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General anthropological literature: politics, society and culture

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: "Thai-Yunnan Newsletter" 1988-1995
Description/subject: The Bulletin was launched in 2001. The Thai-Yunnan Newsletter ceased publication in 1995. Current issues of the Bulletin plus archive of the 28 issues of the Newsletter from June 1988 to March 1995. They contain a fair amount of scholarly articles and correspondance on Burma..... * Bulletin [2001-2005] * Bulletin Board * Seminars * Publications * Back Issues Thai-Yunnan Newsletter
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thai-Yunnan Project
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: https://chl.anu.edu.au/departments/anthropology/thai-yunnan/research.php'>https://chl.anu.edu.au/departments/anthropology/thai-yunnan/research.php
https://chl.anu.edu.au/departments/anthropology/thai-yunnan/research.php'>https://chl.anu.edu.au/departments/anthropology/thai-yunnan/research.php
Date of entry/update: 18 November 2010


Title: "Youtube search for Burma OR Myanmar anthropology" (video)
Description/subject: About 1,170 results (August 2017)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Various sources via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash or html5
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2017


Title: Thai-Yunnan Project Project
Description/subject: * Bulletin [2001-2005] * Bulletin Board * Seminars * Publications * Back Issues Thai-Yunnan Newsletter The Bulletin was launched in 2001. The Thai-Yunnan Newsletter ceased publication in 1995. Current issues of the Bulletin plus archive of the 28 issues of the Newsletter from June 1988 to March 1995. They contain a fair amount of scholarly articles and correspondance on Burma.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Department of Anthropology, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University
Format/size: pdf, html
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/gsearch/?cx=006345117986368989313%3Ar2fkn4tcz5i&cof=FORID%3A11&ie=UTF-8&q=Tr...
Date of entry/update: 08 July 2010


Individual Documents

Title: Gender Equality and Cultural Norms in Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar is giving increasing attention to gender inequality as an impediment to the development and attainment of human rights especially women’s rights. Realizing the close inter-­‐relationship between gender equality and cultural norms, a qualitative research study, “Raising the Curtain: Cultural Norms, Social Practices and Gender Equality in Myanmar" was undertaken with the objective of furthering the understanding of social and cultural norms in Myanmar and their impact for men and women in relation to family and community life, work, health and education. The study was implemented in May 2014 covering 543 women and men participants covering seven States and four Regions in Myanmar. This study illustrates that cultural norms and related social practices impact men and women throughout their lifespan, from the most deeply personal–the sense of self, body, confidence, love and marriage-­‐ to the practical organization and valuing of paid and unpaid work; education opportunities; health status and services; participation in community development and the affairs of the nation. Furthermore, it shows how social and cultural norms carry ideas of different functions and worth for men and women, impacting on their life opportunities. Women, regarded as ‘bearers and protectors of culture’, are often blamed for what are seen as disappearing cultural values and this can be a barrier to the realization of women’s rights and gender equality. Some salient recommendations from the study include i) using gendered lens on all developmental issues; ii) re-­‐framing gender equality from being seen as a ‘women’s issue’ to an issue of political advancement, human rights and democracy; iii) broaden the base in gender equality work from the circles of current activists, and engage people of different sexes, socioeconomic backgrounds, education levels, ethnicities, locations and abilities; iv) focus on gender inequality around concrete issues in peoples’ lives that have impact at both individual, collective levels.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Pansy Tun Thein
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (177K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015


Title: Gender Gap and Women’s Political Participation in Burma/Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Women's political participation and representation vary dramatically within and between countries. This paper selectively reviews the literature on gender gap and women's participation in politics, focusing on women's formal political participation particularly from 2010 general election in Burma/Myanmar. The paper discusses, however, various barriers and challenges including traditional, religion, lack of education, experience in public discussion, participation and more importantly the military drafted 2008 constitution for women's political participation and representation in Burma/Myanmar. It also explains significance of women's political participation as well as the role of international mechanisms and gender quotas particularly the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) and the Electoral Quotas System for empowering women’s participation in politics. Then, it explores the gap between the 2008 Constitution and the CEDAW standards. Throughout the review, the paper demonstrates a very low level of women's political participation from secondary data as well as in-­‐depth interviewed with women parliamentarians explained the challenges and difficulties for women participation in politics of decision-­‐making. It also reveals the most common mechanism for increasing women’s political participation-­‐quotas and in order to have an effective the gender electoral quotas system it is explicitly important both men and women attend training and skills development. Importantly, the paper also asks what degree and under what conditions elected women actually do represent women and contribute to gender equality, democracy and whether women are distinctive—does having more women in office make a difference to public policy?".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Sang Hnin Lian
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (181K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 08 August 2015


