Archaeology - General, multiple periods
|Title:|| ||Association of Myanmar Archaeologists website
|Description/subject:|| ||Well-produced site established by Myanmar Archaeology Students in 2009. Many colour photos, text in English and Burmese, maps etc.|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Association of Myanmar Archaeologists w|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||27 November 2014|
|Title:|| ||Selective Works on Myanmar History, Culture, Archeology and Literature after Independence
|Description/subject:|| ||98 papers (full text pdf files) on the history and archeology of Burma, most in Burmese, some in English, by:
U Aung Thaw; Col. Ba Shin; Burma. The Directorate of Archaeological Survey; Daw Kyan; U Lu Pe Win; Takathou Maung Maung Gyi; Thiripyanchi U Mya; U Myint Aung; U Pe Maung Tin; U Sein Maung Oo; Taik Soe; U Than Swe; Dr. Than Tun; Henry Wotten; Dr. Yi Yi; Saya Zaw Gyi; Zeyya.|
|Language:|| ||Mostly Burmese. Some English|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Seattle, Wash. : University of Washington Libraries, 2001-|
|Format/size:|| ||html, pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||April 2003|
|Title:|| ||CHANGE IN THE LANDSCAPE OF FIRST MILLENIUM AD MYANMAR
|Date of publication:|| ||September 2006|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Environmental change was as much part of the ancient landscape as it is of the present. The landscape, however, is
often described as a static other’ beneath our feet rather than the world which is all around us.2 In cataloging the
rivers and streams where sites and artefacts of first millennium AD Myanmar are located, we draw attention in this
paper to the constant alteration to both built and natural elements. Our understanding of these sites and the cultures
from which they emerged is distorted, for by and large only a small portion of the country's river system has
been systematically surveyed. Nonetheless, eloquent testimony of human response to environmental inconstancy
remains in most regions of Myanmar.
Traces of this relationship can be seen in the 'archaeological scars' which are part of today's landscape.3
Aung Myint, who coined this term, likened it to the process of scar tissue forming over to a deep cut when large
quantities of soil are displaced adjacent to natural and manmade features such as in-gyi or seasonal lakes and walls
made of earth, laterite and brick.4 We refer often to such features, but also to smaller signs, from stone implements
to terracotta urns and tiles. After an overview of the multiple water networks along which sites and artefacts have
been recorded, we detail a range of changes, beginning in Lower Myanmar and ending at Tagaung. We devote the
final section of the paper to this site, to highlight the use of the natural setting as well as the fresh scope offered by
artefacts for understanding patterns of interaction during the first millennium AD..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Elizabeth Moore & U Win Maung (Tampawaddy)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research 4.2 (Autumn 2006)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (8.1MB)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||24 April 2008|
|Title:|| ||Thoughts on some chronological markers of Myanmar archaeology in the pre-urban period.
|Date of publication:|| ||February 2005|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Archaeologists deal with material that was deposited, discarded, lost or deliberately
buried over long and often difficult-to-discern periods of time. This paper presents
some ideas for periodising Myanmar archaeology and interpreting archaeological
evidence that may reduce our reliance on the old-style European terminology of
“Neolithic”, “Bronze Age” and “Iron Age”. The development of technology in preurban
Myanmar has involved increasing complexity and an increasing diversity in the
materials used (as Tan discusses in detail in his paper elsewhere in this volume) rather
than the sudden replacement of one material by another as might be implied in the
notion of a sequence of “ages”. The addition of copper/bronze and iron to a
technological repertoire that before the arrival of metals included highly skilled
drilling and polishing of stone tools and ornaments can be put into a broad timescale.
But we can also look for other indicators of the passing of time..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||2005 Yangon University Archaeology Journal, 10th anniversary commemorative volume|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://acl.arts.usyd.edu.au/~hudson/BHpaperFeb05.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||01 December 2005|
|Title:|| ||THE ART AND CULTURE OF BURMA (Table of Contents)
|Date of publication:|| ||2002|
|Description/subject:|| ||"The purpose of this on-line study-guide and course-outline is to make text and visual materials on the arts of Burma readily and inexpensively available, in particular to students and teachers. These materials assume college level reading skills so that the contents may be used for independent study courses, as a resource for teachers in secondary schools, as well as anyone interested in expanding and enriching their knowledge of the Arts and Cultures of Burma. Because the text is written for a general audience it does not contain the detail or footnotes that are found in scholarly publications. A select bibliography is provided at the end of each section for those who wish to pursue topics previously discussed. The illustrations are digitized from my own collection of color slides with the several exceptions are noted..."
TOC: Overview: Purpose, Extended Contents, Acknowledgements, and Geographical Overview;
Art History of Burma: Synoptic Overview;
Chapter 1 - Prehistoric and Animist Periods c. 1100 BC to c. 200 AD: Paleolithic and Neolithic sites, Animism, and Karen Bronze Drums;
Chapter 2 - The Pre-Pagan Period: The Urban Age of the Mon and the Pyu c.200 to c.800 AD: Mon and Pyu City states: Thaton, Beikthano, Halin, and Srikshetra;
Chapter 3 - the Pagan Period c. 800 AD to 1287 AD;
Part 1 - Introduction and City Plan of Pagan;
Part 2 - Architecture 1 - General Characteristics and Stupas;
Part 3 - Architecture 2 - Temples and Monasteries
Part 4 - Sculpture, Conclusion, and Bibliography;
Chapter 4 - The Post Pagan Period;
Part 1 - Introduction and the Ava Period;
Part 2 - The Konbaung Period: Amarapura;
Part 3 - Mandalay Period;
Special Section: 80 Scenes of the Life of Buddha.|
|Author/creator:|| ||Richard M. Cooler|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Northern Illinois University|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||03 June 2003|
|Title:|| ||Ancient Myanmar Cities
|Date of publication:|| ||1993|
(1) Ancient Beikthano City, by U Aung Thaw;
(2) Ancient Hanlin City, by U Myint Aung;
(3) Ancient Srikhetra, by U Sein Maung Oo;
(4) Excavation of ancient Tagaung city, by U Than Swe;
(5) New supporting evidence of Pyu culture, by U Aung Thaw.....
