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Home > Main Library > Human Rights > Various Rights > Various rights: reports of violations in Burma > Amnesty International annual reports (Myanmar section) from 1994

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Amnesty International annual reports (Myanmar section) from 1994

Individual Documents

Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2016 (Events of 2015) (English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: February 2016
Description/subject: "Authorities failed to address rising religious intolerance and incitement to discrimination and violence against Muslims, allowing hardline Buddhist nationalist groups to grow in power and influence ahead of the November general elections. The situation of the persecuted Rohingya deteriorated still further. The government intensified a clampdown on freedoms of expression, association and peaceful assembly. Reports of abuses of international human rights and humanitarian law in areas of internal armed conflict persisted. Security forces suspected of human rights violations continued to enjoy near-total impunity..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Amnesty International, (16/3511/2016)
Format/size: pdf (208K-English; 436K-Burmese)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/AI-2016-02-23-AP-Myanmar-bu.pdf
Date of entry/update: 24 February 2016


Title: Amnesty International, Amnesty International Report 2014/15 - Myanmar
Date of publication: 25 February 2015
Description/subject: "Despite ongoing political, legal and economic reforms, progress on human rights stalled, with some backward steps in key areas. The situation of the Rohingya deteriorated, with ongoing discrimination in law and practice exacerbated by a dire humanitarian situation. Anti-Muslim violence persisted, with the authorities failing to hold suspected perpetrators to account. Reports of abuses of international human rights and humanitarian law in areas of armed conflict persisted. Freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly remained severely restricted, with scores of human rights defenders, journalists and political activists arrested and imprisoned. Impunity persisted for past crimes...".....Background...Discrimination...Internal armed conflicts...Freedoms of expression and peaceful assembly...Prisoners of conscience...Land disputes...Torture and other ill-treatment...Impunity...Death penalty...International scrutiny
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.refworld.org/country,,AMNESTY,ANNUALREPORT,MMR,,,,0.html
Date of entry/update: 10 October 2015


Title: Amnesty International, Amnesty International Annual Report 2013 - Myanmar
Date of publication: 23 May 2013
Description/subject: "Amid ongoing political, legal and economic reforms, the authorities released hundreds of prisoners of conscience; however, many remained behind bars. Security forces and other state agents continued to commit human rights violations, including unlawful killings, excessive use of force, arbitrary arrests, torture and other ill-treatment, and unlawful confiscation or destruction of property and livelihoods. Impunity for past crimes, including crimes against humanity, persisted..."...Background...Internal armed conflict...Internally displaced people...Communal violence...Land disputes...Freedom of assembly...Freedom of expression...Arbitrary arrests and detentions...Prisoner amnesties...Death penalty...Impunity
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.refworld.org/country,,AMNESTY,ANNUALREPORT,MMR,,,,0.html
Date of entry/update: 10 October 2015


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2012 (events of 2011) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 24 May 2012
Description/subject: "The government enacted limited political and economic reforms, but human rights violations and violations of international humanitarian law in ethnic minority areas increased during the year. Some of these amounted to crimes against humanity or war crimes. Forced displacement reached its highest level in a decade, and reports of forced labour their highest level in several years. Authorities maintained restrictions on freedom of religion and belief, and perpetrators of human rights violations went unpunished. Despite releasing at least 313 political prisoners during the year, authorities continued to arrest such people, further violating their rights by subjecting them to ill-treatment and poor prison conditions..."....Background....Internal armed conflict ....Forced displacement and refugees....Forced labour....Freedom of religion or belief....Impunity....International scrutiny
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/region/myanmar/report-2012
Date of entry/update: 25 May 2012


