Migrants' rights: specific international and regional standards and mechanisms (commentaries)
|Title:|| ||Migration, Human Rights and Governance - Handbook for Parliamentarians
|Date of publication:|| ||November 2015|
"Millions of people are on the move. The world’s policymakers and political leaders
face the complex challenge of ensuring that migration takes place in ways that are fair,
mutually beneficial and respectful of human rights.
There is no shortage of laws and policies on migration. Some measures recognize
the positive contribution of migrants and migration to economic welfare, to national
prosperity and to development. However, other measures react to migration
and to migrants as threatening phenomena. These measures can have negative
consequences, including violations of the human rights of migrants and their families.
Parliamentarians have a critical role to play to ensure a meaningful, balanced and
informed response to migration. They are first of all responsible for adopting adequate
laws on migration to give effect to international obligations entered into by the state
under the international treaty framework, in particular with respect to human rights
norms and labour standards. Parliamentarians, as well as governments, can and should
promote fair and effective policies in order to maximize the benefits of migration while
addressing the real challenges that host, transit and origin countries and migrants face.
The Inter-Parliamentary Union, the International Labour Office and the Office of
the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, according to their
respective mandates, have decided to produce this information tool that should help
parliamentarians to achieve the above objective.
The handbook offers responses to fundamental questions on migration, such as those
concerned with its root causes and possible responses in terms of good policies and
practices, as well as the challenges, both for migrants and for countries, in relation
to national well-being, development and social cohesion. The handbook proposes a
balanced approach to make effective laws and policies that address the human rights
of migrants and the governance of migration.
The handbook reflects the long experience of our three cooperating organizations and
our constituents worldwide. It contains examples of measures and practices relating
to migration that have worked successfully. It is intended to be useful not only for
parliamentarians, but also for government officials and civil servants as well as for
social partners and civil society. The ultimate objective of this Handbook is to promote
fair and rights-based migration policies, aligned with international norms and standards,
in the interest of all migrants as well as host, transit and origin countries." - Martin Chungong, Secretary General
Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein
for Human Rights...
|Source/publisher:|| ||Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) - Handbook for Parliamentarians N° 24|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf ( 2MB-reduced version; 2.7MB-original|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.ipu.org/PDF/publications/migration-en.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||05 November 2015|
|Title:|| ||A Clouded Vision
|Date of publication:|| ||May 2008|
|Description/subject:|| ||Critics dismiss Asean plan for free movement of labor...
"DESPITE the high-minded ideals of the Asean Vision 2020 plan launched more than a decade ago by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean), cynics continue to dismiss its aim of labor mobility in a “community of caring societies” as just so much humbug.
A Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers, signed by Asean leaders in January 2007, “mandates Asean countries to promote fair and appropriate employment protection, payment of wages and adequate access to decent working and living conditions for migrant workers.”
A migrant worker holds his document during a raid by Malaysian civilian volunteers and immigration officers on a construction site in Kuala Lumpur in 2005. (Photo: AP)
In reality, the millions of desperate migrants who hope to escape poverty and repression in their home countries, including Burma, by migrating to Thailand and Malaysia find anything but these conditions..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||William Boot|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 5|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||01 May 2008|
|Title:|| ||The Mekong Challenge - Employment and Protection of Migrant Workers in Thailand: National Laws/Practices versus International Labour Standards?
|Date of publication:|| ||2005|
|Description/subject:|| ||Thai university professor and international law expert, Vitit Muntarbhorn, looks at the application of labour standards as they relate to migrant workers in Thailand. Professor Vitit concludes with a series of 12 recommendations for both government and non-government sectors. This publication also contains copies of all six sub-regional, bilateral, MOUs on counter trafficking and employment cooperation...
"...Migrant workers can contribute greatly to their home and destination countries, if the process is well managed and
if they are protected from abuse and exploitation. In reality, the situation is rendered complex by that fact that many
do not enter the destination countries legally. In the market of demand and supply, regrettably many are victims of
human smuggling and trafficking. Moreover, influxes of migrant workers who come without the necessary documents,
such as visas and work permits, often result in draconian measures such as deportation from the territory of the
destination countries, without adequate guarantees for their safety and dignity.
The lesson from Thailand is that to date, a closed door policy on migration from neighbouring countries has not
worked, given the porous border and Thailand's own labour market which acts as a pull factor. Wisely the country is
now moving towards a new and more open door policy: managing migration through cooperation between the
countries of origin and Thailand as a destination country, and synchronizing with Thailand's own labour market. In
2005 the country introduced a regularization process based upon registration of migrant workers and their employers,
with guarantees for basic rights, and this needs to be supported well in terms of effective implementation and
humane treatment of all workers....CONTENTS: Foreword...
2. Employment/Protection of Migrant Workers in Thailand...
3. Thai Laws/Practices...
4. International Labour Standards...
5. National Laws/Practices and International Labour Standards...
|Author/creator:|| ||Vitit Muntarbhorn|
|Language:|| ||English, Thai|
|Source/publisher:|| ||International Labour Organisation|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (563K)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/asro/bangkok/child/trafficking/downloads/migrantworkers.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||03 May 2008|