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Home > Main Library > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Landmines > Anti-Personnel Landmines - Specialist organisations and commentary

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Anti-Personnel Landmines - Specialist organisations and commentary

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Mine Free Myanmar
Date of publication: December 2015
Description/subject: Landmine Monitor annual reports since 1999, includes Cluster...Munition Monitor annual reports since 2010... Links below for each of the previous reports... Landmine Monitor provides research for the International Campaign to Ban Landmines (1997 Nobel Peace co-Laureate)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Landmine & Cluster Munition Monitor
Format/size: html. pdf
Date of entry/update: 10 December 2015

Title: "Landmine Monitor" Home Page
Description/subject: "In June 1998, the International Campaign to Ban Landmines established "Landmine Monitor," a unique and unprecedented civil society based reporting network to systematically monitor and document nations' compliance with the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty and the humanitarian response to the global landmine crisis. Landmine Monitor complements the existing state-based reporting (external link) and compliance mechanisms established by the Mine Ban Treaty..." Landmine Monitor Core Group: Human Rights Watch · Handicap International (Belgium) Kenya Coalition Against Landmines · Mines Action Canada Norwegian People's Aid
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.icbl.org
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Geneva Call - Burma-Myanmar page
Description/subject: Geneva Call has been engaging NSAs in Burma/Myanmar in an AP mine ban since 2006. Dialogue with the political and military leaders of the NSAs is complemented by activities aimed at encouraging and supporting civil society organizations to undertake mine action activities, supporting efforts to create a change in the Myanmar government’s AP mine policy, and supporting the monitoring of the AP mine ban commitments made by NSAs. To date 6 NSAs have signed the Deed of Commitment banning AP mines:
Language: English
Source/publisher: Geneva Call
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 February 2010

Title: Geneva Call - Engaging Non-State Actors
Description/subject: "Geneva Call is an international humanitarian organization dedicated to engaging armed non-State actors (NSAs) to respect and to adhere to humanitarian norms, starting with the ban on anti-personnel (AP) mines. Geneva Call is committed to the universal application of the principles of international humanitarian law and conducts its activities based on the principles of neutrality, impartiality and independence. Geneva Call provides an innovative mechanism for NSAs, who do not participate in drafting treaties and thus may not feel bound by their obligations to express adherence to the norms embodied in the 1997 anti-personnel mine ban treaty (MBT) through their signature to the "Deed of Commitment for Adherence to a Total Ban on Anti-Personnel Mines and for Cooperation in Mine Action" [PDF File]. The Government of the Republic and Canton of Geneva serves as the guardian of these Deeds. Under the Deed of Commitment, signatory groups commit themselves: • To a total prohibition on the use, production, acquisition, transfer and stockpiling of AP mines and other victim-activated explosive devices, under any circumstances. • To undertake, to cooperate in, or to facilitate, programs to destroy stockpiles, clear mines, provide assistance to victims and promote awareness. • To allow and to cooperate in the monitoring and verification of their commitments by Geneva Call. • To issue the necessary orders to commanders and to the rank and file for the implementation and enforcement of their commitments. • To treat their commitment as one step or part of a broader commitment in principle to the ideal of humanitarian norms. Thirty-five armed groups in Burma, Burundi, India, Iran, Iraq, the Philippines, Somalia, Sudan, Turkey and Western Sahara have agreed to ban AP mines through this mechanism. The ultimate indicator of progress however, is not the number of Deeds signed but an effective ban and the practice of humanitarian mine action. Geneva Call is pledged to promote the implementation of humanitarian mine action programmes in mine-affected areas under NSA control, to assist signatory groups to fulfil their obligations under the Deed of Commitment and to monitor compliance."...See also the Resources section.
Language: Arabic, English, Espanol (Spanish) Francais (French),
Source/publisher: Geneva Call
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2008

