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Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Reports and Hub Updates
In addition to the Situation Reports, which began 4 April 2008, OCHA now issues Hub Updates focussing on the areas hardest-hit by Cyclone Nargis.

Individual Documents

Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 54
Date of publication: 12 December 2008
Description/subject: OVERVIEW & KEY DEVELOPMENTS: • Cyclone Nargis hit Myanmar on 2-3 May 2008, affecting some 2.4 million people living in Ayeyarwady and Yangon Divisions. Almost 140,000 people were killed or remain missing, according to the official figures. The high-level coordination mechanism, the Tripartite Core Group (TCG) consisting the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN and the UN, continues to facilitate planning, programming and delivery of humanitarian and recovery assistance by the humanitarian partners. Seven months on, much of emergency programming are wrapping up, and the humanitarian partners on the ground have been engaged in monitoring and review processes and forward-planning to transit to early recovery and medium term recovery in the Delta. In particular, programming for various livelihood recovery support has began in earnest, such as cash-for-work, food-for-work and grants involving recovery activities in social and small infrastructures. The support to the agriculture sector through the provision of inputs and training also continues.... • Under the TCG umbrella, the Periodic Review, building on the village tract Assessment (VTA) component of the Post-Nargis Joint Assessment (PoNJA), has completed data collection and is now finalising the report. Despite the postponement of the ASEAN summit, the results of the Periodic Review will be presented in-country later this month. The TCG plans to implement the Periodic Review at least twice more, in April and August 2009, so as to effectively monitor and report on recover progress at regular interval and inform planning and programming.... • On the transition to recovery, the TCG umbrella has initiated the process for “Post Nargis Recovery and Preparedness Plan (PONREPP)” covering the medium term recovery needs, starting January 2009 for 3 years. The sectors covered in PONREPP are: livelihoods, shelter, education & training; health; WASH; disaster risk reduction; the environment; and the protection and vulnerable groups. The PONREPP also proposes the implementation and coordination modalities building on and enhancing the existing platforms, including the TCG, clusters, IASC and hub coordination mechanisms. The first draft will be presented to the TCG at its next regular meeting.... • A donor meeting, inviting donors based in Bangkok and Yangon, was organised on 9 December in Yangon, with thematic focus on gaps in the health sector and early recovery as well as on update on PONREPP. The meeting was followed by a donor visit to health-related project sites in Yangon area. The continuing need for sustained donor support for the health, agriculture and early recovery sectors was emphasised. Presentations on existing gaps in the health provision were made by MSF, Merlin, WHO, UNFPA and UNICEF. MSF presented their experience of large-scale programming in Myanmar over the preceding 14 years.... • The Myanmar revised Appeal “Cyclone Nargis Response Plan” covers the emergency and early recovery needs up until April 2009. As of 11 December, according to the latest data from OCHA’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS)1, the total requirements are currently US$477 million, after the adjustments made this week to the food aid project requirements. The funding level is estimated 64% (US$304 million) with uncommitted pledges US$6.3 million recorded. Agriculture remains the least funded sector with only a quarter of the requirements (US$58.4 million) funded thus far. Outside of the Appeal, US$167.6 million in contribution and US$27 million in uncommitted pledges are reported to the FTS.
Language: Englsh
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (74K)
Date of entry/update: 22 December 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 40
Date of publication: 17 July 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION OVERVIEW: 1. An estimated 2.4 million people were severely affected by Cyclone Nargis, equivalent to more than one third of the population of 7.3 million in the affected townships. Nearly 140,000 died or are missing, among which an estimated 55% were female. On 10 July, a Revised Appeal1 was launched to address the remaining relief and early recovery needs of the severely affected population.... 2. On 21 July, the Post-Nargis Joint Assessment (PONJA) report will be simultaneously launched in Singapore and Myanmar
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (54K)
Alternate URLs: http://ochaonline.un.org/OchaLinkClick.aspx?link=ocha&docId=1091705
http://ochaonline.un.org/MyanmarSituationReports/tabid/4600/Default.aspx
Date of entry/update: 10 August 2010


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 39
Date of publication: 14 July 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION OVERVIEW: 1. An estimated 2.4 million people were severely affected by Cyclone Nargis, equivalent to more than one third of the 7.3 million population in the affected townships. Nearly 140,000 are dead or missing, among which an estimated 55% were female.... 2. On 10 July, the United Nations launched a Revised Appeal to address the remaining important relief needs as well as early recovery needs of the cyclone affected communities. Through the Revised Appeal, 13 UN agencies and 23 non-governmental organizations have requested US$ 481.8 million in total, i.e., US$ 280 million beyond the initial US$ 201 million in the Flash Appeal on 9 May. Given the contributions received so far, an additional US$ 303.6 million is urgently required.... 3. On 11 July, an informal donor meeting was organized in Yangon to present needs, strategic priorities and response plans as elaborated by the clusters in the Revised Appeal.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (59K)
Alternate URLs: http://ochaonline.un.org/OchaLinkClick.aspx?link=ocha&docId=1092177
http://ochaonline.un.org/MyanmarSituationReports/tabid/4600/Default.aspx
Date of entry/update: 10 August 2010


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 34
Date of publication: 23 June 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION OVERVIEW: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in the Ayeyarwady Division and hitting the former capital, Yangon. 37 townships were significantly affected by the cyclone. Current estimates suggest that 2.4 million people were affected. 1.3 million people are estimated to have been reached so far by International NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN. Official figures put the number of dead or missing at more than 130,000.... 2. A Tripartite Core Group (TCG), consisting of high-level representatives of the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN and the UN, was established at a donor conference in Yangon on 25 May to oversee the coordination of relief assistance. Following the meeting, the Post-Nargis Joint Assessment (PONJA) was initiated to produce a common assessment report that covers humanitarian needs (Village Tract Assessment/VTA) and damage components (Damage and Loss Assessment/DaLA) with support from the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN member states and the United Nations. Some 250 members of the PONJA team completed data collection in 30 affected townships across Yangon and the Ayeyarwady Delta on 20 June. The next stages of data entry and early analysis are continuing. A progress report will be presented at the ASEAN roundtable meeting in Yangon on 24 June, while the final report is planned for release on 18 July.... 3. The new Government guidelines for international organizations providing assistance in cycloneaffected areas were introduced on 10 June. On Friday 20 June, a decision was made in the TCGmeeting to revert to the procedures in effect before 10 June, where all requests for visas for the Nargis relief response, from UN agencies and NGOs, will be handled by the TCG and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Requests for travel authorizations from all UN agencies and NGOs will again be handled by the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement. During the weekend, all backlogs of visa requests and travel authorization requests were processed and granted, with a few exceptions that are still being worked on. As of 19 June, more than 230 visas have been granted to the UN international staff for the response to Cyclone Nargis, and more than 200 operational UN staff have travelled to the affected areas.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (60K)
Alternate URLs: http://ochaonline.un.org/OchaLinkClick.aspx?link=ocha&docId=1091568
http://ochaonline.un.org/MyanmarSituationReports/tabid/4600/Default.aspx
Date of entry/update: 24 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 33
Date of publication: 19 June 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION OVERVIEW: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in the Ayeyarwady Division and passing into Yangon Division before hitting the former capital, Yangon. With the wind speed of up to 200 km/h the damage was the most severe in the delta region, where the effects of the extreme winds were compounded by a sizable storm surge. Eye-witness accounts suggest that the tidal surge in some areas was more than 10 feet high. Some 2.4 million people are believed to have been affected by the cyclone, of a total 4.7 million people living in the affected Townships. The latest official figures put the number of dead or missing at more than 130,000.... 2. UNICEF reports that the camp population in Laputta has declined from over 40,000 to an estimated 10,000. In Bogalay proper, all camps have now been closed. The Government of Myanmar has established four transit sites at villages in Bogalay Township from where people will be encouraged to return to their villages. In Myaung Mya the Government has been assisting people to return to their villages, mostly in Laputta Township. The camp population at the two sites officially recognized by the government is now down from 13,000 to 3,700. There are also around 800 people in three informal camps. In Pathein, which was unaffected by the cyclone, all camps have now been closed. The 3,000 people formerly living in camps have returned to their villages, mostly in Laputta. In Mawlamyinegyun proper, all camps have been closed, with the displaced returning to their villages. In Pyapon proper, where there were around 37 camps hosting around 17,000 people, all camps steadily closed during the course of May.... 3. A Tripartite Core Group (TCG), consisting of high-level representatives of the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN and the UN, was established at a donor conference in Yangon on 25 May to oversee the coordination of relief assistance. The TCG is currently coordinating a comprehensive multi-sectoral needs assessment in the cyclone-affected areas. Field surveys for the Post-Nargis Joint Assessment (PONJA) have been taking place from 10-19 June, with some 250 assessment personnel visiting 30 of the worst-affected Townships. Data-entry for the assessment is now well underway. The assessment consists of humanitarian needs (Village Tract Assessment/VTA) and damage components (Damage and Loss Assessment/DaLA).... 4. Since new Government guidelines for international organizations providing assistance in cycloneaffected areas were introduced on 10 June, UN agencies and NGOs have been reporting increasing problems with obtaining visas and travel permits for international staff to visit the affected areas. In many cases the line-ministries now responsible for processing requests have not been provided with new instructions, which have caused significant delays.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (51K)
