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Home > Main Library > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Nagas (cultural, political)

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Nagas (cultural, political)
Most of these websites focus on the part of Nagaland which lies on the India side of the border.

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Naga International Support Centre (NISC)
Description/subject: Appears to be a NSCN-IM site - no friendly mention of the Khaplang NSCN (NSCN-K), so far as I could see. "The Naga International Support Center, Nisc, has been set up to focus attention on a very real but forgotten conflict. A conflict that resulted in a raging war on the frontiers of North East India and Myanmar, between the Naga peoples, India and Myanmar. Landlocked and inaccessible to outsiders, because of India's travel restrictions, Nagalim, homeland of the Nagas, has been practically isolated from the outside world. This being the main reason why the international community knows little about a war that has taken the lives of approximately 200.000 people..."
Language: English
Format/size: hrml
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights
Description/subject: "The NPMHR was formed on 9th September, 1978 in response to the Naga peoples long felt need for an organised movement to and further their human rights which have been trampled under the Military boots of Indian state for the last twenty-six years. NPMHR attempts to give organised expression to the Naga peoples fight for their rights while exposing to the people of India and to the World, the imperialist policy that the ruling classes of India has been pursuing through the mighty state machinery against the Nagas. Nagas have throughout history fiercely maintained their political and cultural independence. The constant application of military force to crush the nationalist movement regarding it as a problem of law and order has resulted only in a senseless state of violence thereby violating Human Rights..."
Language: English
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2010


Title: Nagaland (NSCN-IM)
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2010


Title: Nagaland Page
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2010


Title: Voices of the People: "A Collection of Stories of people of Burma"
Description/subject: "These are Burma’s voices for change, extraordinary stories of people of Burma from all walks of life. Their experiences, struggles, fears, and successes. These are unheard stories of incredible spirit of resilience and courage, voices of hope and dreams that have emerged from decades of oppression. Help us spread these voices across the globe!"...Stories and voices from Karen, Karenni, Shan, Kachin, Chin, Rakhine, Mon, Palaung, Pa-O, Nagas and other ethnic minorities.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Link
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 March 2016


Individual Documents

Title: THE NSCN-K AND THE PEACE PROCESS
Date of publication: April 2014
Description/subject: "April 2014 saw the coming together of twenty-one armed ethnic groups that have been in conflict with the Burmese Government. The aim of the talks was to discuss a nationwide ceasefire agreement between armed ethnic groups and the Government’s negotiating team which also included members of the armed forces. One of these groups, the National Socialist Council of Nagaland – Khaplang (NSCN-K), appeared at the meeting in somewhat complex circumstances. It remains unclear as to what exactly the goal of the NSCN-K is in relation to the peace process in Burma. Although based in Burma, its primary motivation is conflict with the Indian Government in its attempts to create a united Nagaland which is to also include parts of Manipur, Assam, and Arunachal Pradesh , consequently they have primarily fought the Assam Rifles (AR) and other Naga factions and not the Burma Army. That said however, it also claims parts of Sagaing Division, where the group is based, as being part of a united Nagaland, and it seeks total independence for Nagaland consisting of parts of India and Burma joined together. .."
Author/creator: Paul Keenan
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies (BCES) Briefing Paper No., 21
Format/size: pdf (174K-reduced version; 224K-original)
Date of entry/update: 12 June 2014


Title: A Naga Ultimatum - An Interview with Thuingaleng Muivah
Date of publication: 17 January 2006
Description/subject: Separatist leader sets terms for peace with India... "Thuingaleng Muivah, head of the separatist group National Socialist Council of Nagaland, has given New Delhi an ultimatum. Eight years of negotiations with the Indian government have yielded no results. If no acceptable settlement is reached by January 31, 2006—the date that existing ceasefire agreements will expire—he will suspend all negotiations and return to the jungles of northeastern India, along the border with Burma, to resume an armed opposition movement that began nearly 50 years ago. The ranks of the NSCN have swelled to some 6,000 soldiers since the group signed a ceasefire agreement in 1997. A fellow opposition group, the United Liberation Front of Assam, has now promised to back the NSCN in the event of a final breakdown in peace talks, making the Naga contingent an even more potent threat. In an interview with The Irrawaddy’s correspondent Subir Bhaumik, Muivah explains the conditions for a lasting peace between India and Nagaland..."
Author/creator: Thuingaleng Muivah
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 14, No. 1
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 04 October 2010


Title: Naga Struggle Against Tyranny
Date of publication: June 2004
Description/subject: "The Naga, sandwiched between Burma and India, have had a tough lot. If geo-politics and geo-strategy can be labeled academically as “frontiers”, then the military and political histories and realities of South Asia’s oldest insurgency—by the fiercely independent Naga of India and Burma—definitely have a long way to go. The Naga ethnic minority of almost four million people inhabit a 48,000 square mile contiguous frontier area of Burma, China and India..."
Author/creator: Kekhrie Yhome
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 12, No. 6
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 07 October 2004


