VL.png The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
[WWW VL database || WWW VL search]
donations.gif asia-wwwvl.gif

Online Burma/Myanmar Library

Full-Text Search | Database Search | What's New | Alphabetical List of Subjects | Main Library | Reading Room | Burma Press Summary

Home > Main Library > 7-Step Roadmap (Steps leading up to, including and following the 2010 General Elections) > 7-Step Roadmap - general articles and reports

Order links by: Reverse Date Title

7-Step Roadmap - general articles and reports

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Reports on mass rallies in support of the 7-point roadmap from “The New Light of Myanmar”
Date of publication: October 2003
Description/subject: These rallies, frequently involving the USDA, were held in the period following the announcement of the 7-point roadmap in August 2003 http://liptonart.net/kompaniya/otpravit-zayavku.html http://oazis-cvetov.ru/photo/komnatnye_i_dekorativnye_cvety/dzhunkus/174-0-4484
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: html (635K)
Date of entry/update: 08 March 2004

Title: Chronology of the National Convention/roadmap
Description/subject: "The Irrawaddy" presents a chronology of the developments and setbacks in Burma’s National Convention/roadmap since 1992." Updated August 2006
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2004

Individual Documents

Title: Activists Demand Australia Condemn Burma Abuses
Date of publication: 01 October 2010
Description/subject: Democracy advocates in Australia are calling on the government to publicly condemn Burma's November national elections. Activists say authorities in Canberra must do more to put pressure on Burma's military leadership to adopt democratic change. Phil Mercer reports from Sydney.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Voice of America
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 October 2010

Title: Myanmar elections will test ASEAN's credibility
Date of publication: 16 July 2010
Description/subject: Southeast Asian nations should press the Myanmar government to protect the rights to freedom of expression, peaceful assembly, and association throughout the elections period and beyond, Amnesty International said today on the eve of the ASEAN Ministerial Meeting in Ha Noi. ASEAN has repeatedly emphasized that the elections should be held in a “free, fair and inclusive manner”. Yet those calls do not go far enough to highlight the human rights that are most at risk in the elections context. Indeed, the Myanmar government has not taken any steps to improve its poor human rights record as the polls approach.
Language: English, French, Spanish
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA16/010/2010/en/773c4b60-008f-4862-bade-183dfb294f29/asa1...
http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA16/010/2010/en/6a7f2f5e-5588-44ef-84fe-f8e8e6fd6670/asa1... (French)
http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA16/010/2010/en/46caf522-87b1-4d1e-8452-4050914ab02c/asa1... (Spanish)
Date of entry/update: 14 October 2010

Title: India’s relations with Burma fail to address human rights concerns in run up to elections
Date of publication: 19 June 2010
Description/subject: With Burma’s first elections in two decades approaching, the three freedoms - of expression, association and peaceful assembly - essential for people to freely participate in the political process, are increasingly being denied. Aung San Suu Kyi is one of some 2,200 political prisoners in Burma. None of them will be able to participate in this year’s elections under new election laws - laws that the Indian government has failed to condemn. The Government of India claims to follow a ‘constructive’ approach in promoting human rights improvements in Burma. However, its response to the dire state of human rights in the country has been increasingly inadequate.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (Australia)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 October 2010

Title: To Fight or Not to Fight
Date of publication: April 2009
Description/subject: As the 2010 election approaches, Burma's ethnic armies are becoming restless... "OVER the past decade, a patchwork of ceasefire agreements, if not actual peace, has reigned over most of Burma's ethnic hinterland. Of the many ethnic insurgent armies that once battled the Burmese regime, only a handful are still waging active military campaigns. The rest remain armed, but have shown little appetite for renewed fighting - so far. With an election planned for sometime next year, however, the status quo is looking increasingly unsustainable. The junta is pushing its erstwhile adversaries to form parties and field candidates, and while some have unenthusiastically complied, others have begun to chafe at the persistent pressure..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 17, No. 2
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 02 April 2009

Title: Chronology of Burma's Constitutional Process
Date of publication: 01 May 2008
Description/subject: 1947-2008
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch
Format/size: pdf (88K)
Date of entry/update: 01 May 2008