Alternate URLs: http://ochaonline.un.org/MyanmarSituationReports/tabid/4600/Default.aspx
http://ochaonline.un.org/OchaLinkClick.aspx?link=ocha&docId=1091448
Date of entry/update: 20 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 32
Date of publication: 16 June 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION OVERVIEW: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in the Ayeyarwady Division and hitting the former capital, Yangon. 37 townships were significantly affected by the cyclone. Current estimates suggest that 2.4 million people were affected. 1.3 million people are estimated to have been reached so far by International NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN. Official figures put the number of dead or missing at more than 130,000.... 2. A Tripartite Core Group (TCG), consisting of high-level representatives of the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN and the UN, was established at a donor conference in Yangon on 25 May to oversee the coordination of relief assistance. The group’s fifth meeting took place in Yangon on 14 June. The ASEAN Secretary-General, Dr. Surin Pitsuwan, visited Yangon on 14 June. The Secretary-General met with TCG partners, PONJA management teams (see below) and Government representatives.... 3. A joint relief and early recovery assessment (Post-Nargis Joint Assessment/PONJA) is underway. The assessment involves humanitarian needs (Village Tract Assessment/VTA) and damage components (Damage and Loss Assessment/DaLA). Field surveys involving some 250 assessment personnel are taking place in 30 of the worst-affected townships between 10 and 19 June. As of 16 June 32 VTA teams have covered 84 out of 128 assessment ‘quadrants’ in Bogale, Labutta, Pathein, Pyapon, Wakema and Yangon.... 4. New Government guidelines for international organizations providing assistance in cycloneaffected areas were introduced on 10 June. UN agencies and NGOs report difficulties with requests for visas and travel authorizations carried out in accordance with the new guidelines, with many line ministries not provided with instructions to expedite requests. More than 200 visas have been issued to UN staff as of 15 June. Most of the visas issued have been single entry visas for two weeks. Extensions are currently being approved in approximately 7-10 days. Close to 150 international operational UN staff have been to the affected areas as of 15 June, and at least five international UN staff have now been given permission to be based for up to 3 months in the field.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (53K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/retrieveattachments?openagent&shortid=KKAA-7FP2KD&file=Full_Rep...
Date of entry/update: 17 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 31
Date of publication: 13 June 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION OVERVIEW: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in the Ayeyarwady Division and hitting the former capital, Yangon. 37 townships were significantly affected by the cyclone. Current estimates suggest that 2.4 million people were affected. 1.3 million of whom are estimated to have been reached so far by International NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN. The most recent official figures of 16 May state that 77,738 people have been killed and 55,917 are missing.... 2. A Tripartite Core Group (TCG), consisting of high-level representatives of the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN and the UN, was established at the donor conference on 25 May to oversee the coordination of relief assistance. The group’s fifth meeting will take place in Yangon on 14 June, hosted by ASEAN.... 3. A joint relief and early recovery assessment (Post-Nargis Joint Assessment: ‘PONJA’) is currently underway. The assessment involves humanitarian needs and damage components: a Village Tract Assessment (VTA) and a Damage and Loss Assessment (DaLA). Field surveys in 30 of the worstaffected townships are taking place between 10 and 19 June. As of 13 June 32 VTA teams have covered 31 of 128 ‘quadrants’ in Pathein, Wakema, Labutta, Bogale, Pyapon and Yangon. Meanwhile, the 6 DaLA teams have covered 17 of 21 targeted townships. Some 250 assessment personnel are involved in the PONJA, including representatives of the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN member states, the UN, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, I/NGOs, the Myanmar Red Cross Society, the private sector and individual volunteers. Preliminary findings from the assessment are expected to be shared at the ASEAN roundtable meeting on 24 June and the finalized assessment report will be shared in mid-July.... 4. The Tripartite Core Group (TCG) conducted a field visit on 13 June to monitor the PONJA. The mission travelled by helicopter to Labutta, Bogale and Pyapon townships, visited temporary settlements and met with assessment teams, local authorities and central government officials deployed to the field.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (55K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/retrieveattachments?openagent&shortid=ASIN-7FKRQ4&file=Full_Rep...
Date of entry/update: 17 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 30
Date of publication: 11 June 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION OVERVIEW: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in the Ayeyarwady Division and hitting the former capital, Yangon. Of 37 townships affected by the cyclone, 15 are considered to be ‘worst-affected’. Current estimates suggest that 2.4 million people were affected and 1.3 million people are estimated to have been reached so far by International NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN. Official figures as of 16 May state that 77,738 people have been killed and 55,917 are missing.... 2. A Tripartite Core Group (TCG), consisting of high-level representative of the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN and the UN, was established at the donor conference on 25 May to oversee the coordination of relief assistance. The group’s fourth meeting took place on 11 June.... 3. A joint relief and early recovery assessment (Post-Nargis Joint Assessment/PONJA) commenced on 5 June with training, an official launch on 9 June and deployment of assessment teams on 10 June. 160 assessment personnel in 32 teams were dispatched to Yangon Division and 15 personnel from three hub coordination teams to Pathein, Bogale and Pyapon on 10 June. On 11 June 35 personnel in 7 teams departed to villages in Yangon Division, 125 personnel in 25 teams departed for Ayeyarwady Division and 10 personnel from two hub coordination teams left for Labuta and Wakema. The assessment involves humanitarian needs and damage components: a Village Tract Assessment (VTA) and a Damage and Loss Assessment (DaLA), for which field surveys in the 30 affected townships are planned between 10-19 June. Results from the VTA are expected before the end of June and will feed into a PONJA report and the revised Appeal. The assessment involves personnel from the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN member states, the UN, the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, I/NGOs, the Myanmar Red Cross, the private sector and individual volunteers.... 4. UN agencies report no major issues with obtaining visas, though in some cases delays of up to ten days have been reported. Overall, 195 visas have been issued to UN staff involved in the ongoing operation as of 10 June. Visas are being extended by the authorities without major obstacles. International NGOs are experiencing greater difficulties, with visa requests in some cases pending for up to three weeks. Despite some problems, it should be noted that several NGOs that have not worked in Myanmar before and do not have a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Government of Myanmar have still been issued with visas. NGO Merlin has received 16 travel authorisations for presence in the affected areas until the end of August. UN staff have been travelling to the Ayeyarwady delta in increasing numbers with Government approval and more than 90 international UN staff have visited the affected-areas as of 9 June (excluding the visit of the UN Secretary General). Some International NGOs report problems in accessing the affected areas, with reports of organizations being turned away at police checkpoints despite proper authorization and, at times, unexplained withdrawals of authorization.... 5. The Government of Myanmar’s New Light of Myanmar newspaper reports that 911 foreign aid workers were provided with visas between 5 May and 5 June 2008. 569 people have been authorized to work in the cyclone-affected areas during the same period. 458 visas were reportedly provided to staff from the UN and NGOs, 357 for nationals of ASEAN and neighbouring countries to provide medical assistance and 96 visas for meeting attendees. The newspaper reports that 342 people provided with visas have left Myanmar during this time.... 6. The Government of Myanmar’s Minister of Planning briefed UN agencies, Inter-Governmental Organizations and I/NGOS on “Guiding Principles for carrying out aid and assistance activities for the cyclone victims” on 10 June. IASC members have expressed concern that, if followed, it will negatively affect ongoing emergency relief operations. Organizations are to seek approval for their activities from the relevant line Ministry and the Tripartite Core Group (TCG). Visas and importation of relief items are to be authorized by line Ministries and the TCG. Detailed listings of relief supplies and distribution plans are to be shared with line Ministries and Township Coordination Committees. Supplies are to be ‘temporarily kept in Yangon’. Domestic travel arrangements are to be shared with line Ministries and Township Coordination Committees are to be informed of travel arrangements.... 7. The Myanmar Cyclone Flash Appeal is appealing for US$201 million for UN agencies and NGOs to meet the most urgent needs. The appeal is 42.6% funded as of 11 June, with firm contributions of US$85 million and a further US$51 million in uncommitted pledges. According to the OCHA Financial Tracking System (FTS) US$168 million has been committed for all relief operations as of 11 June, with a further US$108 million in uncommitted pledges. For updated information on financial contributions please visit the OCHA Financial Tracking System (FTS) website at http://reliefweb.int/fts/. Donors are encouraged to verify contributions and inform FTS of corrections and additional information at fts@reliefweb.int.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (55.2K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/retrieveattachments?openagent&shortid=ASIN-7FHSYQ&file=Full_Rep...