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2011 (events of 2010) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: May 2011
Description/subject: Elections-related violations ...Repression of ethnic minority activists ...Political prisoners ...Forced displacement...Development-related violations...International scrutiny.....Reports: Myanmar: End repression of ethnic minorities; Myanmar’s 2010 elections: A human rights perspective; Myanmar elections will test ASEAN’s credibility; India’s relations with Myanmar fail to address human rights concerns in run up to elections; Myanmar opposition must be free to fight elections, 10 March 2010; ASEAN leaders should act over Myanmar’s appalling rights record, 6 April 2010; Myanmar: Political prisoners must be freed, 26 September 2010; Myanmar government attacks on freedoms compromise elections, 5 November; Myanmar should free all prisoners of conscience following Aung San Suu Kyi release, 13 November 2010
Language: Englis
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/region/myanmar/report-2011
Date of entry/update: 10 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2010 (events of 2009) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 27 May 2010
Description/subject: Background: In August, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi was permitted to meet a US Senator, and in October met with her government liaison officer for the first time since January 2008. In November, she met a high-level mission from the US. In April, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC, the military government) proposed that the ethnic minority armed groups that had agreed ceasefires with the government become border guard forces under SPDC command. This was in preparation for national elections in 2010 – the first since 1990 – but negotiations and fighting with such armed groups followed throughout the year. By the end of the year only nine groups agreed to the proposal, most citing a feared loss of territory or control as reasons for their refusal. Relief, rehabilitation, and reconstruction in the wake of the 2008 Cyclone Nargis continued, while serious food shortages struck Chin and Rakhine States. Myanmar began building a fence on the border with Bangladesh, which increased tensions between the two countries. The international community raised concerns that the Myanmar government may be seeking nuclear capability.....Political prisoners ...Prison conditions ...Targeting ethnic minorities ...Cyclone Nargis-related arrests and imprisonment ...Armed conflict and displacement ...Development-related violations ...Child soldiers ...International scrutiny ...Death penalty ...Amnesty International reports: Open letter to the governments of Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand on the plight of the Rohingyas... Myanmar: Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s new sentence “shameful”, 11 August 2009
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 10 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2009 (events of 2008) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 27 May 2009
Description/subject: "In February, the government announced that a referendum would be held later in the year on a draft constitution, followed by elections in 2010. In May -- only a week before the scheduled day for the referendum -- Cyclone Nargis devastated parts of southern Myanmar, affecting approximately 2.4 million people. More than 84,500 people died and more than 19,000 were injured, while nearly 54,000 remained unaccounted for. In its aftermath the government delayed or placed conditions on aid delivery, and refused international donors permission to provide humanitarian assistance. Following a visit by the UN Secretary-General in late May, access improved, but the government continued to obstruct aid and forcibly evict survivors from shelters. Also in May the government extended the house arrest of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, General Secretary of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party. By the end of the year there were more than 2,100 other political prisoners. Many were given sentences relating to the 2007 mass demonstrations after unfair trials. In eastern Myanmar, a military offensive targeting ethnic Karen civilians, amounting to crimes against humanity, continued into its fourth year. The government's development of oil, natural gas and hydropower projects in partnership with private and state-owned firms led to a range of human rights abuses..."
Language: English (also available in Arabic, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish)
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2008 (events of 2007) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: May 2008
Description/subject: "The human rights situation in Myanmar continued to deteriorate, culminating in September when authorities staged a five-day crackdown on widespread protests that had begun six weeks earlier. The peaceful protests voiced both economic and political grievances. More than 100 people were believed to have been killed in the crackdown, and a similar number were the victims of enforced disappearance. Several thousands were detained in deplorable conditions. The government began prosecutions under anti-terrorism legislation against many protestors. International response to the crisis included a tightening of sanctions by Western countries. At least 1,150 additional political prisoners, some arrested decades ago, remained in detention. A military offensive continued in northern Kayin State, with widespread and systematic violations of international human rights and humanitarian law. In western Rakhine State, the government continued negotiations on a large-scale Shwe gas pipeline, preparations for which included forced displacement and forced labour of ethnic communities..."
Language: English (also available in Arabic, French, Portuguese, Russian and Spanish)
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


