kilograms of heroin was stopped at Yangon 
port this January, with the assistance of Myanmar authorities. 

Myanmar's military regime, however, claims to have little control over 
the Shan State, where both heroin and methamphetamine production 
continue to flourish in illicit labs along the Thai-Myanmar border. 

If anything, Myanmar's recent policy of relocating the Wa, a Mon-Khmer 
ethnic minority group whose capital is Pang Sang, eastern Shan State, to 
the border areas is exacerbating the drug problem. 

An estimated 50,000 Wa families, or 200,000 people, have been moved to 
the border area since late 1999. 

"The reason these Wa have been moved is to prevent them from growing 
opium up there, but in reality when they come close to Thailand they are 
still planting opium in the mountainous areas," said Lieutenant General 
Wattanachai Chaimuenwong in an interview with Deutsche Presse Agentur 

Sources along the Thai-Myanmar border say drug traders are going into 
the areas controlled by the Wa families and encouraging them to grow 
more opium. There are even reports of double-cropping, or two crops a 
year, to boost production. 

All the Golden Triangle needs now is a good opium growing season, which 
the area hasn't enjoyed for the past four years, for the heroin industry 
to take off, anti-narcotic officials concur. 

"It depends on how high the price is and what the Myanmar government's 
policy on eradication will be this year," said UNDCP's Calvani. "The 
demand is still high because the heroin users are not taking orders from 
the Taliban." 

___________________ REGIONAL/INTERNATIONAL___________________

Bangkok post: Foreign media driving wedge, says Gen Chavalit

June 8, 2001

By Wassana Nanuam 

Chavalit Yongchaiyudh yesterday accused the foreign media of driving a 
wedge between Thailand and Burma, as an advance team left for Rangoon to 
lay the groundwork for Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra's visit on June 

The team included Gen Sommai Wichaworn, armed forces chief-of-staff, Gen 
Wichit Yathip, the defence minister's chief-of-staff, and the prime 
minister's staff.

The defence minister, who will accompany Mr Thaksin, was asked to 
comment on reports by foreign news agencies about harsh Burmese 
criticism of Thailand. The foreign media had been "meddling" in issues 
they did not understand, said Gen Chavalit, also deputy prime minister.

"On issues they don't really understand, they should adhere to 
journalistic ethics. Our media, although said to be backwards, is much 
better because at least it is aware of what would affect the majority," 
he said.

Mr Thaksin, responding to the same question, said foreign media might 
not want Thailand to be on good terms with Burma.

"We have to accept that many people are not happy with Burma," he said.

Gen Sampao Chusri, the supreme commander, said the advance team would 
co-ordinate with Burmese leaders on topics for talks.

Gen Sommai, a former Third Army commander, has close ties with Burmese 
military leaders. He will meet Gen Maung Aye, the Burmese army 
commander, and Lt-Gen Khin Nyunt, first secretary of the ruling State 
Peace and Development Council. A memorandum of understanding on drug 
suppression is one task the advance team must finish.

A source said the team would also propose that Burma and Thailand stop 
attacking each other. The Burmese government would be asked to tell its 
media, which is under state control, to refrain from publishing news or 
articles attacking Thailand, particularly the monarchy.

At the same time, the Thai media would be asked to avoid making negative 
reports about Burma.

High-level Thai authorities, including Third Army chief Lt-Gen 
Watanachai Chaimuanwong, would be more careful in giving interviews, the 
source said.


Bangkok Post: 'Explanation' to be offered on textbook

June 8, 2001

By Bhanravee Tansubhapol 

The Thai ambassador in Rangoon has been told to "explain" to the Burmese 
Education Ministry that a Burmese school textbook has created a 
misunderstanding about Thais.

Foreign Minister Surakiart Sathirathai made the point after making clear 
on Wednesday that no official protest would be lodged with the Burmese 

According to a news agency report from Rangoon, the textbook, made 
mandatory reading for fourth graders, describes Thais as "given to fun 
and appreciation of beauty" and "disinclined to self-reliance and hard 

"Mr Surakiart said he had asked the ambassador, Oum Maolanon, to obtain 
a copy of the textbook as the Education Ministry wanted to check the 
accuracy of the news agency's translation, and the date of the 
textbook's publication. "We have to be steadfast and proud of being 
Thais," the minister said.

"We will protest [only] when the content clearly has [adverse] 
repercussions on a high-level institution. Experts would be asked to 
determine the level of Thai people affected by the analysis. Thailand 
also has to review its own textbooks to see if they depict inaccuracies 
about other nations", he said.


