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Japan-Burma relations

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: "Japan Times"
Description/subject: 2,510 results for a Google search for "Burma OR Myanmar" (January 2015)
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Japan Times"
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.japantimes.co.jp/
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Burma Information Network (BurmaInfo, Japan)
Description/subject: Documents in Japanese and English: General Information; Sanctions against Burma; Health Problems; Economy; Forced Labor in Burma; Ethnicity; Guns and Drugs; Gender and Sexualities; Human Rights and Freedoms. Also, "Burma Today Weekly" (Japanese edition). Very useful site.
Language: Japanese, English
Source/publisher: Burmainfo (Japan)
Format/size: PDF and HTML
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Description/subject: Home page
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Japan's Position Regarding the Situation in Myanmar
Description/subject: Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs 1995-1997. Includes "Japan's Position Regarding the Problem of Massachusetts State Government Procurements"
Source/publisher: MOFA, Japan
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Japan-Myanmar Relations
Description/subject: Diplomatic Relations, Number of Japanese Nationals residing in Myanmar, Number of Myanmar Nationals residing in Japan, Trade with Japan (1998) Direct Investment from Japan, Japan's Economic Cooperation, List of Grant Aid - Exchange of Notes in Fiscal Year 2002, VIP Visits. Statements by Japanese officials, Press Secretary's Press Conference on Myanmar
Language: English
Source/publisher: Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: People's Forum on Burma, Japan
Description/subject: Site entirely in Japanese
Language: Japanese
Date of entry/update: 12 January 2011


Individual Documents

Title: Japan’s Development Ambitions for Myanmar: The Problem of “Economics before Politics”
Date of publication: 04 September 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar and Japan have had an important shared history since the Pacific War, when Japan occupied the British colony of Burma and established the country’s first postcolonial state and army. The period from 1941 to 1945 also witnessed the “militarization” of Myanmar as the country was turned into a battlefield by the Japanese, the Allies and indigenous insurgents. After independence from Britain in 1948, the Union of Burma continued to suffer insurgency and became a deeply conflicted society, especially under the isolationist socialist regime of General Ne Win (1962–1988). However, Japan played a major role in Myanmar’s economic development through its allocation of war reparations and official development assistance (ODA), especially yen loans. During the period of martial law from 1988 to 2011, Tokyo exercised some self-restraint in giving aid due to pressure from its major ally, the United States, with its human rights agenda. However, with the transition from junta rule to constitutional government in 2011 came a dramatic increase in Japanese ODA, as Tokyo forgave large amounts of debt and invested in ambitious new special economic zones (SEZ). Japan will no doubt benefit from Myanmar as close ties are expanded: Not only will Japanese companies profit, but Japan will have access to Myanmar’s raw materials and gain ability to compete more effectively with an economically expansive China. On Myanmar’s side, though, it is unlikely that anyone other than the military and crony capitalist elites will benefit from the flood of new yen loans and infrastructure projects. This paper argues that without a political resolution of Myanmar’s many conflicts, including the establishment of genuinely open political institutions, the aid of Japan (and other countries) is likely to make these deep-rooted social and ethnic conflicts even worse."
Author/creator: Donald M. Seekins
Language: English
Source/publisher: Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs , 34, 2
Format/size: pdf (233K)
Alternate URLs: http://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/jsaa/
http://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/jsaa/article/view/875/882
Date of entry/update: 07 October 2015