Title: Amnesty International: Jahresbericht 2007
Date of publication: 25 May 2007
Description/subject: Die Menschenrechtslage in Myanmar verschlechterte sich im Lauf des Berichtsjahrs weiter, da die Behörden ihre Maßnahmen zur Unterdrückung der bewaffneten und der gewaltfreien politischen Opposition im ganzen Land verstärkten. Der UN-Sicherheitsrat setzte die Situation in Myanmar auf seine Tagesordnung. Im Zuge militärischer Operationen im Unionsstaat Kayin und im Verwaltungsbezirk Bago kam es zu systematischen Verstößen gegen die Menschenrechte und das humanitäre Völkerrecht, die möglicherweise Verbrechen gegen die Menschlichkeit darstellten. Während die Regierung ihre Pläne zur Erarbeitung einer neuen Verfassung weiter verfolgte, wurde auf politisch engagierte Bürger massiver Druck ausgeübt, die politischen Parteien zu verlassen. Im Verlauf des Jahres wurden Hunderte Menschen in Haft genommen, die sich an friedlichen politischen Aktivitäten beteiligt oder auf andere Weise gewaltfrei ihre Rechte auf freie Meinungsäußerung und Vereinigungsfreiheit wahrgenommen hatten. Ende des Berichtsjahrs saßen die meisten führenden Persönlichkeiten der Opposition im Gefängnis oder in Verwaltungshaft. Im ganzen Land wurden mehr als 1185 politische Gefangene unter immer schlechter werdenden Haftbedingungen festgehalten. Politische Häftlinge, Zwangsarbeit; Folter und Misshandlungen; Vereinigungs- und Versammlungsfreiheit; Poltical Prisoners, Forced labour; Torture and Maltreatment; Liberty of opinion; Karen; KNU
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: Html (29K)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2007


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2007 (events of 2006) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: May 2007
Description/subject: "Following a steep rise in fuel prices in August which in turn affected people's access to food and basic supplies, Myanmar has seen an escalation in mass peaceful protests nationwide since 21 September 2007. Led by Buddhist monks, clergy and ordinary people have taken to the street, protesting against the government, calling for a reduction in commodity prices, release of political prisoners and national reconciliation. Beginning 21 September 2007, the numbers of demonstrators increased considerably, with estimated numbers ranging from 10,000 to 100,000. Demonstrations on this scale have not been seen since the nationwide protests in 1988, which were violently suppressed by the authorities with the killing of approximately 3,000 peaceful demonstrators. In the evening of 25 September 2007, the authorities began a crackdown on the protesters, introducing a 60-day 9pm-5am curfew and issuing public warnings of legal action against protesters. Arrests of reportedly at least 700 people have followed in the former capital Yangon, the second-biggest city, Mandalay, and elsewhere. Among those arrested in Yangon were monks, members of parliament from the main opposition party, the National League for Democracy (NLD), other NLD members and other public figures. Amnesty International believes these and other detainees are at grave risk of torture or other ill-treatment. The full extent of the violent crackdown is not yet known. State television reported the killing of at least nine people, eight protesters and a Japanese journalist, amidst the clampdown. This number was widely believed to be an under-estimate. There were reportedly hundreds of injuries. Websites and internets blogs carrying information and photographs of the demonstrations were blocked; internet lines were cut. Telephone lines and mobile phone signals to prominent activists and dissidents were reportedly also cut. The crisis was discussed at the United National Security Council on 26 September 2007 and a day later the Myanmar authorities agreed to a mission to the country by the UN Secretary-General's Special Representative Ibrahim Gambari..."
Language: English (also available in Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish)
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 January 2010