The Nation: Historical Enmities--little Love Crosses Region's Borders  
Academics Say Nationalism, Bias Common in Southeast Asia

June 07, 2001.

Thai academics and historians yesterday offered slightly differing views 
about Burma's latest anti-Thai textbook - some said historical bias 
towards neighbours existed in all Southeast Asian textbooks, while 
others said Burma was unusually harsh in its recent portrayal of Thais. 

The 12-page history textbook, which is supplementary reading for fourth 
graders in Burma who began a new academic year Monday, portrays Thais as 
servile and lazy. 
One section of the book says: "Thai people are given to fun and 
appreciation of beauty. They are disinclined to self-reliance and hard 

It also says Thailand has consistently throughout history launched 
anti-Burmese campaigns, and those who grew up during such campaigns have 
a deep-rooted hatred for people from Burma. 

Chulalongkorn University history lecturer Sunait Chutintaranond said the 
textbook could have a lasting impact on Thai-Burmese relations, 
particularly if young people in Burma were taught to hate Thais. 

Sunait said the Burmese had never generally thought of Thais as their 
The Burmese expert said, however, that Thailand should set its own house 
in order and stop portraying its neighbours in a negative light in its 
own textbooks and movies. 
"In Thai history textbooks, we talk about our neighbours as our enemies. 
We only tell stories of wars that we won and [how we] made people of 
neighbouring countries our slaves," said Sunait. 

"From now on we should put other aspects in our textbooks," he said. 
Ramkhamhaeng University's Professor Pornchai Dheppanya said he saw 
nothing wrong with Rangoon writing such a textbook.
"It is normal, because history texts in several other countries were 
mostly written to glorify their countries, while cursing on others," the 
political scientist said. 
Pornchai said he wondered why Thailand was paying attention to the 
Burmese textbook now - considering the fact they had always been written 
like that, particularly when regarding ancient Thai-Burmese relations. 

He said the government should act sensibly and avoid "dancing to the 
Burmese tune". 
"We cannot stop Burma from doing this," he said. "Nor do I think we 
should protest. It is better not to pay much attention to it."
Professor Charnvit Kasetsiri, president of Thammasat University's 
Southeast Asian studies programme, said that most textbooks in Southeast 
Asian countries that touched on historic relations with neighbours tried 
to instil nationalism among youths, and provoke a hatred of their 

However the latest Burmese effort was far too lopsided, and explicitly 
targeted Thai people. 
Charnvit said the release of the anti-Thai textbook was a spin-off 
related to the current problems between the two countries. 

He said it was a ploy to incite hatred among the Burmese people against 
Thais and divert people's attention from the ruling military junta's 


soc.culture.burma: [Posting on defection of SPDC's Dep-UN representative 
in New York]

[BurmaNet adds:  The following is the text of a posting to the 
soc.culture.burma newsgroup regarding the defection of U Ko Ko, the 
regime's deputy representative to the United Nations in New York.  
BurmaNet rarely (almost never) runs material
from newsgroups like SCB because it is all but impossible to verify the 
source to say nothing of the content.  We make an exception here because 
no better
source of information is available.  The defection was real but neither 
the Americans nor the regime seem willing to talk about it.  This SCP 
posting is consistent with what little is publicly known and adds 
details that, if true, are at least interesting.] 

Subject: SPDC,UN representative defected in US. 
Newsgroups: soc.culture.burma
View complete thread (4 articles) 
Date: 2001-05-27 17:53:23 PST 

U Ko Ko, Minister Counsellor, Deputy Permanent  Representative of the 
Permanent Mission of the Union of 
Myanmar to the United Nations in New York for SPDC  defected to US on 
the May 18. His assignment was over and  planed to leave for Burma with 
his wife, daughter and son  on Saturday May 19 but instead he did not 
showed up on  the date and left the apartment he stayed opened .He left  
the gifts and parcels from the SPDC embassy staffs for  their relatives 
in Burma and disappeared. 

Before he left to a safe area, U Ko Ko sent a fax to the  Embassy that 
he resigned due to the military corruption  and destruction of the Union 
Of Burma. It ws a shock to  all the staff at the Embassy who saw the fax 
before the  Embassador . 

U Ko Ko is the son of retired Colonel Maung Maung from 
Navy and brother of Colonel Nyi Nyi of the Burma Border 

Former SPDC Foreign Minister U Ohn Gyaw also escaped to 
Australia. He and his family applied for passports as 
though they were going to India for pilgrimage and left 
the country and now under the Australian Gov. protection. 

