VL.png The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
[WWW VL database || WWW VL search]
donations.gif asia-wwwvl.gif

Online Burma/Myanmar Library

Full-Text Search | Database Search | What's New | Alphabetical List of Subjects | Main Library | Reading Room | Burma Press Summary

Home > Main Library > Human Rights > Labour Rights > Labour rights: reports of violations in Burma and the region > Forced Labour > Non-ILO Reports on Forced Recruitment in Burma

Order links by: Reverse Date Title

Non-ILO Reports on Forced Recruitment in Burma

Individual Documents

Title: BGF Battalion #1014 forced labour and forced recruitment, April to May 2012
Date of publication: 31 May 2013
Description/subject: This report is based on information submitted by a community member in June 2012 describing events occurring in April and May 2012.[1] The information described the activities of BGF Battalion #1014, which operates along the border of Thaton and Papun districts. According to the community member, the group that is based out of Hpa-an Township, in Thaton District, has committed different abuses against the villagers who are in Hpa-an Township. Between April and May 2012, the Battalion forced local villagers from Meh K'Na Hkee village tract to clear plantation land for two companies, from whom the Battalion officers received money. In Kyon Mon Thweh village tract, villagers were required to serve as soldiers in a local militia.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (41K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg13b29.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202013/KHRG-2013-05-31-BGF_Battalion_%231014_forced_labour_fo...
Date of entry/update: 22 June 2013


Title: Incident Report: Forced recruitment in Thaton District #2, May 2012
Date of publication: 31 May 2013
Description/subject: The following incident report was written by a community member who has been trained by KHRG to monitor human rights abuses. The community member who wrote this report described an incident that occurred on May 29th 2012 in Kyoh Moh Thweh village tract, Hpa-an Township, Thaton District, where a group of BGF Battalion #1014 soldiers forcibly recruited villagers for a people’s militia. This report also includes information about the consequent problems the villagers endured related to this forced recruitment, such as having to pay money in lieu, or fleeing the area in order to avoid recruitment. In response to previous forced recruitment efforts, the community member reported that several villagers fled the area in order to avoid the forced service. This report has been summarized along with three other Incident Reports received from this area in: “Border Guard #1014 forced labour and forced recruitment, April to May 2012,” KHRG, May 2013.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (119K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2013/khrg13b27.html, html
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2013/khrg13b27.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 June 2013


Title: Thaton Situation Update: Hpa-an Township, January to June 2012
Date of publication: 31 May 2013
Description/subject: This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in June 2012 by a community member describing events occurring in Thaton District, during the period between January to June 2012. Specifically, it describes villagers' education, their livelihood and explains how some of the villagers who have to go and work in other countries because of the lack of opportunities in their area. This report also presents detailed information about companies that have cooperated with KSDDP leaders (formerly DKBA) and BGF Battalion #1014 soldiers to confiscate land for rubber and teak plantations and, consequently, have forced the civilians to clear and plant tress in the plantation without providing wages. Also reported, is forced recruitment committed by one former DKBA leader, Moe Nyo. This report describes changes in the activity of the Tatmadaw and contains information on the villagers' concerns about Tatmadaw troop movement following the 2012 ceasefire.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (54K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg13b28.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202013/KHRG-2013-05-31-Thaton_Situation_Update_Hpa-an_Townshi...
Date of entry/update: 22 June 2013


Title: Incident Report: Forced recruitment in Thaton District #1, May 2012
Date of publication: 29 May 2013
Description/subject: The following incident report was written by a community member who has been trained by KHRG to monitor human rights abuses. The community member who wrote this report described that on May 29th 2012, villagers were ordered to be recruited for a one-year service by Moe Nyo, a fomer DKBA leader now serving as a company commander in the BGF Battalion #1014, in order to form a new people's militia group. The cost to avoid service was 50,000 kyat per month, which the villagers reported having difficulties with raising. Some villagers who refused to serve, but lacked the money to opt-out and responded to the order by fleeing their village. This report has been summarized along with three other Incident Reports received from this area in: "BGF Battalion #1014 forced labour and forced recruitment, April to May 2012," KHRG, May 2013.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (91K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg13b26.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202013/KHRG-2013-05-29-Incident_Report_Forced_recruitment_in_...
Date of entry/update: 22 June 2013