Title: Amnesty International: Jahresbericht 2006
Date of publication: 24 May 2006
Description/subject: Mehr als 1100 politische Gefangene kamen in Haft oder verbüßten weiterhin ihre Freiheitsstrafen, darunter Hunderte gewaltlose politische Gefangene, die die Behörden wegen ihrer friedlichen oppositionellen Aktivitäten festgenommen hatten. Mindestens 250 politische Gefangene wurden auf freien Fuß gesetzt. Die Streitkräfte begingen erneut schwere Menschenrechtsverletzungen, indem sie unter anderem Zivilisten ethnischer Minderheiten im Zuge der Aufstandsbekämpfung zu Zwangsarbeit heranzogen. Die Internationale Arbeitsorganisation (International Labour Organization – ILO) und andere UN-Organe ebenso wie internationale Hilfsorganisationen sahen sich mit zunehmenden Beschränkungen ihrer Hilfsprogramme für gefährdete Bevölkerungsgruppen konfrontiert. Zwangsarbeit; Ethnische Minderheiten; Politische Gefangene; Folter und Misshandlungen Amnesty International Report on Myanmar 2006; Forced Labor; Ethnic Minorities; Political prisoners; Torture and Maltreatment
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Amnesty International Deutsch
Format/size: html (29K)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2007


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2006 (events of 2005) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: May 2006
Description/subject: "Over 1,100 political prisoners were arrested or remained imprisoned. They included hundreds of prisoners of conscience, held for peaceful political opposition activities. At least 250 political prisoners were released. The army continued to commit serious human rights violations, including forced labour, against ethnic minority civilians during counter-insurgency activities. The International Labour Organization (ILO), other UN agencies and international aid organizations faced increasing restrictions on their ability to assist vulnerable populations..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International Report 2005 (events of 2004) - Section on Myanmar
Date of publication: 25 May 2005
Description/subject: Covering events from January - December 2004... "In October the Prime Minister was placed under house arrest and replaced by another army general. Despite the announcement of the release of large numbers of prisoners in November, more than 1,300 political prisoners remained in prison, and arrests and imprisonment for peaceful political opposition activities continued. The army continued to commit serious human rights violations against ethnic minority civilians during counter-insurgency operations in the Mon, Shan and Kayin States, and in Tanintharyi Division. Restrictions on freedom of movement in states with predominantly ethnic minority populations continued to impede farming, trade and employment. This particularly impacted on the Rohingyas in Rakhine State. Ethnic minority civilians living in all these areas continued to be subjected to forced labour by the military..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld ((UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 November 2010


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2004 (events of 2003) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 26 May 2004
Description/subject: On 30 May, while travelling in Upper Myanmar, leaders and supporters of the National League for Democracy (NLD), the main opposition party, including General Secretary Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, were attacked by pro-government supporters. At least four people were killed and scores of government critics were arrested. Many of those arrested after 30 May were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment. Discussions between the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), the military government, and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi did not progress during the year. Ethnic minority civilians continued to suffer extensive human rights violations, including forced labour, in SPDC counterinsurgency operations in parts of the Shan, Kayin, Kayah, and Mon States.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld ((UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International: Jahresbericht 2004
Date of publication: May 2004
Description/subject: Berichtszeitraum 1. Januar bis 31. Dezember 2003
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: ai Deutschland
Format/size: html (27K)
Date of entry/update: 04 June 2004


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2003 (events of 2002) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 28 May 2003
Description/subject: Events of 2002 "...Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, leader of the main opposition party, the National League for Democracy (NLD), was released from de facto house arrest in May. There was no reported progress in confidential talks about the future of the country, begun in October 2000, between the ruling military government – the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) – and Aung San Suu Kyi. However, over 300 political prisoners were released during the year, bringing the total of those released since January 2001 to over 500. Some 1,300 political prisoners arrested in previous years remained in prison and some 50 people were arrested for political reasons, despite the SPDC's stated commitment to release political prisoners as part of their undertaking to work with the NLD. Extrajudicial executions and forced labour continued to be reported in most of the seven ethnic minority states, particularly the Shan and Kayin states. Civilians continued to be the victims of human rights violations in the context of the SPDC's counter-insurgency tactics in parts of the Shan and Kayin states..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld ((UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 November 2010