His escaped cost the famous Burma passport signature 
Colonel Ba Heine his job.. 


Naew Na (Thailand): Enlist help with Burmese

[Naew Na is a Thai language newspaper published in Bangkok.  This 
translation was run in The Bangkok Post on  June 8, 2001]

Rather than pay a visit to Burma, Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra 
should ask the world community to put pressure on Rangoon to stamp out 
narcotics production along its border with Thailand.

Mr Thaksin announced recently that he would visit Rangoon this month to 
discuss long-standing problems with the Burmese military junta. The 
announcement was greeted with discouraging news from Burma.

The introduction of a supplementary 12-page textbook for Burmese 
fourth-grade pupils, which describes Thai people as lazy, has upset Thai 
academics, politicians and some members of the public.

When Foreign Minister Surakiart Sathirathai was in Rangoon last month to 
discuss border problems with Burmese leaders, official announcements 
were made attacking Thailand for supporting ethnic groups fighting 
against the Burmese government.

Later in the month, an article appeared in the official New Light of 
Myanmar criticising a 19th century Thai king.

Based on these incidents, we cannot see how Prime Minister Thaksin can 
expect to solve the long-standing dispute with Burma. Thailand's pride 
will be hurt by his presence in Rangoon.

The Thai-Burmese dispute is complex. Apart from the problem of poor 
border demarcation, Thailand has had to bear the brunt of 
methamphetamine pills flooding across the border from Burma. These pills 
are produced by the United Wa State Army, which is backed by the Rangoon 

Also, Burma believes that Thailand is backing the Shan State Army, an 
ethnic minority group fighting against Rangoon. The Shans have used 
sophisticated weapons to attack and destroy the Wa's drug laboratories 
along the border.

While the border remains so tense, it is useless for Prime Minister 
Thaksin to go to Rangoon. Instead, he should ask the world community to 
apply pressure on Burma to stamp out the drug production within its 

Editorial from Naew Na

The Nation: Burmese are just rattling our cage 

June 8, 2001

The revelation that a Burmese history book has portrayed the Thai people 
as servile and lazy has caused much commotion inside Thailand, whose 
citizens, ironically enough, see themselves as funloving and khee kiart. 
The word khee kiart, which translates literally as lazy, in fact conveys 
the sense of a lackadaisical attitude. When a Thai wants to say he does 
not want to go someplace, he will say that he is too lazy. But it is 
more of a kind of languidity or indolence, which we are used to.

Certainly, this is not the first time that the Thai people have been 
portrayed this way by foreigners or, for that matter, in Burmese 
textbooks and media. Such a theme has often arisen given the long 
history of ThaiBurmese relations. In the past, nobody would bother with 
such selfserving judgements in whatever form. But suddenly, the history 
book has made all the difference. Why?

Definitely, there is a different mindset among Thais, whose sense of 
national identity has been strengthened following the economic and 
financial crisis in 1997. This growing selfawareness is somehow related 
to the living conditions they are encountering. The stringent economic 
measures imposed by foreign lending institutions in the past three years 
have also created a siege mentality among Thais  they must stand up or 
they will be taken over.

This prevailing mentality has given rise to the current 
pseudonationalism that is so common among businessmen with nonperforming 
loans. A much stronger feeling of selfprotection also occurs among 
disadvantaged groups of Thai people who have been marginalised by 
globalisation and the economic crisis.

Then theres the fact that in an era of peace and cooperation, both Burma 
and Thailand are in search of a new enemy. They have found within 
themselves that past hostilities can be revived and replayed to keep the 
flame of vengeance alive. So, the Thai side keeps producing popular 
literature and audiovisual materials that portray Burma and the Burmese 
people in the most negative light. In the past year, antiBurmese 
sentiment reached its peaked with Bang Rachan, an epic film about the 
cruelty of ancient Burmese invaders. Another Thai-Burmese historic epic, 
Suriyothai, the most expensive Thai film ever made and which will 
premier in August, will certainly add fuel to the fire of Thai 

Admittedly, Thai nationalistic feelings against Burma are the strongest 
because Burmese troops overran Ayudhya twice. Knowing this is a sore 
point, the Burmese junta has mercilessly exploited it to reinforce a 
sense of superiority over the Thais. Of late, the junta has intensified 
this effort to agitate its neighbour. Burmas attack on King Rama IV and 
the textbook controversy must be viewed as an integrated ploy to imbue a 
new sense of superiority among the younger generation of Burmese who 
have suffered under the oppressive rule of the military. By picking on 
the Thais and portraying them as the enemy, the regime hopes to draw its 
oppressed to its side and shift the focus from their daily misery onto 

