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Burma's economic relations with the European Union

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: EU-MYANMAR ECONOMIC INDICATORS
Date of publication: 15 October 2010
Description/subject: MYANMAR MAIN ECONOMIC INDICATORS; EU'S TRADE BALANCE WITH MYANMAR; MYANMAR'S TRADE BALANCE - MYANMAR, Trade with the European Union; EU TRADE WITH MAIN PARTNERS (2009); MYANMAR'S TRADE WITH MAIN PARTNERS (2009); EUROPEAN UNION, TRADE WITH THE WORLD AND MYANMAR, BY SITC SECTION (2009); European Union, Imports from... Myanmar; European Union, Exports to... Myanmar; RANK OF MYANMAR IN EUROPEAN UNION TRADE (2009); EU TRADE WITH THE WORLD AND EU TRADE WITH MYANMAR (2009)
Language: English
Source/publisher: EUROSTAT, IMF, DG Trade,
Format/size: pdf (215K)
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2010


Individual Documents

Title: The Economic Value of Forest Ecosystem Services in Myanmar and Options for Sustainable Financing
Date of publication: September 2013
Description/subject: "... This document reports on a study carried out to assess the value of the forest sector to Myanmar's economy, in order to justify and identify niches for developing forest-based payments for ecosystem services (PES) and other mechanisms that can be used to generate financing for forest conservation. The study focuses on nine categories of forest ecosystem services that are of high importance in economic and human wellbeing terms, and for which sufficient data are available to enable monetary valuation: wood-based biomass and energy, wild foods, animal-based energy, watershed protection, coastal protection, carbon sequestration, maintenance of nursery populations and habitats, pollination and seed dispersal, and nature-based recreation and tourism. The study first assesses the baseline: it identifies the ecosystem services that are currently being generated by the forest sector, and estimates their economic value. It then models two possible policy and management futures: “Forest Degradation”, under which forest lands and resources continue to be degraded and over-exploited; and “Forest Conservation”, under which forests are used sustainably and conserved effectively according to the goals and targets laid out in the Forestry Masterplan..."
Author/creator: Lucy Emerton, Yan Min Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MOECAF), EU
Format/size: pdf (2MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 April 2016


Title: Sanktionen zur Förderung von Frieden und Menschenrechten? Fallstudien zu Myanmar, Sudan und Südafrika
Date of publication: 2006
Description/subject: Eine kontroverse Diskussion zur Wirksamkeit internationaler Sanktionen (UNO; USA; EU; ILO) in Burma/Myanmar nach den Aufständen von 1988; der Einfluss Aung San Suu Kyis; die Rolle westlicher NGOs; Fallstudien zu Burma/Myanmar, Sudan, Südafrika A study on the efficacity of intnernational sanctions after the protests of 1988; the influence of Aung San Suu Kyi; the role of western NGOs; case studies of Burma/Myanmar, Sudan, South Africa
Author/creator: Sina Schüssler
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Zentrum der Konfliktforschung der Philipps-Universität Marburg
Format/size: PDF (890k)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ssoar.info/ssoar/handle/document/11354
Date of entry/update: 21 September 2007


Title: The European Union and Burma: The Case for Targeted Sanctions
Date of publication: March 2004
Description/subject: Executive Summary: The political stalemate in Burma will not be broken until the military regime considers it to be in its own self-interest to commence serious negotiations with the democratic and ethnic forces within the country. This paper outlines how the international community can bring about a political and economic situation which will foster such negotiations. Burma is ruled by a military dictatorship renowned for both oppressing and impoverishing its people, while enriching itself and the foreign businesses that work with it. The regime continues to ignore the 1990 electoral victory of Aung San Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy. The regime has shown no commitment to three years of UN mediation efforts. It has failed to end the practice of forced labour as required by its ILO treaty obligations and demanded by the International Labour Organization. It continues to persecute Burma’s ethnic peoples. It continues to detain more than 1,350 political prisoners including Aung San Suu Kyi. Any proposal of a road map to political change in Burma will fail to bring about democracy in this country unless it is formulated and executed in an atmosphere in which fundamental political freedoms are respected, all relevant stakeholders are included and committed to negotiate, a time frame for change is provided, space is provided for necessary mediation, and the restrictive and undemocratic objectives and principles imposed by the military through the National Convention (ensuring continued military control even in a “civilian” state) are set aside.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Campaign UK
Format/size: pdf (120K)
Date of entry/update: 28 March 2004


