Publications on the environment of Burma/Myanmar
|Title:|| ||"BurmaNet News" Environment archive
|Description/subject:|| ||About 10 articles -- from 2008 to October 2016, whenn it closed.|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Various sources via "BurmaNet News"|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||17 April 2012|
|Title:|| ||Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
|Description/subject:|| ||"The Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG) brings together Burma focused ethnic environmental and social organizations. Each member organization monitors Burma development policy and advocates for alternative development policies meeting their specific traditional and comprehensive understanding of local sustainability. BEWG provides a forum for member organizations to combine the successes, knowledge, expertise and voices of ethnic peoples in pursuit of not just local livelihoods, but sustainable and peaceful national, regional and international development policy. Members collaborate on research, reporting, advocacy campaigns, capacity-building initiatives and policy formulation. BEWG also networks with non-member organizations to encourage harmony and diversity in its own activities as well as strengthen democracy and civil society in Burma..."|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||18 July 2012|
|Title:|| ||Burma Rivers Network
|Description/subject:|| ||Includes sections on the major rivers of Burma|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Burma Rivers Network|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||19 July 2012|
|Title:|| ||Dag Hammarskjold Foundation -- Burma Seminars
|Description/subject:|| ||Another development for Burma:
Strengthening the capacity within the Burmese democracy movement for meeting future development challenges has been a recent major initiative. New capacity building activities will seek to strengthen further the democratic forces in the world...plus other related material|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Dag Hammarskold Foundation|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.dhf.uu.se/seminars/burma.html|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||04 December 2009|
|Title:|| ||EarthRights International: Burma Project
|Description/subject:|| ||"EarthRights International's Burma Project collects vital on-the-ground information about the human rights and environmental situation in Burma. Since 1995, ERI has worked in Burma to monitor the impacts of the military regime's policies and activities on local populations and ecosystems. ERI's staff has gathered a vast body of valuable, rare information about the state of the military regime's war on its peoples and its environment. Through gathering testimonies, grassroots organizing, and distributing information through campaign work, the Burma Project has made a significant contribution to human rights and environment protection in Burma. Where possible, we link our grassroots fact-finding missions and community organizing with regional and international level advocacy and campaigning.
We work alongside affected community groups to prevent human rights and environmental abuses associated with large-scale development projects in Burma. Currently, the Burma Project focuses on large-scale dams, oil and gas development, and mining. We share experiences and resources with local communities, as well as provide assistance relevant to community needs. Over the past 10 years the Burma Project has raised awareness about the alarming depletion of resources in Burma and their relationship to a vast array of human rights abuses, as well as the local, national, and regional implications of these practices."...Sections on Dams, Mining, Oil & Gas and Other Areas of Work.|
|Source/publisher:|| ||EarthRights International|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.earthrights.org|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||20 August 2010|
|Description/subject:|| ||Replaced the spammed-up Greenburma in August 2011. Greenburma still has a very useful archive, back to 2001 (see Alternate URL)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/greenburma|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||15 July 2012|
|Description/subject:|| ||Useful archive from 2001 to mid-August 2011 after which it is full of spam...Replaced by http://groups.yahoo.com/group/enviroburma .....Message from the moderator: "Dear Green Burma list members,
Because the Green Burma Yahoo Group, in public operation since 2000, now has been attacked by spam, does not have a moderator and has many inactive "members" -- I have created a new, private Yahoo Group, which I will moderate, to cover the same topic.
The new group is called Environment Burma -- http://groups.yahoo.com/group/enviroburma
A summary of what the new group covers is below.
As a private group, only members of Environment Burma will be able to receive group messages, look at them online or view the archive of messages.
Environment Burma is the group to which I will post news of Burma environment topics from now on.
Members of Green Burma can request (at Yahoo Groups site) to join the Environment Burma group. As long as a membership request is not from a spammer, it will be approved. If commercial spam is sent to the EB group (very unlikely, since it is private) the message & sender will be deleted.
