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Mental health

Individual Documents

Title: Evaluation of a nursery school program in long-term Karen refugee camps in Thailand
Date of publication: November 2011
Description/subject: ABSTRACT: "The Karen, an ethnic minority group in Burma, have experienced a prolonged state of exile in refugee camps in neighboring Thailand due to ethnic conflict in their home country. Nursery schools in the three largest Karen refugee camps aim to promote psychosocial development of young children by providing a child-centered, creative, learning-friendly environment. Psychosocial development and potentially concerning behaviors of two- to five-year old children in nursery schools were examined using a psychosocial checklist. The results showed that psychosocial development of the children increased with age, with a majority of five year olds being proficient in playing cooperatively with other children. A third of the children showed sadness or emotional outbursts. Difficulty separating from parents was also observed. The results also showed that children who attended the nursery schools for more than a year were better at playing cooperatively with other children and were more aware of their own and others’ feelings. On the other hand, children who were newer to the nursery schools were more polite and better at following rules and controlling their feelings when frustrated. The results indicate that nursery schools can be a promising practice to promote healthy psychosocial development of children in protracted refugee situations."
Author/creator: Akiko Tanaka
Language: English
Format/size: pdf (357K)
Date of entry/update: 13 November 2011


Title: WHO-AIMS report on mental health system in Myanmar
Date of publication: 2006
Description/subject: Acknowledgement The World Health Organization Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) was used to collect information on the mental health system of Myanmar. This study was carried out by Professor Hla Htay of the Department of Mental Health, University of Medicine (1), Yangon and Mental Health Hospital Yangon, Myanmar. The preparation of this study would not have been possible without the collaboration of the Ministry of Health, Department of Health, Department of Health Planning, Department of Medical Sciences, University of Nursing, Budget and Finance Unit, Department of Health, Mandalay Mental Health Hospital, Mental Health Units in States and Divisions and Department of Social Welfare. We are grateful for the support of the Medical Superintendent, Yangon Mental Health Hospital, Consultant/Lecturer, Forensic Psychiatric Unit, Yangon Mental Health Hospital, Rector University of Medicine (1), Rector University of Nursing.
Language: English
Source/publisher: WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia
Format/size: pdf (409.34 K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.searo.who.int/LinkFiles/Mental_Health_Resources_WHO-AiMS_Report_MHS_Myn.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 November 2010


Title: "Health Messenger Magazine" No. 28, special issue on Mental Health
Date of publication: June 2005
Description/subject: GENERAL HEALTH: Living as a refugee. By Charles Kemp; What is Mental Health? Mental Health and Addictions. By Pam Rogers... MOTHER AND CHILD HEALTH: Mental Health of Refugee Children;. Causes and Consequences of violence. By Karine Le Roch, Clara; Barilani A protective Network for Victims of Violence... MANAGEMENT: What Health Workers can do? Coping with Stress; Management of Mental Health at Community Level; Happy Saturday Group. By Karine Le Roch.; Counseling for Mental health. By Claudia Pedraglio Martinez... SOCIAL: The Psycho-Social Approach. By Elsa Laurin... INTERVIEW: Interviews with Mental Health Helpers... TEST ;Test your Psycho Potential; How Vulnerable are you to Stress? LACKS COVER PAGES
Language: Burmese, English
Source/publisher: Aide Medicale Internationale (AMI)
Format/size: pdf (1.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2007


Title: Karenni refugees living in Thai–Burmese border camps: traumatic experiences, mental health outcomes, and social functioning
Date of publication: 2004
Description/subject: Abstract In June 2001, we assessed mental health problems among Karenni refugees residing in camps in Mae Hong Son, Thailand, to determine the prevalence of mental illness, identify risk factors, and develop a culturally appropriate intervention program. A systematic random sample was used with stratification for the three camps; 495 people aged 15 years or older from 317 households participated. We constructed a questionnaire that included demographic characteristics, culture-specific symptoms of mental illness, the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25, the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire, and selected questions from the SF-36 Health Survey. Mental health outcome scores indicated elevated levels of depression and anxiety symptoms; post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) scores were comparable to scores in other communities affected by war and persecution. Psychosocial risk factors for poorer mental health and social functioning outcomes were insufficient food, higher number of trauma events, previous mental illness, and landmine injuries. Modifications in refugee policy may improve social functioning, and innovative mental health and psychosocial programs need to be implemented, monitored, and evaluated for efficacy. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Author/creator: Barbara Lopes Cardozoa, Leisel Talleya, Ann Burtonb, Carol Crawford
Language: English
Source/publisher: Social Science & Medicine _58 (2004) 2637–2644
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.whothailand.org/LinkFiles/Border_Health_Karenni_refugees_living_in_Thai_Burmese_border_c...
Date of entry/update: 28 October 2010


Title: Psychiatric services in Myanmar A historical perspective
Date of publication: 1997
Description/subject: Historical perspective The care of the 'insane' The earliest history of services for the mentally ill in Myanmar goes back to 1886. The British authorities felt that a national facility was required; however, its function was to be merely containment. Sadly, the prime motivation for this wnuaissantchea.t Itthweas mcaelnletadllythe i'pllriscoanusefodr thae inpsuabnleic' and was built close to the City Prison in Rangoon '(innomwateksn',ownby as19Y1a4ngtohne). nIunmitbiaelrlsy whiathd sroismeen 5t0o around 750 and yet more space was needed to accommodate the unfortunates.
Author/creator: Khin Maung Zaw
Language: English
Source/publisher: Psychiatric Bulletin 1997 v. 21, p. 506-509
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://pb.rcpsych.org/content/vol21/issue8/
Date of entry/update: 27 October 2010