Date of entry/update: 12 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 29
Date of publication: 09 June 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION OVERVIEW: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in the Ayeyarwady Division and hitting the former capital, Yangon. Of 37 townships affected by the cyclone, 15 are considered to be ‘worst-affected’. Current estimates suggest that 2.4 million people were affected. 1.3 million people are estimated to have been reached so far by International NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN. Official figures as of 16 May state that 77,738 people have been killed and 55,917 remain missing.... 2. A Tripartite Core Group (TCG), composed of representatives of the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN and the UN, was established at the donor conference of 25 May to oversee the coordination of relief assistance. The third meeting of the group took place on 9 June, chaired by the Director General of Social Welfare.... 3. A joint relief and early recovery assessment (Post-Nargis Joint Assessment/PONJA) coordinated by the Tripartite Core Group was officially launched in Yangon on 9 June. The assessment involves humanitarian needs and damage components: a Village Tract Assessment (VTA) and a Damage and Loss Assessment (DaLA), for which field surveys in the 30 affected townships are planned between 10-19 June. (Results from the VTA are expected at the end of June and will feed into a revised Flash Appeal.) Assessment team trainings for both components took place during the past week, advance teams have been travelling to affected areas, and a pilot assessment took place over the weekend.... 4. There is a mixed picture regarding access for international staff. UN agencies report no major issues with obtaining visas for their staff, with 179 visas issued as of 9 June. National and international UN staff have been travelling to the Ayeyarwaddy delta in increasing numbers with Government approval; 86 international UN staff have visited the affected-areas as of 9 June. International NGOs are experiencing greater difficulties in entering the country; visa requests in some cases have been pending for up to three weeks. Some International NGOs report problems in accessing the affected areas, with reports of organizations being turned away at police checkpoints despite authorization and unexplained withdrawals of authorization.... 5. The Myanmar Cyclone Flash Appeal requests US$201 million for UN agencies and NGOs to meet the most urgent needs. The appeal is 41% funded as of 9 June, with firm contributions of US$82 million and a further US$51 million in uncommitted pledges. According to the OCHA Financial Tracking System (FTS) US$164 million has been committed to relief operations in Myanmar in total as of 9 June, with a further US$108 million in uncommitted pledges. For updated information on financial contributions, please visit the OCHA Financial Tracking System (FTS) website: http://reliefweb.int/fts/. Donors are encouraged to verify contributions and inform FTS of corrections and additional information at fts@reliefweb.int.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (50.9K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/retrieveattachments?openagent&shortid=EDIS-7FFLNS&file=Full.Rep...
Date of entry/update: 12 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 28
Date of publication: 06 June 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: * There is an urgent need for substantial amounts of tarpaulins for the shelter sector, given that stocks in the country have been depleted.... * Relief assistance has been provided by air (helicopter) for the 5th consecutive day.... * There is a pressing need for funding for the logistics operation. Only USD 20 million of the 50 million required have been received. These funds are needed to extend the outreach of the operation from the hubs to those villages that have yet to receive assistance.... * Regarding access to the affected areas in the Irrawaddy delta, there are indications that the process to receive authorisation to travel is currently taking more than 2-3 days. * As of 4 June 2008, the Red Cross has reached a total of over 228’000 beneficiaries (an increase of approximately 20% since 2 June), of which 36’605 are located in Yangon Division, 190’000 in Ayeyarwady Division, and 1’590 in Mon State.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (56K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/retrieveattachments?openagent&shortid=EDIS-7FCMEF&file=Full.Rep...
Date of entry/update: 06 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 27
Date of publication: 04 June 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: * One month since the cyclone struck Myanmar, preliminary estimates indicate that 1.3 million beneficiaries, out of the estimated 2.4 million people affected, have been reached with some assistance by international NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN. Most of those 1.3 million who have been reached have received very basic assistance, which is inadequate and below minimum requirements. A large number of villages have not received any support from the UN, international NGOs, or the Red Cross.... * WFP estimates that it has reached approximately 501,000 beneficiaries with varying rations. Reports from NGOs from remote areas have not yet been received; therefore the beneficiary numbers are lower than the actual figure. * The logistics cluster highlighted that although there is sufficient cargo currently on stock to maintain flights out of the Bangkok staging area until the end of the week, there is little information regarding other planned cargo. If this situation is maintained the Logistics Cluster will decrease the air fleet working out of Bangkok. * The main challenges in getting shelter materials to beneficiaries are related to material availability, transport, and access to affected areas. Key agencies have reported a possible shortage of shelter and relief goods in the coming weeks as the overall distribution capacity exceeds the pipeline for incoming goods.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (68K)
Alternate URLs: http://ochaonline.un.org/OchaLinkClick.aspx?link=ocha&docId=1090625
Date of entry/update: 04 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 26
Date of publication: 02 June 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: * The World Health Organization and its Health Cluster partners in Myanmar have approved a six-month US$28 million action plan to provide immediate health care for cyclone survivors, and support longer-term efforts to rebuild the country’s ravaged health care system.... * WFP started a new project in Yangon Division which provides cash to 200’000 people severely affected by the cyclone.... * One Logistics Cluster helicopter was able to fly to Labutta today for the first time, carrying 0.5 tonnes of high energy biscuits.... * WFP deployed its first international head of Sub-office for Labutta today. The Head of Sub-Office is intended to stay in Labutta for 2 months.... * If funding is not forthcoming for WFP, the food pipeline will break by mid-July.... * The TCG met today for the second time. Issues of discussion on the agenda today were the terms of reference for the PONJA and the schedule for the PONJA. The Group also addressed access, procedures for visa extensions and helicopters. Clarification was also received from the GoUM on the procedure for new NGOs coming into the country: they should apply to Embassies abroad, which would then transmit the application to the Deputy Foreign Minister. The Humanitarian Coordinator raised the issue of ‘forced relocation’ and expressed concern. The Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs assured the TCG he would address this issue.... * The orientation workshop for the Post Nargis Joint Assessment (PONJA) started today. The assessment is a unique endeavour between the 54 members from 18 ministries of the Government of Myanmar together with cluster leads, ASEAN ERAT and members of the IASC. The findings of the assessment would first be available at the end of the month.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (52K)
Alternate URLs: http://ochaonline.un.org/OchaLinkClick.aspx?link=ocha&docId=1090505
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 25
Date of publication: 30 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: * Permission for procurement of another 10,000 tons of rice was granted from Ministry of Commerce on May 29. This is in addition to the previously permitted 10,000 tons of which 1,200 tons have been delivered to the delta. Furthermore, permission for procurement of 3,000 tons pulses (chick peas) was granted from Ministry of Commerce on May 29 (in addition to 1,000 tons being delivered at the moment).... * As of 28 May, the Red Cross has reached over 153,000 beneficiaries, out which roughly 32,000 are located in Yangon Division, almost 120,000 in Ayeyarwady Division, and over 1,500 in Mon State.... * MOH informed the Health Cluster that access to field for expatriate staff follows the normal procedure in place before the cyclone, namely application to MOFA and MOH. This system has been speeded up so that a response will be given to each application within days.... * The WASH, Food, Health and PCW clusters have identified cluster focal points at Sub- Office level.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (51K)
Alternate URLs: http://ochaonline.un.org/OchaLinkClick.aspx?link=ocha&docId=1090429
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 24
Date of publication: 29 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: * The Country Director (CD) of the World Food Programme returned from Labutta and expressed concern over gaps in the system’s ability to cover the delta and address the needs of those affected.... * The Protection Cluster agreed that the co-leads (UNICEF and Save the Children) would work closely with the Humanitarian Coordinator on child protection issues of concern, to be taken up with relevant government officials. The Humanitarian Coordinator would be advocating family and community-based care for separated and unaccompanied children, in preference to orphanages.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (55K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/Cyclone%20Nargis%20-%20Myanmar...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 23