Title: Japan’s Official Development Assistance Diplomacy towards Burma in Post 2012
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: " Over the past decade, there has been a substantial change in Japan’s foreign policy position on democracy support. Its 1992 Official Development Assistance (ODA) Charter committed the country to provide foreign aid in a manner that promotes democracy abroad (MOFA, 10992). The second Abe administration, which came to power in December 2012, has taken Japan’s policy of democracy support a step further. The 2012 ODA white paper, which was released in March 2013, not only expressed Japan’s intention to strengthen democracy abroad but also prioritized it above traditional focuses of Japanese foreign aid such as human security and hard infrastructure assistance. In Burma, Japan has a vital interest in nurturing friendly relations to increase its political and economic clout in the country. This is principally true because Burma, which is undergoing a process of democratic reform, is currently attempting to restrain Chinese influence, long a dominant force in the country. Furthermore, Japan is investing a significant amount of ODA in rebuilding Burma’s economic infrastructure. After the liberalization process began in 2011, Japan started assisting Burma on the rule of law and economic reform through a series of seminars, and in November 2013 it initiated a legal capacity building project..."...Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Khen Suan Khai
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (185K)
Date of entry/update: 08 August 2015


Title: Japan’s Role for the Human Resource Development for Manufacturing Industry in Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Myanmar has been receiving international business attentions since 201 1. Strong growth potential and expectation for the transformation of the Myanmar’s political situation and foreign relations are attracting large foreign direct investment (FDI) from Japan as well as many developed countries. Industrialization is an import ant issue for developing countries for economic development. Myanmar urgently requires industrial competitiveness by catching up with technological capability. Human resource development plays a crucial role in building skills and technological capability, and for realizing a nation’s industrial competitiveness. Myanmar as the latest comer in ASEAN for industrialization, investing in broad human capital development is fundamental to develop into a modern industrial economy. Developing countries can maximum utilize the late comers’ advantages during the process of industrialization. This paper aims to analyse the current human resource development in manufacturing industry and strategies of Japanese government and industries in investments for it. This paper tries to analyse the case of Japanese technology transfer in manufacturing industry. Especially, it focuses on the implementation process of the effective production system from Japan to Myanmar. Each country has each development process. When Japan started initial phase of industrialization, Japan tried several strategies to catch up developed countries. The Japanese development path and the Japanese human resource development strategies over yeas are studied for leaning evolutionary process over years. For this, this paper focuses on the innovative aspect of Japanese human resource development practices and its transfer to Myanmar.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Yuri Sadio, Than Than Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (461K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2015


Title: Japanese Banks Win Big in Myanmar
Date of publication: 02 October 2014
Description/subject: "Myanmar on Wednesday announced its first round of licenses to foreign banks, with Japan’s three biggest banks, Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ (BTMU), Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corp and Mizuho Bank winning three of the nine licenses on offer. This was more than any other country, with Singapore the only other country to be awarded more than one license. The news comes as both the Japanese government and major companies are investing in infrastructure and building industrial parks in what is referred to as a “final frontier” for Southeast Asian investment."
Author/creator: Clint Richards
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Diplomat
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 January 2015


Title: Japan: Press Burma for Justice
Date of publication: 22 September 2010
Description/subject: "Support Commission of Inquiry in UN Resolution on Burma " "Establishing an international Commission of Inquiry would be a significant step to end impunity in Burma. As one of the few Asian member states of the International Criminal Court and a major Asian democracy, Japan is in the unique position to take the lead in reaching out to other Asian neighbors to join this critical movement to seek justice for Burma's people..."
Language: English, Japanese
Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/09/21/japan-press-burma-justice?print
http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/09/21-0
Date of entry/update: 24 September 2010


Title: Letter to Japanese Foreign Minister Seiji Maehara Regarding Commission of Inquiry for Burma
Date of publication: 21 September 2010
Language: English
Format/size: pdf (600 KB)
Date of entry/update: 24 September 2010