Title: Into the Unknown
Date of publication: January 2008
Description/subject: Burma has a road map, but where will it lead? The Irrawaddy looks at the junta’s “seven-step road map” and analyzes where it may lead in 2008.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 1
Format/size: html (219K),
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008

Title: Burma’s Rigged Road Map to Democracy
Date of publication: August 2007
Description/subject: Despite its many promises of reform, Burma’s ruling junta has no intention of giving up political control... "For more than a decade, Burma’s military government has convened its constitution-drafting body, the National Convention, in fits and starts that have left the country and outside observers skeptical about its commitment to political reform. It was in this spirit, at least in theory, that the State Peace and Development Council, the ruling junta, and then Prime Minister Khin Nyunt promoted the so-called “seven-step roadmap to democracy” in 2003. This seemingly new vision of political reform, however, was just another step by the generals to reinvent their role in the country’s political process—something they’ve done since the current crop of dictators seized control in 1988..."
Author/creator: Htet Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol 15, No. 8
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irrawaddy.org/print_article.php?art_id=8052
Date of entry/update: 02 May 2008

Title: Myanmars Waffenstillstände und die Rolle der internationalen Gemeinschaft
Date of publication: August 2007
Description/subject: Ein interessanter Artikel zu dem Zusammenhang von Waffenstillständen, der Nationalversammlung und der Roadmap to Democracy. Weiterhin werde die Interesssen der einzelnen Parteien (ethnsiche Minderheiten, Regierung, internationale Gemeinschaft) dargelegt und Handlungsempfehlungen für die internationale Gemeinschaft abgeleitet; ceasefires, national convention and roadmap to democracy; interests of ethnic minorities, government and international community; recommendations for the international community
Author/creator: Jasmin Lorch; Dr. Paul Pasch
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: FES
Format/size: PDF
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2008

Title: The Political Situation in Myanmar
Date of publication: 2007
Description/subject: "...This chapter focuses on the political situation in Myanmar in mid 2006 through the prism of the implementation of the seven-step ‘roadmap’ of the SPDC, announced in August 2003..."
Author/creator: Vicky Bowman
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Australian National University
Format/size: pdf (112K)
Alternate URLs: http://epress.anu.edu.au/myanmar/pdf/ch01.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 April 2008

Title: Burma’s Seven-Point Gambit
Date of publication: May 2005
Description/subject: Can free elections lead to democratic reform?... "While future elections in Burma remain a part of the ruling junta’s seven-point “road map” for democratic reform, the significance of such elections—and their likelihood of leading to democratic reform—remains unclear. “The government has established a seven-point road map for democracy, and that map is the chief political focus of the state,” says Snr-Gen Than Shwe, the leader of Burma’s military junta. Ousted Prime Minister Gen Khin Nyunt first introduced the so-called road map two years ago. As long as the soldiers hold their arms at the ready, [a constitutional draft] will become the law The announcement of the seven-point plan, which includes a revival of the twelve-year old National Convention, came shortly after Thai officials in Bangkok made a similar suggestion to the military regime. The convention bears the daunting responsibility of drafting a new constitution that must then get approval by a referendum and ultimately lead to free elections. Fifteen years have passed since Burma’s last election, in which the National League for Democracy won a landslide victory but was prevented from assuming their rightful control of the government. Since that time, many opposition leaders have died or have retired from public life. Still more languish in Burma’s prisons. Will the outcome be any different for future elections in Burma? “It makes no difference that those elected in 1990 have either died, are still living in prisons or are too intimidated to speak out. The constitutional draft will be adopted,” said Josef Silverstein, a long time US-based researcher on Burma. “As long as the soldiers hold their arms at the ready, it will become the law,” he added..."
Author/creator: Aung Lwin Oo
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 13, No. 5
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2006

