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Urban infrastructure

Individual Documents

Title: Asian Development Bank Interim Country Partnership Strategy: Myanmar, 2012-2014 SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): URBAN DEVELOPMENT AND WATER SECTORs
Date of publication: September 2012
Description/subject: 1 Sector Road Map: 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities - 1. Urbanization; 2. Core constraints ["The core constraint to Myanmar’s urban development is inadequate infrastructure and poor quality of services..."]; Sector performance indicators ["A key constraint in assessing the sector performance and having a basis for planning and prioritization are the sporadic, unreliable and incomplete data..."]; 4. Sanitation, solid waste and stormwater drainage ["Urban areas do not have functioning city-wide sewerage and drainage networks...]; 5. Health and poverty implications; 6. Climate change implications; 7. Opportunities through development of Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) corridors and towns; 8. Gender issues...2. Government’s Sector Strategy: 8. National and local level plans and strategies; 9. Institutional frameworks and capacities...3. ADB Sector Experience: 10. Past experience and assistance in the sector; 11. Lessons learnt and best practices from the region; 12. Priority assistance ["...geographically, assistance could initially focus on towns that would support or are part of GMS corridors, specifically the Southern Economic Corridor and the East Western Economic Corridor..."]...Problem Tree for Urban Development and Water Sector
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Format/size: pdf (61K)
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2012


Title: Yangon’s Development Challenges
Date of publication: March 2012
Description/subject: Overview: "Yangon is an attractive and relatively livable city that is on the brink of dramatic change. If the government of Myanmar continues its recent program of economic and political reform, the economy of the country is likely to take off, and much of the growth will be concentrated in Yangon, Myanmar’s largest city and commercial capital. This paper argues that Yangon is poorly prepared to cope with the pressures of growth because it has only begun to develop a comprehensive land use and development plan for the city that would guide the location of key activities including export-oriented industries and port terminals. In addition, the city lacks the financial resources to finance the infrastructure and other public services required to serve the existing population, let alone support a population that is larger and better off. Failure to address these challenges will not only make Yangon a less livable city but will also reduce the rate of economic growth for the entire country. Myanmar needs a dynamic and vibrant Yangon to thrive."..."...In sum, Yangon and Myanmar appear to be on the verge of explosive growth, making up for decades of stagnation or decline. Yangon is almost certain to become a key engine in the nation’s economic growth as Myanmar’s largest city, commercial capital, most important port and tourist destination, and most logical site for export-oriented manufacturing. But how well Yangon fulfills these roles depends on how well the city is managed. Yangon’s slow growth in the past had a hidden benefit in that it preserved many assets—greenery, parks and open spaces and historic buildings—that other Asian cities lost. As a result, Yangon has an opportunity to avoid becoming another sprawling, polluted and highly congested Asian megacity and grow instead into a greener and more livable metropolis. But it will do so only if it prepares a plan before development threatens to overwhelm it. And the plan will succeed only if it is based on thoughtful and realistic analyses of issues like the location of special economic zones and ports and the provision of affordable housing and quality infrastructure."
Author/creator: José A. Gómez-Ibáñez, Derek Bok, Nguyễn Xuân Thành
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ash Center, for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard University
Format/size: pdf (452K)
Date of entry/update: 08 July 2012


Title: Rangoon’s Road Worriers
Date of publication: August 2010
Description/subject: The mean streets of Burma’s crumbling former capital make residents’ daily commute a constant source of trepidation... "“I take my life into my own hands every time I get behind the wheel,” said Tin Sein, a bus driver whose regular route takes him from South Dagon Township on the eastern outskirts of Rangoon to Lanmadaw Street in the downtown core of Burma’s largest city. “But this is how I make my living, so all I can do is pray to Buddha that I make it through another day.” Even as a 25-year veteran of Rangoon’s decrepit public transit system, Tin Sein still dreads the nasty surprises that the city’s roads routinely throw at him. Besides the potholes that lurk everywhere, he also has to contend with vehicles perpetually teetering on the brink of their next breakdown. It is not uncommon, he said, to see a wheel fly off a car or for brakes to suddenly fail when they’re needed most..."
Author/creator: Hsat Linn
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 18, No. 8
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2010


Title: Left to Rot
Date of publication: August 2009
Description/subject: "The city of Rangoon is a victim of the junta's abandonment -- streets are crumbling, trash piles up, electricity is an on-off affair, sewage drains overflow and traffic lights don't work..."
Author/creator: Wai Sann
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 17, No. 5
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 December 2009