Will it work? Thailand should be mature enough to view history with 
objectivity and come to terms with its weaknesses. In fact, it is a time 
for all of us to reflect on our attitudes towards our neighbours and our 
treatment of them. Maybe the best way to start is to treat with humanity 
the millions of Burmese who have escaped political oppression and 
poverty in their country. One day a future generation of Burmese people 
will have a different view of Thailand and a harsh view of the Burmese 

Burma Peace Foundations: Concerns Regarding 
The Report of the ILO Mission to Yangon

Regarding the ILO report Developments since the 280th Session of the 
Governing Body (March 2001): Arrangements for an objective assessment of 
the situation of forced labour following measures taken by the Myanmar 
Government (Mission to Yangon 17-19 May 2001) --  URL and text of the 
Agreement encl. below, Annex 1 --  there are several issues which, in 
the view of the Burma Peace Foundation (BPF), bear on the credibility of 
the proposed mission by an ILO  High Level Team (HLT) to Burma in 

1) Security of witnesses

Neither the report nor the Agreement with the Chairman of the Myanmar 
Negotiating Team (Appendix 5, encl) contains any reference to guarantees 
by the ruling State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) that interviews 
will be in confidence, without the physical presence of government 
agents, or that people who have been in contact with the HLT will be 
immune from reprisals if  their testimony is "incorrect", "false" etc. 

Such guarantees are particularly vital for fact-finding visits to Burma 
where, according to a recent report by Amnesty International ("Myanmar: 
Prisoners of Political Repression" of 18 April 2001)  at least 12 
prisoners of conscience are serving sentences of from 7 to 20 years for 
having, among other crimes, provided "false" information to the United 
Nations,  including the Special Rapporteur on Myanmar. Some of these 
prisoners have serious health problems and some have, allegedly, been 

Obtaining guarantees of immunity from reprisal is standard practice for 
fact-finding missions of the Commission on Human Rights. These include:

"Assurance by the Government that no persons, official or private 
individuals, who have been in contact with the Special 
Rapporteur/Representative in relation to the mandate will for this 
reason suffer threats, harassment or punishment or be subjected to 
judicial proceedings"; (see Annex 2, below, for the full text of "Terms 
of reference for fact-finding missions...")  

For the Special Rapporteur on Torture, for instance, the acceptance by 
the Government of 
the terms of reference is crucial and he will refuse to go to a country 
where he has 
not received assurances that the terms will be respected. 

The ICRC and the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture employ 
similar terms of reference.  See also Visits under Public International 
Law: Theory and Practice published in November 2000 by the Association 
for the Prevention of Torture. 

The Commission of Inquiry on Forced Labour in Myanmar (Burma) gave 
serious thought 
to the question  of protection of witnesses both  at the Geneva hearings 
in 1997 and for its 
field trips (see, for example, the Report of the Commission of  Inquiry, 
pg 9, para 25; 
pg 21, para 82; pg 121, para 465;  pg 137, para 517; and pg 190, "Rules 
for  the hearing  
of witnesses"). 

The complainants also highlighted the importance of ensuring the 
security of witnesses:

"The complainants consider that the security of witnesses testifying 
before the Commission of  Inquiry  is of paramount importance. It should 
be ensured that any witnesses, whether testifying  on their own  
initiative or upon request of any party, are protected from and held 
safe against any harm, reprisal or discrimination on the basis of their 
statements to the Commission of Inquiry.  The same safeguards should be 
required for witnesses' families and next of kin."  (ibid pg 182, para 

Clearly, the people who speak to the HLT will not be giving testimony of 
quite the same 
nature as  was given to the Commissioners, and the physical situation 
will be quite different, since the commissioners did not enter Burma . 
Even with publicly-promulgated guarantees of immunity, people are likely 
to be afraid to say that forced labour continues. Without them, the 
chances of the Team hearing "incorrect" views sink to zero.

2) Composition of the HLT

is also concerned by the Mission's interpretation to its interlocutors 
(page3, para 4 of the Report) that "the qualifications required of 
members of the HLT" [appointed by the Director-General ..."on the basis 
of their recognised impartiality, experience and technical competence"] 
"would have to be recognized by all, including the Myanmar authorities; 
that interpretation was subsequently confirmed in writing, at the 
latter's request". BPF is not alone is thinking that the obvious 
candidates for membership of the HLT are the three eminent jurists who 
made up the Commission of Inquiry, and the SPDC is on record as denying 
the impartiality of their report:

"The Report of the Commission and its recommendations issued in July 
1998 were one-sided, biased and based on unfounded allegations made by 
dissidents and insurgent groups." (The New Light of Myanmar", 17 June 
1999 -- see Annex 3, below, for full text.)