Title: Japan and the Myanmar Conundrum
Date of publication: October 2009
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "Myanmar, also known as Burma, is an exception to many of the success stories of countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Throughout the postwar period the country has pursued a foreign policy line that has been obstinately indepen-dent, with a basic stance towards the outside world pervaded by a sense of noli me tangere. Once it was one of the key Asian countries convening the 1955 Bandung Conference at which the non-aligned movement was launched, but policies pursued since have made the country a peripheral member of the international community. One of the country’s key relationships in the postwar period has been with Japan. The beginning of this bilateral relationship goes back to the Second World War period. In December 1941, Japan began a mili-tary campaign into Southeast Asia and a puppet government for Burma under the Burmese nationalist Ba Maw was set up on August 1, 1942, which replaced British colonial rule. In May 1945, the British Army returned to Rangoon and the colonial masters regained power but two years later they agreed to hand over the ruling of the country to the Burmese, and Burma became independent in January 1948. In 1954, an agreement on war reparations was reached be-tween Japan and Burma totalling US$200 million over ten years, which began to be paid out the following year. Not only was aid from Japan forthcoming but it was increasing, from about US$20 million in the 1960s to around US$200 million in the 1970s. The aid amounted to a total of US$2.2 billion during 1962–1988. Japan became the largest aid donor to Burma. For Japan, the agreement with Burma was important in that a window of opportunity opened for Japan’s diplomacy towards Southeast Asian countries that had been at a standstill since the end of the Second World War. After a military coup in 1988, Japanese ODA to Burma was suspended‚ in principle,‛ and new aid was limited to projects that were of an ‚emergency and humanitarian nature.‛ Nevertheless, Japan was soon again accounting for the lion’s share of aid to the country. General elections took place in Myanmar in May 1990 and resulted in a serious setback for the military junta. The oppo-sition National League for Democracy (NLD) secured a landslide victory. The outcome did not result in a new government, since the ruling military ignored the election result of the NLD and refused to hand over power. In 1992 a shift of Japan’s ODA policy was announced with the adoption of Japan’s ODA Charter, which prescribed that decisions on ODA should be tak-en after taking into account the recipients’ record on military spending, de-mocracy, moves towards market economy, and human rights. From this pe-riod a carrot and stick policy as codified in the ODA Charter has been applied to Myanmar which represented a clear break with Japan’s previous ‚hands-off‛ stance. A bifurcated Myanmar policy pursued by the Japanese govern-ment emerged, resulting from its efforts to relate to the two important political forces confronting each other in Myanmar. Nevertheless, there has been a strong bias on part of the Japanese government towards favoring relations with the ruling military. Relations between Japan and Myanmar have been receding ever since the military junta took power in 1988 and Japan instituted its policy of carrots and sticks. For Myanmar’s ruling junta, Japan’s carrot and stick policy was unwel-come news when it was first introduced, and has been seen ever since as an attempt by Japan to interfere in what the junta considers Myanmar’s internal affairs. With the junta in Myanmar facing international isolation after its sup-pression of democracy, China’s exchanges with Myanmar increased drastically. Soon after the 1988 coup, China had become the main external supporter of the Myanmar junta. In order to coming to grips with the situation around Myanmar a proposal has been launched focusing on the formation of an international coalition strong and viable enough to institute change. Due to its strong historical ties and good relations inside and outside Myanmar, Japan is one candidate for playing a key role in such an endeavor. With its strong links with all major forces, Japan occupies a pivotal position with a viable chance of bringing to-gether critical actors into a process of dialogue and reform. Two recent devel-opments increase the possibility that Japan and China would cooperate in such an endeavor. During Prime Minister Abe Shinzō’s visit to China in 2006 after only one week in office, he admitted that China played the key role in the negotiations with North Korea and expressed hope that China would exercise its influence. It was in realization of the fact that, in dealing with North Korea, Japan’s strong-handed policy of ‚dialogue and pressure‛ had not worked, which made the Japanese government conclude that united international ac-tion was needed if negotiations were to progress, and that chances were great-er to reach results if the Chinese could be persuaded to use their influence to talk the North Koreans out of their provocative policies. The second move that has a bearing on Japan’s Myanmar policy are the events surrounding the cold-blooded killing of the Japanese photographer Nagai Kenji during demonstra-tions in Yangon on September 27, 2007. An important step taken by Japan was the fact that Prime Minister Fukuda Yasuo brought up Myanmar in talks over the phone with Prime Minister Wen Jiabao of China the day after the fatal shooting, and asked that China, given its close ties with Myanmar, exercise its influence and Premier Wen said he will make such efforts. Abe’s visit to Beijing broke the ice between China and Japan, and a series of top-level meetings have followed. The two countries have clarified that they seem themselves to bear a responsibility for peace, stability, and development of the Asia-Pacific region and have agreed to together promote the realization of peace, prosperity, stability, and openness in Asia. Not only that, the two governments pledged to together forge a bright future for the Asia-Pacific re-gion. If Japan and China see themselves as bearing a responsibility for the peace, stability, and development of the Asia-Pacific region, it is hard to see how they can avoid being annoyed by the existence in their immediate neigh-borhood of a country that is widely treated an international outsider, especial-ly if they want to live up to their declared aim of aligning Japan–China rela-tions with the trends of the international community."
Author/creator: Bert Edström
Language: English
Source/publisher: Institute for Security and Development Policy (Sweden)
Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 February 2010


