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Armed conflict in Burma - attacks on civilians

Individual Documents

Title: Myanmar: "All the civilians suffer": Conflict, displacement, and abuse in Northern Myanmar
Date of publication: 14 June 2017
Description/subject: "Over the last seven months, fighting has intensified between the Myanmar Army and ethnic armed groups in Kachin and northern Shan States, areas with long-running conflicts as ethnic minorities have sought greater autonomy and respect for their rights. This report documents war crimes and other human rights violations by the Myanmar Army, including extrajudicial executions, torture, forced labour, and indiscriminate shelling. Most victims are civilians from ethnic minorities in the region, continuing a legacy of abuse that has rarely led to accountability for the soldiers or commanders responsible.".....TOPICS: Myanmar... Asia and The Pacific... Armed Conflict... Armed Groups... Child Soldiers... Impunity... Disappearances... Unlawful Killings... Internally Displaced People... Torture and other ill-treatment... Racial Discrimination... War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity... Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
Language: English (full report); Burmese & Chinese - executive summary
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/6429/2017)
Format/size: pdf (1.8MB-en); (395K-bu); (707K-cn)
Alternate URLs: https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/asa16/6429/2017/en/
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs23/AI-2017-06-14-All_the_Civilians_Suffer-ES-bu.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs23/AI-2017-06-14-All_the_Civilians_Suffer-ES-cn.pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 June 2017


Title: Tatmadaw soldiers fire at four villagers carrying rice, order forced labour in Toungoo District
Date of publication: 19 July 2012
Description/subject: "During June 2012, Tatmadaw LID #66 re-supplied troops situated in front-line camps in Toungoo District. On the same day that supplies were sent, and local villagers were ordered to transport them, LIB #1 soldiers based at Th'Ay Hta fired at four villagers carrying rice to their village after purchasing it in the larger town of Klay Soh Kee. In the days directly after this incident, a community member described increased military activity in the area, including a Tatmadaw helicopter patrol and skirmishing between KNLA and Tatmadaw troops."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (129K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg12b67.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2012-07-19-Tatmadaw_soldiers_fire_at_four_villagers_carryin...
Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


Title: Papun Interview: Saw Kr---, October 2010
Date of publication: 18 July 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted during October 2010 in Lu Thaw Township, Papun District by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The community member interviewed Saw Kr---, a 23-year-old hill farmer from L--- village, Pla Koh village tract, who described an incident where he was injured after stepping on a landmine while on Home Guard duty in Kaw Mu Day, which resulted in him losing his left leg. Saw Kr--- describes how the Tatmadaw deliberately laid landmines on a public pathway, knowing that villagers were likely to tread on the devices. He also mentions that local villagers are active in defending themselves against Tatmadaw troops in Lu Thaw Township, Papun District. This incident is also described in the report Uncertain Ground: Landmines in eastern Burma, published by KHRG on May 21, 2012."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (282K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg12b65.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202012/KHRG-2012-07-18-Papun_Interview_Saw%20Kr_October_2010-...
Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


Title: Ongoing Impunity: Continued Burma Army Atrocities Against the Kachin People
Date of publication: June 2012
Description/subject: Summary: "This report provides an update of atrocities committed by the Burma Army against civilians since it broke its 17-year ceasefire with the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) one year ago. It highlights the particular suffering of women during the conflict, who have been forced to be porters, used as sex slaves, gang-raped and killed. Since the start of the conflict, there has been a huge deployment of Burmese troops into Kachin State and northern Shan State. Currently about 150 battalions are being used to crush the KIA, tripling the number of Burmese troops in the area. These troops have deliberately targeted civilians for abuse, causing villagers to flee in terror, leaving large swathes of countryside depopulated. There is strong evidence that Burmese troops have used rape systematically as a weapon of war. In the past year, KWAT has documented the rape or sexual assault of at least 43 women and girls, of whom 21 were killed. The rapes have been widespread, occurred in thirteen townships, by ten different battalions. Women have been openly kept as sex slaves by military officers, and gang-raped in church. There has been complete impunity for these crimes. When the husband of a Kachin woman abducted by the Burmese military tried to press charges, the Naypyidaw Supreme Court dismissed the case without even hearing his evidence. The continued abuse against civilians has swelled the numbers of internally displaced persons in Kachin State to over 75,000, most of whom are sheltering in makeshift camps along the China border, where little international aid has reached them. KWAT is calling on the international community to denounce the ongoing human rights abuses, and maintain pressure on the Burmese government to immediately implement a nationwide ceasefire, pull back Burma Army troops from ethnic areas and start dialogue with the United Nationalities Federal Council towards a process of genuine political reform."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Kachin Women's Association Thailand (KWAT)
Format/size: pdf (1.4MB-OBL version; 8.2MB-original))
Alternate URLs: http://www.kachinwomen.com/images/stories/publication/ongoing_iimpunity%20.pdf
Date of entry/update: 11 June 2012


Title: Dooplaya Interview: Saw L---, June 2011
Date of publication: 01 May 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted during June 2011 in T--- village, Kya In Township, Dooplaya District by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed 17-year-old T--- villager, Saw N---, who described an incident in which the Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #--- fired mortar rounds towards T--- village, in response to an attack by Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) #107 on their camp near H--- village. Saw N--- and two other T--- villagers were injured by two shells, with one villager, Kyaw M---, later dying as a result of his injuries. Saw N--- highlighted other issues that arose as a consequence of the attack, particularly concerning the cost of healthcare as his relatives had to borrow money to ensure that he received hospital treatment for his injuries. Demands for food from the Tatmadaw were also cited, as well as arbitrary taxation demands levied by armed groups, and taxes on houses and land. Villagers also have to pay the schoolteachers' salaries which comprise 40 baskets of rice paddy shared between the villagers and 4,000 baht (US $133.33) per household each year..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (331K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b39.html
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b39.pdf
Date of entry/update: 10 May 2012


Title: Toungoo Situation Update: Received in November 2011
Date of publication: 19 April 2012
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in November 2011 by a villager describing events occurring in Toungoo District prior to October 2011. It frames present village conditions within the context and consequences of the 2005 – 2008 Northern Offensive by Tatmadaw forces and details the following human rights abuses: forced relocation of villages; movement restrictions; forced labour by adult and child villagers; arbitrary taxation and demands; beating and torture of villagers, especially of village leaders; and attacks on and killing of villagers. This situation update also documents a number of villagers' concerns related to village leadership systems, livelihood challenges, the provision of education for children and food shortages. Moreover, this report describes ways by which villagers have sought to mitigate aspects of the abuses and concerns noted above, namely villagers bribing soldiers in order to allow them to transport more supplies than permitted to their village and establishing a rotating village governance system."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (124K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b37.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b37.html
Date of entry/update: 21 April 2012