There is a strong possibility that the SPDC would refuse to recognise 
the impartiality of the former Commissioners if the Director-General 
were to appoint them as members of the HLT. Being aware of this 
possibility, the D-G might be tempted to choose people of  lesser 

3) Access

Will the HLT be given access to the areas where most forced labour is 
used, namely the border regions where the Burma Army is deployed in 
strength. The SPDC could claim "valid" security problems in any areas it 
did not want the team to visit, though the visit is planned for 
September, when the rains have stopped, but the fighting has not yet 

4) Rank of interlocutors in Rangoon

e Mission does not appear to have met any senior military people in 
This must cast some doubt on the commitment of the SPDC to the process.

The New light of Myanmar (SPDC): It is now all clear, isn't it? 

Thursday, 7  June, 2001 

Po Khwa: Oh, that's what I like! I like the way of making the rebuttal!  

Uncle Phyo: Hey! What's all about? 

Khwa: Didn't you watch the TV last night? 

Phyo: You mean, Justice Pao? People's Justice? Which programme?  
Khwa: I am not referring to any of the Chinese or martial arts video 
plays.  Why you are so slow to apprehend, Uncle? 

Phyo: Slow or quick to apprehend, that's not your business. Tell me what 
you  are here for. 

Khwa: A visit to Mongyun by a team of ambassadors, military attaches and 
 local and foreign journalists was shown on TV Myanmar as well as on 
Myawady  TV last night. 

Phyo: I had seen it too. But you have cut into the matter from the 
Khwa: In his clarifications to the visitors during the tour, liaison 
officer  of Wa peace group U Khin Maung Myint said " I would like to 
invite the  persons, who are making irresponsible accusations, to visit 
Mongyun". In  reality, it is our way of challenging the irresponsible 
Phyo: Yes it is. A friend of mine was also included in the team.  
Khwa: Oh, he was so lucky. I am so desirous of visiting such places. 
Tell me  about his experiences during the tour, please. 

Phyo: As soon as members of the study team arrived at Mongyun, U Khin 
Maung  Myint explained to them about the history of Mongyun, 
accomplishments in  conducting regional development undertakings and 
future programmes at the  briefing hall of Mongyun Development Project. 

Khwa: Did he rebut the Siamese (Thai) slanders? 

Phyo: Why not? He clarified that the news reports of the Siamese news  
agencies and the statements made by some Siamese military officials were 
all  slanderous accusations. They said that some buildings photographed 
by the  satellite were drug refineries. He invited the guests to visit 
any place they  wish to to know the truth. 

Khwa: The host should have shown the guests around the places which are  
included in the accusations. 

Phyo: Why are you so eager about this matter? Please here me out.  
Khwa: Oh, as a citizen of Myanmar, I can't stand their accusations.  
Phyo: The host conducted the guests around the hydroelectric power 
plant,  the rice mill and the rice warehouses which the Siamese media 
said were drug  refineries. The team members were also shown around the 
opium substitute crop  fields such as lychee plantations, summer paddy 
fields, etc.  
Khwa: Ah, that's a proper way of rebutting the accusations. There will 
be  plenty of opium substitute crop fields in the region. 

Phyo: As an opium substitute crop, 20,000 lychee trees have been planted 
on  1,000 acres in Mongyun. 

Khwa: There will be other opium substitute crop fields. 

Phyo: U Khin Maung Myint also explained to them about the opium 
substitute  crop cultivation project in Lawsansaw region and putting of 
land under  240,000 lychee, 50,000 honey orange, 2,000 pomelo and coffee 
at Wanhon model  farm 

Khwa: It's so encouraging to hear about the plantation business.  
Phyo: Moreover, when the visiting team members arrived at Kengtung, the 
hosts  shown them around Minezin pig farm near the town. Many pigs were 
raised at  the farm. Over 8,500 pigs were being raised systematically 
Khwa: They have done a lot of farming. 

Phyo: There is also a wonder. Khwa: What's that? 

Phyo: When the team members visited Mongyun Market, they saw a signboard 
at  a shop, which read " No Siamese goods sold here'. 

Khwa: Oh, good! They have witnessed the patriotism of Myanmars in times 
of  emergency. 