Title: Ignoring NSCN-K will be costly
Date of publication: 31 October 2001
Description/subject: Mokokchung, Oct 31 "Eastern Nagaland (western Myanmar) will be more dangerous to India than Pakistan if the Government of India ignores SS Khaplang in the peace process to find a solution to the Naga political problem," warns, N Kitovi Zhimomi, General Secretary of NSCN-K. During a "face-to-face" with a group of journalists at his present fortified base camp here the self-styled Atu Kilonser (Prime Minister) of "Government of People's Republic of Nagaland (GPRN)", Zhimomi claimed : "People's mandate is with NSCN-K as the leaders of other faction (NSCN-IM) who are remote controlling revolution from abroad, have lost their credibility and contact with people."...
Author/creator: Bijay Sankar Bora
Language: English
Source/publisher: (Indian newspaper?) Zoland Online via Chinland
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: After India, it will be Myanmar: NSCN-K
Date of publication: 02 July 2001
Description/subject: "Mokokchung (Nagaland), July 1. � The NSCN-K will turn its attention to Myanmar after the Naga political problem is settled with India and bring all Nagas together in "one sovereign country. The NSCN-K and the Centre declared a ceasefire on 28 April after about a year of "informal" truce. "The NSCN-K general secretary and "prime minister" of the "government of People's Republic of Nagaland", Mr N Kitovi Zhimomi, told The Statesman somewhere in Mokokchung district that half the Naga population lives in Myanmar and his organisation cannot rest till they (Nagas in Myanmar) and their land are freed from Myanmarese occupation and integrated with other Nagas and the areas inhabited by them in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and the present state of Nagaland as on sovereign nation..."
Author/creator: Dipankar Roy
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Statesman (New Delhi) via Mizzima
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2010


Title: Eastern Nagas
Date of publication: 07 June 2001
Description/subject: "A brief report of the NPMHR (Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights) and NSF (Naga Students Federation) Relief Team to the Eastern Nagas. Kohima, India
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chinland
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "The British Had No Right to Draw the Borderline in the Heart of Naga Country’: Eastern Naga Leader
Description/subject: "Nagaland was once a free land with rich and unique cultural traditions that varied from village to village, each village ruled by their own chieftains. The faith of the Naga took an ugly turn after the British divided Nagaland without the consent or knowledge of the Naga who refused to acknowledge an arbitrary borderline that ran through villages, fields, and even homes. After the British left, Indian and Burmese forces occupied Naga homeland, following an agreement by their leaders that the Western part of Nagaland was to be ruled by India and Eastern part by Burma. The Nagas never succumbed to the foreign occupation – Naga warriors have now been fighting a desperate struggle for freedom and sovereignty for over six decades. In this rare in-depth interview, W. Shapwon, an Eastern Naga leader and Joint Secretary of the Naga National Council, reveals the troubling history and current issues of Naga Hills and talks about the dreams of the Naga nation."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Link
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 March 2016


Title: Developing the Forgotten Land – Eastern Nagaland in Northwest Burma
Description/subject: "Eastern Nagaland has greatly suffered under the coercive control of the Burmese military junta, and is undoubtedly one of the most forgotten and least developed areas in the whole world. In a land that was forcibly divided by the British, and later annexed by Indian and Burmese forces, development is non-existent. Naga people continue to suffer due to decades of political games that have resulted in severe lack of education, electricity, hospitals or medicine. While most people survive with shifting cultivation, many lives are lost for opium as well as for the continuing battle against oppression. Read on to understand more about the Naga culture and the humanitarian situation in Eastern Nagaland as told by Shapwon, an Eastern Naga leader who founded Eastern Naga Development Organization (ENDO) in exile in Thailand."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Link
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 March 2016


Title: I Am One of the Top People on Their Lists to Be Killed: Naga Leader Part 1
Description/subject: "hapwon is a leader of the Naga. He joined the nationalist movement in 1975 and is now the Joint Secretary of Naga National Council. He is a leader who is still miraculously alive after all his colleagues have been wiped out by Indian and Burmese forces as well as Naga socialists. For decades, numerous groups have tried to assassinate Shapwon in this present day head hunt. His love for his people has caused him great suffering, but there is no other way this brave leader could have chosen to live. This is part 1 of Shapwon’s story – Nothing short of a Hollywood thriller."...See the Alternate link for part 2.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Link
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalink.org/one-day-world-will-recognise-sovereignty-naga-leader-part-2/
Date of entry/update: 19 March 2016