See the separate section on Forests
|Title:|| ||Myanmar's Rosewood Crisis: Why Key Species and Forest Must be Protected Through CITES
|Date of publication:|| ||2014|
|Description/subject:|| ||"... Extremely rapid growth in Chinese imports of ‘redwood’, ‘rosewoods’ or ‘Hongmu’ timbers from Myanmar in the past two years is directly driving increased illegal and unsustainable logging, posing a real threat to governance, the rule of law and the viability Myanmar’s dwindling forests. EIA research shows that, based on current trends, the two most targeted Hongmu species in
Myanmar - tamalan and padauk - could be logged to commercial extinction in as little as three years.
With financial rewards for illegal loggers and timber smugglers dwarfing traditional incomes, and evidence of corruption facilitating illegal business, Myanmar’s domestic controls will be unable to effectively stem illegal trade. Myanmar urgently needs to engender legal reciprocity from strategic timber trade partners,
particularly China, to ensure Myanmar’s forestry and trade laws are respected along its land border.
In the absence of laws prohibiting illegal timber in China, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) presents the most immediate and effective mechanism to secure China’s respect for Myanmar’s forestry and trade laws.
The Myanmar Government should seek CITES Appendix III protection for its at-risk Hongmu species – Dalbergia oliveri / bariensis (tamalan) and Pterocarpus macrocarpus (padauk) - at the soonest opportunity to ensure trade is in line with sustainable exploitation of existing standing stocks.
The CITES community should assist Myanmar in both instituting and enforcing CITES listings for these key species, and in seeking regional Appendix II listings by the 17th CITES Conference of the Parties (CoP17) in 2016. Enhancing the capacity of Myanmar’s existing CITES Management and Scientific Authorities will be an important element of this work...."|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (1.4MB)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||17 April 2016|
|Title:|| ||Deforestation in the Ayeyarwady Delta and the Conservation Implications of an Internationally Engaged Myanmar
|Date of publication:|| ||14 September 2011|
|Description/subject:|| ||"... Myanmar is a country of huge biodiversity importance that is undergoing major political change, bringing with it new international engagement. This includes access to international markets, which will likely spur investment in export-oriented agriculture, leading to increased pressures on already threatened ecosystems. This scenario is illustrated in the Ayeyarwady Delta, the country’s agricultural heartland sustaining high deforestation rates. Using the Delta as a model system, we use an integrated
approach to inquire about whether and how imminent agricultural reforms associated with an internationally-engaged Myanmar could introduce new actors and incentives to invest in agricultural expansion that could affect deforestation rates. We use a novel remote sensing analysis to quantify deforestation rates for the Delta from 1978 to 2011, develop business-as-usual deforestation scenarios,
and contextualize those results with an analysis of contemporary policy changes within Myanmar that are expected to alter the principal drivers of land-cover change. We show that mangrove systems of Myanmar are under greater threat than previously recognized, and that agriculture has been the principle driver of deforestation on the Delta. The centrality of agriculture to the Myanmar economy indicates that emerging policies are likely to tip the scales towards agricultural expansion, agro-industrial investment and potentially greater rates of deforestation due to the introduction of well-funded investors, insufficient land tenure agreements, and low governance effectiveness. The broad national challenge is to initiate environmental governance reforms (including safeguards) in the face of significant pressures for land grabbing and opportunistic resource extraction..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Kevin Woods|
|Source/publisher:|| ||The Journal of Peasant Studies|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (783K-reduced version; 4.2MB-original)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/Webb_-_Deforestation_Ayearwaddy.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||16 April 2016|
|Title:|| ||A Brief Review of Forest Restoration Programmes in Myanmar
|Date of publication:|| ||1993|
|Description/subject:|| ||"... Evolution of the Myanmar strategy of forest restoration is reviewed and five types of forest plantations, with different sets of objectives, under different ecological conditions are described. Socio-economic and environmental issues of reforestation
through plantation forestry are discussed and technical aspects of site selection, species choice, nursery practice, planting methods and follow-up silvicultural
treatments are briefly presented. Use of well-adapted genetic resources; correct site/species matching, good silviculture and sustained protection at all stages from
seed collection to harvesting is stressed. Priority areas of further research needs are also indicated..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||Sein Maung Wint|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Forest Resource Environment Development and Conservation Association (FREDA)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (52K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||16 April 2016|