Title: 'External' Aspects of Self-Determination Movements in Burma
Date of publication: February 2003
Description/subject: Abstract: "Based on secondary resources and long term anthropological field research, this paper explores some of the 'external' factors involved in the pro-democracy and ethnic struggles for self-determination currently being experienced in Burma. The analysis draws in cultural, economic and political aspects to demonstrate that a number of macro- and micro-level external or external-origin influences are at play, at a number of different 'inside', 'outside' and marginal sites. The paper argues in particular that 'cultural' factors such as computer-mediated communication and contacts with outsiders when living in exile, serve as means by which real, virtual and imaginary connections are drawn between these different sites and the actors who inhabit them. In the context of Burma, this paper thus presents a glimpse into this complexity of origin and substance of external influences, of interactions between the external and the internal, and of the multidirectional pathways along which they operate. After an introductory overview, it does so by first reviewing some pertinent macro-political and macro-economic external factors, including international views and strategic interests. The paper then focuses on micro-level social and cultural issues, examining aspects of new media as utilised by the Burmese exile community and international activists. External influences on exiled communities living in the margins on the Thai-Burma border (characterised by the paper as neither 'inside' nor 'outside' proper), including Christianity and foreign non-governmental organisations, are then explored. The paper concludes that inside views, reactions and experiences of outside influences are presently just as important in determining outcomes as are the outside influences themselves."
Author/creator: Sandra Dudley
Language: English
Source/publisher: Queen Elizabeth House
Format/size: pdf (123K)
Alternate URLs: http://ideas.repec.org/p/qeh/qehwps/qehwps94.html
Date of entry/update: 08 July 2010


Title: Remaking Myanmar and human origins
Date of publication: 04 August 1999
Description/subject: "...an account of the role of pagoda relics and museum fossils in SLORC-SPDC concepts of nation-building... Here I examine two notable features of this regime. Desperate for national and international recognition, it began the large-scale renovation and construction of pagodas, on the one hand, and museums, palaces and ancient monasteries on the other. These constructions have taken place on a scale and with a rapidity never before witnessed in the history of Southeast Asia. It has decided to renovate and rebuild all the thousands of pagodas in the 11th century capital Pagan. It is furthermore committing enormous funds to pagodas all over the country. At least two dozen new museums have been built. These house ancient heritage, but also the history of the army and the Pondaung fossils, that it claims represent the oldest humanoids of the world. The latter, it hopes, places the Myanmar people on the world's map as the oldest civilization. It also has rebuilt all ancient palaces in the ancient capitals. As I hope to show, these are vital elements at the heart of the regime's "new" ideology I have dubbed "Myanmafication", after their decision to rename the country Myanmar in 1989..."
Author/creator: Gustaaf Houtman
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Anthropology Today", Vol. 15, No. 4, August 1999, pp 13-19
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 08 July 2010


Title: Political Systems of Highland Burma - A Study of Kachin Social Structure (Full text)
Date of publication: 1954
Description/subject: Read online...There are several viewing options. I found that using the Classic view (default), and clicking the horizontal navigation arrow, gave the fastest loading of the next page....
Author/creator: Edmund Leach
Language: English
Source/publisher: LSE via Hathi Trust Digital Library
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015015200457
http://www.hathitrust.org/
Date of entry/update: 10 March 2012


Title: "Youtube search for Burma OR Myanmar econom" (video)
Description/subject: About 1,170 results (August 2017)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Various sources via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash or html5
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2017