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Human rights issues, UN human rights bodies and mechanisms

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Human Rights Issues: UNHCHR Page
Description/subject: List of human rights issues, with links to specific pages
Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council
Description/subject: Thematic and country rapporteurs, Working Groups etc.
Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Universal Periodic Review (UPR) - OHCHR web-page
Description/subject: Main OHCHR page on the UPR..."The Universal Periodic Review (UPR) is a unique process which involves a review of the human rights records of all 192 UN Member States once every four years. The UPR is a State-driven process, under the auspices of the Human Rights Council, which provides the opportunity for each State to declare what actions they have taken to improve the human rights situations in their countries and to fulfil their human rights obligations. As one of the main features of the Council, the UPR is designed to ensure equal treatment for every country when their human rights situations are assessed. The UPR was created through the UN General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251, which established the Human Rights Council itself. It is a cooperative process which, by 2011, will have reviewed the human rights records of every country. Currently, no other universal mechanism of this kind exists. The UPR is one of the key elements of the new Council which reminds States of their responsibility to fully respect and implement all human rights and fundamental freedoms. The ultimate aim of this new mechanism is to improve the human rights situation in all countries and address human rights violations wherever they occur..."
Language: English (also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2009


Title: Universal Periodic Review - Link to OBL UPR section
Description/subject: We have placed the UPR material under: UN System > Human Rights Council > Universal Periodic Review - follow this link
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 January 2010


Individual Documents

Title: End of mission statement by the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, 1 July 2016
Date of publication: 01 July 2016
Description/subject: Conclusion: "...Let me conclude by reiterating my firm belief that Myanmar’s young democracy can only progress if human rights are fully mainstreamed into its institutional, legal and policy framework. Building a culture of respect for human rights must be a priority now and in the future. While I am aware of the need to give space and time for the new Government to address the many complex challenges facing the country, I must remain constructively and critically engaged and vocal in encouraging and advocating for greater progress on human rights. I must also continue to hold Myanmar accountable to its international human rights obligations. That is my mandate as Special Rapporteur. The international community also has a responsibility in this regard. In the rush to forge or strengthen political or economic ties, international actors must continue to prioritize human rights, particularly in business and investment relations. International actors should not undermine human rights priorities, including by remaining silent when confronted with human rights concerns or at worst, becoming complicit in perpetuating human rights abuses. The international community must remain fully engaged on human rights issues in Myanmar. It should also remain committed to providing necessary assistance and support to further the reforms in line with international human rights standards. It is vital that all actors work together to ensure human rights are respected and protected across Myanmar. At the start of my visit, I stated that my objective, as Special Rapporteur, is to continue to work closely with the Government and people of Myanmar, for the promotion and protection of human rights in the country. I reaffirm that pledge to you now"...... The Alternate URL contains the Special Raporteur's programme, with list of people and institutions met.
Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
Language: English
Source/publisher: UN Information Centres via Reliefweb
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://yangon.sites.unicnetwork.org/2016/07/01/end-of-mission-statement-by-the-special-rapporteur-o...
Date of entry/update: 02 July 2016


Title: UNHCR Global Report 2013 - Myanmar
Date of publication: 2013
Description/subject: Operational highlights: " UNHCR participated in inter-agency efforts to respond to the emergency situation and the needs of 140,000 internally displaced people (IDPs) in Rakhine State...  The organization led shelter-support efforts and was a key construction actor, assisting 25,000 of an identi ed 70,000 vulnerable IDPs in Rakhine State with adequate shelter ahead of the monsoon season. In Kachin State, UNHCR provided 24,000 people with temporary shelter through construction and renovation work..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNHCR
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/search?page=49e4877d6&coi=MMR&scid=49aea93a73&keywords=opera...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/UNHCR-2013-Global_Report_%20Myanmar-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 24 October 2015


Title: UNHCR Global Report 2012 - Myanmar
Date of publication: 2012
Description/subject: Operational highlights: " Joint inter-agency assessments of the situations in Kachin and Rakhine States led to the launching of two UN response plans. UNHCR leads the protection sector in the two States as well as the shelter, non-food items (NFIs) and camp coordination and camp management (CCCM) clusters...  UNHCR assisted more than 50,000 people displaced by confl ict in Kachin State, providing them with NFIs, shelter, community- based camp management structures, and focusing on extremely vulnerable individuals...  In Rakhine State, UNHCR assisted more than 75,000 displaced people by providing shelter and NFIs...  In south-eastern Myanmar, the Offi ce responded to the needs of some 65,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs), including extremely vulnerable individuals, by providing them with safe water, basic health care, sanitation, vocational training, NFIs and civil documentation...  UNHCR began preparing for potential voluntary repatriation to Myanmar and established cross-border coordination and collaboration procedures with UNHCR offi ces in Thailand and other countries in the region...  Advocacy to improve the situation of people without citizenship in Rakhine State was pursued..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNHCR
Format/size: pdf (1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/search?page=49e4877d6&coi=MMR&scid=49aea93a73&keywords=opera...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/UNHCR-2012-Global_Report_%20Myanmar-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 24 October 2015


Title: UNHCR Global Report 2011 - Myanmar
Date of publication: 2011
Description/subject: Operational highlights: "l UNHCR strengthened protection in northern Rakhine State (NRS) by improving monitoring programmes and intervening with the authorities where needed. It also increased support for persons with specific needs, and carried out programmes to assist women and girls, as well as community self-help initiatives... l The establishment of the NRS Protection Working Group boosted protection monitoring, and advocacy efforts, besides improving collaboration with education and health authorities... l In south-eastern Myanmar, some 65,000 displaced people benefited from UNHCR projects and gained access to safe water, basic health care and primary education... l UNHCR coordinated the Protection, Shelter/Non-food Items (NFIs) and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) clusters in response to the conflict-related internal displacement in Kachin State, providing assistance to some 50,000 people..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNHCR
Format/size: pdf (396K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.unhcr.org/cgi-bin/texis/vtx/search?page=49e4877d6&coi=MMR&scid=49aea93a73&keywords=opera...
Date of entry/update: 24 October 2015


Title: How to Promote Human Rights in the World's Most Repressive States: Lessons from Myanmar
Description/subject: Abstract: "For two decades, Myanmar sat at the top of the international human rights agenda. With recent political changes, this may now be a thing of the past, but the bad old days hold important lessons that should not be forgotten. This article draws on interviews conducted mainly inside Myanmar over a period of 15 years to evaluate, contrast and compare the impact of different international human rights policies on the ground. It is argued that while the effects of both Western ostracism and regional business as usual have been largely counterproductive and often harmful to the Myanmar people, principled engagement by the United Nations and other international organisations has shown significant potential to help promote human rights. This is a lesson which may be worth heeding in other repressive states."
Author/creator: Morten B. Pedersen
Language: English
Source/publisher: Australian Journal of International Affairs, 67:2, 190-202
Format/size: pdf (189K)
Date of entry/update: 24 March 2016