Title: Toungoo Situation Update: August to October 2011
Date of publication: 17 April 2012
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in November 2011 by a villager describing events occurring in Toungoo District between August and October 2011. It contains information concerning military activity in the district, specifically demands for forced labour by Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #375. Villagers from D--- and A--- were reportedly forced to clear vegetation surrounding their camp and some A--- villagers were also used to sweep for landmines. Villagers in the A--- area faced demands for bamboo poles and some villagers from P--- were ordered to undertake messenger and portering duties for the Tatmadaw. The situation update provides information on two incidents that occurred on September 21st 2011, in which several villagers from Y--- were shot, and four other Y--- villagers were arrested by Tatmadaw Infantry Battalion (IB) #73 and detained until the Y--- village head paid 300,000 kyat (US $366.75) to secure their release. It also provides details of the arrest of five villagers from D--- village by LIB #375 in August 2011, who remained in detention as of November 2011. It documents the killing of two villagers from E--- village by Military Operations Command (MOC) #9, and the shooting of 54-year-old A--- villager, Saw O---, by LIB #375 for violating movement restrictions. Information was also given concerning a mortar attack on W--- village by LIB #603 and IB #92, which was previously reported in the KHRG News Bulletin "Tatmadaw soldiers shell village, attack church and civilian property in Toungoo District, November 2011", in which shells hit the village church and destroyed five villagers’ houses. Tatmadaw soldiers also shot the statue of Mother Mary in W--- village and damaged pictures on the church walls; stole villagers' belongings, including money and staple foods; and destroyed villagers’ household supplies, livestock, and food."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (132K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b36.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b36.html
Date of entry/update: 21 April 2012


Title: Papun Interview: Maung R---, August 2011
Date of publication: 29 February 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview submitted to KHRG in August 2011 by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions in Bu Tho Township, Papun District. The villager interviewed Maung R---, a 31-year-old village head, who described extensive demands for forced labour, specifically for villagers to porter military rations, produce thatch shingles and bamboo poles, and tend to plantations owned by Border Guard soldiers. He also detailed demands for money including mandatory payments in lieu of recruitment for portering duties and arbitrary taxation. Threats against villagers were used to ensure compliance with these demands. Past instances of forced recruitment into the Border Guard were mentioned, as well as cases of direct violence, including an attack against villagers with three reported deaths. Other concerns expressed include the absence of basic medical care, and the poor quality of farmland which contributes to food insecurity and can force villagers to seek daily wage work in order to meet their basic food requirements. To mitigate this insecurity villagers employ a range of tactics including the sharing of food, as described by Maung R--- below."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (288K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b20.pdf
Date of entry/update: 13 March 2012


Title: Thaton Interview: U Kh---, December 2011
Date of publication: 17 February 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted during September 2011 by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed U Kh---, a 48-year-old farmer who described being forced to porter for Tatmadaw LIB #220 troops for four days at the beginning of September 2011 during which time he witnessed the looting of villagers' animals, as well as the arrest and detention of two P--- villagers to serve as recruits for Border Guard troops and subsequent demands for the payment of 200,000 kyat (US $259.74) in lieu of each recruit. He described the firing of mortars and small arms in civilian areas and detailed demands for food, weapons, and a motorboat to Border Guard troops. U Kh--- mentioned that he anticipated widespread food shortages as a result of extensive flood damage to paddy crops during the 2011 monsoon season and noted that demands for unpaid forced labour further strained villagers' ability to pursue their own livelihoods effectively. U Kh--- explained that villagers counter burdensome demands by negotiating with local commanders to reduce the number of recruits and pay a smaller sum than demanded in lieu of the provision of recruits"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (287K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b17.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b17.html
Date of entry/update: 17 February 2012


Title: Thaton Interview: Daw Ny---, April 2011
Date of publication: 27 January 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted during April 2011 in Pa’an Township, Thaton District by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed Daw Ny---, who described an incident which occurred in November 2010, during which Tatmadaw Border Guard soldiers fired small-arms at her husband without warning and without attempting to hail him, seriously injuring his leg and necessitating 3,800,000 kyat [US $4,935.06] in medical expenses, which has had a deleterious effect on her family’s financial situation. Daw Ny--- told the villager who conducted this interview that her husband was visited in hospital by government officials investigating the incident but that no compensation or redress was offered. Daw Ny--- also described arbitrary demands for food and money, and the illegal logging of teak trees from A--- village by Border Guard soldiers; she mentioned that the imbalance in local power dynamics between armed soldiers and unarmed villagers deters villagers from attempting to engage and negotiate with perpetrators. Daw Ny--- raised concerns about the lack of livelihoods opportunities, and corresponding food insecurity, for villagers who do not own farmland; she notes that, in spite of these challenges, villagers offer voluntary material support to schoolteachers and often attempt to support their livelihoods by selling firewood or cutting bamboo. Daw Ny--- notes that some villagers choose to seek employment opportunities in larger towns but strongly expresses her unwillingness to move to an urban area, believing that food insecurity would only be exacerbated by a lack of money and an absence of alternative livelihood opportunities."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (267K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b8.html
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b8.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2012


Title: Toungoo Interview: Saw D---, September 2011
Date of publication: 27 January 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted during September 2011 by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed Saw D---, a 37-year-old village head and betelnut farmer, who described serious abuses committed by soldiers in Than Daung Township under the command of MOC #9 during 2011, including an incident in which soldiers fired at and killed a 48-year-old villager while he was making charcoal and a separate incident in which two villagers were killed while being forced to guide Tatmadaw troops, when the soldiers came under fire from a non-state armed group. Saw D--- also described repeated demands for forced labour by soldiers from Tatmadaw LIB #378, under MOC #9, including one incident in which more than 100 villagers were forced to carry military rations for a month. Saw D--- also chose to highlight instances of past abuse including: arbitrary arrest, detention and violent abuse of religious leaders; theft and looting of villagers' livestock, food, and personal belongings; and the harrassment of female villagers. Saw D--- noted that villagers counter limited access to and cost of healthcare treatment at government facilities by using traditional cures in their own village and also respond to food insecurity by sharing food and pursuing alternative means of supporting their livelihoods with jobs for daily wages."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (317K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b10.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b10.html
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2012


