Policies and projects
|Title:|| ||Myanmar Climate-Smart Agriculture Strategy
|Date of publication:|| ||September 2015|
|Description/subject:|| ||"A roadmap to resilience and sustainability: Myanmar’s climate-smart agriculture strategy....."In light of climate change, people often talk about achieving climate resilience and sustainability. How do we get there? Is there a roadmap for climate change adaptation and mitigation?
At first, it might seem daunting to address climate change in Myanmar. Germanwatch’s Climate Risk Index for 1994-2013 ranked Myanmar as the second most vulnerable country in the world, after Honduras. In 2008, category 4 cyclone Nargis hit the country. According to a World Bank report, Nargis severely affected the country’s agriculture sector with losses equivalent to 80,000 tons and damaging 251,000 tons of stored crops, across 34,000 hectares of cropland.
Myanmar is an agriculture-based country, with 61% of the country’s 53 million people depending on agriculture for their living. The country has also been experiencing more climate extremes like drought, flood, sea-level rise and natural disasters.
The recent launching of Myanmar’s Climate-Smart Agriculture Strategy has paved the path towards guided planning for national climate change adaptation and mitigation. Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) focuses on three pillars in tackling climate change: food security, adaptation, and mitigation.
The first national consultation meeting on ‘Climate-Smart Agriculture Strategies in Myanmar’ was conducted in September 2013, facilitated by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) in Southeast Asia and the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI).
The strategy aligns with the country’s National Adaptation and Plan of Action (NAPA) for climate change, which prioritizes agriculture, early warning systems and forest in its plans and development initiatives.
The strategy institutionalizes Climate-Smart Villages in Myanmar as a community-based approach to a climate-resilient and sustainable agricultural development. These are benchmark villages that are vulnerable to climate change impacts and where CSA interventions will be tested, prioritized and implemented in close cooperation with the village, government units, and other stakeholders.
The foundation has been laid. The next challenge now is translating the strategy into on-the-ground initiatives to achieve agricultural productivity and have climate-ready villages, provinces, and country."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Myanmar Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation, Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers (CGIAR)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (1MB-reduced version; 1.5MB-original)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.cgiar.org/consortium-news/a-roadmap-to-resilience-and-sustainability-myanmars-climate-sm...
|Date of entry/update:|| ||10 July 2016|
|Title:|| ||Land‐based climate change mitigation, land grabbing and conflict: understanding intersections and linkages, exploring actions for change
|Date of publication:|| ||May 2015|
|Description/subject:|| ||Authors: Carol
"Recent research highlights the potential for climate change mitigation projects and large-
scale land deals to produce conflicts over land and resources. However, this literature
generally views climate change policies and land grabbing as separate processes, and
focuses on discrete areas where displacement or
contested claims occur. We argue that
additional research strategies are needed to understand the social and ecological spill-over
effects that take place within larger areas where land-based climate change projects (e.g.
biofuel production, forest conservation, or hydroelectric projects) and large land-based
investments (e.g. plantations or mines) are found. We propose adopting a landscape
perspective to study intersections and complex interactions within and across social,
ecological and institutional domains. By co-producing knowledge with local actors, building
capacity with civil society groups, and informing advocacy that targets policy processes at
multiple scales, we suggest that such research could contribute to preventing, resolving or
transforming conflicts – even in places where difficult political transitionLand
changes are underway".....
Conflict, climate change mitigation, land grab, resource conflict, green grab,
|Author/creator:|| ||Carol Hunsberger et al|
|Source/publisher:|| ||MOSAIC Research Project, International Institute of Social Studies, (Netherlands) RCSD, Chiangmai University)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (222K-reduced version; 330K-original)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.iss.nl/fileadmin/ASSETS/iss/Research_and_projects/Research_networks/MOSAIC/CMCP_72-Hunsb...|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||26 June 2015|
|Title:|| ||The role of Community Forests in REDD+ implementation; Cases of Thailand and Myanmar
|Date of publication:|| ||27 April 2014|
|Description/subject:|| ||Overview: • Definition of CF and its significance to
• CF in Thailand and Myanmar
- Background &Characteristics
- Existing challenges
• Connecting CF and REDD+
• REDD+ progresses in Thailand and
• Risks and Opportunities to CF|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Ratchada Arpornsilp and ZawWin Myint|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (5.1MB)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||23 May 2014|