Date of publication: 28 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. Today, the Government of the Union of Myanmar approved all remaining visa requests (45) for various UN agencies.... 2. The leads of the Tripartite Core Group have been identified as follows: for the GoUM the Deputy Foreign Minister, from ASEAN the Thai Ambassador to Myanmar, and from the UN the Humanitarian Coordinator a.i.... 3. Support to the national authorities is being strengthened through the increased participation of government representatives in the cluster. Formal invitations from the Clusters to relevant line ministries and authorities have been sent and favourably received.... 4. The Food Cluster estimates that monthly food requirement is approximately 8,933 tons. The Food Cluster estimates now that it has reached approximately 483,000 beneficiaries with varying rations (aim to reach 750,000 people). WFP plans to cover 11 townships in Ayeyarwady and 8 townships in Yangon for its emergency response. Verification process is underway to check overlaps and covering gaps in estimated beneficiary caseload. Reports from NGOs from remote areas have not been received; therefore the beneficiary numbers are not precise. Coordination of WFP food distribution plan is delegated to Township levels. If gaps are identified, it should be communicated to the WFP sub-offices in Labutta and Bogale. WFP as the designated lead for the food cluster is running an Emergency Operation for Myanmar with a budget of US$69.5 million aims to deliver a complete food basket to a total of 750,000 people in need of immediate food assistance. So far, this emergency operation has received 21.3 million in contribution.... 5. In Bogale local coordinated efforts for the Health Cluster are successfully being developed with UNICEF, IOM, WFP, UNHCR, ACF, MSF and a local NGO. As a result, a Joint Emergency Response Mobile Operation to provide multi-sectoral services to the cyclone victims has been established. The objectives of the joint operation are to provide multisectoral services to cyclone victims at the same time, to minimize the resources / cost and to maximize the provision of package of services / care to cyclone victim.... 6. The Shelter Cluster has formed a Strategic Advisory Group with the following members: IFRC, UNHCR, UNICEF, IOM, DFID and Save the Children. The SAG is responsible for the development of strategies for shelter interventions to ensure appropriate and equitable shelter assistance across the cyclone-affected regions. Organisations and Local organisations interested in participating were also invited to join.... 7. An agreement has been reached between Sectoral clusters and the Early Recovery cluster to institutionalize a focal point mechanism to improve coordination in formulation and implementation of Early Recovery within individual clusters. Terms of Reference for each focal point is under development. It is envisaged that these focal points would form an Early Recovery Network.... 8. There has been no update to the official figures for dead and missing since 16 May. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (56K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - OCHA Situation Report Number 22
Date of publication: 27 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. Today the Minister of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement travelled with the Humanitarian Coordinator, World Food Programme Regional Director for Asia, Save the Children and representatives from other UN agencies, NGOs and donors to the affected areas in the delta. They were able to visit several locations in Labutta and Bogale townships. During the visit the team viewed sample temporary classrooms erected by SDC. The Minister of Social Welfare informed that school would start one month later, July 2008, for those children in the Ayeyarwady.... 2. Three international staff from Save the Children were authorised to travel today to the affected areas. They first travelled today to Pathein, from where they will continue their journey to cyclone-affected townships of the western delta by boat tomorrow. Médecins sans Frontières Switzerland has received permission for 8 international staff to travel to the most affected areas. UNICEF reported that it had received permission over the weekend for 6 international staff to travel to the delta. World Food Programme Country representative today travelled to Labutta and Bogale to the regional sub-offices, by road.... 3. There has been no update to the official figures for dead and missing since 16 May. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (45K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 21
Date of publication: 26 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. An ASEAN-UN International Pledging Conference on Cyclone Nargis was held on Sunday 25 May in Yangon. Fifty-one countries were represented at the meeting, where there was universal recognition of the unprecedented magnitude of the disaster for Myanmar. There was unanimous agreement on the need to scale up urgently and very significantly the current relief efforts to ensure that those in desperate need are reached quickly and with adequate life-saving relief supplies, and that an effective flow of these supplies is maintained for as long as necessary. There was strong agreement that a major extra effort would be needed from all quarters to achieve the immediate objective of preventing further unnecessary deaths. There was strong support for the decision reached at the Special ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting held on 19 May 2008 in Singapore to establish an ASEAN-led coordinating mechanism. To realize this, an ASEAN Humanitarian Task Force for the Victims of Cyclone Nargis has been established, composed of senior officials and experts from ASEAN countries, and led by the Secretary General of ASEAN. There was a warm welcome for the proposed creation of a Yangon-based Tripartite Core Group comprising representatives from the Government of Myanmar, ASEAN and UN as a working mechanism for coordinating, facilitating, and monitoring the flow of international assistance into the country. This should begin its work immediately to ensure full information exchange, close coordination of relief and recovery efforts, and resolution of any problems that may arise. For the longer term, the Government of Myanmar focused on the scale of rehabilitation, reconstruction and recovery efforts likely to be needed, and the immediate requirement to ensure that farming and fishing activities could be resumed as soon as possible. The international community was ready to consider helping the Government of Myanmar in these and other areas. For these purposes, a comprehensive rapid joint assessment of recovery needs, and development of a shared post-disaster recovery and reconstruction plan are indispensable steps.... 2. The Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mr John Holmes, reminded the conference that the crisis was still clearly in the emergency relief phase and that an effective relief supply operation will be needed for many months to come. Flights are currently arriving at the rate of around 10-15 per day, and these still need to be stepped up further to meet the need. The crucial question remains how many people of those in urgent need of major assistance have not been reached at all. It is clear that delivery needs to be scaled up at the far end of the chain as fast as possible in these areas to avert the risk of extra and unnecessary deaths due to diseases and nutritional deficiency. The critical danger remains of a potential second wave of deaths among those not so far reached or only reached with small amounts of assistance. Forced returns of any kind are completely unacceptable. He concluded by reiterating that the only test at the end of the day is whether lives have been saved, more unnecessary deaths have been avoided, and those still in desperate need have been helped.... 3. Two interagency teams comprising UN, INGO and national NGOs returned from an assessment mission to Bogale and Labutta Districts, visiting a number of townships to assess the current status of coordination. The two groups presented their findings in Yangon today, including recommendations. These findings will feed into current planning to operationalize five coordination centres in Labutta, Bogale, Pyapon, Mawlamyinegyun, and Pathein. In the same vein, the Humanitarian Coordinator requested Cluster Leads to identify counterparts in these five locations, stressing that these counterparts need not be from the lead agency. The Humanitarian Coordinator advised leads to identify in particular national and international NGO counterparts with appropriate operational capacity in these locations.... 4. Identifying the need to further strengthen the participation and information sharing with NGOs in the clusters, the Humanitarian Coordinator and Cluster Leads agreed to identify NGO focal points for each cluster.... 5. The Humanitarian Coordinator advised Cluster Leads today that dedicated coordination and information management capacity for each cluster was a priority. The Humanitarian Coordinator agreed to request support from Global Cluster Leads where required.... 6. There has been no update to the official figures for dead and missing since 16 May. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (48K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 20
Date of publication: 24 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. Based on available assessments, 2.4 million people are estimated to have been affected by Cyclone Nargis in the 40 most-affected townships (including urban Yangon townships). Of the 2.4 million people affected, an estimated 1,017,000 (42%) people have been reached with some kind of relief support to date, through the combined efforts of MRCS (96,000), UN and INGOs (793,000), and local NGOs and civil society groups (128,000). However, the majority of this assistance has been delivered to people living in Yangon Division. Of the estimated 2 million people in the 15 worst-affected townships, it is estimated that only 470,000 (23%) have been reached.... 2. Today, the Humanitarian Country Team (IASC) has put in place a mechanism whereby movements of relief goods to the affected areas are prioritized based on need. Clusters have examined the needs for supplies by sector in each township, so that movement of supplies through the logistics cluster can be prioritized based on assessments. This will be refined and adjusted according to the progression of the response.... 3. A rapid assessments technical working group set up by the clusters has agreed on a draft common multi-sector rapid assessment tool to identify priority emergency needs at the Village Tract level, and provide essential baseline data to inform decision making on how best to respond. This follows the consolidation of all available assessments undertaken since the cyclone and provides a common, comprehensive approach to those areas where information is lacking. The clusters themselves will continue to plan and carry out their own specific cluster assessments.... 4. A seventh team of ASEAN national medical experts, this time from the Philippines, has been mobilized to support the national relief response in Myanmar. The Philippines team is due to arrive on Monday 26 May, bringing with it medical supplies and other relief goods. The 30-strong team is expected to be deployed to Pathein, in Ayeyarwady Division.... 5. There has been no update to the official figures for dead and missing since 16 May. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (39K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 19