Title: Nyaunglebin Situation Update: September to October 2011 [News Bulletin]
Date of publication: 17 January 2012
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in November 2011 by a villager describing events occurring in Nyaunglebin District, during the period between September and October 2011. It details an incident that occurred in October 2011, in which a villager was shot and injured while working in his betelnut field; the villager who wrote this report noted that some villagers living in these areas respond to the threat of violence by fleeing approaching Tatmadaw patrols. Following the shooting, Tatmadaw troops imposed movement restrictions that prevented villagers from traveling to or staying in their agricultural workplaces in the area where the shooting occurred. This report includes additional information about the use of villagers to provide forced labour at Tatmadaw camps, specifically to perform sentry duty along roads, and also raises villagers' concerns about food security after unseasonable rain prevented villagers in some areas from burning brush on their hill fields preparatory to planting and paddy crops in other areas were destroyed by insects and by flooding during the monsoon."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (215K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b4.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 January 2012


Title: Papun Situation Update: Lu Thaw Township, November 2011
Date of publication: 17 January 2012
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in November 2011 by a villager living in a hiding site in northern Lu Thaw Township, Papun District. The villager described an incident that occurred in October 2011 in which Tatmadaw soldiers fired six mortar shells into an area in which civilians are actively seeking to avoid attacks by Tatmadaw troops; no one was killed or injured during the attack. This situation update places the occurrence of such incidents in the context of the repeated and prolonged displacement of villagers in northern Luthaw who continue to actively seek to avoid contact with government troops due to ongoing attacks against civilian objects. The villager who wrote this report raised concerns about food shortages in hiding site areas where the presence of Tatmadaw soldiers proximate to previously cultivated land has resulted in overcrowding on available farmland and the subsequent degradation of soil quality, severely limiting villagers' abilities to support themselves using traditional rotational cropping methods. For detailed analysis of the humanitarian situation in this area of Luthaw Township, see the previous KHRG report Acute food shortages threatening 8,885 villagers in 118 villages across northern Papun District, published in April 2011."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (274K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg12b3.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2012-01-17-Papun_Situation_Update_Lu_Thaw_Township_November...
Date of entry/update: 18 January 2012


Title: Two women and one man killed, 70-year-old woman wounded, and four men tortured as Burma Army attacks villages in Kachin State
Date of publication: 17 January 2012
Description/subject: KEY DEVELOPMENTS: Burma Army Infantry Battalion (IB) 105, commanded by Major Moe Kyaw, stabbed and shot three villagers to death, shot a 70-year-old woman and tortured four villagers in Mun Si Township, Kachin State
Language: English
Source/publisher: Free Burma Rangers (FBR)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.freeburmarangers.org/Reports/2012/20120119.html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2012


Title: Pa'an Interview: Naw K---, September 2011
Date of publication: 13 January 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted by a KHRG researcher in September 2011. The KHRG researcher interviewed Naw K---, a 45 year old woman from L--- village in Pa'an District, who described an incident in which Tatmadaw LID #22 and Tatmadaw Border Guard soldiers forced local villagers to porter military supplies and equipment while wearing Border Guard uniforms during a joint attack on a KNLA Battalion #101 camp at Kler Law Hseh. In the interview below, Naw K--- explained that, while she was attending a funeral in Th--- village, many Th--- villagers were absent from the village, some having already been arrested by Border Guard soldiers to serve as porters and others having fled the village due to fears that they would be arrested to porter. Naw K--- told KHRG that the Th--- village head informed her that he had to wear a Border Guard uniform while forced to accompany Border Guard soldiers during their attack on the KNLA camp at Kler Law Hseh and she witnessed him departing Th--- village in the company of Border Guard soldiers. This incident was previously described in the KHRG report "Pa'an Situation Update: September 2011," published on October 24th 2011. In addition, Naw K--- also mentioned additional forced labour demands placed on local villagers to work on government-owned agricultural projects. She also described how villagers attempt to mitigate the harmful effects of forced labour demands through negotiation with commanding officers, and strategic temporary displacement to avoid arrest."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (222K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b2.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 January 2012


Title: Thaton Interview: Naw L---, February 2011
Date of publication: 10 January 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted in February 2011 by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed Naw L---, a female village head from Bilin Township, Thaton District. Naw L--- described being interrogated and threatened at meetings with local Tatmadaw officers, including at times when she was pregnant. She described the killing of her son-in-law by then-DKBA Brigade #333 soldiers, and the defection of a Tatmadaw soldier to the KNLA, after which Tatmadaw soldiers arbitrarily arrested and tortured villagers and ordered Naw L--- to provide a firearm to replace the one taken by the defecting soldier. She also described how Tatmadaw soldiers forced H--- villagers to banish persons suspected of being KNLA soldiers and burn down their houses. Naw L--- explained that villagers face ongoing demands for forced labour, including forced portering of military rations, messenger and guide duty, for Tatmadaw, Border Guard and KNLA troops, but that she and her villagers employ a multitude of strategies to resist or mitigate abuse, including partial-compliance with forced labour demands; cultivating relationships with different, and oppositional, armed groups; lying about non-state armed groups’ soldiers and their operations; and successfully raising complaints to commanding officers about abuses perpetrated by their inferiors."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (284K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2012-01-10-Thaton_Interview_Naw_L_February_2012-en.pdf'>http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2012-01-10-Thaton_Interview_Naw_L_February_2012-en.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2012-01-10-
Date of entry/update: 18 January 2012


Title: Burma Army Kills Woman and Continues Attacks in Ba Maw District, Kachin State
Date of publication: 27 December 2011
Description/subject: The Burma Army continues to attack people in three townships of Ba Maw District, Kachin State: Mun Si Township, Shwegu Township and Ba Maw Township. On 16 December 2011, Burma Army soldiers killed a woman from Prang Kawng Village. The woman, 30-year-old Lamung Kaw Seng, suffered from a mental disability. As Burma Army troops approached the village, all the villagers fled except for Lamung Kaw Seng. When the soldiers found her, they killed her and threw her into a toilet pit.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Free Burma Rangers (FBR)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.freeburmarangers.org/Reports/2011/20111227.html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2012


Title: Burma Army Continues Attacks in Kachin State as of 14 December 2011
Date of publication: 16 December 2011
Description/subject: KEY DEVELOPMENTS: * The Burma Army continued attacks against the Kachin people and every day there is shelling from attacking Burma Army units. There has been no ceasefire by the Burma Army troops in this area. * There are over 30,000 displaced Kachin villagers now in hiding.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Free Burma Rangers (FBR)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.freeburmarangers.org/Reports/2011/20111216.html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2012