Title: Burma/Myanmar: How to read the generals' "roadmap" - a brief guide with links to the literature
Date of publication: 18 April 2004
Description/subject: N.B. THIS TEXT IS IN A CONSTANT STATE OF UPDATING. CHECK http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/how10.htm FOR THE LATEST VERSION...Introduction: "This guide is not so much an analysis – political, legal or other -- of the “roadmap” as an introduction to some of the elements, in particular the National Convention process, which the “roadmap” is based on. For analyses, see Roadmaps/National Convention in the Online Burma/Myanmar Library. This guide has a limited scope and makes three main points: * The first and most crucial stage of the "roadmap" announced by Gen. Khin Nyunt on 30 August 2003 is the re-launch, scheduled for May 17 2004, of the 1993-1996 National Convention, and there is no indication by Burmese military spokesmen that the resumed Convention will differ substantially in structure or procedure from its earlier form; * The abundant commentaries and documentation on the 1993-1996 National Convention apply equally to this stage of the "roadmap"; * International, regional and national actors should take these into account when assessing the "roadmap" and developing their policies. A frequent comment on the “roadmap” is that details are lacking. If, however, as seems likely, the reconvened National Convention follows its 1993-1996 pattern, we actually know a great deal about the first, crucial step of the “roadmap” by way of documentation and commentary. The present guide sets the “roadmap” within this process, itself a stage in the events which followed the collapse of the Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) in 1988, the coming of the SLORC[2], the 1990 elections and their aftermath. The guide: 1) Provides a chronology and documentation of the shifting positions of the Burmese military from 1988 onwards with regard to handing over power to the party which won the elections -- from the 1988 promise of unconditional transfer of power, to the NLD’s apparent exclusion in August 2003 from any authority or responsibility at all deriving from the electoral mandate of 1990; 2) Provides introductions and hyperlinks to a substantial collection of commentaries and documentation on the National Convention process, which the “roadmap” is intended to complete (something not denied by the SPDC[3]); 3) Recommends that international, regional and national actors recognise the “roadmap” as an integral part of the National Convention process and that they study the purpose, principles and procedure of the whole process when developing their policies..."
Author/creator: David Arnott
Language: English
Source/publisher: David Arnott
Format/size: html (54K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/how9.html
Date of entry/update: 18 April 2004

Title: Roadmap to autocracy
Date of publication: 25 March 2004
Description/subject: "...The “roadmap” envisages a resumed National Convention based on the 104 Principles and the Detailed Basic Principles (which incorporate the six “objectives”, including the “Participation of the Tatmadaw in the leading role of national politics of the State in (the) future”) and the task is presumably to draft the remaining chapters of the Detailed Basic Principles. There is no mention in the “roadmap” of any role for the elected representatives. According to the “roadmap”, after the constitution is completed, it will be put to a referendum and new elections held. There is no reference whatsoever to the 1990 elections... The “roadmap” therefore conflicts with the UN General Assembly and Commission on Human Rights resolutions adopted by consensus for more than a decade which affirm, in various formulations, that "the will of the people is the basis of the authority of government and that the will of the people of Myanmar was clearly expressed in the elections held in 1990" (UNGA, December 2003). It is difficult to understand how international actors can justify support for a process so clearly in conflict with these resolutions which embody the international consensus."
Author/creator: David Arnott
Language: English
Source/publisher: David Arnott
Format/size: html (11K)
Date of entry/update: 24 March 2004

Date of publication: 29 February 2004
Description/subject: A Summary of Political & Human Rights Developments in Burma September 1 2003 - February 29, 2004... Prepared for the 60th Session of the UN Commission on Human Rights, March 2004... CONTENTS: 2 ON THE ROAD TO DEMOCRACY? 4 Context of the Roadmap; 5 Nation-Wide Crackdown; 5 No Justice - No Accountability; 6 Rise of the Hardliners; 6 Forced Military Training; 8 Dissecting the Roadmap; 9 'Moderate' vs 'Hardline'? 10 Democratisation or Delay Tactic? 13 Broken Promises; 15 Lessons from the National Convention 1990-1996; 16 SPDC Actions Thus Far to Implement the Roadmap; 17 Bangkok Process - Dialogue with One Side; 17 USDA PIan to Destroy Democratic Movement; 19 Ethnic & Pro-Democracy Groups Reject Roadmap; 20 NLD: Dialogue or Detente; 21 Ethnic Nationalities Seminar's Common Position; 22 Ceasefire Groups: Conditional Support, Misrepresentation; 23 Pushed to the Ceasefire Table at Gunpoint; 26 Rethinking the Roadmap; 26 A Starting Point, Not a Fait Accompli; 28 OVERVIEW: HUMAN RIGHTS: 29 Arbitrary Detention; 31 Miscarriage Of Justice; 32 Update on Depayin Victims; 32 Arbitrary Detentions May 31 -Aug 31, 2003; 34 Torture; 36 Exlrajudicial Killings & Summary Executions; 37 Freedom of Expression; 37 Religious Intolerance; 38 Update on Ethnic Nationality Relations; 39 Forced Labor; 41 Forced Relocation & Displacemt; 42 Landmines; 44 Violence Against Women; 45 Child Soldiers; 47 Abuse of Economic Rights.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Altsean-Burma
Format/size: pdf (371K), html (341K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/roadmap-SR.htm
Date of entry/update: 24 March 2004