Date of publication: 23 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. The UN Secretary General today met with Senior General Than Shwe, Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council, in the capital Nay Pyi Taw. During the two-hour meeting, the Secretary General received assurances that humanitarian aid workers would be allowed into Myanmar regardless of nationality. However, the modalities of how this will work are still not known.... 2. Following his visit to Nay Pyi Taw, the Secretary General met with representatives of local civil society groups and UN staff in Yangon and conveyed his appreciation for their collective efforts over the last three weeks.... 3. Today’s New Light of Myanmar reported that The Minister of National Planning and Economic Development stated that altogether 419 relief camps had been set up since the cyclone passed.... 4. Save the Children has been requested by the Government to set up pre-schools providing early childhood care and development services to young children within official tented camps in Myaungmya and Maubin townships. Camps in these locations are currently estimated to be sheltering 12,000 and 6,500 people respectively.... 5. Only 35% of the population affected in the 15 most severely affected of the 37 affected townships in Yangon and the Ayeyarwady delta has received plastic sheeting for shelter1. This provides only a simple cover from the rain, and is a small component of the required shelter kits that would enable a family to cook meals, transport and purify water and supply families with the necessary tools to erect a robust structure. In Bogale township, in the most southern part of the delta area, it is estimated that 286,000 people are affected. Approximately 36% of the population of Bogale are in informal or official temporary settlements, or with host families, or have moved out of Bogale. Given that these families would also require shelter materials, it is estimated that only 4.5% of those in need have been reached with plastic sheeting. Shelter, Hamlet and Family Kits in the required quantity are urgently needed for the affected areas, to complement national efforts. In Mawlamyinegyun where 230,000 were affected, 88% still require shelter materials.... These include 71,300 people who are staying with relatives. 6. An official news release from the National Disaster Preparedness Central Committee in today’s New Light of Myanmar reported that 2,029 health staff from the Ministries of Health and Defence and NGOs had been deployed to the affected areas. These health personnel are being supported through the bilateral assistance of the governments of Bangladesh, China, India, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand, which mobilized health-care workers to the affected areas. With the arrival of a medical team from Singapore yesterday there are now 198 health-care workers from the six countries in the cyclone-affected areas. The 47-strong medical team sent by the Government of India reported providing health services to nearly 1,500 people per day since it was first deployed to Pyapon and Bogale townships on 17 May.... 7. There has been no update to the official figures for dead and missing in the since 16 May. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (38K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 18
Date of publication: 22 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. The UN Secretary General today arrived in Myanmar. He was able to witness cyclone-devastated areas and visited temporary relief tented camps. He met with the Prime Minister of Myanmar, the Foreign Minister and the UN Country Team. He also paid his respects at the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon.... 2. An independent source estimates that 110,000 persons are living in temporary settlements in 14 townships. Of these, 70% are sheltering in monasteries, 28% in public buildings and 2% in tented camps. The highest numbers of homeless people in temporary settlements are in Labutta (34,000), Bogale (15,500), Myaungmya (12,000) and Pyapon (9,700) townships in Ayeyarwady, and Kungyangon township (20,000) in Yangon Division.... 3. Five international medical teams are now providing medical care to those in need and support to national health-care staff in the affected areas of Ayeyarwady and Yangon Divisions. The Thai team is in Myaungmya, the Indian team in Bogale and Pyapon, the Chinese team in Kungyangon and Dedaye, the Bangladeshi team in Wakema and the Lao team in Kyauktan. The sixth team, from Singapore, is expected to arrive today.... 4. The Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement – which is spearheading the national relief response – approved the Food Cluster Response Plan that delineates the geographical coverage and beneficiary numbers for cluster partners.... 5. The Director General of the Department of Social Welfare (DSW) invited representatives from UNICEF, Save the Children and World Vision on 21 May to discuss Child Protection issues in response to the impact of Cyclone Nargis. All partners agreed that the principle of family unity and community-based care and support for all children, should be the foundation for any strategy and action plan for children. The Department asked UNICEF to lead a national action plan for child protection in emergencies in partnership and with the direct involvement of DSW. A taskforce has been formed with representatives from DSW, UNICEF, Save the Children and World Vision. DSW will liaise with the Minister and higher officials in this regard.... 6. The logistics cluster is now operating a 4,000 square metre warehouse in Yangon (managed by DHL), along with a fleet of 30 trucks, four barges (200-800 MT) with four barge pushers, and two boats (300 and 600 MT). In five local hubs, (Pyapon, Bogale, Mawlamyinegyun, Labutta and Pathein) six Mobile Storage Units have been or are being constructed.... 7. There has been no update to the official figures for dead and missing. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (47K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 17
Date of publication: 21 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. The Minister of Commerce has granted WFP permission to buy an initial 10,000 MT of rice through its usual suppliers, as part of the agreement for delivery of food assistance for 6 months in the delta. This complements the 1,909.5 MT of rice delivered to the affected areas as of 20 May. To feed the 750,000 people for 3 months, as planned in the Flash Appeal, will require 55,000 MT of rice of which only 50% may be procured in country. Given the Food Cluster has been awaiting the approval of the Government to import rice, pulses and vegetable oil (Situation Report 13), this is a breakthrough and the beginning of increased provision of food to the affected areas. However, this remains a fraction of the amount needed.... 2. USG John Holmes met with the Secretary General of ASEAN, Dr Surin Pitsuwan while in Yangon to discuss arrangements for cooperation and coordination between the UN and international humanitarian community, ASEAN and the Government of Myanmar in accordance with the declaration of the ASEAN Foreign Ministers of 19 May 2008.... 3. In Labutta, the authorities announced that there are now 12 tented relief settlements, which plan to operate for 6 months, and that all other temporary shelters in Labutta town would be closed down by 9 June.... 4. The capacity to transport goods to the delta increased today with the contracting of three barges and fleet of thirty trucks. The transport of assistance is dependent on the prioritisation of the humanitarian community to the affected townships and the supply pipeline.... 5. There has been no change in the official figures for dead and missing. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (49K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 16
Date of publication: 20 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. Of the 2.4 million affected by Cyclone Nargis, it is estimated that 1.4 million are located in the most severely affected townships of the delta region. However, Yangon was also badly hit with some 680,000 living in severely affected areas. Various assessment reports confirm these estimated figures, although assessments of all affected areas have not been possible as yet.... 2. Additional assessment data reinforce previous assessments informing of an estimated 239 temporary formal and informal settlements in the worst affected areas of Yangon and the delta region. It is important to note that the majority of temporary settlements are in Buddhist monasteries, while the minority are in tented camps. Official tented camps are in Labutta, Bogale, Pathein, Maubin, and Myaungmya. The remainder of settlements are in other public buildings, including schools. The formal camps are being serviced by the Government, while non-formal camps are variously receiving services from Government, MRCS, INGO, NGO, local CBOs, faith-based organisations and private citizens. In the Ayeyarwady delta, it is estimated that 91,000 people are sheltered in settlements in their townships of origin, while 25,000 have been displaced to settlements in other townships. In such cases, movements are from Labutta to Myaungmya and Pathein, from Bogale and Pyapon to Maubin, and from Ngaputaw to Pathein.... 3. John Holmes today met with the Prime Minister of Myanmar and ministers. The ERC discussed the modalities of providing international assistance, and raised various issues that needed to be resolved in order to provide an effective international response, especially that of access, to support the Government of Myanmar. The Government assured John Holmes that they would give all issues he raised careful consideration. In addition, the ERC met with the donor community in Yangon and separately with members of the diplomatic corps, at which time he briefed them on findings from his field visits, discussions with the Government, and as well as the forthcoming arrival of the UN Secretary General and upcoming pledging conference.... 4. The Early Recovery/Agriculture clusters met today with the line Ministries for livestock, fisheries, crops and forestry and cluster partners to plan a joint comprehensive intervention before the end of the planting season. Cluster partners are working to complement Government plans for a targeted response.... 5. Public health services had treated around 90,000 out-patients and 10,000 in-patients by 18 May, including 2,887 mild diarrhoea cases and 124 severe diarrhoea cases.... 6. There has been no change in the official figures for dead and missing. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (53K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 15
