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Individual Documents

Title: Ritual as a Social Institution: A Case of Zaw Ti Gone village, Hmawbi Township, Yangon City, Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "The research will be discussed on villager’s participation in connection with their ceremonies as their social role and also institution for new generation. They have altogether four main festivals; Shin Pyu Pwe 1, Shan New Year festival 2, Thingyan3 (water festival) and rite of passage; obligation. These are showed for their interest and familiarity among them and degree of involvement to meet his or her societal obligation in their social role. The research will be focus on connection, function and social role among their communities concerned with ritual and ceremony. In Zaw Ti Gone village, most of villagers practice ritual as Buddhist traditional way. The paper conduct participatory development, and interviewing are main research method for the research. Some semi-­structure questionnaires and structure questions were prepared before doing the research. Major field work duration was January 2013 to December 2013. After the time occasionally visit for doing field work up to June 2015. It will discuss Ritual and Ceremony of Shan, value system on social organization, interaction and obligation among groups and their hidden institution. The villagers are nearly half is Shan national and others are Bamar and migrant villagers. For village ritual and social affair, most of the leading persons are Shan nationals. Main ritual and seasonal ceremonies are Shinpyu Pwe, Thingyan festival, Waso festival, Sabbath days, Thadingyut (lighting festival), Kahtain festival and New Year Festival of Shan nationals. The study also observed rite of passage among villagers such as Monk birthday ceremony, wedding and funeral. The paper would like to find out "How and Why village social organizations are well organized among themselves and help each other based on these rituals?".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Khin Moe Moe Kyu
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 07 September 2015

Title: Thangyat: Traditional Songs Hard to Suppress
Date of publication: April 2008
Description/subject: "Thangyat is one of the oldest examples of Burmese folk art. Usually amusing and satirical, Thangyat combines poetry, dance and music and is sung to the beat of a traditional drum on festive occasions. In the past, during the Burmese New Year water festivals, or Thingyan, young people would publicly recite humorous Thangyat lyrics, which freely criticize everything from politics to social behavior. But the Burmese military generals have changed all that. In 1989, a year after taking power, the generals lost their sense of humor and banned public performances of Thangyat. However, Thangyat is still kept alive by exiled Burmese communities..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 4
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008

Title: When the British Lit up the Burmese Sky
Date of publication: November 2004
Description/subject: Hot-air balloon contest dates back to colonial times... "There can’t be many indigenous festive traditions in Burma that owe their existence to the British. One of the most popular festivals in Taunggyi, capital of Shan State, dates back, however, to Britain’s annexation of upper Burma in the late 19th century. The British colonial and military officers stationed in Taunggyi at that time organized the first hot-air balloon contests, which are now a highlight of the Tazaungdaing festival of light, celebrated in late November. The first of the contests organized so enthusiastically by the British was held in 1894, nine years after the annexation of upper Burma..."
Author/creator: Nanda Chann
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 12, No. 10
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2005