Title: "Nearly all of Myanmar's ethnic groups support 'road map'"
Date of publication: 24 February 2004
Description/subject: "Virtually all ethnic militias in Burma now support the ruling junta's so-called ``road map'' to democracy, following a pledge of support by a major group, state-owned newspapers reported February 24..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: AP via "Burma Issues"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 February 2004

Title: Burmese groups reject 'roadmap'
Date of publication: 04 February 2004
Description/subject: "Representatives of 25 ethnic groups and alliances in Burma have rejected the "road map" to democracy outlined by Prime Minister Khin Nyunt. At a meeting held in Burma in the last few days the ethnic groups are said to have reiterated their call for the military government to start talks. They also want the opposition National League for Democracy to take part..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: BBC News
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 February 2004

Title: Myanmar Road to Democracy: The Way Forward
Date of publication: 28 January 2004
Description/subject: This speech is a presentation of the SPDC's "roadmap" and contains in the annex the "104 Principles" on which the roadmap is based. These "principles" were developed by committee in the course of the National Convention and published in "The New Light of Myanmar" (NLM) on 17 September 1993. There are some differences between U Khin Maung Win's version of the Principles and that published in NLM. The Alternate URL contains the NLM version.
Author/creator: H-E. U Khin Maung Win (Myanmar Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Institute for Stategic and International Affairs Seminar on Understanding Myanmar
Format/size: html (156K, 37K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/104principles-NLM.htm
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2004

Title: 2004: A "Busy Year" for Burma, or More Blather?
Date of publication: January 2004
Description/subject: A reshuffle in Burma’s leadership and a new "road map" for national reconciliation have led some to believe that 2004 will at last bring democracy to this benighted land. Don’t hold your breath..."
Author/creator: Aung Zaw
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 February 2004

Title: KNU to Determine Credibility of Road Map
Date of publication: 04 December 2003
Description/subject: December 04, 2003— "A delegation from the Karen National Union (KNU) which arrived in Rangoon yesterday will meet Burmese Prime Minister, Gen Khin Nyunt, to find out whether the junta’s proposed road map for national reconciliation is genuine, said the KNU’s deputy chairman..."
Author/creator: Kyaw Zwa Moe and Poe Paung
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 February 2004

Title: Road Map to Division
Date of publication: 17 November 2003
Description/subject: November 17, 2003—"When UN Secretary General Kofi Annan criticized the Burmese military’s seven-step road map as one-sided, the opposition and analysts welcomed Annan’s critique. But the ruling generals have showed no desire to respond to his suggestions. This is because the main alliance of leaders in the region, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean), has already backed Rangoon’s road map. While the US, European Union and Japan have expressed their opposition, Burma’s most powerful neighbors, China and India, have offered no comment. China and India have said they want to stay out of Burma’s "internal affairs." It certainly illustrates how divisive the issue has been for the international community..."
Author/creator: Htet Aung Kyaw
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Commentary Archive
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 February 2004

Title: Annan Criticizes Road Map
Date of publication: 12 November 2003
Description/subject: November 12, 2003— "UN Sec-Gen Kofi Annan criticized the Burmese junta’s proposed road map for political reconciliation in a report to the UN General Assembly on Monday. "The only way to ensure that the road map process is productive and credible, and proceeds in a stable and orderly fashion, is for it to involve all political parties, national leaders, ethnic nationalities and strata of society, from the beginning," he said. Opposition parties and ethnic groups inside and outside Burma have also expressed their strong disagreement with the plan forwarded by Burmese Prime Minister Gen Khin Nyunt..."
Author/creator: Kyaw Zwa Moe
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 November 2003