Title: Papun Interview: Saw N---, January 2012
Date of publication: 27 July 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted during January 2012 in Bu Tho Township, Papun District by a community member trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The community member interviewed Saw N---, a 39 year-old married father of four, who is both a hill field farmer and village head from K--- village in Day Wah village tract, who described the forced recruitment of soldiers into the Border Guard, and how he had arranged for the release of a local villager who had been prohibited from leaving the DKBA by making a cash payment totalling 1,000,000 kyat (US $1,135). Also described in the report, are instances of theft of villagers' livestock, forced labour and forced portering instigated by the Border Guard. Saw N--- mentions the continuous physical assault and other abuse of local villagers, specifically by a Border Guard soldier called Thaw Kweh. Saw N--- also provides information on village life in regards to healthcare, food security, and education. Saw N--- mentions that villagers have avoided paying for a government teacher and choose to pay a local teacher, whom they pay 5,000 kyat (US $5.65) per student for a year. Concerns are also raised in regards to construction projects in the local area."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (307K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg12b70.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202012/KHRG-2012-07-27-Papun_Interview_Saw%20N_January_2012-e...
Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


Title: Papun Interview: Saw T---, December 2011
Date of publication: 16 July 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted during December 2011 in Bu Tho Township, Papun District by a community member trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The community member interviewed a 40-year-old Buddhist monk, Saw T---, who is a former member of the Karen National Defence Organisation (KNDO), Democratic Karen Buddhist Army (DKBA) and the Border Guard, who described activities pertaining to Border Guard Battalion #1013 based at K'Hsaw Wah, Papun District. Saw T--- described human rights abuses including the forced conscription of child soldiers, or the forcing to hire someone in their place, costing 1,500,000 Kyat (US $1833.74). This report also describes the use of landmines by the Border Guard, and how villagers are forced to carry them while acting as porters. Also mentioned, is the on-going theft of villagers money and livestock by the Border Guard, as well as the forced labour of villagers in order to build army camps and the transportation of materials to the camps; the stealing of villagers' livestock after failing to provide villagers to serve as forced labour, is also mentioned. Saw T--- provides information on the day-to-day life of a soldier in the Border Guard, describing how villagers are forcibly conscripted into the ranks of the Border Guard, do not receive treatment when they are sick, are not allowed to visit their families, nor allowed to resign voluntarily. Saw T--- described how, on one occasion a deserter's elderly father was forced to fill his position until the soldier returned. Saw T--- also mentions the hierarchical payment structure, the use of drugs within the border guard and the training, which he underwent before joining the Border Guard. Concerns are also raised by Saw T--- to the community member who wrote this report, about his own safety and his fear of returning to his home in Papun, as he feels he will be killed, having become a deserter himself as of October 2nd 2011."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (331K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg12b63.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2012-07-16-Papun_interview_Saw_T_December_2011-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 12 August 2012


Title: Papun Interview Transcript: Saw L---, June 2011
Date of publication: 02 March 2012
Description/subject: "This report contains the full transcript of an interview conducted in Dweh Loh Township, Papun District by a villager trained by KHRG to monitor human rights conditions. The villager interviewed Saw L---, a 49 year old Buddhist paddy farmer, who described demands for forced labour by Tatmadaw soldiers, including portering and guide duty, as well as clearing vegetation for the Border Guard. Saw L--- stated that villagers undertaking forced labour for the Tatmadaw were denied medical treatment and provided with unsuitable rations, such as stale rice. Forced recruitment into the Border Guard was also cited, with villagers from three different villages forced to pay US $389.61 in lieu of military service. Saw L--- also described Tatmadaw soldiers' demands for chicken and rice as putting pressure on already strained resources, and contributing to villagers' food insecurity. Saw L--- noted that some villagers who are unable to produce enough rice engage in daily wage labour in order to meet their basic food requirements, and that villagers who live in Lay Poh Hta village tract have developed support networks at the village level and reportedly share food with others in times of crisis."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (288K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b23.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/khrg2012/khrg12b23.html
Date of entry/update: 13 March 2012


Title: Forced recruitment, forced labour: interviews with DKBA deserters and escaped porters
Date of publication: 13 November 2009
Description/subject: "...This news bulletin provides the transcripts of eight interviews conducted with six soldiers and two porters who recently fled after being conscripted by the DKBA. These interviews confirm widespread reports that the DKBA has been forcibly recruiting villagers as it attempts to increase troop strength as part of a transformation into a government Border Guard Force in advance of the 2010 elections. The interviews also offer further confirmation that the DKBA continues to use children as soldiers and porters in front-line conflict areas. Three of the victims interviewed by KHRG are teenage boys; the youngest was just 13 when he was forced to join the DKBA..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Field Report (KHRG #2009-B11)
Format/size: html, pdf (628K)
Date of entry/update: 29 November 2009