Trafficking of migrants
|Title:|| ||The Mekong Challenge - Underpaid, Overworked and Overlooked : The realities of young migrant workers in Thailand (Volume 1)
|Date of publication:|| ||13 December 2006|
|Description/subject:|| ||"...Thailand has emerged as the number one destination in cross-border trafficking of children and women. Many children and young women from Myanmar, Cambodia and Lao PDR migrate to Thailand in search of better life. Often their journey leads them to a life of exploitation. A significant percent of these young migrants work in four employment sectors; agriculture, fishing boats and fish processing, manufacturing and domestic work. While they become an integral part of the economy, they remain invisible and face exploitation. Exploitation is widespread and ranges from non-payment or underpayment of wages, a requirement to work excessive hours sometimes involving the use of hazardous equipment - to even more serious violations of forced labour and trafficking..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Elaine Pearson, Sureeporn Punpuing, Aree Jampaklay, Sirinan Kittisuksathit, Aree Prohmmo|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Mekong Sub-regional Project to Combat Trafficking in Women and Children, ILO|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (English - 2.5MB, 5.23 MB)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.ilo.org/asia/whatwedo/publications/WCMS_BK_PB_67_EN/lang--en/index.htm.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||12 April 2008|
|Title:|| ||Trafficking on the Thai-Burma Border
|Date of publication:|| ||November 2004|
|Description/subject:|| ||Informal Burmese networks supply teenaged girls to customers of Thailand’s commercial sex industry.|
|Author/creator:|| ||Colin Baynes|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"The Irrawaddy", Vol. 12, No. 10|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||31 January 2005|
|Title:|| ||NO STATUS: MIGRATION, TRAFFICKING & EXPLOITATION OF WOMEN IN THAILAND
|Date of publication:|| ||14 July 2004|
|Description/subject:|| ||I. Executive Summary;
III. Thailand: Background.
IV. Burma: Background.
V. Project Methodology;
Hill Tribe Women and Girls in Thailand; Burmese Migrant Women and Girls in Thailand;
VII. Law and Policy â“ Thailand;
VIII. Applicable International Human Rights Law;
IX. Law and Policy â“ United States
X. Conclusion and Expanded Recommendations..."This study was designed to provide critical insight and
remedial recommendations on the manner in which
human rights violations committed against Burmese
migrant and hill tribe women and girls in Thailand render
them vulnerable to trafficking,2 unsafe migration,
exploitative labor, and sexual exploitation and, consequently,
through these additional violations, to
HIV/AIDS. This report describes the policy failures of
the government of Thailand, despite a program widely
hailed as a model of HIV prevention for the region.
Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) findings show that
the Thai government's abdication of responsibility for
uncorrupted and nondiscriminatory law enforcement
and human rights protection has permitted ongoing violations
of human rights, including those by authorities
themselves, which have caused great harm to Burmese
and hill tribe women and girls..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Karen Leiter, Ingrid Tamm, Chris Beyrer, Moh Wit, Vincent Iacopino,. Holly Burkhalter, Chen Reis.|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Physicians for Human Rights|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (853K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||19 July 2004|
|Title:|| ||Trafficking: The Realities for Burmese Women
|Date of publication:|| ||November 2003|
|Description/subject:|| ||"...In 1993 Human Rights Watch published a report, A Modern Form of Slavery – Trafficking of Burmese Women and Girls into Brothels in Thailand’. The report was compiled through interviews with 30 Burmese women working in brothels in Thailand. Most were from remote rural villages in Shan state, entering Thailand via the Tachilek/Mae Sai border in Northern Thailand, and most were from peasant or agricultural labourer backgrounds. They ranged in age from 12 to 22, with the average age being 17. All but one had been lured to Thailand by the prospect of improving their economic situation. Only four knew they would be working as prostitutes and even those four had no idea what the actual work would be like. With no reliable sources available from the information-repressed vacuum that Burmese media operates in, the realities of life in Thailand are never seen. Individual laws applicable to migration and other valuable information that would allow women to make an informed choice are simply not available. The situation of deception, coercion and abuse detailed in the 1993 report appears to have changed little in the last ten years. Kidnappings of young women at the Tachilek/Mae Sai border who are then taken to work in brothels in Chiang Mai are not uncommon and the phenomenon of young women and girls being sold by relatives and forced to work as sex workers continues to this day.
But what of adult women who choose to come to Thailand as sex workers?