Title: Amnesty International Deutschland, Jahresbericht 2003: Myanmar
Date of publication: January 2003
Description/subject: Berichtszeitraum 1. Januar bis 31. Dezember 2002
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: ai Deutschland
Format/size: html (29K)
Date of entry/update: 30 June 2003


Title: Amnesty International Deutschland: Jahresbericht 2002
Date of publication: 28 May 2002
Description/subject: Berichtszeitraum 1. Januar bis 31. Dezember 2001
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: ai Deutschland
Format/size: html (28K)
Date of entry/update: 19 November 2010


Title: Myanmar: Hausarrest von Daw Aung San Suu Kyi aufgehoben
Date of publication: 07 May 2002
Description/subject: amnesty international begrüßt den Schritt. Hintergrundinformation über die Menschenrechtslage im Land Im Folgenden dokumentieren wir eine Presseerklärung von amnesty international anlässlich der Aufhebung des Hausarrests für die Oppositionspolitikerin Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in Myanmar vom 7. Mai 2002 sowie einen Auszug aus dem Länderbericht Myanmar aus dem ai Jahresbericht 2002, der Ende Mai veröffentlicht wurde.
Author/creator: Pressemitteilung ai
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: AG Friedensforschung an der Uni Kassel
Format/size: html (18,9k)
Date of entry/update: 01 March 2005


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2002 (events of 2001) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: May 2002
Description/subject: "Events of 2001" ...... In January the Special Envoy of the UN Secretary-General for Myanmar announced that a confidential dialogue had been taking place since October 2000 between the ruling State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, leader of the opposition National League for Democracy (NLD). The dialogue was believed to have continued for most of 2001. However, Aung San Suu Kyi remained under de facto house arrest, although international delegations were permitted to visit her. Some 1,600 political prisoners arrested in previous years remained in prison. Almost 220 people were released. Three people were sentenced to death for drug trafficking. Extrajudicial executions and forced labour continued to be reported in the ethnic minority states, particularly Shan and Kayin states.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld ((UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 November 2010


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2001 (events of 2000) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 01 June 2001
Description/subject: Hundreds of people, including more than 200 members of political parties and young activists, were arrested for political reasons. Ten others were known to have been sentenced to long terms of imprisonment after unfair trials. At least 1,500 political prisoners arrested in previous years, including more than 100 prisoners of conscience and hundreds of possible prisoners of conscience, remained in prison. Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and other leaders of the National League for Democracy (NLD) were placed under de facto house arrest after being prevented by the military from travelling outside Yangon to visit other NLD members. Prison conditions constituted cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, and torture of political prisoners was reported. The military continued to seize ethnic minority civilians for forced labour duties and to kill members of ethnic minorities during counter-insurgency operations in the Shan, Kayah, and Kayin states. Five people were sentenced to death in 2000 for drug trafficking.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld ((UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 November 2010