Title: Geneva International Centre for Humanitatian Demining
Description/subject: Mine action topics... What we do... Where we work... About us... Mine action resources....."In a world where human security is still hindered by explosive hazards, the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) works to eliminate mines, cluster munitions and other explosive remnants of war. To achieve this, the GICHD supports national authorities, international organisations and civil society in their efforts to improve the relevance and performance of mine action. Core activities include furthering knowledge, promoting norms and standards, and developing in-country and international capacity. This support covers all aspects of mine action: strategic, managerial, operational and institutional. The GICHD also works for mine action that is not delivered in isolation, but as part of a broader human security framework; this effort is facilitated by the GICHD's new location within the Maison de la Paix in Geneva..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Geneva International Centre for Humanitatian Demining
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 October 2014

Title: International Campaign to Ban Landmines
Description/subject: "The ICBL calls for: An international ban on the use, production, stockpiling, and sale, transfer, or export of antipersonnel landmines The signing, ratification, implementation, and monitoring of the mine ban treaty Increased resources for humanitarian demining and mine awareness programs Increased resources for landmine victim rehabilitation and assistance."
Language: English | Deutsch | Español | Français | Italiano | Portugês
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Nonviolence International SE Asia Home Page
Language: English
Source/publisher: Nonviolence International
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Individual Documents

Title: Burma Among World’s Worst in Landmine Victims
Date of publication: 25 November 2015
Description/subject: "RANGOON — The Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor has revealed that over 400 civilians had been killed and another 3,300 injured by landmines over the past 17 years, adding that these figures likely underestimate the true extent of damage and lives lost. Yeshua Moser-Puangsuwa, a research coordinator and editor at the monitor, said that most of the victims were uncompensated ordinary citizens, injured or killed by anti-personnel landmines produced by the government and rebel groups. He said that soldiers had not been accounted for in the death toll. “We estimate that since 1997, most of the people included in the figures are civilians. But we don’t have any idea as to the exact number of dead or a potential maximum estimate,” Moser-Puangsuwa said..."
Author/creator: Moe Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 November 2015

Title: Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor Country Profile for Myanmar/Burma (updated 9 October, 2014)
Date of publication: 09 October 2014
Description/subject: Updated Content: Mine action
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.the-monitor.org/custom/index.php/region_profiles/profile/948
Date of entry/update: 09 October 2014

Title: Border Prosthetics - Helping amputees with specially made prosthetics on the Myanmar-Thailand border (video)
Date of publication: 24 June 2014
Description/subject: "Decades of ethnic conflict have left south eastern Myanmar one of the most landmine-ridden regions in the world. Few landmine victims get the treatment they need inside the country, formerly known as Burma, and so spend days travelling to neighbouring Thailand for medical support. The Mae Tao Clinic provides healthcare to more than 150,000 displaced people every year, from vaccinations, to eye surgery and emergency operations on gunshot wounds. In the clinic’s prosthetics department, where many of the staff are themselves former landmine victims, more than 250 prosthetic limbs are fitted each year. Nidhi Dutt travels to the border town of Mae Sot to meet the people making tailored prosthetics from the simplest of tools for whoever needs them, no matter which side of Myanmar’s civil conflict they are on..."
Author/creator: Nidhi Dutt
Language: English
Source/publisher: Al Jazeera (The Cure)
Format/size: Adobe Flash (11 minutes, 19 seconds)
Date of entry/update: 28 June 2014

