General articles and reports on regional and global dynamics
|Title:|| ||The New Geopolitics of Southeast Asia
|Date of publication:|| ||November 2012|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Southeast Asian states risk becoming pawns in a geopolitical clash between two extra-regional superpowers. This report analyses how the states in the region are responding to the challenge posed by the strategic interests of the US and China in their geography and economy.
If the Southeast Asian states are to take advantage of the opportunities presented by China’s rise and the United States’ pivot, they must stand together in the geopolitical contest currently taking place in the region. However, this is not an easy task: regional states are caught in what game theory would view as a classic ‘prisoners’ dilemma’ that will require a deep degree of trust to escape.".....
Nicholas Kitchen, Editor, IDEAS Reports...
Indispensable Nation? The United States in Southeast Asia
China and Southeast Asia,
Odd Arne Westad ...
Southeast Asia between China and the United States,
The Theatre of Competition:
Indochina (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos) .
Ang Cheng Guan...
Robyn Klingler Vidra...
Conclusion: The Regional Dynamic Forging a Regional Response,
|Source/publisher:|| ||London School of Economics (LSE)|
|Format/size:|| ||html. pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||31 May 2013|
|Title:|| ||Silk road bottom up: Regional perspectives on the 'Belt and Road Initiative'
|Date of publication:|| ||November 2017|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Asia, and above all, China is playing a major role in implementing development and sustainability goals, as well as working towards global climate projection. China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) marks China’s efforts to carve out a more active international role. The purpose of the BRI project of the Stiftung Asienhaus is to examine the effects of this initiative on the development perspectives of participating countries. Together with partner chinadialogue, we want to elaborate the opportunities and challenges of the initiative, and the impact it is having on the environment, social stability and international relations. Thereby we hope to feed into the discourse on development policy, including China’s development strategy, which is seeing China expand its role as a global development partner and also donor. The effects of this are varied and require critical monitoring and commentary by Chinese, Asian, and European civil society."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Conception, coordination and editing: Nora Sausmikat. Editorial cooperation: Christopher Davy, Vivien Markert, Gisa Dang, Courtney Tenz, Lena Marie Hufnagel, Frederik Schmitz|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Stiftung Asienhaus, Chinadialogue|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (6.2MB)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||06 November 2017|
|Title:|| ||Old dominance, new dominos in Southeast Asia
|Date of publication:|| ||25 October 2017|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Not since World War II has liberal democracy, and the intergroup tolerance that sustains it, seemed so deeply endangered in so many places at once. For the first time in three quarters of a century, illiberalism and chauvinism have stolen the march, virtually all over the globe, on their liberal and cosmopolitan rivals. With narrow voices for exclusion and nativism making frightening headway against broader visions of inclusion and diversity in Britain, France, Germany, Hungary, India, Poland, South Africa, Turkey, and the United States, it seems fair to conclude that they can now gain major ground just about anywhere at any time.
If the flu of political and social illiberalism is circumnavigating the globe, Southeast Asia has precious little immunity with which to withstand it. This is a region where authoritarian regimes have always easily outnumbered democracies, and where liberalism and universalism have always struggled to gain traction against religion, nationalism, and communalism as forms of ideology and identification. So it should be no surprise that in a historical moment when democracy feels unsafe even in formerly safe-seeming spaces, it feels in Southeast Asia as if democracy could readily be extinguished entirely.