Any member of the new EB group can post messages and comments. Active participation is encouraged.
thanks and best wishes,
Here are the details on enviroburma:
Group home page: http://groups.yahoo.com/group/enviroburma
Group email address: firstname.lastname@example.org|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.yahoogroups.com/group/greenburma|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||03 June 2003|
|Title:|| ||International Rivers
|Description/subject:|| ||Formerly International Rivers Network (IRN)..."International Rivers' mission is to protect rivers and defend the rights of communities that depend on them. We oppose destructive dams and the development model they advance, and encourage better ways of meeting people’s needs for water, energy and protection from damaging floods. To achieve this mission, we collaborate with a global network of local communities, social movements, non-governmental organizations and other partners. Through research, education and advocacy, International Rivers works to halt destructive river infrastructure projects, address the legacies of existing projects, improve development policies and practices, and promote water and energy solutions for a just and sustainable world. The primary focus of our work is in the global South..."...Some articles and reports on Burma|
|Source/publisher:|| ||International Rivers|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://internationalrivers.org/|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||26 April 2008|
|Title:|| ||Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)
|Description/subject:|| ||ABOUT KESAN:
"KESAN is a community based organisation with a central office in Chiang Mai, Thailand. We implement project activities on the Thai Burma border and in Karen and Kachin states in Burma. For the past eight years we have been working towards improving rural livelihood security using an approach that empowers and educates communities and institutions to sustain existing indigenous knowledge and practices to use and manage forest resources for the long term benefit of the community. KESAN also plays a leading role in addressing environmental and development concerns in environmental law and policy formulation in preparation for the post transition period in Burma. KESAN networks with local, regional and international organisations towards increased recognition of local and indigenous peoples rights to use and manage their natural resources for sustainable development.
Karen indigenous people in Burma live peacefully in a healthy environment and actively participate in maintaining ecological balance and livelihood security.
KESAN is a local organization working alongside local communities in Karen State and Kachin State, Burma to build up capacities in natural resource management, raise public environmental awareness, support community-based development initiatives; and collaborate with organizations at all levels to advocate for environment policies and development priorities that ensure sustainable ecological, social, cultural and economic benefits and gender equity
To enhance capacities of local communities and community-based organizations to enable activities for environmental protection and social development
To develop indigenous environmental education and materials to increase children and youth awareness and participation in environmental protection
To support community-based development initiatives to preserve our environment, cultures and traditional livelihoods
To advocate for environment policies and practices and development priorities that are environmentally friendly, socially equitable, culturally beneficial and economically viable
To systematize and scale up ongoing efforts to mainstream a gender perspective in all aspects of KESANs program of work."|
|Language:|| ||English, Karen|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Karen Environmental and Social Action Network (KESAN)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.kesan.asia/|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||19 November 2009|
|Title:|| ||TERRA (Towards Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance)
|Description/subject:|| ||"Towards Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance/Foundation for Ecological Recovery (TERRA/FER), believe that public debate on, and participation in, decisions concerning environment and development is a crucial first step in forging paths towards a more equitable and sustainable future for all people in the Mekong region. This means that civil society must play a strong role in shaping national and regional development policy process. In supporting the work of civil society groups in the region, we have undertaken a range of activities, including participatory research, internships, field studies and exchange. We also engage in campaign and monitoring activities to address development projects, programmes and policies that have negative implications for local people and the environment..."|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||17 September 2014|
|Title:|| ||The environment of Burma (Wikipedia)
► Biota of Burma (2 C, 3 P)
► Conservation in Burma (4 C)
► Energy in Burma (4 C, 4 P)
► Natural history of Burma (3 P)
► Protected areas of Burma (1 C, 20 P)
► Water in Burma (1 C)
List of ecoregions in Burma
Northern Triangle temperate forest
Yadanabon Zoological Gardens
Categories: BurmaEnvironment by cou|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||20 July 2012|
|Title:|| ||United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
|Description/subject:|| ||38,600 search results for "Myanmar" (July 2012)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||03 June 2003|
|Title:|| ||World Rainforest Movement (WRM)
|Description/subject:|| ||A major resource. Several articles on Burma (use the Search and Info by country). Extremely good links page: NGOs, Intergovernmental Sites, Research Institutes; Other links. "The World Rainforest Movement is an international network of citizens' groups of North and South involved in efforts
to defend the world's rainforests. It works to secure the lands and livelihoods of forest peoples and supports their
efforts to defend the forests from commercial logging, dams, mining, plantations, shrimp farms,
colonisation and settlement and other projects that threaten them..."|
|Language:|| ||English, Espanol (WRM Bulletin)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||03 June 2003|
|Title:|| ||WWF - results of a local search for Myanmar
|Description/subject:|| ||About 440 results (9 November 2017)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||World Wildlife Fund (WWF)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||09 November 2017|
|Title:|| ||Keeping it Clean: Renewable Energy a Better Way for Myanmar
|Date of publication:|| ||18 February 2016|
|Description/subject:|| ||"...Building a power system prizing efficiency around solar and wind means breaking with the legacies of earlier times when the environment and health impacts were not so well understood. If Myanmar chooses to break with the past, the door opens to the possibility of an energy leapfrog.