Title: Review of Donald Seekins': "Burma and Japan since 1940. From ‘Co-Prosperity’ to ‘Quiet Dialogue’ "
Date of publication: 2009
Description/subject: "...The book looks at Burma’s ‘tragedy’ as being a result of both internal and external factors, thus placing the country’s history in a global context. It demonstrates that Japanese attitudes and actions towards the country throughout different periods were mainly guided by Japanese self-interest and lacked a deeper understanding of Burma’s ‘real’ problems. Japan did not liberate Burma in 1942, nor did it do so later. This thesis might also be applicable to the relations of other countries with Burma. The country was and is a fine projection screen for fantasies about what Burma ‘is’ in connection with practical self-interests of varying kinds – economic as well as humanitarian. The book also provides detailed facts and figures on Japanese investment in Burma, as well as the cultural background behind Japanese perceptions of the country and its protagonists. What is missing, however, is an evaluation of the activities of the many Japanese NGOs working in post-1988 Burma; these provided help for many projects in the country and thus contributed to the emergence of segments of civil society in Myanmar..."
Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zöllner
Source/publisher: Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs 1/2009
Format/size: pdf (84K)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2011


Title: A Charity’s Checkered Past
Date of publication: December 2007
Description/subject: Two Japanese foundations active in Burma have a past linked to World War II far-right war criminals..."From the very beginning, Burma was one of the countries where the Sasakawa Foundation and its sister organization, the Nippon Foundation, were especially active. Apart from being an associate of Kodama, Sasakawa was also close to Nobusuke Kishi, the Japanese prime minister from 1957 to 1960—and, in the late 1940s, also a prisoner in Sugamo. Kishi led the once influential Burma Lobby in Japan, and the Japan-Burma Association counted among its members 11 trading companies allowed to operate in various aid projects in Burma prior to 1988. In more recent years, the Sasakawa and Nippon foundations have supported seminars organized in Rangoon by the Myanmar [Burma] Institute of Strategic and International Studies on “Research on International Economy in Myanmar” as well as various health projects. The Sasakawa Foundation has also in part financed the Myanmar Times, a weekly newspaper established in March 2000, which the Australian monthly The Diplomat in its November-December 2007 issue quoted critics as describing as “little more than a cheerleader for the junta.”..."
Author/creator: Bertil Lintner
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 15, No. 12
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 April 2008


Title: Death of a Journalist
Date of publication: December 2007
Description/subject: The shooting of a Japanese cameraman by Burmese security forces shocked the Japanese public and government, but what about official foreign policy?
Author/creator: Yamamoto Munesuke
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 15, No. 12
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 April 2008