It wouldn’t be the first time since decolonisation that Southeast Asia suffered a complete democratic wipe-out. Historically speaking, the region’s democratic nadir ran from the early 1970s, when Malaysia’s Barisan Nasional and the Philippines’ Ferdinand Marcos converted their electoral legitimacy into outright authoritarian powers, until the mid-1980s. For most of that decade and a half, Southeast Asia boasted literally zero regimes that met even minimally democratic standards—with the minor exceptions of Thailand’s fleeting democratic experiment from 1973–76 and grudging democratic opening over the course of the mid-to-late 1980s. The Cold War did not produce the dominos of successive collapse from capitalism to communism across Southeast Asia that American interventionists feared, at least outside of what was formerly French Indochina. What it did help produce, though, was a region-wide domino effect of democratic collapses into authoritarianism..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Dan Slater|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"New Mandala"|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||22 December 2017|
|Title:|| ||Goodbye Pacific Pivot, Hello Pacific Retreat Who Will Take America’s Place in Asia?
|Date of publication:|| ||01 June 2017|
|Description/subject:|| ||"...it’s not surprising that when foreign policy elites think about what will replace a U.S. superpower in relative decline -- speculation that has grown more feverish in the Trump era -- they, too, look East. But no longer to Japan, which is passé, or South Korea, which has also perhaps peaked. Instead, they tremble before China, which has already surpassed the United States in gross economic output, while steadily enhancing its military capabilities. It seems like the only country remotely capable of challenging the United States as the world’s sole superpower.
The anxiety of declining U.S. influence became so intense during the Obama years that the notion of a Group of Two (G2) gained considerable currency: if we can’t beat ‘em, went the thinking at the time, then maybe we should join ‘em. However seriously intended such a proposal to co-rule the world with China might have been, the Obama administration never followed up beyond agreements on climate change and bilateral investment..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||John Feffer|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"Tom Dispatch.com|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||11 June 2017|
|Title:|| ||New role for India in Myanmar
|Date of publication:|| ||13 September 2013|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Speaking Freely is an Asia Times Online feature that allows guest writers to have their say. Please click here if you are interested in contributing.
With ongoing communal and ethnic violence on one hand and the implementation of bold reform initiatives on the other, Myanmar's transition from authoritarianism to democracy presents immense challenges as well as opportunities for neighboring India. How New Delhi reacts to these tests will have wide-ranging impacts on the future of India-Myanmar relations.
The challenges are many. The diplomatic row over pillar number 76 in the northeastern Indian state of Manipur on the Indo-Myanmar border in Holenphai village near Moreh has added to
long-running border problems. Although the two sides have agreed to negotiate the issue peacefully, past misunderstandings and alleged intrusions have raised alarm bells on both sides of the border..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Sonu Trivedi|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"Asia Times Online"|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||28 May 2014|
|Title:|| ||Asian Development Bank Interim Country Partnership Strategy: Myanmar, 2012-2014 REGIONAL COOPERATION AND INTEGRATION (SUMMARY)
|Date of publication:|| ||September 2012|
|Description/subject:|| ||Role of Regional Cooperation and Integration in Myanmar’s Development:
1. Myanmar is strategically located in Asia. Having the largest land area in mainland
Southeast Asia, it shares borders with the People’s Republic of China (PRC) on the north and
northeast, Lao PDR and Thailand on the east and southeast, and Bangladesh and India on the
west and northwest. It has a long coastline of around 2,800 km which provides access to sea
routes and deep-sea ports. It has the potential to serve as a land bridge between Southeast and
South Asia, and between Southeast Asia and the PRC. Regional cooperation and integration
(RCI), therefore, provides Myanmar with a great opportunity to secure benefits in terms of
access to regional and global markets, technology, and finance and management expertise. It
can also promote inflows of foreign direct investment which can enable Myanmar to link up with
regional and global supply networks. Besides expanding employment opportunities, RCI can
also help in addressing social and environmental concerns through cooperation with
neighboring countries...II. The GMS Program... III. Myanmar and the GMS Program...IV. GMS Economic Corridors ...V. Myanmar’s Participation in BIMSTEC... VI. Issues facing the GMS Program including Myanmar...VII. RCI Opportunities in Myanmar...|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Asian Development Bank (ADB)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (106K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||28 September 2012|
|Title:|| ||Development of Border Economic Zones in Thailand: Expansion of Border Trade and Formation of Border Economic Zones
|Date of publication:|| ||May 2008|
"In the wake of economic globalization and development in Thailand, movement of people and commodities at the Thai borders is also becoming pronounced. Economic interdependence between Thailand and neighboring countries is growing through border customhouses. As a policy, Thailand is trying to stimulate trade and investment with neighboring countries following the ACMECS (Ayeyawady-Chao Phraya-Mekong Economic Cooperation Strategy) scheme. In this report, first, movement of people and goods at the borders will be examined. Second, clarification of where and how development is proceeding will be presented. Last, this study will attempt to review the perspectives of policies on neighboring countries after Thaksin."...