Phyo: Before the visit of the team, delegates to the Meetings of 
Signatory  Countries to 1993 Memorandum of Understanding on Drug Control 
in East Asia  and the Pacific Sub-region, which was hosted in Yangon, 
and journalists also  visited the area. 

Khwa: Great! The visitors had witnessed our true efforts to wipe out the 
 narcotic drugs and to conduct regional development undertakings in a 
proper  way as already explained by the responsible personnel. 

Phyo: Liaison officer U Khin Maung Myint of the Wa Special Region 2 had  
explained to them about the Mongyun region. 

Khwa: May I interrupt, Uncle? It is said that there are five star 
Phyo: Rubbish! A hall where the News Briefing took place was alleged as 
a  five star hotel. 

Khwa: It's so funny. The Siamese news agencies are matchless in making  

Phyo: That's why the MoU delegates were invited to witness and discover 
the  truth. It is a right action to prove with firm evidence that 
accusations made  by some Siamese media and some Siamese army officials 
were wrong. We have  clarified about the matter not for any political 
gains. We just want the  mankind to know about our true efforts launched 
with humanitarian spirit. We  are not telling lies with wicked 
intention. The members of the visiting group  who have real wish to wipe 
out narcotic drugs accepted our objective  endeavours. 

Khwa: It's an appropriate measure. At a time when the other side is 
making  slanderous accusations against us, we have been able to prove 
with firm  evidence to all that all such slanders are wrong. 

Phyo: The picture is getting clearer. But there are many things still 
left to  be done. As it is true that our nation is striving to eliminate 
narcotic  drugs in the region, we should also urge the neighbour to join 
hands in the  task, instead of making arguments. But it is easier said 
than done. The other  side also should have the real wish to eliminate 
the drugs. At least, Siam  (Thailand) should not raise the drug bandit, 
Ywet Sit, if it really wants to  end the problem of narcotic drugs. If 
it has the desire to build confidence  between the two countries, it 
should not support or encourage Ywet Sit.  
Khwa: But Siam said that it was using Ywet Sit group as the Shan State  
Independence Army. 

Phyo: As Siam is not sincere, all its efforts to hide its slanders are 
in  vain. I don't want to make my conversation long. And to make it 
short, let's  talk about Khun Sa. He was stated as a Shan State freedom 
fighter and also  accused as a drug culprit. But which one is more 
serious, the statement or  the accusation? 

Khwa: The big countries branded Khun Sa as a drug culprit.  
Phyo: That's the point. Now, Khun Sa has realized the truth. But his  
one-time follower, Ywet Sit, cannot see the truth and is still engaging 
in  the drug business. What's the answer? If Ywet Sit is branded " the 
drug  culprit " as in the case of Khun Sa or his background history and 
practical  deeds are assessed, the answer is quite clear. " A drug 
bandit is just a drug  bandit" . It is quite clear why the ethnic people 
living in Shan State are  trying to wipe him out despite his words that 
he is working for the freedom  of the Shan State. 

Khwa: As you have said so Uncle Phyo, I would like to ask the Siamese 
and the  other persons who are launching accusations against Myanmar 
concerning  narcotic drugs a question, " It is now all clear, isn't it?" 
Author : Pho Khwa 


BurmaNet Kachin: Translation of headlines in current issue

Issue of June 8, 2001

BurmaNet: Article on Historical Manau Festival to be held in Myitkyina 
in Dec. 2001-Jan 2002

BurmaNet: KIO Central Committee announces new members

BurmaNet: Regime Confiscates land for army barracks in Danai, a City in 
Kachin State

BurmaNet: Burma army on pagoda building spree in Kachinland

BurmaNet: Since cease-fire, Kachins must pay just to enter Hpakant, 
(Jade Area in Kachin State)

BurmaNet: Company Vehicles Commandeered in Myitkyina for use by Regional 

BurmaNet: Use of Kachin girls as prostitutes in military and Chinese 
owned Karaoke and Night Clubs in Myitkyina increases

Pan Kachin: Working report issued

BurmaNet Karen: Translation of headlines in current issue

Issue of June 7, 2001

Thul Lei Kawwei:  Article on Salween Dam

KIC News:  Drugs came into Thailand through Ler Hay District

Thul Lei Kawwei: Ivanhoe Myanmar operator agrees to pay 30 million for 
spill in US

Thul Lei Kawwei: SPDC relocates villagers to make way for Salween Dam

KNU-IDP: Battles & Human Rights News

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