Title: The Limits of ‘Quiet Dialogue’
Date of publication: December 2007
Description/subject: Japan's historical influence over Burma has waned since the days it helped Aung San in his independence struggle. Donald M Seekin explains Japan's "frequently ambiguous" foreign policy
Author/creator: Donald M. Seekins
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 15, No. 12
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008


Title: Myanmar and Japan: How Close Friends Become Estranged
Date of publication: August 2007
Description/subject: ABSTRACT: "Independent Myanmar and Japan had long held the strongest ties among Asian countries, and they were often known as having "special relations" or a "historically friendly relationship."Such relations were guaranteed by the sentiments and experiences of the leaders of both countries. Among others, Ne Win, former strongman throughout the socialist period (1962-1988), was educated and trained by the Japanese army officers of the Minami Kikan, leading to the birth of the Burma Independence Army (BIA). Huge official development assistance provided by the Japanese government also cemented this special relationship. However, the birth of the present military government (SLORC/SPDC) in 1988 drastically changed this favorable relationship between the two countries. When the military seized power in a coup, Japan was believed to be the only country that possessed sufficient meaningful influence on Myanmar to encourage a move toward national reconciliation between the junta and the opposition party led by Aung San Suu Kyi. In reality, Japan failed to exert such an influence due to its sour relations with the military government and reduced influence in the new international and regional political landscape. What is worse, Japan seems to be losing its say on Myanmar issues in the international political arena, as it has been wavering in limbo between the sanctionist forces, such as the United States and the European Union, and engagement forces, such as China and ASEAN."... Keywords: Myanmar (Burma), Japan, China, ODA, Foreign Relations, Cold War JEL classification:F14, F35, N45
Author/creator: Toshihiro Kudo
Language: English
Source/publisher: Institute of Developing Economies (IDE Discussion Paper 118)
Format/size: pdf (233K)
Date of entry/update: 22 April 2008


Title: Japan's Burma-Watchers
Date of publication: May 2006
Description/subject: "While few Japanese take more than a passing interest in Burma, a dedicated handful try to understand a country in some ways connected to their own..."
Author/creator: Neil Lawrence
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 14, No. 5
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 September 2010


Title: JAPANESE DFM TANAKA BRIEFS AMBASSADOR ON BURMA
Date of publication: 30 March 2005
Description/subject: SUMMARY: "On March 25 Ambassador met with visiting Japanese Deputy Foreign Minister Tanaka to discuss Tanaka's recent official visit to Burma. Tanaka said he delivered "a strong message" to the SPDC on democracy and the release of ASSK. Tanaka reported that Prime Minister Soe Win did not show any flexibility, blaming the NLD and outsiders for the lack of progress. Tanaka said that Japan was increasingly concerned with the situation in Burma, especially in light of China's growing regional influence. Tanaka urged continued close U.S.-Japanese cooperation, along with engagement with ASEAN." END SUMMARY
Language: English
Source/publisher: US Embassy, Bangkok, via Wikileaks
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.wikileaks.ch/cable/2005/03/05BANGKOK2259.html
Date of entry/update: 07 September 2011


Title: Is Japan Really Getting Tough on Burma? (Not likely)
Date of publication: 28 June 2003
Description/subject: "There was a flurry of articles last week about how Japan plans to suspend, or in fact suspended, economic aid (ODA: Official Development Assistance, which is comprised mainly of yen loans, grants and technical assistance) to Burma, thereby stepping up the pressure on the military junta to release Daw Aung San Suu Kyi. Most news reports say that the aid that is being frozen is further, or new, ODA. Given that Japan has long pursued an engagement policy with Burma, and is the largest provider of economic aid to Burma (2.1 billion yen of grants-in-aid was provided in fiscal year 2002), a suspension would carry a certain weight with the military regime. ...Japan's engagement policy with Burma has always been based on a �gcarrot and stick�h approach, which traditionally has involved far more "carrots" than �gstick.�h Notwithstanding the uncertainties surrounding the suspension of new ODA, Japan's freeze is a rare, and probably short-term, application of a �gstick.�h The Japanese government�fs preference has been, and will continue to be, for �gcarrots,�h a posture that is due in part to apparent concern about China replacing Japan as a likely source of economic assistance to, and political influence on, Burma. In this context, therefore, it is essential that governments and non-governmental groups monitor Japan's Burma policy -- and be wary of overly optimistic or inaccurate news accounts concerning that policy. There is little doubt that, without pressure from other countries (notably the U.S.) and interested citizens, even a decision to suspend new ODA would likely have been much slower in coming. Such pressure must continue."
Author/creator: Yuki Akimoto
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Information Network - Japan
Format/size: html (18K); pdf (16k)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/bi_on_oda.htm
Date of entry/update: 30 June 2003