Keywords: migrant worker, border trade, border economic zone, ACMECS, contract farming, CBTA (Cross Border Transport Agreement), economic corridor...
JEL classification: O53, R11|
|Author/creator:|| ||Takao TSUNEISHI|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Institute of Developing Economies (IDE Discussion paper No, 153)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (843K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||30 December 2008|
|Title:|| ||LOOK EAST, LOOK SOUTH:- Backward Border Regions in India and China
|Date of publication:|| ||March 2008|
|Description/subject:|| ||"...Even by the standards of developing countries, the border between India and China is characterized by large regions that are economically backward and under developed. Moreover, ethnic strife and people’s movements for autonomy are distinctively noticeable and common on both sides of the border. It’s only in recent years that both the countries have tried to launch new initiatives to develop these regions.
This short paper attempts to trace the policies of the two neighbours towards their border regions and understand the recent changes in strategy for regional development against the background of the two booming Asian economies and its increasing integration in the global economy.
In the case of India this region comprises the so-called north-eastern states (formerly known as Assam and NEFA) and includes the state of Sikkim, which in 1976 was forcibly included in the Indian Union. In the case of China, the western and south western tip of the country comprise of the provinces of Yunnan, Guangxi, Guizhou and the autonomous region of Tibet (we exclude the north western border regions of Xinjiang and Inner Mangolia).
It is significant that in both the countries, the border regions are the most backward and underdeveloped (Table 1 and 2). The high rate of growth in the two economies has only increased the regional gap and inequalities in both the countries. It’s only during the last decade or so that both the governments have sought to tackle the growing inequality and discontentment among the people of these sensitive regions. In the case of India, the problem is further compounded by the ethnic strife and armed insurgencies that have resulted in wide-spread violence and state repression accompanied by the militarization of the entire region..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Sushil Khanna|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Indian Institute of Management Calcutta|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (101K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||22 March 2008|
|Title:|| ||Border Industry in Myanmar: Turning the Periphery into the Center of Growth
|Date of publication:|| ||October 2007|
"The Myanmar economy has not been deeply integrated into East Asia's production and distribution networks, despite its location advantages and notably abundant, reasonably well-educated, cheap labor force. Underdeveloped infrastructure, logistics in particular, and an unfavorable business and investment environment hinder it from participating in such networks in East Asia. Service link costs, for connecting production sites in Myanmar and other remote fragmented production blocks or markets, have not fallen sufficiently low to enable firms, including multi-national corporations to reduce total costs, and so the Myanmar economy has failed to attract foreign direct investments.
Border industry offers a solution. The Myanmar economy can be connected to the regional and global economy through its borders with neighboring countries, Thailand in particular, which already have logistic hubs such as deep-sea ports, airports and trunk roads. This paper examines the source of competitiveness of border industry by considering an example of the garment industry located in the Myanmar-Thai border area. Based on such analysis, we recognize the prospects of border industry and propose some policy measures to promote this on Myanmar soil."
Keywords: Myanmar (Burma), Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS), regional cooperation, border industry, cross-border trade, migrant workers, logistics, center-periphery
JEL classification: F15, F22, J31, L67|
|Author/creator:|| ||Toshihiro Kudo|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Institute of Developing Economies (IDE Discussion Paper 122)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (1.3MB)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||22 April 2008|