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Archaeology - Early Mon

Individual Documents

Title: Ancient Knowledge and the Use of Landscape: Walled Settlements in Lower Myanmar’
Date of publication: 2004
Description/subject: Ancient Knowledge and the Use of Landscape: Walled Settlements in Lower Myanmar’, in Traditions of Knowledge in Southeast Asia, Part I, Proceedings of the Traditions of Knowledge in Southeast Asia Conference 17-19 December 2003 (Yangon, 2004). Myanmar Historical Commission, Ministry of Education pp. 1-27..."A major challenge to achieving an archaeology of landscape is matching hard material facts with textual sources. This paper attempts to redress the balance between the two in Lower Myanmar studies. The archaeological evidence is favoured, but without losing the unique value of what is conserved in the epigraphic and chronicle tradition. Archaeological artefacts such as laterite walls and finger-marked bricks are difficult to tally with descriptions of cities and places found in inscriptions, chronicles and early Chinese travellers' accounts. Likewise, persons and places not mentioned in inscriptions are often deemed not to have existed. Both these approaches, in the self-imposed restrictions placed on their use of the evidence, prejudice investigation from the outset. This has particularly been the case in relation to texts demonstrating integration of monastic groups into early first millennium AD walled sites located in Lower Myanmar. The coastal distribution of these sites and their extraordinary degree of land alteration is unique within the early cultures of Myanmar, but objective study of these remains has been restricted to a few scholars..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Historical Commission, Ministry of Education
Format/size: pdf (122K)
Date of entry/update: 05 June 2006


Title: THE ART AND CULTURE OF BURMA - Chapter 2: The Pre-Pagan Period: The Urban Age of the Mon and the Pyu
Date of publication: 2002
Author/creator: Richard M. Cooler
Language: English
Source/publisher: Northern Illinois University
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Text and New Contexts: Shwedagon and Kyaikhtiyoe today
Date of publication: December 2001
Description/subject: "Texts and Contexts", December 2001 Conference, Universities' Historical Research Centre, Yangon University... Abstract: The paper discusses the use of texts in current renovation of pagodas in Myanmar, taking as examples aspects of work undertaken at the Shwedagon and Kyaikhtiyoe in the last two years. Different types of texts, from inscriptions and traditional accounts to contemporary technical reports, are used to illustrate the complex tradition found in the country today. These are presented in the context of past interaction including Mon influence and the Hsandawshin (Sacred Hair) heritage, as well as present links such as planetary aspects and the role of renovation in encouraging the sustenance of Theravada practice.
Author/creator: Elizabeth Moore,
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Historical Research Journal, University of Yangon [forthcoming]
Format/size: pdf (747K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003