Title: Statements by the Japanese Foreign Minister (Yoriko Kawaguchi) and MOFA officials, Japan, regarding the situation in Burma (after the incident of 30 May, 2003)
Date of publication: June 2003
Description/subject: Traslated Statements by the Minister of Foreign Affairs (Yoriko Kawaguchi) and officials of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan, regarding the situation in Burma (after the incident of 30 May, 2003)
Author/creator: BurmaInfo (Japan)
Language: English and Japanese
Source/publisher: Burmainfo (Japan)
Format/size: html (54KB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmainfo.org/assk/mofaj20030605.html (Japanese)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Burma-Japan Up-date Monthly, No.1, (Feb 10th, 2002)
Date of publication: 10 February 2002
Description/subject: Contents: "Human resource development for industrial research in Myanmar", by Sein Zaw Than; "Koizumi met Special Envoy of UN" by Isao Koga (unofficial translation); "Citizen groups in Japan continue action on Suzuki"; "Symposium on Alternatives of Opium in Burma" (unofficial translation); "First Westerner headed for Diet".
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burmainfo (Japan)
Format/size: PDF (15K) and HTML
Alternate URLs: http://www.jca.apc.org/burmainfo/bjm/200202.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Development, Environment and Human Rights in Burma/Myanmar ~Examining the Impacts of ODA and Investment~Public Symposium Report, Tokyo, Japan
Date of publication: 15 December 2001
Description/subject: Chapter 1: ODA and Foreign Investment p7; Chapter 2: Japanese Policy Towards Myanmar p14; Chapter 3: Baluchaung Hydropower Plant No 2 p19; Chapter 4: Tasang Dam and Yadana Gas Pipeline p22; Chapter 5: The UNOCAL Case p26; Chapter 6: Panel Discussion p30; Chapter 7: Development in Other Countries 40; Chapter 8: Reviewing Development p43; References: p45. "...One objective of the symposium was to examine how development has affected people and the environment in Burma. Another objective was to examine the roles of the Japanese government, of private companies, and of individuals in development in Burma. Each speaker had his or her own ideas about what is best for Burma. Does Burma need development? If so, what kind of development does it need? For development, is it necessary for other countries to give Official Development Assistance (ODA)? Should ODA be given under the current military regime? Should companies invest in Burma now? Do ODA and investment help the people of Burma? ..."
Author/creator: (Speakers): Ms. Taeko Takahashi, Mr. Teddy Buri, Ms. Hsao Tai, Ms. Yuki Akimoto, Mr. Nobuhiko Suto, Mr. Shigeru Nakajima
Language: English
Source/publisher: Mekong Watch, Japan
Format/size: PDF (640K) 45pg
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Rewriting History
Date of publication: October 2000
Description/subject: The wife of former dictator Ne Win was in Tokyo recently to conduct research for a project to "rewrite modern Burmese history," according to a report from Radio Free Asia's Burmese-language service. Ni Ni Myint, who is also the director of the Historical Research Center in Rangoon, was accompanied by several other historians on her trip to meet Japanese experts on Burmese history. This was her second visit to Japan in two years.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 10 (Intelligence section)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irrawaddymedia.com/article.php?art_id=718
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Silent Treatment
Date of publication: September 2000
Description/subject: Tokyo has sent its strongest signal yet that it is not going to allow opponents of Burma's military regime to obstruct the Japanese Way to Democracy.
Author/creator: Neil Lawrence
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 9
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Mitsubishi to Invest $70 Million in Yetagun
Date of publication: July 2000
Description/subject: Japanese trading company Mitsubishi Corporation has announced that it will provide US $70 million to build a floating storage offloading FSO facility for the Yetagun offshore oil and natural gas project in Burma by the end of July. [Nippon Oil, holder of 20% in Yetagun, merged with Mitsubishi Oil in April 1999 to form Japan's biggest oil company, the Nippon-Mitsubishi Oil Corporation(NMOC) known also as Nisseki Mitsubishi Oil Corp.]