It is a path worth pursuing. It leads to accelerated access to sustainable electricity by exploiting the flexibility of solar coupled with advanced batteries and small hydro integrated into micro-grids, built simultaneously nationwide. Taking this pathway opens up the possibility of electric motorcycles, cars and buses with lower cost, pollution and noise. Life in towns and cities will be all the better. Lots of jobs will be created.
Surprisingly, enabling the leapfrog need not unduly burden the public purse. Local and foreign investors, possibly in partnership with communities, could finance energy options around solar, wind, microgrids and electric buses if policy and regulation are clear, simple and stable..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||David Fullbrook|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"The Irrawaddy"|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||19 February 2016|
|Title:|| ||Think Like a Mountain: Toward a Perspective for Interdisciplinary Ecosystem Research
|Date of publication:|| ||25 July 2015|
|Description/subject:|| ||Introduction: "This
.....Paper delivered at the International
|Author/creator:|| ||James Lin Compton|
|Source/publisher:|| ||International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-25 July 2015|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (85K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||06 August 2015|
|Title:|| ||BURMA’S ENVIRONMENT: PEOPLE, PROBLEMS, POLICIES (English; Executive Summary in Burmese)
|Date of publication:|| ||June 2011|
|Description/subject:|| ||EXECUTIVE SUMMARY:
"Burma has extensive biodiversity and abundant natural resources, which have in recent
years been threatened by militarization, large-scale resource extraction, and infrastructure
development. Burma has some laws and policies related to protecting people and the
environment, but the country lacks the necessary administrative and legal structures,
standards, safeguards and political will to enforce such provisions. The country is also a
party to several international treaties relating to the environment, including those on
protection of biodiversity and indigenous peoples, wildlife, and countering climate change.
It is unclear, however, how the contents of those treaties that have been ratified have been
incorporated into domestic law.
Many organizations are active in Burma on projects and programs related to environmental
protection and sustainable development. This includes a broad range of community-based
organizations, grassroots organizations, national and international NGOs, UN agencies, and
church groups both based in government-controlled areas of Burma (‘inside’) and those
based in the Thai and Chinese border regions (‘border groups’). Many organizations take
the ‘traditional’ conservation approach or the rights-based approach or both. Organizations
that are using a rights-based approach work from a perspective of sustainable development
and livelihoods and subsequently focus on issues such as food security, land tenure and
rights, and community development and organizing. Conservation organizations tend to
focus specifically on environmental protection, although with varying strategies to achieve
their common goal. Organizations working on environmental issues also focus on
environmental awareness, education and training, policy development, advocacy and
Communities continue to be excluded from protected forest areas, threatening their forestbased
livelihoods. The 1990s and 2000s witnessed severe logging, first along the Thai-Burma
border and then along the China border in northern Burma. Although the logging rush has
somewhat subsided along these borders, the government and military continue to allocate
logging concessions to Chinese and Burmese business people, irrespective of national and
local laws regulating sustainable forestry practices. Timber, however, contributes much less
to GDP as other resource sectors boom. Community forestry is positioned to challenge the
manner in which timber resources are managed, providing some promising devolutionii
Land tenure remains very weak in Burma. The state owns all the land and resources in
Burma, with most villagers having no formal land title for their customary agricultural land.