Title: Burma’s seven-step peace process not inclusive, lacks timeline – Annan
Date of publication: 10 November 2003
Description/subject: November 10 (UN News Centre)... "The Government of Burma’s proposed seven-step road map to democracy does not include the opinions expressed by several parties in the country and has not shown that the process will be participatory and transparent, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan says in a human rights report..."
Author/creator: Kofi Annan
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations via "Asian Tribune"
Format/size: html;
Alternate URLs: http://www.asiantribune.com/oldsite/show_news.php?id=7801
Date of entry/update: 28 February 2004

Title: Roadmaps and Political Transition in Burma: the Need for Two-Way Traffic
Date of publication: 08 October 2003
Description/subject: "Transition in Burma may come abruptly - perhaps as a result of a 1988-style peoples’ uprising - or more gradually, and with less bloodshed. The latter scenario may involve a power-sharing arrangement between the SPDC and the opposition, or a gradual process of ‘regime reform’, with little direct in-put from the wider society or opposition forces. Although opposition tactics will vary according to the circumstances, a number of strategic considerations remain the same. However and whenever change occurs, members of Burma’s diverse social groups must be ready to act. In general, opposition strategies have focused on elite-level politics, rather than grass-roots democratisation. However, both approaches are necessary - while neither is sufficient in itself. Change at the national level is urgently needed, but sustained democratic transition can only be achieved if accompanied by local participation and ‘development from below’. Among the three parties to any tripartite negotiations in Burma, the ethnic nationalities in particular could benefit from a combination of elite-level, blueprint-type solutions and a grass-roots, participatory approach, aimed at strengthening civil society. Although overseas-based activists and Burma-watchers have sometimes assumed that there is no civil society in the country, this far from true. The re-emergence of local networks within and between ethnic nationality communities over the past decade has been one of the most significant - but under-reported - aspects of the social and political situation in Burma. Efforts to build local democracy are already underway - in government-controlled areas, in some ethnic nationality-populated ceasefire and war zones, and in neighbouring countries. However, these 'bottom-up' initiatives will not bring about substantial change, without accompanying 'top-down', national-level reforms..." This text formed the basis of Ashley South's presentation to the ‘Burma Day 2003: Political and humanitarian options for the international community’ conference, Brussels, Wednesday 8 October 2003. A slightly abridged version appeared in two parts, in the Irrawaddy Online, October 16-17.
Author/creator: Ashley South
Language: English
Format/size: html (59K)
Date of entry/update: 04 November 2003

Title: The Ethnic Initiative
Date of publication: October 2003
Description/subject: "A road map proposed by an ethnic coalition provides an alternate route for Burma’s political future. But proceed at your own risk... Road maps are all the rage this year for Burma. Shortly after freshly appointed Prime Minister Gen Khin Nyunt unveiled the military government’s seven-point blueprint for Burma’s future, a coalition of ethnic groups threw its hat into the political ring as well. In early September, the Ethnic Nationalities Solidarity and Cooperation Committee (ENSCC) announced a two-stage formula to rebuild Burma and generate confidence in a transition to democracy. The group formed just over two years ago to bring together representatives from the Karenni National Progressive Party, the National Democratic Front and the United Nationalities League for Democracy (Liberated Area). Some critics have cynically called the road map a last-ditch effort by its drafters to carve out a meaningful role in Burma’s political transition. Others say its based on a faulty premise—that the military will refuse to negotiate with opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi at all costs. Regardless of the criticism, the ethnic initiative, at the very least, provides another way out of Burma’s political deadlock..."
Author/creator: Min Zin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 11, No. 8
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 06 December 2003

Title: Letter from the United Nationalities League for Democracy to H.E.Mr. Razali Ismail, U.N.Special Envoy to Myanmar
Date of publication: 30 September 2003
Description/subject: The letter introduces the UNLD declaration "Five attitudes and 'Political Road Map'" of 29 September 2003.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNLD
Format/size: html (47K)
Date of entry/update: 23 October 2003

Date of publication: 29 September 2003
Description/subject: 1. Just and equitable investigation of the Tabayin episode; 2. The political road map drawn by the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) is entirely unacceptable to the United Nationalities League for Democracy (UNLD); 3. Immediate and unconditional release of political prisoners who under some pretext or another are incarcerated since 1988; 4. The National League for Democracy, which won the majority of seats in the 1990 election, and the SPDC meet and exchange views; 5. The basic democratic rights of all citizens should be restored.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNLD
Format/size: html (81K)
Date of entry/update: 23 October 2003