Title: The EU's relations with Myanmar / Burma
Date of publication: 2003
Description/subject: Overview lists Political Context; Legal basis of EU relations; Trade/Economic Issues; Community Aid, General data. Other sections include: Conclusions of the General Affairs & External Relations Council (GAERC), Updates on the EU position.
Language: English
Source/publisher: European Commission
Format/size: pdf (71.51 K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.europarl.europa.eu
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2010


Title: Calculations of imports from Burma to the EU
Date of publication: September 2002
Description/subject: Tables and charts illustrating the accompanying document "The increasing imports from Burma to the EU". Tables showing value of imports to EU from Myanmar/Burma and exports from EU to Myanmar/Burma,1996-2001 and charts showing import and export between Burma and Denmark, Belgium-Luxumbourg France, Germany, Netherlands, Nordic countries, UK, and charts covering all EU countries.
Author/creator: Bjarne Ussing
Language: English
Source/publisher: Danish Burma Committee Support Group
Format/size: html (159K)
Date of entry/update: May 2003


Title: Den beskidte liste
Date of publication: September 2002
Description/subject: "En rapport fra Støttegruppen for Den Danske Burma Komité om den hastigt stigende tøjimport fra Burma...Danmark er det land i Vesteuropa, der trods massive krav om sanktioner slår både EU og Norden i Burma-import, målt pr. indbygger. Rekorden skyldes først og fremmest importen af tøj fra Burma til Danmark, der de seneste år er steget kraftigt og næsten nåede 100 millioner kroner i fjor. Hidtil har alle tøjfirmaer i Danmark, der handler med Burma, været hemmeligholdt, men research kan nu afdække en række af firmaerne. Et af firmaerne er Føtex, hvor Burma-tøj (Kappa) kan spores helt til bøjlestængerne. Andre firmaer er Brandtex og B&C Tekstiler, der, uanset afvisning fra deres danske hovedkontorer, har importeret tøj fra Burma ifølge norske toldpapirer. Bestseller er også Burma-importør, men overvejer at stoppe, mens IC Company og Lindon ifølge firmaerne har stoppet for deres Burma-import. Endelig er der mærkerne Fjällräven, Mexx og Mango, der også har import fra Burma..."
Author/creator: Bjarne Ussing
Language: Dansk, Danish
Source/publisher: Støttegruppen for Den Danske Burma Komité
Format/size: html (33K)
Date of entry/update: May 2003


Title: The increasing imports from Burma to the EU
Date of publication: September 2002
Description/subject: …or how EU five-doubled their import from Burma after Aung San Suu Kyi asked for trade sanctions. A report from the Danish Burma Committee Support Group, September 2002..."Did European companies listen to Aung San Suu Kyi’s demand for sanctions against Burma from 1996? Did they reduce their import from Burma, after EU cancelled trade benefit with Burma from 1997, or after EU banned all visa for Burmese officials from the same year? Not at all. Since 1996, EU-countries has more than five-doubled their import from Burma, according to information from EU’s statistical office Eurostat. The total import from Burma to EU was almost 500 million € in 2001, so Europe has become a major trade partner for this Asian dictatorship. In the first chart, you can see how many € each EU-citizen has imported in average from Burma in the period 1996-2001. Second chart shows a big difference between the EU-countries: Worst country is Denmark, followed by The Netherlands, Belgium, United Kingdom and France..."
Author/creator: Bjarne Ussing
Language: English
Source/publisher: Danish Burma Committee Support Group
Format/size: html (200K)
Date of entry/update: May 2003


Title: Garment exports get new boost
Date of publication: April 2001
Description/subject: " Burma�s booming garment industry has received more good news, with a decision by the European General Affairs Council to include Burma on its list of 48 of the world�s least developed countries eligible for duty-free access to the European Union market. The move is not expected to seriously impact on Burma�s trade deficit with the EU, but should give a boost to the country�s garment exports, 60% of which already go to Europe..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 9, No. 3 (Business section)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003