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Industrial Development

Individual Documents

Title: Life in the Machine House of Rural Migrants: Case Study of the Lives Of Rural Migrant Industrial Workers and their Families in Haling Thayar Industrial Zones
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "In the past four years, Myanmar’s economy and industrial sector have experienced significant development which has pushed rural work forces into urban industries. Livelihoods of rural migrant industrial workers in Myanmar, along with urbanization and industrial development, need to be researched if economic quality of life is to be improved and social needs to be addressed for migrant industrial workers. This research will test the hypothesis: “Rural migrants experience improved life after moving to work in factories in Hlaingtharyar Industrial Zone”. This research examined by answering three research questions Do migrants experience social rights to development, social standards and quality of life after moving to Yangon Industrial Zones, What relationship do rural migrants have with local industrial workers, authorities and labor unions, What are the needs of rural migrants to improve social standards and quality of life?. The purpose of this research proposal is to better understand the lives of rural to urban migrant workers in industrial zones, to assess how they adapt and survive in their new environment as well as their social relationship with local habitants, work, unions, and their families. This issue makes a direct impact on productivity of industries and human rights issues of labors. This research mainly applied ethnography approaches to rural migrant workers as a human agency.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Tin Maung Htwe
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (203K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 08 September 2015

Title: Responsible Business Center expands scope
Date of publication: 20 March 2015
Description/subject: "Myanmar Center for Responsible Business will broaden its scope to begin systematically seeking public feedback about specific grievances regarding companies’ operations, as it launches the research phase for its 2015 transparency in Myanmar Enterprises report. “We want to get more feedback from the public to act as a reality check – for example, has the company been involved in specific land grab cases, or does it mistreat its workers or prevent them from joining a trade union,” said Vicky Bowman, director of the centre, at a press conference yesterday..."
Author/creator: Ko Ko Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times" (English)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 March 2015

Title: Industrial Development in Myanmar: Prospects and Challenges
Date of publication: 2001
Description/subject: "...we should look back Myanmar’s history on industrial policy. Every government to date since independence, either civilian or military, and either democratic or socialist, has approached the problem of the pri­vate sector with great concern and trepidation. Whenever they wanted to accommodate and integrate the energy of private enterprises into the na­tional economy, the socialist philosophy, anti-capitalist attitude, control-prone disposition and xenophobia based on the bitter colonial experiences provided obstacles, with the redefinition of the role of the private sector being left vague and halfway. The transition to market-oriented economy in the 1990s seems to be a his­torical exception. The various reform measures taken by the military gov­ernment apparently show their strong commitment toward a full-fledged market economy. The author calls the present transformation of the economy the Third Wave, and assures himself that it has been the biggest wave of liberalization in Myanmar’s industrial history. Compared with the previ­ous two waves, which the author thinks occurred in the latter half of the 1950s and in the mid-1970s, the present regime has committed itself much more clearly to market economic principles and the enhanced role of the private sector. Nevertheless, the history still exhibits a reserve to be fully confident in government policy toward a market economy. Recent backtracking of eco­nomic reforms is certainly something to be worried. It would be necessary for the military government to commit itself again to such ideas as open markets, free competition, transparency, accountability, consistency, level playing field, freedom of information and rule of law, which are the foun­dations for a free and fair market-oriented economy. Without the govern­ ment’s commitment to those ideas, the private sector would never be con­fident on public polices, and as a result, the full-fledged investments would never be forthcoming." See Toshihiro Kudo, “Industrial Policy in Myanamr: Lessons from the Past” in Industrial Devel­ opment and Reforms in Myanmar: ASEAN and Japanese Perspectives, (Bangkok, The Sasakawa Southeast Asia Cooperation Fund, 1999). 43
Language: English
Source/publisher: IDE- Institute of Developing Economies / JETRO - Japan External Trade Organization
Format/size: pdf (642K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/Industrial_Development_in_Myanmar-Prospects_and_Challenges.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 September 2012