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Agribusiness - Agro-based industry

Individual Documents

Title: Agro-based Industries in Myanmar: The Long Road to Industrialisation
Date of publication: March 2006
Description/subject: Abstract: "The development objective of agro-based industry as one of policy instruments of industrialization had been and still continues to pursue over forty years in Myanmar. Yet its performance still stands stagnant, unable to transform the agrarian economy into agro-based industrial economy. It is estimated that agro-based industry contributes about 3 percent of GDP and 43 percent of industrial output value. The level of industrial formation in terms of the ratio of the manufacturing sector to GDP is also stagnant around 8 to 9 percent. This paper examines why Myanmar still could not have step up from the agrarian economy to the agro-based industrial economy and attempts to provide a policy framework how agro-industrial development is likely to occur. The industrial ownership structure consists of large number of small scale, scattered private enterprises and few number of large scale, capital intensive industries of state economic enterprises (SEEs). The major problem of most agro-based industries is found to be insufficient raw materials supply which could be ascribed to (i) the government's policy conflict of self-sufficiency vs. export (ii) raw materials procurement policy of SEEs at lower than market prices, and (iii) highly distorted exchange rate and macroeconomic instability affecting the costs of imported goods for import-dependent agro-based industries. Unless the correct course of actions are taken in dealing with these issues, the raw material supplies would decline to a crisis point and agro-based industries could be forced into a dead end -- a 'raw material trap'. In the mill areas of SEEs industry, declining raw material supply and poor performances of factories are often generating vicious circle. The paper points out how vicious circle could be converted into virtuous circle by adopting market-driven contractual linkage between farms and factories, and it calls for the management reforms of SEEs, strengthening the capacity of private entrepreneurs, managing macroeconomic stability and domestic capital formation. It also assesses the competitiveness and comparative advantages of the agricultural commodities as the raw materials of agro-based industries in its integration to the ASEAN Free Trade Area. The results indicate the gloomy prospect."
Author/creator: San Thein
Language: English
Source/publisher: Institute of Developing Economies (VRF paper 414)
Format/size: pdf (548.11 K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ide.go.jp/English/Search/result.html?cx=017478955533769994456%3A6h5i3wdxmue&cof=FORI...
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2010


Title: Agro-Based Industry in Myanmar - Prospects and Challenges
Date of publication: 2003
Description/subject: 400-page book in image files divided into chapters..... Title page, Content, etc...Acknowledgement...Chapter 1- Introduction...Chapter 2 - Agro-Based Industrializing Strategy...Chapter 3 - Rice Industry...Chapter 4 - Wheat Flour Industry...Chapter 5 - Pulses Industry...Chapter 6 - Feed Industry...Chapter 7 - Edible Oil Industry... Chapter 8 - Growth, Survival and and Prospects of Sugar Processing SMEs...Chapter 9 - Cotton textile Industry... Chapter 10 - Facts About Myanmar Jute Industries...Chapter 11 - Chapter 11 Rubber& Rubber Product Industry
Author/creator: U Tin Htut Oo and Toshihiro Kudo
Language: English
Source/publisher: IDE- Institute of Developing Economies / JETRO - Japan External Trade Organization
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2012


Title: Agribusiness (MYLAFF folder)
Description/subject: To access some files, users may have to take out a (free) subscription to MYLAFF at https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff ..... Contract Farming - 10 files... Food Safety - 2 files... Market Chain Studies - 4 files... Markets for the Poor (M4P) 0 files... Private Sector - 14 files
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: MYLAFF
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff
Date of entry/update: 08 June 2016