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UN Security Council

Individual Documents

Title: Expanding Accountability Options for Grave Violations: KHRG statement to the UN Security Council, July 9th 2012
Date of publication: 09 July 2012
Description/subject: "This paper contains the full text of a five-minute statement delivered by KHRG's Field Director Saw Albert to the UN Security Council during an Arria formula meeting in New York City on July 9th 2012. KHRG's presentation was framed by the Action Plan signed by the Government of Myanmar in Yangon on June 27th 2012 to end the use and recruitment of child soldiers by Tatmadaw armed forces by 2014. During this statement, KHRG stressed the need for a responsive and accessible accountability mechanism for grave violations perpetrated against children in armed conflict that prioritises local perspectives and addresses existing impunity for perpetrators. In acknowledging that international leverage can help create space for communities' own protection strategies and ability to hold perpetrators to account, KHRG also urges support for the development of strong domestic legal frameworks and institutions that will contribute to accountability at the local level."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (231KB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg_appendix_to_unsc_presentation.pdf
Date of entry/update: 12 July 2012

Title: UN Security Council meeting on Myanmar, 13 July 2009
Date of publication: 13 July 2009
Description/subject: Debate..."...The President: I shall now make a statement in my capacity as representative of Uganda. I wish to salute the Secretary-General for his briefing and to thank the Permanent Representative of Myanmar for his statement. As the Government of Myanmar pursues its seven-stage road map to democracy, stage five — which relates to next year’s elections — is important, as the elections will contribute significantly to the democratization process in the country. We urge the Government of Myanmar to ensure that the electoral process is free, fair, transparent and inclusive and that all sectors of Myanmar society fully participate. We call on the Government and on all parties to pursue dialogue and reconciliation. In that regard, we call for the unconditional release of all political prisoners, including Aung San Suu Kyi..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Security Council
Format/size: pdf (196K)
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2009

Title: Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict in Myanmar
Date of publication: 16 November 2007
Description/subject: Summary: "The present report has been prepared in accordance with the provisions of resolution 1612 (2005). It is presented to the Security Council and its Working Group on Children and Armed Conflict as the first country report pursuant to paragraphs 2, 3 and 10 of that resolution. The report, which covers the period from July 2005 to September 2007, provides information on the current situation regarding the recruitment and use of children and other grave violations being committed against children affected by armed conflict in the Union of Myanmar. While the monitoring and reporting structures as outlined in the mechanism endorsed by the Security Council in its resolution in 1612 (2005) are in place, the modalities of an effective mechanism, including security guarantees, access to affected areas and freedom of movement of monitors without Government escort, are lacking. This first report therefore sets forth the general scope of the situation based on the information available to the United Nations country task force on monitoring and reporting at the present time. Although there has been progress in terms of dialogue with the Government of Myanmar and two non-State actors, the report notes that State and non-State actors continue to be implicated in grave child rights violations. The Government of Myanmar has made a commitment at the highest level that no child under the age of 18 will be recruited. The Government has set up a high-level Committee for the Prevention of Military Recruitment of Underage Children and a working group for monitoring and reporting on the same issue. Further, there are Government policies and directives prohibiting underage recruitment. To date, the Government has not acceded to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (2000). Two non-State actors (the Karen National Union and the Karenni National Progressive Party) have signed Deeds of Commitment to cease the recruitment and use of children, to declare their adherence to the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child and have committed themselves to appropriate follow-up action. The Government has committed to bringing its current action plan on the prevention of the recruitment of children into its armed forces, the Tatmadaw Kyi, into line with international standards and to facilitate action plans with the United Wa State Army and other non-State actors. The Government of Myanmar has also recognized the need for the United Nations country task force in Myanmar to engage the Karen National Union and Karenni National Progressive Party in the development of action plans and monitor their compliance in accordance with Security Council resolution 1612 (2005). A principal difficulty with regard to monitoring grave violations of children’s rights remains the lack of access to some locations of concern. Access to conflict-affected areas is severely restricted by the Government, a situation that impacts greatly on monitoring and possible responses to child rights violations."
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Security Council
Format/size: pdf (91K-English.) Avaiulable also in French(107.5K) , Russian(341.7K) , Spanish(102.9K) , Arabic(238.6K) , Chinese(263.2K)
Alternate URLs: http://daccessdds.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/N07/574/91/PDF/N0757491.pdf?OpenElement
Date of entry/update: 26 November 2007

Title: UN Security Council Update No. 3, Myanmar 22 November 2006
Date of publication: 22 December 2006
Description/subject: "Expected Council Action The Council expects a briefing from Under Secretary-General for Political Affairs Ibrahim Gambari before the end of the month on his second visit to Myanmar. The briefing is expected to take place in closed informal consultations. A draft US resolution is possible but it may be tabled separately, after the briefing. Options The Council’s options are: • listen to the briefing and question Gambari but take no action; • respond informally if the US expands on its plans for a resolution; • agree to discuss any US proposals at the experts level; and • discuss the alternative of a presidential statement... Recent Developments:...
Language: English
Source/publisher: UN Security Council
Format/size: html, Word, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.securitycouncilreport.org/atf/cf/%7B65BFCF9B-6D27-4E9C-8CD3-CF6E4FF96FF9%7D/Update%20Rep...
Date of entry/update: 28 December 2006