Women who choose to work as sex-workers need to be distinguished from women who are trafficked – as not all women working as sex-workers have been trafficked. What then defines trafficking? – for one definition there is the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially women and Children, supplementing the UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime. This protocol covers recruitment, transportation and harbouring of trafficked persons. It also includes the various means of acquiring the trafficked person and describes various forms of exploitation..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Jam Juree|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"Burma Issues" Newsletter Volume 13 , Number 11|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||28 November 2003|
|Title:|| ||Trafficking Report Says Burma's Military Uses Forced Labor. Also cites sexual exploitation
|Date of publication:|| ||12 June 2003|
|Description/subject:|| ||"The State Department designated Burma as a Tier 3 government in its third annual Trafficking in Persons Report due to the Burmese government's lack of significant efforts to meet congressionally set standards for combating human trafficking.
The report, released June 11, faults Burma's military rulers for continued extensive use of internal forced labor.
"The military is directly involved in forced labor trafficking," the report says.
The report acknowledges that the military junta ruling Burma has taken steps to combat trafficking in persons for sexual exploitation, but it describes Burma's record as "inadequate."
"The Government of Burma does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so," the report says.
The State Department is required to report to Congress annually whether foreign governments fully meet the minimum standards set for the elimination of trafficking as detailed in the U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Act of October 2000. Governments that are not making significant efforts to meet the standards are placed on the Tier 3 list.|
|Source/publisher:|| ||U.S. Dept of State|
|Format/size:|| ||html, pdf (4.52 MB)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.state.gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/2003/
|Date of entry/update:|| ||26 December 2010|
|Title:|| ||MIGRATION & TRAFFICKING OF WOMEN & GIRLS (Chapter from "Gathering Strength")
|Date of publication:|| ||January 2002|
RESTRICTION ON WOMEN'S FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT;
ACTIONS TO COMBAT TRAFFICKING;
FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS.|
|Author/creator:|| ||Brenda Belak|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Images Asia|
|Format/size:|| ||PDF (567K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||03 June 2003|
|Title:|| ||Trafficking in Burmese women
|Date of publication:|| ||19 November 1999|
|Description/subject:|| ||Interview by Samuel Grumiau, ICFTU Online..., 214/991116/SG, 18 November 1999 "Every year, thousands of Burmese women fall into the hands of mafias who force them into prostitution in Thailand. How is this traffic organised? Hseng Noung Lintner, an activist in the "Shan Women Action Network", an NGO that assists women from the Shan ethnic group, explains..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Samuel Grumiau|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||27 July 2003|
|Title:|| ||A MODERN FORM OF SLAVERY:
|Date of publication:|| ||August 1993|
|Description/subject:|| ||A substantial and important report.
""Lin Lin" was thirteen years old when she was recruited by an agent for work in Thailand. Her father took $480 from the agent with the understanding that his daughter would pay the loan back out of her earnings. The agent took "Lin Lin" to Bangkok, and three days later she was taken to the Ran Dee Prom brothel. "Lin Lin" did not know what was going on until a man came into her room and started touching her breasts and body and then forced her to have sex. For the next two years, "Lin Lin" worked in various parts of Thailand in four different brothels, all but one owned by the same family. The owners told her she would have to keep prostituting herself until she paid off her father's debt. Her clients, who often included police, paid the owner $4 each time. If she refused a client's demands, she was slapped and threatened by the owner. She worked every day except for the two days off each month she was allowed for her menstrual period. Once she had to borrow money to pay for medicine to treat a painful vaginal infection. This amount was added to her debt. On January 18, 1993 the Crime Suppression Division of the Thai police raided the brothel in which "Lin Lin" worked, and she was taken to a shelter run by a local non-governmental organization. She was fifteen years old, had spent over two years of her young life in compulsory prostitution, and tested positive for the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV.
"Lin Lin" is just one of thousands of Burmese women and girls who have been trafficked and sold into what amounts to female sexual slavery in Thailand. In the last two years, Thai NGOs estimate that at a minimum, some twenty thousand Burmese women and girls are suffering Lee's fate, or worse, and that ten thousand new recruits come in every year. They are moved from one brothel to another as the demand for new faces dictates, and often end up being sent back to Burma after a year or two to recruit their own successors..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Asia Watch and the Women's Rights Project (Human Rights Watch)|
|Format/size:|| ||html (394K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||03 June 2003|