Agribusiness - Agro-based industry
|Title:|| ||Agro-based Industries in Myanmar: The Long Road to Industrialisation
|Date of publication:|| ||March 2006|
"The development objective of agro-based industry as one of policy instruments of
industrialization had been and still continues to pursue over forty years in Myanmar. Yet its
performance still stands stagnant, unable to transform the agrarian economy into agro-based
industrial economy. It is estimated that agro-based industry contributes about 3 percent of
GDP and 43 percent of industrial output value. The level of industrial formation in terms of
the ratio of the manufacturing sector to GDP is also stagnant around 8 to 9 percent.
This paper examines why Myanmar still could not have step up from the agrarian
economy to the agro-based industrial economy and attempts to provide a policy framework
how agro-industrial development is likely to occur.
The industrial ownership structure consists of large number of small scale, scattered
private enterprises and few number of large scale, capital intensive industries of state
economic enterprises (SEEs). The major problem of most agro-based industries is found to be
insufficient raw materials supply which could be ascribed to (i) the government's policy
conflict of self-sufficiency vs. export (ii) raw materials procurement policy of SEEs at lower
than market prices, and (iii) highly distorted exchange rate and macroeconomic instability
affecting the costs of imported goods for import-dependent agro-based industries. Unless the
correct course of actions are taken in dealing with these issues, the raw material supplies
would decline to a crisis point and agro-based industries could be forced into a dead end -- a
'raw material trap'. In the mill areas of SEEs industry, declining raw material supply and poor
performances of factories are often generating vicious circle. The paper points out how
vicious circle could be converted into virtuous circle by adopting market-driven contractual
linkage between farms and factories, and it calls for the management reforms of SEEs,
strengthening the capacity of private entrepreneurs, managing macroeconomic stability and
domestic capital formation. It also assesses the competitiveness and comparative advantages
of the agricultural commodities as the raw materials of agro-based industries in its integration
to the ASEAN Free Trade Area. The results indicate the gloomy prospect."|
|Author/creator:|| ||San Thein|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Institute of Developing Economies (VRF paper 414)|
|Format/size:|| ||pdf (548.11 K)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||http://www.ide.go.jp/English/Search/result.html?cx=017478955533769994456%3A6h5i3wdxmue&cof=FORI...|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||17 August 2010|
|Title:|| ||Agro-Based Industry in Myanmar - Prospects and Challenges
|Date of publication:|| ||2003|
|Description/subject:|| ||400-page book in image files divided into chapters..... Title page, Content, etc...Acknowledgement...Chapter 1-
Introduction...Chapter 2 -
Agro-Based Industrializing Strategy...Chapter 3 -
Rice Industry...Chapter 4 -
Wheat Flour Industry...Chapter 5 -
Pulses Industry...Chapter 6 -
Feed Industry...Chapter 7 -
Edible Oil Industry...
Chapter 8 -
Growth, Survival and and Prospects of Sugar Processing SMEs...Chapter 9 -
Cotton textile Industry... Chapter 10 -
Facts About Myanmar Jute Industries...Chapter 11 -
Chapter 11 Rubber& Rubber Product Industry|
|Author/creator:|| ||U Tin Htut Oo and Toshihiro Kudo|
|Source/publisher:|| ||IDE- Institute of Developing Economies / JETRO - Japan External Trade Organization|
|Format/size:|| ||html, pdf|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||25 September 2012|
|Title:|| ||Agribusiness (MYLAFF folder)
|Description/subject:|| ||To access some files, users may have to take out a (free) subscription to MYLAFF at https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff .....
Contract Farming - 10 files...
Food Safety - 2 files...
Market Chain Studies - 4 files...
Markets for the Poor (M4P) 0 files...
Private Sector - 14 files|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)|
|Alternate URLs:|| ||https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||08 June 2016|