Title: Burma Army Kills Villager and Burns Homes While 3000 Flee Ongoing Attacks in Kachin State
Date of publication: 30 November 2011
Description/subject: "The Burma Army has killed a villager and over 20 villages have fled attacks and mortar fire in Momauk Township, Kachin State. Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) 73 under Division 88 has been attacking villages, with troops from Divisions 33, 44, 66 also entering the area. At least 400 Burma Army soldiers have been involved in the attacks, using 120mm and 60mm mortars and machine guns. Fighting in the area has increased and the Burma Army is building at least four new camps, using forced labor. Over 3,000 people have been displaced."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Free Burma Rangers (FBR)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.freeburmarangers.org/Reports/2011/20111129.html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2012


Title: Tatmadaw soldiers shell village, attack church and civilian property in Toungoo District
Date of publication: 25 November 2011
Description/subject: "On October 12th 2011, soldiers from Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #603 and Infantry Battalion (IB) #92 shelled and then attacked on foot W--- village in the Htee Tha Saw area of Than Daung Township following a clash with Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) soldiers approximately 45 minutes on foot from W--- village. According to Saw F---, a resident of W--- village who fled and hid in the forest during the attack, Tatmadaw soldiers fired approximately 50 mortar rounds into W--- and nearby civilian areas and then entered W---, where soldiers fired small arms deliberately at villagers' houses, the Roman Catholic church and religious and cultural items; killed villagers' animals; and looted or damaged villagers' property including food stores, clothing, roofing materials and money. This report is based on information provided by two villagers trained by KHRG to monitor human rights abuses,[1] including two situation reports, one incident report, an audio interview with Saw F---, and 82 photographs and three video clips taken in the W--- village area one week after the attack occurred."...The pdf file does not correspond with the html link.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2012


Title: Toungoo Interview: Saw F---, October 2011
Date of publication: 25 November 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted during October 2011 in Than Daung Township, Toungoo District by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed Saw F---, a 55-year-old resident of W--- village who fled his village and hid in the forest during a joint attack by soldiers from Tatmadaw Infantry Battalion (IB) #92 and Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #603. According to Saw F---, on October 12th 2011, following a clash with Karen National Liberation (KNLA) soldiers at a location 45 minutes on foot from W---, Tatmadaw soldiers fired approximately 50 mortar rounds into W--- and nearby civilian areas and then entered W---, where soldiers fired small arms deliberately at villagers' houses, the Roman Catholic church and religious and cultural items; killed villagers' animals; and looted or damaged villagers' property including food stores, clothing, roofing materials and money. Saw F--- also reported that W--- villagers have had to provide forced labour delivering bamboo poles to Tatmadaw camps on multiple occasions in the past year; that the W--- school has been forced to close twice due to Tatmadaw accusations that villagers are communicating with non-state armed groups; and that villagers face obstacles in accessing healthcare due to their distance from the nearest health facility and the cost of travel. A full account of the attack on W---, including photo documentation and excerpts of this interview, is available in the bulletin "Tatmadaw soldiers shell village, attack church and civilian property in Toungoo District," published by KHRG on November 25th 2011."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (587K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b47.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-11-25-Toungoo_Interview_Saw_F_%20October_2011-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2012


Title: Toungoo Situation Update: October 2011
Date of publication: 25 November 2011
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in November 2011 by a villager describing a joint attack on a village in Than Daung Township by soldiers from Tatmadaw Infantry Battalion #92 and Light Infantry Battalion #603. During the attack the Tatmadaw soldiers fired mortars into the village, prompting residents to flee into the nearby forest; soldiers then entered and fired small arms inside the village, and looted, damaged, or destroyed food, money and other property belonging to the villagers who had fled. A full account of the attack on W---, based on this and one other situation update written by a different villager, an interview with a resident of W---, and photo documentation is available in the bulletin "Tatmadaw soldiers shell village, attack church and civilian property in Toungoo District," published by KHRG on November 25th 2011.This report also notes that villagers in the area face demands for forced labour for local Tatmadaw units three or four times every year, specifically to serve as porters and guides for Tatmadaw troops and to clear vegetation from Tatmadaw camp perimeters. The villager who wrote this report further noted local concerns related to the provision of health care and education, as well as some of the strategies adopted by villagers in response to human rights concerns, including harvesting crops at night to protect livelihoods during Tatmadaw operations, and using traditional practices to treat illnesses in areas where Tatmadaw forces restrict transport of and trade in medicines."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (367K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b48.pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2012


Title: Villager executed in Papun District
Date of publication: 18 November 2011
Description/subject: "The following information was submitted to KHRG in September 2011 by a villager trained to document human rights abuses. It concerns an incident that occurred on September 7th 2011 in which the village head of L--- village in Dweh Loh Township was summarily executed by an unidentified Sergeant from Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #218, under Light Infantry Division (LID) #11. According to three L--- villagers who witnessed the execution, LIB #218 Deputy Battalion Commander Moe Zaw Oo was also present when the Sergeant under his command executed the L--- village head."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (278K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b39.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-10-26-Villager_executed_in_Papun_District-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2012


Title: Kachin State- Burma Army Burns and Loots Homes in Wai Maw District
Date of publication: 15 November 2011
Description/subject: Fighting between the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) and the Burma Army broke out on 9 June 2011, ending a 17-year cease-fire agreement between the two groups. As many as 20,000 people have been displaced by the fighting in Kachin State, according to local networks helping IDPs in Laiza. KIA sources have said that the number of standing Burma Army battalions before the conflict began was 93. Currently there are 113 battalions in Kachin State with more troops on the way, according to KIA sources. Divisions 33, 88, and 99 are currently operating in Kachin State.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Free Burma Rangers (FBR)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.freeburmarangers.org/Reports/2011/20111115.html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2012


Title: Troops raze Kachin villages, locals flee
Date of publication: 11 November 2011
Description/subject: "Burmese troops burned down around 50 homes in a village in eastern Kachin state two days ago as they prepare for an offensive against the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), despite assertions from fleeing residents that no rebels inhabit the village. In response, the KIA has told locals living in areas close to the town of Waingmaw to leave, prompting some 3,000 people to join those who fled the razed Aungja village as they make for the border with China. A DVB reporter in Kachin state said that Burmese army battalions were closing in on the KIA’s Brigade 3 in Sanpai, which was being fiercely defended by the rebels..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Democratic Voice of Burma (DVB)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2012


Title: Pa'an Situation Update: September 2011
Date of publication: 03 November 2011
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in September 2011 by a villager describing events occurring in T'Nay Hsah Township, Pa'an District during September 2011. It details an incident in which a soldier from Tatmadaw Border Guard #1017 deliberately shot at villagers in a farm hut, resulting in the death of one civilian and injury to a six-year-old child. The report further details the subsequent concealment of this incident by Border Guard soldiers who placed an M16 rifle and ammunition next to the dead civilian and photographed his body, and ordered the local village head to corroborate their story that the dead man was a Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) soldier. The report also relates villagers' concerns regarding the use of landmines by both KNLA and Border Guard troops, which prevent villagers from freely accessing agricultural land and kill villagers' livestock and pets, and also relates an incident in September 2011 in which a villager was severely maimed when he stepped on a landmine that had been placed outside his farm."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (218K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b43.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-11-03-Paan_Situation_Update_September_2011-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 January 2012