Date of publication: 19 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) today announced that Myanmar had agreed to accept international aid agencies and medical workers from all ASEAN countries to help with the relief effort. The 10-member ASEAN group also said Myanmar should allow more international relief workers into stricken areas. The Foreign Minister of Singapore said that ASEAN “will establish a mechanism so that aid from all over the world can flow into Myanmar". Indonesia's Foreign Minister said that each ASEAN country would send a team of 30 medical personnel very soon, with unrestricted movement in the country.... 2. Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator John Holmes arrived in Myanmar on Sunday evening. Today (Monday) he was able to visit Labutta and Wakema townships in the Ayeyarwady delta and saw first hand the situation in this area. The ERC spent time speaking with the IASC Country Team, Cluster Leads and representatives of the Myanmar Red Cross Society and the IFRC to gain a clear picture of the progress and challenges in the response. Tomorrow (Tuesday) the ERC meets with the Government of Myanmar.... 3. The humanitarian community indicates that 500,000 people receive some form of international assistance. This is substantially less that the 2.4 million estimated to be affected of whom more than half (1.4 million) in severely affected areas requiring prioritised assistance. It is clear that the emergency phase is set to continue for some time. Some people are moving back to their places of origin where they will need humanitarian assistance as well as the necessary support to restart their livelihoods and farming.... 4. Heavy rains are continuing and the conditions for road transportation remain poor in delta areas.... 5. Local authorities in Labutta granted access to villages outside of the town that had previously been restricted, as well as to eight government distribution stations, for the delivery of food assistance.... 6. Health supplies continue to reach the key hospitals in the major centres, yet delivery of this assistance beyond the hospitals to the outlying communities remains a challenge. At least 50% of health structures are damaged or destroyed and restricted access continues to hamper the relief efforts.... 7. Reliable reports of severe watery diarrhoea continue to cause concern. It is important to note that the number of cases is still within the normal seasonal range. A reliable early warning system has been put in place by the Ministry of Health, UN, national and international NGOs in the affected areas. The water supply system has been compromised in many areas forcing people to collect water from ponds and rivers which seem to be widely contaminated. Every possible action to prepare for a potential outbreak is being taken as all risk factors are present. With the upcoming rainy season dengue fever is also expected, however the current situation poses a more serious outbreak. The Ministry of Health has begun preparing prevention activities with the support of the Health Cluster.... 8. Also of concern is the fragile situation of children in the cyclone-affected areas. Pre-cyclone statistics did indicate that about one-third of children under five there suffer from some form of malnutrition. While the food supply to the affected areas has improved over the past few days, clearly huge infusions of food assistance are urgently required. Children are among the most vulnerable in any disaster and with so many children already in a weakened state, lack of nutrition, water, sanitation and shelter, can be a lethal combination.... 9. The Government of Myanmar today declared three days of national mourning for the victims of Cyclone Nargis, beginning on Tuesday 20 May. State media today reported that over 50 billion Myanmar kyats (approximately USD 46.3 million) have been spent on relief works and rehabilitation tasks to date. 10. There has been no change in the official figures for dead and missing. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (57K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 14
Date of publication: 18 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. The estimated number of affected persons is 2.4 million, including those severely affected. These figures are based on the numerous assessment reports received of the numbers of people affected in each township. Whilst limited access has hampered the accuracy of the data, Cluster Leads were today able to gain a picture of gaps that require further assessments, and agree upon a baseline planning figure for programming.... 2. Initial estimates indicate 150,000 people in about 120 settlements in the delta. This is a mixture of both official and unofficial temporary settlements.... 3. Requests with the Government for the approval of international staff to travel to the affected region are still pending. Although access to the delta is challenging, some elements of the Logistics Cluster Operations Plan are in place. Maximum efforts are being made by partners to utilise national structures existing prior to Cyclone Nargis to provide assistance to the affected areas. Relief arriving on commercial flights is being transported to the affected areas. However, this is not of the quantity or frequency required to meet the needs of the affected populations. Access is also compounded by the weather conditions as heavy rains prevent cargo from moving along some roads to the delta.... 4. The Government has announced that schools will open on 2 June 2008. There is concern regarding those schools in both the delta and Yangon areas that are currently being used as temporary settlements.... 5. Several agencies report that movement of people towards less affected areas is continuing, driven by food shortages in the most affected villages. Increases in the numbers of displaced persons in population centres were reported including in temporary settlements Labutta and Pathein.... 6. Local authorities in Labutta have told relief workers that they have started sending villagers back to their villages.... 7. According to the figures of the Yangon office of the UN Department of Safety and Security there are currently 109 national UN staff present in the cyclone-affected areas, and 72 international UN staff in Yangon. No international UN staff have been authorised to work in the affected areas.... 8. Thailand's Foreign Minister said Sunday that the Thai government has agreed to a UN proposal to use Bangkok's Don Mueang airport a logistical centre for humanitarian aid to cyclone survivors.... 9. There has been no change in the official figures for dead and missing since yesterday. 77,738 are reported dead and 55,917 missing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (67K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 13
Date of publication: 17 May 2008
Description/subject: HIGHLIGHTS: 1. The official figures for dead and missing have almost doubled in the last 24 hours and now stand at 77,738 dead and 55,917 missing. Unofficial figures are considerably higher. The number of injured rose steeply to 19,359, up from 1,403. The latest official figure for dead and missing combined is 133,653. The Cluster Leads in country are working on the results assessments and information received from the delta region to ascertain the number of affected.... 2. An estimated 500,000 individuals have been reached with emergency relief from the international community. However there are gaps in information of people reached by government-provided services, and relief provided locally by communities and charitable benefactors.... 3. Time is of the essence with the fast approaching monsoon season. Extensive damage to the agriculture production risks the loss of the November harvest given the planting season ends within five to seven weeks, depending on the areas. If this planting season is lost then assistance would be required for some months to come. In addition this could also potentially disrupt the local economy and livelihood opportunities for the communities in the delta. It is estimated that over USD 10 million worth of seeds is needed. The Early Recovery and Agriculture clusters are working closely with national authorities to address this issue.... 4. Restrictions on the importation and use of communications equipment in Myanmar are impacting communications between relief agencies.... 5. Transport and Storage networks of the Logistics Operations Plan are being put in place. Contracts for boats and trucking fleets to access the delta have been issued and now work is underway to coordinate the plans of the clusters for aid arriving in Yangon, and distribution beyond. This will facilitate a clear understanding of capacities for the optimum use of transportation and allow for forward planning to address possible gaps.... 6. The establishment of three operational centres in Labutta, Pathein, and Bugale, in the delta region to support the current multi-sectoral coordination in the most damaged areas is underway. Cluster Leads are working together to develop a common plan and communication mechanism between Yangon and the delta.... 7. Food, shelter, medical supplies and water remain critical needs. The Food Cluster still awaits the approval of the Government to import rice, pulses and oil.... 8. The Government of Myanmar arranged a helicopter tour of the affected areas and temporary relief settlements for diplomats, Heads of UN Agencies on Sunday 17 May. ASEAN team members and UNDAC were also invited to participate.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (55K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 12
Date of publication: 16 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in Ayeyarwady Division and directly hitting the country’s largest city, Yangon. 40 townships in Yangon Division and 7 townships in Ayeyarwady Division remain on the Government’s list of disaster areas.... 2. Assessment teams have reported major damage in affected areas, particularly the low-lying Ayeyawady (Irrawaddy) delta region, where the Cyclone’s impact was compounded by a storm surge. The official death toll now stands at 78,000 with 56,000 missing. Unofficial estimates are considerably higher. Based on the original Government figure of 975,858 persons affected three days after the disaster in the eight most seriously hit townships, the UN now estimates that between 1.5 and 2 million people have been severely affected.... 3. Food, shelter, medical supplies and water are all critical needs. There is a growing risk of an outbreak of infectious disease among affected populations. The early rehabilitation of the agricultural sector has also been identified as being crucial, as the affected area is central to Myanmar’s rice industry. People have been migrating outwards from the most affected areas in search of basic necessities. Early estimates suggest that temporary settlements may now be sheltering over 550,000 people in Ayeyarwady and Yangon Divisions. Agencies on the ground are in the process of mapping the locations of these sites and the numbers of people in each. Affected areas have experienced heavy rainfall in recent days, which is predicted to continue with the onset of the monsoon.... 4. Relief flights continue to land at Yangon International Airport, and the Government and humanitarian partners are reaching an increasing number of affected persons. However, the levels of aid getting in to the country remain far below what is required to meet the needs on the ground. There is also concern that a logistical bottleneck may be developing in Yangon.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (67K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 11