Title: Amnesty International Deutschland, Jahresbericht 2001: Myanmar
Date of publication: 30 May 2001
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Amnesty International Deutschland
Format/size: html (28K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 2000 (events of 1999) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 01 June 2000
Description/subject: "Scores of people were arrested for political reasons and 200 people, some of them prisoners of conscience, were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment. More than 1,200 political prisoners arrested in previous years, including 89 prisoners of conscience and hundreds of possible prisoners of conscience, remained in prison. The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) announced in May that it had begun to visit prisons and other places of detention. The military continued to seize ethnic minority civilians for forced labour duties and to kill members of ethnic minorities not taking an active part in hostilities, during counter-insurgency operations, particularly in the Kayin State. Forcible relocation continued to be reported in the Kayin State, and the effects of massive forcible relocation programs in previous years in the Kayah and Shan States continued to be felt as civilians were still deprived of their land and livelihood and subjected to forced labour and detention by the military..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld ((UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 1999 (events of 1998) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 01 January 1999
Description/subject: "More than 1,200 political prisoners arrested in previous years, including 89 prisoners of conscience and hundreds of possible prisoners of conscience, remained in prison throughout the year. Hundreds of people were arrested for political reasons. Political prisoners were tortured and ill-treated, and held in conditions that amounted to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Members of ethnic minorities continued to suffer human rights violations, including extrajudicial executions, torture, ill-treatment during forced portering, and other forms of forced labour and forcible relocations. Six political prisoners were sentenced to death. No executions were known to have taken place..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld ((UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 1998 (events of 1997) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 01 January 1998
Description/subject: "More than 1,200 political prisoners arrested in previous years, including 89 prisoners of conscience and hundreds of possible prisoners of conscience, remained in prison throughout the year. Hundreds of people were arrested for political reasons; although most were released, 31 _ five of them prisoners of conscience _ were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment after unfair trials. Political prisoners were ill-treated and held in conditions that amounted to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Members of ethnic minorities continued to suffer human rights violations, including extrajudicial executions and ill-treatment during forced labour and portering, and forcible relocations. Two people were sentenced to death..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Archive.org
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 1997 (events of 1996) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 01 January 1997
Description/subject: "More than 1,000 people involved in opposition political activities, including 68 prisoners of conscience and hundreds of possible prisoners of conscience, remained in prison throughout the year. Almost 2,000 people were arrested for political reasons, including at least 23 prisoners of conscience. Although most were released, 45 were sentenced to long terms of imprisonment after unfair trials and 175 were still detained without charge or trial at the end of the year. Political prisoners were ill-treated and held in conditions that amounted to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Members of ethnic minorities continued to suffer human rights violations, including extrajudicial executions and ill-treatment during forced labour and portering, and forcible relocations. Seven people were sentenced to death..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld ((UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 1996 (events of 1995) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 01 January 1996
Description/subject: "At least 1,000 people involved in opposition political parties remained imprisoned, including hundreds of prisoners of conscience and possible prisoners of conscience. At least 32 people were arrested for political reasons; 17 were still detained at the end of the year. At least 163 political prisoners, including six prisoners of conscience, were released. Prisoners were tortured and held in conditions which amounted to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Members of ethnic minorities continued to be subjected to human rights violations which included torture and ill-treatment and possible extrajudicial executions. Thousands of ethnic Burmans, in particular those convicted of criminal offences, were also forced to act as porters and labourers. One person was sentenced to death. The State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC), Myanmar’s military government chaired by General Than Shwe, continued to rule by decree in the absence of a constitution. Martial law decrees severely restricting the rights to freedom of expression and assembly remained in force throughout the year..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld ((UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 1995 (events of 1994) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 01 January 1995
Description/subject: "Hundreds of government opponents remained imprisoned, including dozens of prisoners of conscience. Some were detained without trial, but most had been sentenced after unfair trials. At least 17 people were arrested for political reasons, including five prisoners of conscience. Prisoners of conscience and other political prisoners were held in conditions amounting to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. Persistent human rights violations continued to be reported from many parts of the country, with members of ethnic minorities particularly targeted. The violations included: arbitrary seizure of civilians to serve as military porters and labourers; demolition of homes; ill-treatment; and possible extrajudicial executions. Five people were sentenced to death..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld (UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012


Title: Amnesty International Annual Report 1994 (events of 1993) - Myanmar section
Date of publication: 01 January 1994
Description/subject: "Hundreds of government opponents remained imprisoned, including dozens of prisoners of conscience, despite the release of some 2,000 others in the last 20 months, and at least 40 new political arrests were made. Some of those held were detained without trial, but most had been sentenced after unfair trials. Persistent human rights violations continued to be reported from many parts of the country, with members of ethnic minorities particularly targeted. The violations included arbitrary seizure of civilians to serve as military porters or labourers, ill-treatment and extrajudicial executions..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via Refworld (UNHCR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012