Title: Toungoo Situation Update: May to July 2011
Date of publication: 31 October 2011
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in August 2011 by a villager describing events occurring in Toungoo District between May and July 2011. It describes a series of trade and movement restrictions imposed on villagers in June and July 2011, due to frequent clashes between Tatmadaw and non-state armed groups, and road closures between Toungoo Town and Buh Sah Kee. The report also examines in detail the serious impacts the road closures have had on the livelihoods of villagers who have been unable to support themselves by transporting and selling agricultural produce and purchasing rice supplies as usual. The report further describes incidents of human rights abuse by Tatmadaw forces, including the summary execution of two civilians in July 2011 by soldiers from Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #379; forced labour including the portering of military supplies, the production and supply of building materials, guide duty and sweeping for landmines; and an attack on a village previously reported by KHRG and the subsequent destruction of villagers' homes and food stores."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (356K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-10-31-Toungoo_Situation_Update_May_to_July_2011-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2012


Title: Pa'an Situation Update: June to August 2011
Date of publication: 17 October 2011
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in September 2011 by a villager describing events occurring in Pa'an District between June 2011 and August 2011. It details recent Tatmadaw and Tatmadaw Border Guard activity, including camp locations and troop strength, and incidents related to a forced relocation order issued to eight villages in Lu Pleh Township by Tatmadaw Border Guard units on July 15th 2011. After the July 20th deadline for relocation, Tatmadaw and Border Guard forces commenced joint attacks against six of the villages ordered to relocate, including multiple days of heavy shelling and machine gun fire which the villager who submitted this report described as indiscriminate. On July 20th 2011 Border Guard troops also deliberately killed villagers' livestock and fired mortars into civilian areas of R--- village, injuring a 50-year-old woman, while retreating from an attack by the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) on the Border Guard camp in R---. This report further documents Tatmadaw Border Guard demands for forced labour and forced porters. The villager who submitted this update raises villagers' concerns related to flooding along the Dta Greh [Hlaing Bwe] River during the 2011 monsoon season, and the abandonment of schools and loss of trade and livelihood opportunities due to forced relocation. This report notes that, in response to the abuses and concerns mentioned above, villagers in Pa'an District adopt strategies that include: moving to areas beyond Tatmadaw control, monitoring local security conditions, and hiding food stores in the jungle."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (403K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b40.pdf

http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-10-27-Paan_Situation_Update_June_to_August_2011-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2012


Title: Dooplaya Situation Update: August 2011
Date of publication: 12 October 2011
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in August 2011 by a villager describing events occurring in Kawkareik, Kya In and Waw Raw (Win Yaw) townships of Dooplaya District between April and August 2011. The villager describes human rights abuses committed by soldiers from at least three Tatmadaw battalions, including: shelling of villages, resulting in civilian injuries and destruction of houses and food supplies; demands for the fabrication and delivery of thatch and bamboo, and for the provision of food; restrictions on villagers; detention, physical abuse, and killing of villagers; shooting of villagers; and a demand for villagers, including children, to clear the perimeter of a Tatmadaw camp. The villager also expresses concern that these abuses disrupt villagers' livelihoods and the provision of education for children."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (209K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b36.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-10-12-Dooplaya_Situation_Update_August_2011-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 January 2012


Title: Papun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, August 2011
Date of publication: 06 October 2011
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in August 2011 by a villager describing events occurring in Papun District in January 2011 and human rights consequences for local communities. It contains updated information concerning Tatmadaw military activities and details the following human rights abuses: coordinated attacks on villages by Tatmadaw and Border Guard troops and the firing of mortars and small arms in civilian areas, resulting in displacement of the civilian population and the closure of two schools; the use of landmines by the Tatmadaw and non-state armed groups; and forced portering for the Tatmadaw and Tatmadaw Border Guards. The report also mentions government plans for a logging venture and the construction of a dam. Moreover, it documents villagers’ responses to human rights concerns, including strategic displacement to avoid attacks and forced labour entailing physical security risks to civilians; advance preparation for strategic displacement in the event of Tatmadaw attacks; and seeking the protection of non-state armed groups against Tatmadaw attacks and other human rights threats."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (254K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b35.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-10-06-Papun_Situation_Update_Bu_Tho_Township_August_20...
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2012


Title: Tenasserim Interview: Saw T---, December 2010
Date of publication: 05 October 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted in December 2010 in Te Naw Th’Ri Township, Tenasserim Division by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed Saw T---, a 59-year-old village head who, at the time of interview, was in hiding from Tatmadaw troops in an area of Tenasserim Division beyond government control. Excerpts from Saw T---’s interview with KHRG have been published in the previous KHRG field report “Militarization, Development and Displacement: Conditions for villagers in southern Tenasserim Division” however, the full transcript of his testimony is now available below. Saw T--- described witnessing attacks on villagers by Tatmadaw soldiers and cited regular demands for villagers to serve as forced porters for the Tatmadaw and other forms of forced labour as one of the main factors which originally motivated him to go into hiding. Saw T--- explained that villagers in hiding employ a range of strategies to avoid Tatmadaw forces, including coordinating security strategies and sharing information with villagers at other hiding sites, maintaining contact with and seeking protection from non-state armed groups, cultivating crops that are easy to harvest quickly, travelling covertly to villages in mixed-administration areas in order to engage in trade and other livelihoods activities, and crossing vehicle roads during the night."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (158K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b34.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b34.html
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2012


Title: Tenasserim Situation Update: Te Naw Th'Ri Township, April 2011
Date of publication: 26 September 2011
Description/subject: "This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in April 2011 by a villager describing events occurring in Te Naw Th'Ri Township, Tenasserim Division between June 2010 and April 2011. The report details abuses related to land confiscation by Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) officials; forced labour, including forced USDP membership; and attacks on villages in hiding, including the burning of houses, food stores, a school dormitory and supplies by Tatmadaw forces. This report also contains updated information concerning active Tatmadaw units in five areas of Tenasserim Division and relates health and education concerns of villagers in hiding in three areas of Te Naw Th'Ri Township."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (950K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b33.pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 January 2012