Date of publication: February 2014
Description/subject: LAND RIGHTS AND MINE ACTION IN MYANMAR - DO NO HARM: PROPOSALS FOR A SET OF EIGHT CORE PRINCIPLES AND A 14-STEP SEQUENCING PROCESS FOR LAND RIGHTS-SENSITIVE MINE SURVEY AND CLEARANCE IN MYANMAR..... "Vast areas of land in Myanmar are currently contaminated by landmines and other explosive remnants of war (ERW) as a legacy of decades of armed conflict between the national government and a wide range of ethnic armed groups. However, the political climate in Myanmar has been rapidly changing, peace talks have been progressing, and plans are being developed to commence demining of contaminated lands. Programme and policy formulation by mine action related organisations in Myanmar is currently underway, and landmine and ERW survey and clearance operations are expected to commence in the near future. In addition, the Myanmar Mine Action Center (MMAC) is about to be established under the Myanmar Peace Centre (MPC) and, once it has been activated, will be expected to play the key governmental role in mine action efforts. 2. Mine action is a vital component of broader strategies to secure sustainable peace in countries emerging from conflict and instability. At the same time, mine action is inextricably linked to broader land rights questions because demining frees land that was previously unusable and/or difficult and dangerous to access. If managed poorly or if carried out purely on a technical basis without taking land rights questions into account, de-mining can re-ignite or create new land conflicts, facilitate land grabbing for resource extraction or other large-scale business activities, lead to forced displacement, serve to reinforce or exacerbate economic inequalities, and trigger a range of other undesirable outcomes. It is thus vital that demining efforts in Myanmar be subject to policies and agreements that can prevent such outcomes. It is essential, in other words, that the landmine survey and clearance efforts Do No Harm..." .
Language: English
Source/publisher: Displacement Solutions
Format/size: pdf (1.29MB)
Date of entry/update: 08 October 2014

Title: Cautious hope for Burma’s ‘second-class citizens’
Date of publication: 12 December 2011
Description/subject: "No one knows how many people have been affected by landmines in Burma, the only state to consistently lay mines since 1997. Some who step on mines die immediately, but most will survive to live with severely disabling injuries. For the latter there is little in the way of immediate or long-term medical assistance available from the country’s impoverished medical system. Hope is on the horizon, however. On Friday last week the UN announced the accession of Burma to the Convention on the Rights of Disabled People (CRPD). This rights-based document could bring about a significant improvement in the quality of life for landmine victims and other people living with disabilities in the country. For that improvement to happen in the lifetime of current survivors, the convention needs to be implemented, meaning Burma must focus on generating necessary services in the areas where survivors live – given that landmines are mostly laid in the country’s remote border regions whose development has never taken place, this will be no easy feat..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 July 2012

Title: Myanmar takes major step in addressing the needs of Landmine Victims
Date of publication: 12 December 2011
Description/subject: "Myanmar Accedes to the international Convention on the Rights of Disabled People (CRPD)...The ICBL had previously been informed by Foreign Ministry officials that the legal review of this convention had been completed, but that the Convention would have to forwarded to the new Parliament for debate and approval. On 9 December, the United Nations received the accession from Myanmar, which will go into effect 6 January 2012. Myanmar’s adherence to the CRPD will be significant for increasing assistance to the countries landmine, and other, disabled..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 July 2012

Title: The Geneva Call Progress Report 2000-2007
Date of publication: November 2007
Description/subject: Abstract: Since the launch of Geneva Call in 2000, significant progress has been made. 34 NSAs from Burma/Myanmar, Burundi, India, Iraq, the Philippines, Somalia, Sudan, Turkey and Western Sahara have signed the “Deed of Commitment”, an innovative mechanism that enables NSAs, which by definition cannot accede to the 1997 Ottawa Convention, to subscribe to its norms. Signatory groups have, by and large, complied with their obligations, refraining from using anti-personnel mines and cooperating in mine action with specialized organizations. In addition, nine other NSAs have pledged to prohibit or limit the use of anti-personnel mines, either unilaterally or through a ceasefire agreement with the government. In some countries, the signing of the “Deed of Commitment” by NSAs facilitated the launch of much-needed humanitarian mine action programs in areas under their control, as well as the accession by their respective States to the Ottawa Convention. Of course, many challenges remain, notably the continued use of anti-personnel mines by non-signatory groups, the lack of technical and financial resources to support implementation of the “Deed of Commitment” and insufficient cooperation from some concerned States. Yet, this report illustrates how NSA engagement can be effective in securing their compliance with international humanitarian norms.
Language: English,
Source/publisher: Geneva Call
Format/size: pdf (1.62MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.isn.ethz.ch/isn/Digital-Library/Publications/Detail/?ots591=0c54e3b3-1e9c-be1e-2c24-a6a8...
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2010