Title: Road map for rebuilding the Pyi-Daung-Su Myanmar Naing-Ngan-Daw Union of Burma
Date of publication: 02 September 2003
Description/subject: "... in spirit of Panglong, we are committed to national reconciliation and to the rebuilding of the Union as equal partners in the process. We believe that in order to establish a stable, peaceful and prosperous nation, the process of rebuilding the Union must be based on a democratic process which includes the following basic principles: 1. A peaceful resolution of crisis in the Union 2. The resolution of political problems through political dialogue 3. Respect for the will of the people, 4. The recognition and protection of the rights of all citizens of the Union, 5. The recognition and protection of the identity,language, religion, and culture rights all of nationalities, 6. The recognition and protection of the rights of the constituent states of the Union through a federal arrangement. Therefore, in the interest of the nation, we recommend a two-stage process to generate confidence in the transition to democracy:..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ethnic Nationalities Solidarity and Cooperation Committee Union of Burma (ENSCC)
Format/size: html (13K)
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2003

Title: Road Map to Nowhere
Date of publication: September 2003
Description/subject: "Returning to past tactics, the junta has announced a plan for Burma’s future... The much-anticipated inaugural address from Burma’s newly appointed Prime Minister, Gen Khin Nyunt, was a severe but hardly unexpected letdown for Burmese everywhere. Shortly after his speech at the Parliament building, political commentators, journalists and opposition party members within Burma daringly expressed their frustration to international shortwave radio stations. Dissidents and ethnic leaders abroad also voiced their disappointment with the speech’s ambiguity. Khin Nyunt claimed that his government has a seven-point plan and would resume long-suspended work on the drafting of a new constitution, paving the way for an elected government in Rangoon. Sound familiar? It should..."
Author/creator: Aung Zaw
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 11, No. 7
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 06 November 2003

Title: Waiting for Words to Become Actions
Date of publication: September 2003
Description/subject: "On August 26 Burma’s ruling military government announced a reshuffle of their cabinet that saw Gen Than Shwe take on the role of President and the former Secretary 1, Gen Khin Nyunt take on the newly installed position of Prime Minister, effectively making him responsible for the day-to-day political running of the country. One of his first duties after becoming Prime Minister was to deliver a speech that, amongst a lot of fluffy words and self-praise, introduced the SPDC’s own Road Map of Myanmar, a 7 point-plan that outlined their political program for rebuilding the nation. Unfortunately these 7 points were merely repetitive of past words and failed actions. The speech itself was more memorable for what it did not mention than any innovative new ways to deal with Burma’s political conflict and transition..."
Author/creator: Pakeh
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Burma Issues"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 December 2003

Title: NCGUB Says Military’s ‘Democracy’ Plan‘ Nothing More Than Political Ploy’
Date of publication: 31 August 2003
Description/subject: "The plan announced recently by General Khin Nyunt to revive the national convention, draft a constitution, and hold elections following a national referendum is nothing more than a political ploy to ease mounting international pressure and prolong military rule..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: National Coalition Government of the Union of Burma (NCGUB) via "Asian Tribune"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 February 2004

Title: Adjourned National Convention to be reconvened; New Constitution will be drafted
Date of publication: 30 August 2003
Description/subject: Prime Minister General Khin Nyunt clarifies future policies and programmes of State: Adjourned National Convention to be reconvened New Constitution will be drafted in accord with basic principles laid down by NC. Constitution will be adopted through referendum... Official transcript of Gen. Khin Nyunt's "roadmap" which includes the resurrection of the National Convention.
Author/creator: General Khin Nyunt
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.myanmar.com/nlm/enlm/Aug31_h4.html
Date of entry/update: 03 September 2003

Title: Ptolemy's regional map, Tabula Asia
Date of publication: 1250
Author/creator: "Ptolemy"
Language: Latin
Source/publisher: Henry Davis Consulting
Format/size: jpeg
Date of entry/update: 24 October 2003

Title: Jerome's map of Asia,
Date of publication: 1100
Description/subject: Complete with pipelines and gas storage tanks.
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003