New policies have been put in place allocating land concessions to private entities which
do not respect customary land rights or informal land holdings. There are no safeguards to
protect farmers from the onslaught of capitalism or mechanisms to help them benefit.
Control over natural resources is a major cause of conflict in ethnic areas, where the majority
of Burma’s natural resources remain. Foreign direct investment in Burma is concentrated
in energy and extractive sectors and often results in militarization and displacement. Recently
ii a delegation of authority by a central government to local governing units
The Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
there has been heightened interest from countries in the region for more investment
opportunities. Given the lack of sound economic policy and unwillingness of the state to
reconcile with ethnic armed groups, an increase in foreign investment could have a major
impact on the environment and communities living in these areas.
While they do not provide loans, international financial institutions such as the World Bank
and International Monetary Fund remain engaged in Burma. The Asian Development Bank
in particular provides assistance through various channels and facilitates private investment.
Burma is currently facing many threats to the natural environment and sustainable
livelihoods, such as construction of large dams, oil and gas extraction, mining, deforestation,
large-scale agricultural concessions, illegal wildlife trade and climate change. The majority
of Burma’s income comes from selling off natural resources, including billions of dollars
from gas and hydropower development. Investment comes from countries within the
region– most significantly China, India and Thailand. Malaysia, Singapore, Japan, Vietnam
and Korea are also key investors looking to increase investments after the elections. These
resource extractive investments damage the environment and threaten local resource-based
livelihoods, particularly in ethnic areas.
In order to take steps towards ecologically and socially responsible development in Burma,
Burma must have a sound policy framework for environmental protection and sustainable
development that enables citizens to take part in decision making about their own
development, and ensures responsible private sector investment. Until then, new foreign
investors investing in energy, extractive and plantation sectors should refrain from investing.
Existing investors should immediately cease all project-related work - particularly in sensitive
areas throughout Burma - until adequate safeguards are in place to ensure investment does
not lead to unnecessary destruction of the natural environment and local livelihoods. At
the same time, International NGOs and UN agencies should ensure people are recognized
as key actors in their own development, rather than passive recipients of commodities and
services; and civil society organizations should empower communities throughout Burma
to understand their rights..."|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese (Executive Summary)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||The Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (3.4MB, Burmese E.S 69K))|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs11/bewg-2011-burmas-environment(ES-bu).pdf
|Date of entry/update:|| ||16 August 2011|
|Title:|| ||Burma Human Rights Yearbook 2008 - Chapter 9: Environmental Degradation
|Date of publication:|| ||23 November 2009|
|Description/subject:|| ||"Burma is a country rich in biodiversity, with a wealth of natural resources. This biodiversity
however, is under threat in many ways, but particularly from the impacts of the projects
which exploit natural resources for energy. Oil, gas and hydroelectric projects are all a
valuable source of income for the regime, which exploits the country’s abundant natural
resources by signing deals with neighbouring countries for the extraction and export of these
resources. Seldom do those Burmese citizens living in the areas of the projects see any
benefits. Instead, they are often subjected to a wide variety of human rights abuses
associated with increased militarization around the projects; abuses including forced labour,
land confiscation and resettlement, among others. In addition, their drinking water supplies
are threatened, as is the fertility of their farmlands..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Human Rights Docmentation Unit (HRDU)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (976K)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||05 December 2009|
|Title:|| ||A Natural Disaster in the Making
|Date of publication:|| ||April 2008|
|Description/subject:|| ||Burma’s rulers have shown little inclination to learn from the environmental mistakes of their neighbors...
"WHILE the world ponders the continuing repressive policies of the Burmese junta, a different crisis is looming across the country.
The health and welfare of large numbers of the country’s 50 million or so population is endangered by the consequences of a deteriorating natural environment.
Scavengers collect garbage floating on a sewage pool in central Rangoon in order to earn their livelihood. (Photo: AFP)
A combination of water pollution, land degradation through forest slashing, and badly thought out infrastructure projects is threatening to displace hundreds of thousands of people and put the lives of many others in danger, say environmentalists.