Title: Pa'an Situation Update: April 2011
Date of publication: 21 September 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains a situation update submitted to KHRG in April 2011 and written by a villager describing events occurring in Lu Pleh and Dta Greh townships in Pa'an District between February and April 2011. It contains information on incidents of forced labour by the Tatmadaw, including the use of villagers to build huts, deliver palm leaves for thatching buildings and provide unpaid forced labour during gold-mining and logging operations. It also documents the forced relocation of villagers from upland areas, and relates an incident in which a Tatmadaw deserter, who was later summarily executed by Tatmadaw troops, shot and injured a 53-year-old woman in Tantabin Township, Toungoo District. In response to human rights and related humanitarian concerns, including access to health care, the researcher reported that villagers travel covertly to seek medical care from cross-border groups, sell betel leaves to supplement incomes and laminate currency in plastic to prevent it from becoming damaged. This situation report also contains updated information on military activity in Pa'an District, specifically the defection of Tatmadaw Border Guard soldiers in February 2011 to a breakaway faction of the DKBA that had previously refused to transform into Border Guard battalions, and to the KNLA."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (763K), html
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2012


Title: Tenasserim Interview: Saw K---, August 2011
Date of publication: 15 September 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted by a KHRG researcher in August 2011. The KHRG researcher interviewed Saw K---, a 30-year-old medic with the Backpack Health Worker Team (BPHWT), an organisation that provides health care and medical assistance to displaced civilians inside Burma. Saw K--- described witnessing a joint attack by Tatmadaw soldiers from three different battalions on a civilian settlement in Ma No Roh village tract, Te Naw Th'Ri Township, Tenasserim Division in January 2011. Saw K--- reported that mortars were fired into P--- village, causing residents and Saw K---, who was providing healthcare support in P--- village at that time, to flee. Saw K--- reported that Tatmadaw soldiers subsequently entered P--- village and burned down 17 houses, as well as rice barns and food stores belonging to villagers, before planting landmines in the village. According to Saw K---, the residents of P--- have not returned to their homes, and have been unable to coordinate to restart the school that was abandoned in P--- because most households now live at dispersed sites in the area."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (149K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b30.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-09-15-Tenasserim_Interview_Saw_K_August_2011-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2012


Title: Tenasserim Interview: Saw C---, Received in May 2011
Date of publication: 09 September 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted prior to Burma's November 2010 elections in Te Naw Th’Ri Township, Tenasserim Division by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed Saw C---, a 30-year-old married hill field farmer who told KHRG that he was appointed to the position of village head by his local VPDC in an area of Te Naw Th’Ri Township that is frequently accessed by Tatmadaw troops, and in which there is no KNLA presence. Saw C--- described human rights abuses faced by residents of his village, including: demands for forced labour; theft and looting of villagers' property; and movement restrictions that prevent villagers from accessing agricultural workplaces. He also cited an incident in which a villager was shot and killed by Tatmadaw soldiers while fishing in a nearby river, and his death subsequently concealed; and recounted abuses he witnessed when forced to porter military rations and accompany Tatmadaw soldiers during foot patrols, including the theft and looting of villagers’ property and the rape of a 50-year-old woman. Saw C--- told KHRG that villagers protect themselves in the following ways: collecting flowers from the jungle to sell in local markets in order to supplement incomes, failing to comply with orders to report to a Tatmadaw camp, and using traditional herbal remedies due to difficulties accessing healthcare. He noted, however, that these strategies can be limited, for example by threats of violence against civilians by Tatmadaw soldiers or scarcity of plants commonly used in herbal remedies."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (169K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b29.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b29.html
Date of entry/update: 01 February 2012


Title: Papun Incident Reports: November 2010 to January 2011
Date of publication: 24 August 2011
Description/subject: This report contains 12 incident reports written by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions, based on information provided by 12 different villagers living in hiding sites in Lu Thaw Township, Papun District between November 2010 and January 2011.[1] The twelve villagers described human rights concerns for civilians prior to and during displacement to their current hiding sites, including: deliberate firing of mortars and small arms into civilian areas; burning and destruction of houses, food and food preparation equipment; theft and looting of villagers' animals and possessions; and use of landmines by the Tatmadaw, non-state armed groups, and local gher der 'home guard' groups in civilian areas, resulting in at least one civilian death and two civilian injuries. The reports register villagers' serious concerns about food security in hiding areas beyond Tatmadaw control, caused by effective limits on access to arable land due to the risk of attack when villagers cultivating land proximate to Tatmadaw camps, depletion of soil fertility in cultivable areas, and a drought during the 2010 rainy season which triggered widespread paddy crop failure.[2] To address the threat of Tatmadaw attacks targeting villagers, their food stores and livelihoods activities, villagers reported that they form gher der groups to monitor and communicate Tatmadaw activity; utilise early-warning systems; and communicate amongst themselves and with non-state armed groups to share information about Tatmadaw troop movements. Two villagers stated that the deployment of landmines by gher der groups and KNLA soldiers prevents access to civilian areas by Tatmadaw troops and facilitates security for villagers to pursue their agricultural activities. Another villager described how his community maintained communal agricultural projects to support families at risk from food shortages. These reports were received by KHRG in May 2011, along with other information concerning the situation in Papun District, including 11 other incident reports, 25 interviews, 137 photographs and a general update on the situation in Lu Thaw Township.[3]
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (840K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b25.pdf

http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-08-24-Papun_Incident_Reports_November_2010_to_January_...
Date of entry/update: 12 February 2012


Title: Nyaunglebin Interview: Naw Sa---, May 2011
Date of publication: 05 August 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted by a KHRG researcher in May 2011 with a villager from Ler Doh Township, Nyaunglebin District. The researcher interviewed Naw Sa---, a 26-year-old villager who described human rights and humanitarian conditions in her village, in a mixed administration area under effective Tatmadaw control. Naw Sa--- cited the following human rights concerns: forced relocation and displacement; demands for provision of food; shelling of civilian areas, resulting in civilian injuries; arrest and detention of villagers; physical violence against detained villagers; forced labour, including sentry duty; and movement restrictions. She also explained the challenges to accessing medical care and adequate education for children faced by members of her community; and described how villagers returned to work covertly on their agricultural projects in order to protect their livelihoods, after they were ordered by the Tatmadaw to abandon their village."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (690K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b23.html
Date of entry/update: 12 February 2012