Title: Why the Havel-Tutu Report Should Succeed
Date of publication: November 2005
Description/subject: China and Russia have previously blocked a US move to put Burma to the UN Security Council, but there is little reason for them to block a similar attempt this time around... "Much of the attention surrounding the September report by former Czech president Vaclav Havel and 1984 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Desmond Tutu concerns its labeling Burma as a greater threat to regional peace than past cases in which the UN Security Council has intervened. While this is an interesting assertion, Burma watchers will find few surprises in the report’s litany of abuses in Burma. We should instead focus on whether the UNSC would actually accept the report’s recommendations. In this respect, the Tutu-Havel report presents a reasonable compromise that could potentially attract sufficient support at least to place Burma on the UNSC agenda and possibly lead to a new consensus on how to handle the recalcitrant generals in Rangoon..."
Author/creator: Arnold Corso
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 13, No. 11
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 May 2006

Title: Maybe This Time
Date of publication: October 2005
Description/subject: A new proposal on Burma would directly involve the UN Security Council... A round-up of Burmese opinions on the possibility of effective UN action posted by The Irrawaddy on its website a few weeks ago crystallized what many of us have been feeling for some time: The UN may be a paper tiger incapable of bringing change to Burma. Let’s be honest. What has the UN done for Burma lately?...The UN’s three accomplishments—uniting world opinion, injecting a reasonable sense of urgency, and agreeing on a common mechanism for change—are real and not without merit. The problem is that the mechanism needs adjustment. The Burmese regime has had more than a decade to cooperate with the good offices of the UN secretary-general, but it has refused. Ten years of failure is enough to show that the present mechanism is broken. One positive proposal for fixing this broken mechanism and strengthening the UN’s role in Burma—indeed, the only pro-active proposal—was launched on September 20 by former Czech President Vaclav Havel and 1984 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Desmond Tutu. They proposed a UN Security Council resolution that would compel the SPDC to work with the secretary-general. It would also authorize him to report back periodically to the council. Unlike UN General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights resolutions that are unenforceable, the UNSC resolution would be binding. This means that the regime must work with Annan towards national reconciliation—or stand in violation of the UN Charter. In what appears to be a nod towards building an international consensus that all can agree on, Havel and Tutu did not call for sanctions to be applied through the council..."
Author/creator: Aung Din
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 13, No. 10
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 April 2006

Title: Threat to the Peace: A Call for the UN Security Council to Act in Burma
Date of publication: 20 September 2005
Description/subject: Report Commissioned By: The Honorable Vacláv Havel, Former President of the Czech Republic; Bishop Desmond M. Tutu, Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town Nobel Peace Prize Laureate (1984)... Prepared By: September 20, 2005...Table of Contents Foreword Map of Burma Table of Acronyms Executive Summary i I Background on the Situation in Burma 1 A Political History 1 1 Early History1 2 Independence 1 3 Military Coup1 4 8/8/88 2 5 Democratic Election3 6 Recent History 3 7 Current Situation7 B Economic Development8 1 Economic Mismanagement by the Burmese Government 8 2 Economic and Social Indicators 9 3 The Military’s Pervasive Role in the Economy 10 4 Health and Education11 5 Lack of Infrastructure 12 6 Foreign Investment and Trade 12 C Demographics of Population 13 1 Discrimination and Abuse against Ethnic Minority Groups 14 2 Internally Displaced Persons and Refugees 14 3 Ethnic Opposition Nationalities 15 4 Ceasefire Agreements 15 5 Renewed Ethnic Insurgency 15 II Burma’s Threat to Peace and Security in the Region and the Global Response 16 A Transnational Effects of the Conflict in Burma 16 1 Destruction of Villages 16 a Four Cuts Strategy and Modern Development Projects 17 b Human Rights Abuses Related to Forced Relocations 17 c Internal Displacement 18d External Displacement 20 2 Forced Labor21 3 Rape 22 4 Drugs 25 5 HIV/AIDS30 6 Child Soldiers32 B International Promotion of National Reconciliation in Burma 34 1 United Nations 34 2 ASEAN36 3 European Union 39 4 United States of America 40 5 International Support for UN Security Council Action 41 6 Response of the Government of Burma 42 III Burma and the UN Security Council 43 A Lessons from Past UN Security Council Interventions 43 1 Sierra Leone45 2 Afghanistan46 3 Haiti 47 4 Republic of Yemen 47 5 Rwanda 48 6 Liberia 49 7 Cambodia 50 B Application of UN Security Council Criteria to Situation in Burma 50 1 Overthrow of a Democratically-Elected Government 51 2 Conflict Between the Regime and Ethnic Groups 51 3 Widespread Internal Humanitarian / Human Rights Violations 52 4 Substantial Outflow of Refugees 55 5 Other Cross Border Problems 56 C Time for UN Security Council Action 57 Recommendations 59 Appendix: Background, Duties, and Operations of UN Security Council 60.
Author/creator: Vacláv Havel, Desmond Tutu
Language: English
Source/publisher: DLA Piper Rudnick Gray Cary US LLP
Format/size: pdf (535K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmacampaign.org.uk/reports/Burmaunscreport.pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2005