The lawless pursuit of profit is wrecking good farm land, poisoning drinking water and depleting natural resources such as fish, on which millions depend for food.
Several international NGOs have sent out warnings that years of wanton plunder by the military and its business affiliates—plus massive new projects being pursued without proper technical assessments—are coalescing to create an ecological disaster..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||William Boot|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 4|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||27 April 2008|
|Title:|| ||Myanmar National Environmental Performance Assessment Report (2008)
|Date of publication:|| ||January 2008|
|Description/subject:|| ||A report on the first environmental performance assessment (EPA) conducted in Myanmar. The assessment covers seven environmental concerns: forest resources, biodiversity, land degradation, management of water resources, waste management, air pollution from mobile sources, and climate change....EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "Like its Greater Mekong Subregion neighbors, Myanmar
has been trying to reconcile the demands of
economic growth with the integrity of its physical
environment and the long-term health of its citizens.
This Environmental Performance Assessment (EPA)
report evaluates the degree of success that national
stakeholders have had in achieving this objective, expressed
in a number of different ways in official policy
documents. The assessment is confined to seven
key environmental concerns, viz., forest resources,
biodiversity, land degradation, management of water
resources, waste management, air pollution from
mobile sources and climate change. The assessment
uses a structure of performance indicators and is
supported by detailed statistical information.
Reinforced by policy and institutional support,
progress has been made towards safeguarding the
forest resources despite evidence of increased pressure
on them during the last three decades. Following
a period of rapid loss between 1975 and 1995,
the forest cover stabilized around 51 per cent at the
turn of the last decade. The expansion of the Permanent
Forest Estate is a strong positive feature. It is
too early to say what the effect of recent
re-orientation of forest management towards
community management and greater attention to
reducing fuelwood consumption has been.
Myanmar’s exceptionally rich biodiversity could not
escape the effect of the pressure on habitats during
the last two decades, in particular the rapid loss
of natural forest in the 1980s (and its continuation to
this day), and loss of mangroves. The authorities’
response has been to expand the protected area
system to about 6.5 per cent of the total land area
Although the country is well endowed with land
suitable for agriculture, it is not immune to different
forms of land degradation. Soil erosion is serious in
the uplands on about 10 per cent of the country’s
cultivated areas. The authorities’ land rehabilitation
schemes have not kept pace with new cultivation
by the upland farmers, the trend sustained by high
rates of population growth.
Myanmar is perceived as a low water stress country.
Nonetheless, the dominant role of rice in the cropping
systems and several other factors has made
irrigation a priority concern. The volume of irrigation
water storage capacity has increased 27 times since
1988. Given the continued policy and strategic preference
for more paddies, the pressure on supplying
more water for irrigated farming is set to remain
high in the foreseeable future. Sustained funding of
the irrigation water storage capacity and irrigation
management has made it possible to improve the
percentage of total lands effectively irrigated.
The country has achieved substantial progress in
providing its population with safe drinking water and
Myanmar scores well in comparison to other GMS
countries. In rural areas, access increased from 50%
in 1995 to 74% in 2003. In urban areas the increase
was from 78% in 1995 to 92% in 2003.
Solid waste management in Myanmar presents a
mixed picture of clear improvements in the country’s
two premier cities (Yangon and Mandalay)
combined with stagnating or deteriorating collection and
disposal in other States and Divisions. In Yangon, a
reduced volume of waste per capita has resulted in
an overall decline in the volume of waste generated.
The authorities’ greater efforts at collecting the
waste disposal fees are believed to be largely responsible
for this outcome.