Title: Nyaunglebin Interview: Saw My---, May 2011
Date of publication: 04 August 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted by a KHRG researcher in May 2011 with a villager from Ler Doh Township, Nyaunglebin District. The researcher interviewed Saw My---, a 45 year-old farmer who described his experiences when he was forced to leave his village in a mixed-administration area and live for two years in a neighbouring village, including specific incidents in which Tatmadaw soldiers fired small arms at children in school uniforms, forced women to serve as human shields for Tatmadaw columns during patrols, and ordered villagers at gunpoint to leave their homes and possessions during the rainy season. He further cited the following abuses: movement restrictions; forced labour; and arbitrary taxation and demands. Saw My--- also highlighted the difficulties his village currently faces accessing health care and education, but explained that villagers counter these difficulties by using traditional medicine and by hiring and supporting local teachers."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (713K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b45.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 February 2012


Title: Nyaunglebin Interview: Naw P---, May 2011
Date of publication: 26 July 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted by a KHRG researcher in May 2011 with a villager from Ler Doh Township, Nyaunglebin District. The researcher interviewed Naw P---, a 40-year-old farmer who described her experiences living in a Tatmadaw-controlled relocation site, and in her original village in a mixed-administration area under effective Tatmadaw control. Naw P--- described the following human rights abuses: rape and sexual violence; indiscriminate firing on villagers by Tatmadaw soldiers; forced relocation; arrest and detention; movement restrictions; theft and looting; and forced labour, including use of villagers as military sentries and porters. Naw P--- also raised concerns regarding the cost of health care and about children's education, specifically Tatmadaw restrictions on children's movement during perceived military instability and the prohibition of Karen-language education. In order to address these concerns, Naw P--- told KHRG that some villagers pay bribes to avoid forced labour and to secure the release of detained family members; lie to Tatmadaw commanders about the whereabouts of villagers working on farms in violation of movement restrictions; and organise covert Karen-language education for their children."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (158K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b18.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-07-26-Nyaunglebin_Interview_Naw_P_May_2011-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 February 2012


Title: Dooplaya Interview: U Sa---, July 2011
Date of publication: 22 July 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted by a KHRG researcher in July 2011 with a villager from Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District. The researcher interviewed U Sa---, who described how his family and other residents of Pa--- village faced threats and abuses from Tatmadaw soldiers after local DKBA forces captured a Tatmadaw soldier at his home on June 15th 2011. U Sa--- described the following abuses: threats to burn or shell civilian areas; shelling of civilian areas; indiscriminate use of small arms in civilian areas; the taking of civilians as hostages; threats to kill civilians; and the imposition of movement restrictions, including threats to shoot villagers violating restrictions on sight. U Sa--- explained that he and his family fled Pa--- on June 16th to avoid these threats; as of July 3rd, they did not yet feel safe to return to their home. This interview was conducted by a KHRG researcher in July 2011; other details on the situation in Pa--- village after June 15th, including a general situation update, one incident report, and three photographs were submitted by a different KHRG researcher in June and July 2011."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (464K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b17_0.pdf

http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-07-22-Dooplaya_Interview_U_Sa_July_2011-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 February 2012


Title: Toungoo Interviews: March and April 2011
Date of publication: 20 July 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcripts of three interviews conducted during March and April 2011 in Tantabin Township, Toungoo District by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The three female interviewees described the following abuses: attacks on villages, villagers and livelihoods; killing of villagers; theft and looting; taxation and demands; forced displacement; and forced labour, including the production and supply of building materials and forced portering. They also raised concerns regarding food shortage, the provision of education for children during displacement caused by Tatmadaw attacks, and access to healthcare. One of the women explained that villagers communicate with non-state armed groups and other villagers to share information about Tatmadaw movements, prepare secret caches of food in the forest outside their village in case of a Tatmadaw attack, and hold school classes outside of their village in agricultural areas during displacement caused by Tatmadaw attack. These interviews were received along with other information from Toungoo District, including a general update on the situation in Toungoo District, ten incident reports, seven other interviews and 350 photographs.Toungoo Interviews: March and April 2011
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (139K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/2011/07/11-63-t6-i1/toungoo-interviews-march-and-april-2011
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b16.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 February 2012


Title: Three villagers killed, eight injured during fighting in Kyaikdon area
Date of publication: 17 May 2011
Description/subject: "Research submitted by a KHRG field researcher indicates that fighting between DKBA and Tatmadaw troops between April 22nd and April 30th 2011 in Kya In Township has left at least three civilians dead and eight injured. The indiscriminate firing of mortars and small arms in civilian areas by armed groups involved in the conflict, and conflict related abuse including an explicit threat by Tatmadaw forces to burn civilians' homes, caused at least 143 villagers from Gkyaw Hta, Khoh Htoh, T'Aye Shay and Mae Naw Ah villages to seek refuge in the Ra--- area of Thailand between April 22nd and 30th 2011. As of May 13th 2011, KHRG confirmed that the firing of mortars and small arms was ongoing in the areas of K'Lay Kee and Noh Taw Plah, and that some villagers continued to seek refuge at discreet locations in Thailand."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (503K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b6.pdf

http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-05-17-Three_villagers_killed_eight_injured_during_figh...
Date of entry/update: 27 February 2012


Title: Acute food shortages threatening 8,885 villagers in 118 villages across northern Papun District
Date of publication: 11 May 2011
Description/subject: "At least 8,885 villagers in 118 villages in Lu Thaw Township, Papun District have either exhausted their current food supplies or are expecting to do so prior to the October 2011 harvest. The 118 villages are located in nine village tracts, where attacks on civilians by Burma's state army, the Tatmadaw, have triggered wide scale and repeated displacement since 1997. As tens of thousands of civilians in northern Karen State have been displaced, over-population in hiding areas where civilians can more effectively avoid attacks has created shortages of arable land, depleted soil fertility and reduced potential crop yields. Civilians forced to cultivate land or live near Tatmadaw camps, meanwhile, have faced recent attacks, including indiscriminate shelling and attacks on food supplies, buildings and livelihoods. These existing obstacles to food security were compounded by an unusually dry rainy season in 2010, coupled with other environmental factors, causing the 2010 harvest to fail. The impact of acute food shortages on the civilian population is magnified by budgetary constraints of local relief organisations, which can access the affected area but are currently unable to provide emergency assistance to many of those facing food shortages. This regional report is based on research conducted by KHRG researchers in Lu Thaw Township in February and March 2011, including 41 interviews with villagers and village and village tract leaders in the affected areas. This research was augmented by interviews with members of local relief organisations in February, March and April 2011."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (1.31MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg1101.pdf

http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-05-11-Acute_food_shortages_threatening_8885_villagers_...
Date of entry/update: 27 February 2012