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 7
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Gambling on Japan
Date of publication: April 2000
Description/subject: In recent years Japan has attempted to assert itself as a major player on the Asian political stage, only to have its efforts rebuffed by its neighbors and its major strategic partner, the United States. But, writes Neil Lawrence, Asian countries struggling out of a major economic crisis may finally be ready to give Japan the leading role it has long coveted. But doubts remain about Japan's political values.
Author/creator: Neil Lawrence
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 4-5
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "Greedy" Regime Stuns Japanese
Date of publication: February 2000
Description/subject: Officials in Japan, historically Burma's largest creditor, have been left shaking their heads over the SPDC's latest efforts to tap into the wealth of Asia's richest nation.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 2 (Business section)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: The North Wind and the Sun: Japan's Response To The Political Crisis in Burma, 1988-1998
Date of publication: 1999
Description/subject: "Japan's response to the political crisis in Burma after the establishment of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) in September 1988 reflected the interests of powerful constituencies within the Japanese political system, especially business interests, to which were added other constituencies such as domestic supporters of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's struggle for democracy and those who wished to pursue 'Sun Diplomacy,' using positive incentives to encourage democratization and economic reform. Policymakers in Tokyo, however, approached the Burma crisis seeking to take minimal risks--a "maximin strategy"--which limited their effectiveness in influencing the junta. This was evident in the February 1989 "normalization" of Tokyo's ties with SLORC. During 1989-1998, Japanese business leaders pushed hard to promote economic engagement, but "Sun Diplomacy" made little progress in the face of the junta's increasing repression of the democratic opposition." Online publication with kind permission of the author and the Journal of Burma Studies
Author/creator: Donald M. Seekins
Language: English
Source/publisher: Journal of Burma Studies, Vol. 4 (1999)
Format/size: html (237K); pdf (2.17MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.grad.niu.edu/burma/publications/jbs/vol4/index.shtml
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: "One Trip to Myanmar and Everyone Would Love the Country"
Date of publication: December 1998
Description/subject: Burma-Japan relations go back to before World War II, and the opinions of Japan's "old Burma hands" are often better informed about internal conditions than those of Western observers, even if one doesn't entirely agree with them. But a new Japanese perspective on Burma has emerged, which could be described as "Aung San Suu Kyi-bashing" or "hitching one's wagon to the star of Asian values."
Author/creator: Donald Seekins
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Burma Debate", Vol. V No 1
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Panel Set to Examine EC's Complaint Against US Tax Treatment for FSCs
Date of publication: 29 October 1998
Description/subject: The Dispute Settlement Body (DSB), on 21 October, established a panel to examine complaints by the European Communities and Japan that a Massachusetts law had violated provisions of the plurilateral Agreement on Government Procurement..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: WTO NEWS
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2010


Title: Japan Seeks Respect - But from Whom?
Date of publication: April 1998
Description/subject: Japan's resumption of ODA to Burma's junta begs questions about its motives and what its political values really are.
Author/creator: LJN
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 6. No. 2
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003