Unsystematic and insufficient information on air
quality in Myanmar limits the authorities’ and the
public’s knowledge about the principal trends and
the contributions that vehicles make to
atmospheric pollution in the principal cities. What
can be said with a greater degree of confidence is
that the “vehicle density” has been on the rise in
Yangon and Mandalay. At the same time, it appears
that the fuel consumed per vehicle has been
The National Commission for Environmental Affairs
(NCEA) is the central body tasked to manage the
environment in concert with sectoral agencies such
as the Ministry of Forestry. Since its establishment NCEA has achieved some progress in integrating
environmental concerns into the economic
development mainstream. This included the
ormulation of the national environmental policy
(1994), and drafting of ‘Myanmar Agenda 21’ as a
framework for a multi-pronged approach to
sustainable development. However, NCEA requires
more administrative and financial support to further
increase its effectiveness. The enactment of the
draft national environment protection law might be a
key step in that direction."|
|Author/creator:|| ||U Win Myo Thu, U Maung Maung Than|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Govt of Union of Myanmar (NCEA), ADB, UNEP, ETC,|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (OBL version-5.1MB; original, 6.2MB)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.gms-eoc.org/uploads/resources/22/attachment/Myanmar%20EPA%20Report.pdf
|Date of entry/update:|| ||28 September 2012|
|Title:|| ||Gaining Ground: Earth Rights Abused in Burma Exposed
|Date of publication:|| ||2008|
|Description/subject:|| ||This collection of reports is the result of the hard work and dedication of fourteen young men and women from diverse ethnic groups and regions in Burma who attended EarthRights International’s year-long leadership school for human rights and environmental advocacy, the EarthRights School of Burma (ERSB). The students are eager to expose ongoing human rights abuses and environmental destruction in Burma under the ruling State Peace and Development Council (SPDC). While conducting research the students took great risks, often placing themselves in danger, to reveal the truth about Burma and the perspectives of the people directly affected by abuses.
The students were instructed in such subjects as human rights law, environmental monitoring, advocacy, and nonviolent social change. During coursework, each chose a topic and developed a thesis around it. During their fieldwork, students conducted grassroots investigations, gathered primary source information, and worked directly with victims of human rights abuses, while witnessing firsthand the pain and destruction caused by the SPDC and armed groups in Burma and on its borders.
This is only the second such volume produced by ERSB; for most students this represents the first time they have conducted in-depth research and writing and seen their work in print. It is a significant step on their way to becoming committed human rights and environmental activists. With their new skills the Class of 2008 now joins previous graduates of the EarthRights Schools of Burma and the Mekong in becoming a significant force for positive change, ready to meet the challenge of bringing much-needed peace, justice, and democracy to their troubled nation...... TABLE OF CONTENTS:-
The Potential Impact of the Salween Dams on the Livelihoods of Villagers on Chaung Zon Island,
Mon State by Nai Tiaung Pakao...
Mountains Become Valleys and Valleys Become Mountains in Phakant Township, Kachin State,
Burma by John...
The Impact of Gold Mining on the Environment and Local Livelihoods in Shing Bwe Yang Township, Hugawng Valley, Kachin State, Burma by Myu Shadang...
Social and Environmental Impacts of Deforestation in Northern Chin State, Burma by Icon.....
The SPDC Use of Forced Labor on the Electric Power Lines and the Effects on Villagers in De Maw Soe Township, Karenni State by Khon Nasa...
The Impact of Land Confiscation on the Palaung People in Namkham and Mantong Townships, Northern Shan State, Burma by Mai Naw Jar.....
'If you cut the tree it will be scarred forever': Domestic Violence in Karenni Refugee Camp #1 by Tyardu...
The Impact of Drugs on Palaung Children in Namkham Township, Northern Shan State by Lway
'The price is getting very high': The Reasons Behind the Lack of Education for Children in Northern
Shan State, Burma by Wallace...
The Impact of the UN Resettlement Program for Karenni People in Camps 1 and 2 on the Thai-Burma Border by Mar Ry...
'Hungry for Education': Villagers Living in Ceasefire Controlled Areas Struggle to Educate Their
Children in Boo Tho Township, Papun District by Day Day...
The Negative Impacts of Jade Mining on Women in Hpakant, Kachin State by Cindy. .....
The Food Security Crisis for People Living in Toungoo District by Dawn Flower...
Causes of Food Insecurity in Rathidaung Township, Northern Arakan State by Zaw Zaw.|
|Source/publisher:|| ||EarthRights School of Burma, EarthRights International|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (12.7MB)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.earthrights.org/files/Reports/Gaining%20Ground%20-%20ERSB%202008.pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||07 February 2009|