Title: Pa'an interviews: Conditions for villagers returned from temporary refuge sites in Tha Song Yang
Date of publication: 06 May 2011
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcripts of seven interviews conducted between June 1st and June 18th 2010 in Dta Greh Township, Pa'an District by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed seven villagers from two villages in Wah Mee Gklah village tract, after they had returned to Burma following initial displacement into Thailand during May and June 2009. The interviewees report that they did not wish to return to Burma, but felt they had to do so as the result of pressure and harassment by Thai authorities. The interviewees described the following abuses since their return, including: the firing of mortars and small arms at villagers; demands for villagers to porter military supplies, and for the payment of money in lieu of the provision of porters; theft and looting of villagers' houses and possessions; and threats from unexploded ordnance and the use of landmines, including consequences for livelihoods and injuries to civilians. All seven interviewees also raised specific concerns regarding the food security of villagers returned to Burma following their displacement into Thailand."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (836K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b5.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b5.html
Date of entry/update: 27 February 2012


Title: Tatmadaw attacks destroy civilian property and displace villages in northern Papun District
Date of publication: 08 April 2011
Description/subject: "Tatmadaw forces continue to deliberately target civilians, civilian settlements and food supplies in northern Papun District. On February 25th 2011 shelling directed at communities in Saw Muh Bplaw, Ler Muh Bplaw and Plah Koh village tracts in Lu Thaw Township displaced residents of 14 villages as they sought temporary refuge at hiding sites in the forest. After villagers fled, Tatmadaw troops looted civilians' possessions, burned parts of settlement areas and destroyed buildings and food stores in Dteh Neh village. No civilian deaths or injuries were reported to result from this shelling; local village heads confirmed that all villagers affected managed to flee to safe locations during the shelling, many because of warnings received through a locally-developed system to alert community members of attacks. This report is informed by KHRG photo documentation, as well as interviews with and written testimony from a total of nine village heads, village tract leaders and village officials from communities located or hiding in the affected area. An additional 41 interviews conducted during February and March 2011 in Lu Thaw Township were also drawn upon."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (1.4MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg11b4.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/KHRG-2011-04-08-Tatmadaw_attacks_destroy_civilian_property_and_d...
Date of entry/update: 27 February 2012


Title: KHRG Photo Gallery 2010-B
Date of publication: 24 February 2011
Description/subject: Forced relocation and displacement... Life under military control... Convict porters... Children in armed conflict... Soldiers, army camps and weapons... Land and livelihoods... Map Room ..... "The second installment of KHRG's Photo Gallery 2010 includes 95 still photographs selected from images taken by KHRG field researchers since December 2009. Of these photos, 50 were taken between December 2009 and March 2010, and 45 were taken between April and July 2010. Photos were taken in Papun, Nyaunglebin, Toungoo, Mergui/Tavoy, Pa'an and Dooplaya districts of locally-defined Karen State, as well as at sites on the Thai side of the Thailand – Burma border. This edition of the gallery has been divided into six subsections: Establishment of Border Guard Forces and strategic displacement; Involuntary repatriation of refugees in Tha Song Yang District; Surviving with dignity beyond military control; Life under military control; Livelihoods under strain; Landmines; and Children in armed conflict. KHRG is committed to documenting not just the way that villagers are victims of human rights abuses, but also the myriad protection strategies they employ to resist abuse as well as maintain cultural practices and continuity in their lives. Consequently, all sections of this report include a wide variety of photo selections, not just photos of villagers as victims. Since the last photo gallery was released, KHRG has continued to document patterns of abuse consistent with those presented in earlier editions. Villagers already under government control continue to report abuses related to attempts by the Tatmadaw, Burma's state army, and non-state armed groups (NSAGs) holding ceasefire agreements with the Tatmadaw such as the Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) to consolidate control and support ongoing militarization of the countryside. Elsewhere, Tatmadaw forces continue efforts to expand control of territory and civilian populations, particularly in upland areas in northern Karen State. Though the Northern Karen State Offensive ended in 2008, military attacks on villagers in hiding, and their means of survival, nonetheless continue.[2] According to the most recent figures, more than 70,000 villagers remain displaced and in hiding in northern Karen areas, of whom more than 28,000 have been displaced or re-displaced within the past year;[3] between August 2009 and July 2010, at least 95 more villages were destroyed, relocated or abandoned.[4] In 2010, disagreements between the Tatmadaw and some sections of the DKBA over the latter's absorption into the Tatmadaw as Border Guard battalions also increased insecurity for villagers in Pa'an and Dooplaya districts in central Karen State, as civilians worried that open conflict would return to the region.[5] Despite the many challenges to civilian security and livelihoods, however, villagers in eastern Burma continue to show bravery and resilience, employing a range of strategies to protect their families and communities from abuse and the effects of abuse. Photos included in the Photo Gallery are identified with alphanumeric characters shown below each image. To view the first instalment of KHRG’s Photo Gallery 2010, click here."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html. jpeg
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/photoreports/2010photos/gallery2010_B/gallery.html
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2012


Title: Mother of newborn shot and killed in Papun District
Date of publication: 26 January 2011
Description/subject: "On October 13th 2010, a 24-year-old woman was shot and killed less than 45 minutes after she had given birth, when Tatmadaw troops opened fire on her house during an attack on her village in Dweh Loh Township. This news bulletin is based on an interview conducted with the woman's husband, who has been staying with his newborn son and another one of his sons at a refuge site outside Papun district since December 10th 2010."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (285K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b1.html
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11b1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2012


Title: Human rights abuses and obstacles to protection: Conditions for civilians amidst ongoing conflict in Dooplaya and Pa'an districts
Date of publication: 21 January 2011
Description/subject: "Amidst ongoing conflict between the Tatmadaw and armed groups in eastern Dooplaya and Pa'an districts, civilians, aid workers and soldiers from state and non-state armies continue to report a variety of human rights abuses and security concerns for civilians in areas adjacent to Thailand's Tak Province, including: functionally indiscriminate mortar and small arms fire; landmines; arbitrary arrest and detention; sexual violence; and forced portering. Conflict and these conflict-related abuses have displaced thousands of civilians, more than 8,000 of whom are currently taking refuge in discreet hiding places in Thailand. This has interrupted education for thousands of children across eastern Dooplaya and Pa'an districts. The agricultural cycle for farmers has also been severely disrupted; many villagers have been prevented from completing their harvests of beans, corn and paddy crops, portending long-term threats to food security. Due to concerns about food security and disruption to children's education, as well as villagers' continuing need to protect themselves and their families from conflict and conflict-related abuse, temporary but consistent access to refuge in Thailand remains vital until villagers feel safe to return home. Even after return, food support will likely be necessary until disrupted agricultural activities can be resumed and civilians can again support themselves."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (Main text, 688K; Appendix 188K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11f2.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11f2_appendixes.pdf (Appendix)
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2011/khrg11f2.html
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2012