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Home > Main Library > 7-Step Roadmap (Steps leading up to, including and following the 2010 General Elections) > 7-Step Roadmap (Step 5): Holding of free and fair elections... International standards and guidelines for elections

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7-Step Roadmap (Step 5): Holding of free and fair elections... International standards and guidelines for elections

Individual Documents

Title: Election Observation Handbook (Sixth edition)
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: 1. Introduction; 2. Background to International Election Observation; 3. OSCE Commitments and Other International Standards for Democratic Elections; 4. Assessing the Conditions and Needs for Election-Related Activities; 5. Responding to the Needs of OSCE Participating States; 6. The Structure of an ODIHR Election Observation Mission; 7. Observing the Pre-Election Period; 8. Observing Election Day; 9. Observing the Vote Count and Tabulation; 10. Reporting, Debriefing and Statements; 11. Post-Election Observation; 12. Closing Down the Mission; 13. Partnerships; 14. The Final Report; 15. Follow-Up; Annexes; Annex A: OSCE Commitments on Elections; Annex B: Sample Observation Forms for Voting; Annex C: Glossary of Terms; Annex D: OSCE/ODIHR Publications Related to Elections
Language: English
Source/publisher: OSCE, ODIHR
Format/size: pdf (2MB - OBL; 2.23MB - OSCE)
Alternate URLs: http://www.osce.org/publications/odihr/2010/06/44437_1486_en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 October 2010

Date of publication: 2006
Description/subject: TABLE OF CONTENTS: FOREWORD by the Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union; AUTHOR’S PREFACE; DECLARATION ON CRITERIA FOR FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS, unanimously adopted by the Inter-Parliamentary Council at its 154th Session (Paris, 26 March 1994)... PART 1: Free and Fair Elections: Further Steps along the Democracy Road: 1. INTRODUCTION; 2. EVOLVING AND CONSOLIDATING INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS; 2.1 The Inter-Parliamentary Union; 2.1.1 The status of the IPU in its relations with the United Nations; 2.1.2 The IPU’s agenda; 2.2 The United Nations, the General Assembly, elections and democracy; 2.2.1 Enhancing the principle of elections; 2.2.2 Support for new or restored democracies; 2.2.3 Respect for the principles of national sovereignty; 2.3 The Commission on Human Rights; 2.3.1 Promoting and consolidating democracy; 2.3.2 Strengthening popular participation; 2.3.3 The role of regional and other organizations; 2.4 Regional and sub-regional developments: Some aspects; 2.4.1 Africa; 2.4.2 Americas; 2.4.3 The Commonwealth; 2.4.4 Europe... 3. DEVELOPMENTS IN LAW AND PRACTICE: 3.1 Elections, democracy and accountability; 3.2 Democracy, representation, and electoral systems; 3.3 Political parties and political rights; 3.4 The right to vote; 3.5 Elections and equality; 3.5.1 The participation of women in political life; 3.6 Electoral administration... 4. A PRESENT AND FUTURE AGENDA: 4.1 Free and Fair Elections revisited; 4.2 Accountability and verification; 4.3 Participation, representation, and equality; 4.4 The evolving agenda; 4.5 The ‘democratic imperative..... PART 2: Free and Fair Elections: The Development of International Law and Practice: 1. INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES; 1.1 Outline of the study; 1.2 Sources... 2. THE INTERNATIONAL LAW BACKGROUND: 2.1 International obligations; 2.2 Self-determination and national sovereignty; 2.3 Elections and human rights treaties; 2.3.1 Universal instruments; 2.3.2 Regional instruments; 2.4 United Nations election activities; 2.4.1 Action in the UN General Assembly; 2.5 The Inter-Parliamentary Union: Policy and practice; 2.6 Regional and other developments... 3. FREE AND FAIR ELECTIONS: 3.1 Constituent elements; 3.1.1 Electoral law and system; 3.1.2 Constituency delimitation; 3.1.3 Election management; 3.1.4 The right to vote; 3.1.5 Voter registration; 3.1.6 Civic education and voter information; 3.1.7 Candidates, political parties and political organization; 3.1.8 Electoral campaigns; Human rights and the election environment; Media access and coverage; Codes of Conduct; 3.1.9 Balloting, monitoring and results; 3.1.10 Complaints and dispute resolution; 3.2 Evaluation and assessment... 4. INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS: 4.1 The goal or objective; 4.2 The rights and responsibilities of individuals and political parties; 4.3 The rights and responsibilities of government; 5. CONCLUSION... ANNEX: Free and Fair Elections - Extracts from Selected International Instruments; SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY; USEFUL WEBSITES; INDEX.
Author/creator: Guy Goodwin-Gill
Language: English
Source/publisher: Inter-Parliamentary Union
Format/size: pdf (1.07MB)
Date of entry/update: 25 October 2010