Famous Myanmar archaeologists and research officers describe Pyu cities. "Ancient Beikthano City" was an excavation
report written by U Aung Thaw, retired Director - General of Dept. of Archaeology. It describes Beikthano (Vishnu) as
being near Taungdwingyi in Magwe Division, and flourished from about 1st century A.D until it was destroyed in the 5th
century A.D. It was a very important early Pyu city.
"Ancient Hanlin City", by U Myint Aung, research officer, Dept of Archaeology. Hanlin was a Pyu city 10 miles from
Wetlet in Shwebo District, Mandalay Division. Hanlin city flourished between the 4th and 9th century A.D. Their coins
had symbols and they are were literate. Buddhism developed early in Hanlin, but image worship was not evident. Hanlin
city was burnt and destroyed in 9th century A.D.
"Ancient Srikshetra", by U Sein Maung Oo, is an excavation report. The author led the excavation team and presents
details about Srikshetra. Srikshetra was also an ancient Pyu city located just five miles southeast of Pyay (Prome). It
flourished between the 5th and 10th centuries. Srikshetra shows association and contact with South India. The earliest
inscriptions in Myanmar found thus far are at Srikshetra. Two gold plates were found in a villager, Maung Kan's field,
and twenty gold leaves were discovered in a mound in Khin Ba's field. Buddhism flourished and image - worship
developed. In the 10th century Srikshetra fell, to be replaced by the Burman state of Bagan in 11th Century.
"Excavation of Ancient Tagaung City", by U Than Swe , research officer, is an excavation report of ancient Tagaung city
located 127 miles north of Mandalay on the left bank of the Ayeyawady River. The excavation yielded evidence that
Tagaung rose to become an important fortified city during Anawrahta's reign in the early Bagan period..."New Evidence of Early Pyu Culture", by U Aung Thaw is a report about new inscriptions from Hanlin and Srikshetra.....
1. Archaeological Survey
2. Beikthano (Ancient Pyu city) - History
3. Culture - Pyu
4. Hanlin - Ancient Pyu City - history
5. Myanmar - history - early period
6. Pyu Civilization
7. Srikshetra- ancient Pyu city - history 5th - 10th century
8. Takaung- ancient Myanmar city - history.....(This document was placed on the Washington University site in 8 sections. OBL has consolidated these sections into an 8.7MB file. The original sections with the Washington.edu URLs are given as here Alternate URLs)|
|Author/creator:|| ||U Than Shwe, U Sein Maung Oo, U Aung Thaw, U Myint Aung|
|Language:|| ||Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ; (Metadata: English, Burmese)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Ministry of Information, News and Periodicals Enterprise|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (8.7MB-consolidated text)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/AR0001a.pdf (2.6MB)
|Date of entry/update:|| ||03 June 2003|
|Title:|| ||Votive tablets of Burma, Part I
|Date of publication:|| ||1961|
|Description/subject:|| ||Among the first evidence of Burmese culture are carved Buddha images and the brith stories of Buddha on clay, stone,
metal and wood. The height of the the votive tablets are five to eight inches. Early votive tablets were found in
Srikshetra, Tagaung, Bagan, Thaton, Hpa-an and Rakhine State. The votive tablets studied are housed in the Department
of Archaeology, Yangon.
(1) Votive tablets of King Anawrahta, p. 3-16...
(2) Votive tablets donated by Bagan people, p. 16-26...
(3) Votive tablets of Sawlu Min , p. 26-28...
(4) Votive tabletsof King Kyansittha, p. 28-31...
(5) Votive tablets of King Alaungsithu, p. 32-33...
(6) Votive tablets of the Buddha's life, p. 33-40...
(7) Votive tablets from Tagaung, p. 48-51...
(8) Votive tablets from Katha, p. 51...
(9) Votive tablets from Minbu, p. 52...
(10) Votive tablets from Thazi, p. 53...
(11) Votive tablets from Sagaing, p. 54...
(12) Votive tablets from Thaton, p. 54-56...
(13) Votive tablets from Pathein, p. 56-57...
(14) Votive tablets from Tavoy, p. 57-60...
(15) Votive tablets from Yangon (Botataung Pagoda), p.61...
(16) Votive tablets from Yangon (Tatalay), p.61...
(17) Votive tablets from Bago, p. 62-63...
(18) Votive tablets from Sittway, p.63-64...Subject Terms: 1. Votive Tablets...
2. Buddhism - Myanmar|
|Author/creator:|| ||Mya, U, Thiripyanchi|
|Language:|| ||Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ (Metadata: English and Burmese)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Department of Archaeology via Univeristy of Washington|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (3.7MB-combined)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/UM0001a.pdf (3.5MB)
|Date of entry/update:|| ||27 November 2014|