Date of publication: 15 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in Ayeyarwady Division and directly hitting the country’s largest city, Yangon. 40 townships in Yangon Division and 7 townships in Ayeyarwady Division remain on the Government’s list of disaster areas.... 2. Assessment teams have reported major damage in affected areas, particularly the low-lying delta region, where the Cyclone’s impact was compounded by a storm surge. The official death toll now stands at 38,491, with 27,838 missing. Unofficial estimates are considerably higher. Based on the original Government figure of 975,858 persons affected three days after the disaster in the eight most seriously hit townships, the UN now estimates that between 1.6 and 2.5 million people may be severely affected.... 3. Food, shelter, medical supplies and water are all critical needs. There is a growing risk of the outbreak of disease among affected populations. The early rehabilitation of the agricultural sector has also been identified as being crucial, as the affected area is central to Myanmar’s rice industry. People have been migrating outwards from the most affected areas in search of basic necessities. Early estimates suggest that temporary settlements may now be sheltering over 550,000 people in Ayeyarwady and Yangon Divisions. Agencies on the ground are in the process of mapping the locations of these sites and the numbers of people in each. Damaged infrastructure and communications, as well as flooding, pose serious logistical challenges for relief efforts. Weather reports for affected areas in the coming days continue to be unfavourable, with heavy rainfall predicted.... 4. Relief flights continue to land at Yangon International Airport, and the Government and humanitarian partners are reaching an increasing number of affected persons. However, the levels of aid getting in to the country remain far below what is required to meet the needs on the ground. There is also concern that a logistical bottleneck may be developing in Yangon.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (57K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 10
Date of publication: 14 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in Ayeyarwady Division and directly hitting the country’s largest city, Yangon. 40 townships in Yangon Division and 7 townships in Ayeyarwady Division remain on the Government’s list of disaster areas.... 2. Assessment teams have reported major damage in affected areas, particularly the low-lying delta region, where the Cyclone’s impact was compounded by a storm surge. The official death toll now stands at 34,273, with 27,836 missing. Unofficial estimates are considerably higher. Based on the original Government figure of 975,858 persons affected three days after the disaster in the eight most seriously hit townships, the UN now estimates that between 1.6 and 2.5 million people are severely affected.... 3. 22 agencies were undertaking assessments in 58 townships as of 13 May 2008. Priority townships for further assessments (where gaps in information have been identified) are Dedaye, Pyapon, Kyaiklat, Mawlamyinegyun, Wakema, and the southern part of Bogale. These same areas are also currently assessed as underserved by relief responses.... 4. Food, shelter, medical supplies and water are all critical needs. The early rehabilitation of the agricultural sector has also been identified as being crucial, as the affected area is central to Myanmar’s rice industry. People have been migrating outwards from the most affected areas in search of basic necessities. Early estimates suggest that temporary settlements may now be sheltering over 550,000 people in Ayeyarwady and Yangon Divisions. Damaged infrastructure and communications, as well as flooding, pose serious logistical challenges for relief efforts. Weather reports for affected areas in the coming days continue to be unfavourable, with heavy rainfall predicted.... 5. Flights carrying relief items have been getting in to the country, and the Government and humanitarian partners are reaching an increasing number of affected persons. However, the levels of aid getting in to the country remain far below what is required to meet the needs on the ground. There is also concern that a logistical bottleneck may be developing in Yangon.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (79K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 9
Date of publication: 13 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in Ayeyarwady Division and directly hitting the country’s largest city, Yangon. 40 townships in Yangon Division and 7 townships in Ayeyarwady Division remain on the Government’s list of disaster areas.... 2. Assessment teams have reported major damage in affected areas, particularly the low-lying delta region, where the Cyclone’s impact was compounded by a storm surge. The delta townships of Labutta, Bogale and Mawlamyinegyun were especially heavily hit. The official death toll now stands at 31,938, with 29,770 missing. Unofficial estimates are considerably higher. Based on the original Government figure of 975,858 persons affected three days after the disaster in the eight most seriously hit townships, it is estimated that at least 1,500,000 people are severely affected.... 3. Food, shelter, medical supplies and water are all critical needs. The early rehabilitation of farmers has also been identified as being crucial, as the affected area is an important rice-growing area. People are now reported to have begun migrating outwards from the most affected areas in search of basic necessities while others are stranded in areas of the delta without drinking water, food or shelter. The movement of affected populations is rendering some of the assessment data out-of-date. Damaged infrastructure and communications, as well as flooding, pose serious logistical challenges for relief efforts. Weather reports for affected areas in the coming days continue to be unfavourable, with heavy rainfall predicted.... 4. Flights carrying relief items have been getting in to the country, and the Government and humanitarian partners are reaching an increasing number of affected persons. However, the levels of aid getting in to the country remain far below what is required to meet the needs on the ground.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (55K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 8 - revised
Date of publication: 12 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in the Ayeyarwady Division and directly hitting the country’s largest city, Yangon. 40 townships in Yangon Division and 7 townships in Ayeyarwady Division remain on the Government’s list of disaster areas.... 2. Assessment teams have reported major damage in affected areas, particularly the low-lying delta region, where the Cyclone’s impact was compounded by a storm surge. The delta townships of Labutta, Bogale and Mawlamyinegyun were especially heavily hit. The official death toll now stands at 28,458, with 33,416 missing. Unofficial figures are considerably higher. Based on the original Government estimate of 975,858 persons affected three days after the disaster in the eight most seriously hit townships, the UN now estimates that at least 1,500,000 people are severely affected.... 3. Food, water purification supplies and receptacles, sanitation facilities for temporary camps, shelter materials, fuel, and essential medicines and treatment are all critical needs. Some people are now migrating outwards from the most affected areas in search of basic necessities while others are stranded in areas of the delta without drinking water, food or shelter. The movement of affected populations is rendering some of the assessment data out-of-date. Damaged infrastructure and communications, as well as flooding, pose challenges for relief efforts. Heavy rain has been forecast over the next week, which may exacerbate relief efforts.... 4. Flights carrying relief items have been getting in to the country, and the Government and humanitarian partners are reaching an increasing number of affected persons. However, the amounts of aid getting in are still not sufficient, and access for international humanitarian personnel remains unresolved.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (55K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 7
Date of publication: 10 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in the Ayeyarwady Division and directly hitting the country’s largest city, Yangon. 40 townships in Yangon Division and 7 townships in Ayeyarwady Division remain on the Government’s list of disaster areas.... 2. Assessments have now been made in 38 townships, with response efforts ongoing in a further 28. Teams have reported major damage in affected areas, particularly in the low-lying delta region, where the Cyclone’s impact was compounded by a storm surge. The official death toll is now 22,997, with 42,119 missing and 1,430 injured. Unofficial figures are considerably higher. Based on the original Government estimate of 975,858 persons affected three days after the disaster in the eight most seriously hit townships, the UN now estimates that at least 1,500,000 people are severely affected.... 3. Food, water purification supplies and receptacles, sanitation facilities for temporary camps, shelter materials, fuel, and essential medicines and treatment are all critical needs. Some people are now migrating outwards from the most affected areas in search of basic necessities while others are stranded in areas of the delta without drinking water, food or shelter. Damaged infrastructure and communications, as well as flooding, pose challenges for relief efforts, which may be exacerbated by heavy rainfall that has been forecast over the next seven days (see annexed map).... 4. Flights carrying relief items have been getting in to the country, and the Government and humanitarian partners are reaching an increasing number of affected persons. However, access for international humanitarian personnel remains unresolved.... 5. A constitutional referendum has been taking place in Myanmar today, in areas other than those that remain on the Government’s list of disaster areas.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (105K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 6
Date of publication: 09 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, sweeping through the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) delta region and the country’s largest city, Yangon.... 2. Based on the original Government estimates of 975,858 persons affected at three days after the disaster in the most seriously hit eight townships only, it is now estimated by the UN that at least 1,500,000 people are severely affected. Damage and needs assessments are ongoing in affected areas. The Government revised the initial declaration of five States and Divisions as disaster zones downwards to only Ayeyarwady (7 townships) and Yangon (40 townships) Divisions, on 6 May. Assessments by the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS) in Bago, Mon and Kayin suggested that they were less affected. The UN estimates that 5,000 square kilometres are still flooded.... 3. The authorities have reported 22,908 confirmed deaths and 42,119 missing by 8 May. The unofficial estimates are significantly higher. Most fatalities and damage were due to the storm surge, as well as the severe winds and rain. There is growing concern for the management of dead bodies.... 4. Assessments describe widespread destruction of housing and flooding, especially in delta areas, with contamination of a significant proportion of water sources. Pressing needs identified included food, water, water purification supplies and receptacles, sanitation facilities, including for shelter camps, roofing and construction materials, fuel, as well as essential medicines and treatment. The Government has estimated that 75% of schools in the seven severely affected townships have collapsed while remaining 25% have lost their roofs.... 5. Given the gravity of the situation including the lack of food and water, some partners have reported fears for security, and violent behaviour in the most severely afflicted areas. Some assessments have suggested that people are coping by migrating outwards from the most affected to less affected areas in search of the basic necessities.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (41K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 5