Date of publication: 2003
Description/subject: INTRODUCTION: 1. ELECTION ASSESSMENT: A. International Standards on Elections and Human Rights; B. Use of International Standards in Assessing Elections; C. Use of National Standards in Assessing Elections; D. Comparison with Previous Elections .... 2. DEVELOPING AN OBSERVATION PROGRAMME: A. Needs Assessment; B. Planning and Institutional Issues; C. Programme Structure and Functions; D. National Operations; E. Regional and Local Operations; F. Impartiality; G. Accreditation.... 3. ANALYSIS OF LEGISLATION: A. Importance of Legal Analysis; B. Framework for Analysis of Legislation; C. Developing an Election-Disputes Table.... 4. MONITORING ELECTION DISPUTES: A. Monitoring the Resolution of Disputes; B. Analysing Election Disputes.... 5. ASSESSMENT OF VOTER REGISTRATION AND ELECTION-DISTRICT BOUNDARIES: A. Importance of Voter Registration; B. Evaluating the Quality and Accuracy of Voter Lists/Registration; C. Comparative Analysis of Voter Lists and Population Data; D. Voter List Surveys; E. Computer Tests; F. Monitoring Public-Information Campaigns; G. Monitoring Voter Registration Centres; H. Monitoring Voter Registration Tribunals; I. Monitoring the Drawing of Election-District Boundaries... 6. MONITORING THE ELECTION ADMINISTRATION:; A. Structure of the Election Administration; B. Key Issues To Be Assessed.... 7. MONITORING CANDIDATE & POLITICAL PARTY REGISTRATION: A. Registration of Political Parties; B. Registration of Political Contestants; C. Registration of Women and National Minorities.... 8. MONITORING THE ELECTION CAMPAIGN: A. Meetings with Political Parties and Candidates; B. Meetings with the Media; C. Meetings with Public Officials; D. Monitoring Campaign Events; E. Monitoring the Conduct of Security Forces; F. Monitoring Campaign Expenditure and the Sources and Size of Donations; G. Monitoring the Misuse of State Resources; H. Conflict Prevention and Monitoring Election Violence; I. Monitoring Other Issues.... 9. MEDIA MONITORING: A. Importance of Media Monitoring; B. Purpose of Media Monitoring; C. Assessment of the Legal Framework Governing the Media; D. Monitoring Broadcast and Print Media; E. Monitoring Paid Political Advertising and Voter Education; F. Monitoring Intimidation of the Media and Journalists.... 10. OBSERVATION OF VOTING AND COUNTING: A. Observation of Voting and Counting; B. Parallel Vote Tabulation.... 11. MONITORING TABULATION, TRANSMISSION, AND DECLARATION OF RESULTS: A. Importance of Monitoring the Tabulation of Results; B. Monitoring the Transmission of Results by Computer; C. Monitoring Post-Election-Day Developments.... 12. REPORTING AND RECOMMENDATIONS: A. Importance of Reporting; B. Reporting by Regional Monitors; C. Incident Reports; D. Statements; E. Final Report; F. Report Distribution; ABOUT THE OSCE/ODIHR
Language: English
Source/publisher: OSCE, ODIHR
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB - OBL; 1.97MB - original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.osce.org/publications/odihr/2003/10/12344_126_en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 October 2010

Title: Human Rights and Elections: A Handbook on the Legal, Technical and Human Rights Aspects of Elections
Date of publication: 1994
Description/subject: CONTENTS: Foreword; Abbreviations; Note concerning quotations; International instruments cited in the present handbook... INTRODUCTION... I. UNITED NATIONS INVOLVEMENT IN ELECTIONS: AN OVERVIEW... II. UNITED NATIONS HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS REGARDING ELECTIONS IN GENERAL: B. Non-discrimination; C. Self-determination; D. Political participation; E. Other basic human rights... III. INTERNATIONAL CRITERIA REVIEWED IN DETAIL: A. Free elections; 1. The will of the people; 2. Assuring freedom; 3. Prerequisite rights; (a) Freedom of opinion; (b) Freedom of expression and information; (c) Freedom of assembly; {d) Freedom of association; (e) Independent judiciary; (f) Principle of non-discrimination; (g) States of emergency; 4. Secret ballot; 5. The essence of free elections; B. Fair elections: 1. Equal, universal and non-discriminatory suffrage; 2. Non-discrimination and positive measures; 3. One person, one vote; 4. Legal and technical assurances; C. Periodicity and the electoral time-frame; 1. Periodicity; 2. Postponing elections; 3. The electoral calendar... D. Genuine elections; 1. Genuine procedures; 2. Genuine effects; 3. A real choice; 4. Equal access to public service; 5. An informed choice; 6. Legal and technical issues; E. Other requirements; 1. The role of police and security forces; 2. The role of observers... IV. COMMON ELEMENTS OF ELECTORAL LAWS AND PROCEDURES: A. Election administration; B. Constituency delimitation; C. Registration of electors; D. Nominations, parties and candidates; E. Polling, tabulation and reporting; F. Complaints, petitions and appeals; G. Respect for fundamental human rights; H. Offences, penalties and maintenance of order; I. Media access and regulation; J. Public information and voter education; K. Observation and verification; L. Legal authority and structure... CONCLUSION... ANNEXES: I. International human rights standards relating to elections... II. Draft General Principles on Freedom and Non-discrimination in the Matter of Political Rights... III. Enhancing the Effectiveness of the Principle of Periodic and Genuine Elections: Framework for Future Efforts... IV. Relevant provisions of selected regional human rights instruments
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: pdf (250K)
Date of entry/update: 25 October 2010