Date of publication: 08 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, making landfall in the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) delta region and directly hitting the country’s largest city, Yangon. A majority of the 40 townships in Yangon and 7 townships in Ayeyarwady Division remain on the Government’s list of disaster zones.... 2. Major damage has been reported in affected areas, and particularly in the low-lying delta region, where the Cyclone’s impact was compounded by a storm surge. Transport and communications networks have been badly damaged, rendering many of the worst-hit areas inaccessible to assessment and relief teams. Significant damage has been reported to buildings and houses. The official death toll still stands at just over 22,000, with more than 41,000 missing, though this may well rise. Precise figures on the extent of the disaster or the numbers in need of protection are still not available, and many areas of the delta have not been reached since the Cyclone struck.... 3. Critical remain shelter materials, water purification tables, cooking sets, mosquito nets, emergency health kits and food.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (39K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 4
Date of publication: 07 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, sweeping through the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) delta region and the country’s largest city, Yangon. The authorities have declared five states and divisions (Yangon, Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mon and Kayin) to be disaster zones.... 2. It is quickly becoming clear that the cyclone has caused unprecedented devastation in the affected areas. State media is still holding the death toll at over 22,000, with more than 41,000 missing. It is expected that these figures will rise; it is now evident that the majority of the deaths have occurred in the low-lying delta region, where Category 4 winds and a 3½ meter storm surge destroyed 90-95% of the buildings and houses in 7 townships, according to the Government. 10,000 deaths have been reported in the town of Bogalay alone, and most of its 190,000 residents are reported to be homeless. Large areas remain underwater.... 3. The situation is becoming increasingly precarious, with relief capacity inside the country already severely stretched, both in terms of supplies and human resources. Over one million people are now expected to be in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. Severe flooding and damaged infrastructure and communications continue to pose major logistical problems both for assessment and for the provision of relief.... 4. The UN Country Team considers critical needs to be plastic sheeting, water purification tablets, cooking sets, mosquito nets, emergency health kits and food. Reports of water and fuel shortages are already appearing in mainstream media. The food security situation in the country, which was already severe, looks set to become far more acute.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (34K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 3
Date of publication: 06 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, sweeping through the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) delta region and the country’s largest city, Yangon. The authorities have declared five states and divisions (Yangon, Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mon and Kayin) to be disaster zones.... 2. It is quickly becoming clear that the cyclone has caused unprecedented devastation in the affected areas. Buildings and infrastructure have been severely damaged, and flooding is widespread. The low-lying delta region also suffered from the effects of a sizable storm surge, which is feared to have wiped out whole villages. Latest state media reports put the death toll at approximately 22,500 with 41,000 missing. There are unconfirmed reports that 10,000 are reported as having died in the Delta town of Bogalay alone.... 3. Hundreds of thousands can be expected to be in need of urgent humanitarian assistance. The combined total population of the declared disaster areas is around 24 million. Damaged infrastructure and communications will pose major logistical problems for relief operations. Humanitarian partners in the country have begun the process of collecting information about the scale of the destruction, but access to many areas remains severely restricted. Certain parts of the delta can be reached only by boat, for example.... 4. The UN Country Team considers critical needs to be plastic sheeting, water purification tablets, cooking sets, mosquito nets, emergency health kits and food. Reports of water and fuel shortages are already appearing in mainstream media. The food security situation in the country, which was already severe, looks set to become far more acute.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (36K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 2
Date of publication: 05 May 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION IN MYANMAR: 1. Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 and 3 May 2008, sweeping through the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) delta region and the country’s largest city, Yangon. The authorities have declared five states and divisions (Yangon, Ayeyarwady, Bago, Mon and Kayin) to be disaster areas. Yangon sustained a direct hit, which downed power and communications lines, and inflicted major damage to buildings in the city. Many roads are blocked either by flooding or fallen debris. Damage was most severe in the delta region, where the effects of extreme winds were compounded by a sizable storm surge. The Ministers for Foreign Affairs, Social Welfare, Relief and Rehabilitation and Information noted in a briefing this evening that up to 10,000 people are expected to be dead, with 3,000 more missing in Ayeyarwady Division alone. State media have reported that in Haing Ky, an island in the delta, 162 were killed and nearly 20,000 houses were destroyed, leaving 92,706 homeless. Several hundred thousand are estimated to be without shelter and safe drinking water.... 2. Efforts to carry out a comprehensive assessment continue to be hindered by the lack of communications and blocked roads, however. The Government has announced that military and police units have been deployed as part of rescue and cleanup operations. It has also established an Emergency Committee, headed by the Prime Minister.... 3. The number of people in need of assistance is expected to be considerable. The combined total population of the declared disaster areas is around 24 million. Roughly 6 million live in Yangon and a significant population is spread across the delta region. The UNCT still expects that critical needs will be plastic sheeting, water purification tablets, cooking sets, mosquito nets, emergency health kits and food. Fuel shortages have also been reported. The food security situation in the country, which was already severe, is likely to become more acute.... 4. The Government indicated in a briefing with UN agencies and the diplomatic community this evening that it is open to international assistance, although it would appear at this stage that the assistance envisaged is primarily bilateral, with assistance going directly to Government relief agencies. The Government itself has pledged approximately USD 5 million for relief.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (33K)
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Cyclone Nargis - Myanmar OCHA Situation Report Number 1
Date of publication: 04 April 2008
Description/subject: SITUATION: 1. Category 3 Cyclone Nargis struck Myanmar on 2 May. The cyclone made landfall in the Irrawaddy delta region, approximately 250 km southwest of Yangon, at around 16:00. The storm then tracked inland in an ENE direction, directly hitting the capital Yangon itself late the same night. Latest reports indicate that five areas have been affected: Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy) Division, Yangon Division, Bago Division, Kayin (Karen) State, Kayah State and Mon State.... 2. Detailed information on the impact has not been available due to downed communications and blocked roads. Information on the situation outside Yangon is even more limited, including in the southwest of the delta region, which is believed to be the worst-hit area and was affected both by strong winds and a sizable storm surge. The authorities have indicated that many villages in this area have been completely flattened. The intensity of the storm decreased significantly as it moved through Kayin State and towards the Thai border.... 3. The cyclone has caused widespread devastation in Yangon. Winds of over 190 km/hr tore down trees and power lines, while accompanying rain caused flooding in many areas. Telecommunications lines were cut. Buildings have been badly damaged throughout the city, and it expected that significant numbers have been left without adequate shelter. Electricity is unlikely to be restored for several days. Water supplies are also likely to be a major problem. Many roads remain impassable, either due to flooding or fallen debris and the airport has been closed until further notice.... 4. The authorities have reported a total of 138 confirmed deaths. The numbers in need of assistance are expected to be sizable.... 5. Urgent needs are expected to be plastic sheeting, water purification tablets, cooking sets, mosquito nets, emergency health kits and food. Fuel shortages have also already been reported. Determining the impact in areas outside Yangon has been even more difficult, though it can be assumed to be critical, with shelter and safe water being the principal immediate needs.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)
Format/size: pdf (18K
Alternate URLs: http://myanmar.humanitarianinfo.org/coordination/Situation%20Reports/OCHA%20Cyclone%20Nargis%20Situ...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2008


Title: Myanmar: Tropical Cyclone Nargis - May 2008
Description/subject: Updates on Myanmar, Thailand affected by the Myanmar: Tropical Cyclone Nargis - May 2008 emergency. GLIDE No. TC-2008-000057-MMR Latest updated documents and maps.
Language: English
Source/publisher: ReliefWeb
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/doc404?OpenForm&emid=TC-2008-000057-MMR&rc=3
Date of entry/update: 27 October 2010