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Response to future disasters

Individual Documents

Title: Myanmar - Flood and Landslide Emergency Recovery Project : resettlement plan : Environmental and social management framework (Abstract)
Date of publication: 12 March 2016
Description/subject: No content is available at this time ..... Abstract: "The objective of the Myanmar Flood and Landslides Emergency Recovery Project is to support recovery in priority disaster-affected areas and, in the event of another eligible crisis or emergency, to provide immediate and effective response to said eligible crisis or emergency. The policy covers direct economic and social impacts that both result from Bank-assisted investment projects, and are caused by (a) involuntary taking of land resulting in (i) relocation or loss of shelter; (ii) loss of assets or access to assets; or (iii) loss of income sources or means of livelihood, whether or not the affected persons must move to another location; or (b) the involuntary restriction of access to legally designated parks and protected areas resulting in adverse impacts on the livelihoods of the displaced persons. If the policy is triggered, the borrower prepares a resettlement plan or a resettlement policy framework that covers the following: (a) the resettlement plan or resettlement policy framework includes measures to ensure that the displaced persons are (i) informed about their options and rights pertaining to resettlement; (ii) consulted on, offered choices among, and provided with technically and economically feasible resettlement alternatives; and (iii) provided prompt and effective compensation at full replacement cost for losses of assets attributable directly to the project"
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Bank
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2016


Title: Myanmar - Flood and Landslide Emergency Recovery Project : indigenous peoples plan : Environmental and social management framework (English)
Date of publication: 08 March 2016
Description/subject: Abstract: "The objective of the Flood and Landslide Emergency Recovery Project for Myanmar is to support recovery in priority disaster-affected areas and, in the event of another eligible crisis or emergency, to provide immediate and effective response to said eligible crisis or emergency. Some of the negative impacts and mitigation measures include: for all projects that are proposed for Bank financing and affect Indigenous Peoples, the Bank requires the borrower to engage in a process of free, prior, and informed consultation. The Bank provides project financing only where free, prior, and informed consultation results in broad community support to the project by the affected Indigenous Peoples. Such Bank-financed projects include measures to (a) avoid potentially adverse effects on the Indigenous Peoples’ communities; or (b) when avoidance is not feasible, minimize, mitigate, or compensate for such effects. Bank-financed projects are also designed to ensure that the Indigenous Peoples receive social and economic benefits that are culturally appropriate and gender and inter-generationally inclusive; ensure that ethnic minorities and other vulnerable people are meaningfully consulted and that they receive project benefits in a culturally appropriate manner; prevent and, where unavoidable, fully compensate loss in livelihood associated with or caused by the project; and develop the capacity of the implementation agencies to manage environmental and social impacts in partnership with the affected communities"
Author/creator: Ignacio, Demilour Reyes;
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Bank
Format/size: pdf (11.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2016


Title: UNICEF: Humanitarian Situation Report #8 (as of 24 Sep 2015)
Date of publication: 24 September 2015
Description/subject: Situation Overview: "As sporadic flooding continues in some areas of Myanmar, the number of people termporarily or still displaced since July continues to grow. As of 21 September, nearly 1.7 million people, including over 578,000 children, have been displaced by flooding and landslides across Myanmar. The risk of seasonal flooding will continue through the end of the rainy season in mid-October, with compounded risks of flooding, landslides and strong winds possible during October and November, when cyclones most often hit Myanmar. Supported by UNICEF, the Government of Myanmar is leading the recovery process to ensure short, medium, and long-term support to flood affected areas, including elements of disaster risk reduction and a focus on building back better to ensure that infrastructure is resilient to future hazards. Myanmar is at highest risk for hazards in the Asia-Pacific region, and UNICEF is fully supportive of Government’s emphasis on ensuring that response and recovery programming aims to reduce these risks, especially for the most vulnerable including children, persons with disabilities, and the poor..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNICEF via ReliefWeb
Format/size: pdf (426K)
Alternate URLs: http://reliefweb.int/country/mmr
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2015


Title: UNHCR: Central Area Floods Response Situation Report #5 (as of 14 Sep 2015)
Date of publication: 14 September 2015
Description/subject: Disaster overview: "The coordination team suggests that there are three broad geographic areas. The team has conducted field trips to two of these ‘typical’ areas. Many houses in the areas visited are of timber construction but there are also masonry and semi masonry buildings.  Chin State: Mountainous area severely affected by landslide and access issues. Many households whose houses were destroyed or are now in unsafe locations are obliged to find temporary accommodation until new locations are identified and support for rebuilding is available. Because houses were damaged by ground instability almost all affected houses will need to rebuilt elsewhere. Lack of useable roads is making access to affected villages for assessment and response extremely difficult.  Central plains: River flat areas where fast moving and deep flood waters have damaged houses, destroyed cropping land and food, made some locations unsafe and deposited deep mud. Some households and complete villages will need to relocate and others are waiting for the dry season for mud to dry out. These households are also obliged to wait in less than adequ ate temporary conditions. As well as this some houses are damaged and uninhabitable. Deep mud is restricting access.  Delta area: The coordination team will visit this area in next days to assess the general conditions but government and anecdotal reporting suggests extensive shelter damage..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNHCR via ReliefWeb
Format/size: pdf (430K)
Alternate URLs: http://reliefweb.int/country/mmr
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2015


Title: World Food Program: Operational Report - September 2015
Date of publication: September 2015
Description/subject: Emergency Flood Response: "In late July and August, more than 1.7 million people in 13 states/regions were affected by the widespread floods and landslides, as a result of the tropical Cyclone Komen. WFP prompted an emergency flood response on 2 August, within 48 hours after the declaration of Chin, Magway, Rakhine and Sagaing as Disaster Zones by the President of Myanmar. One month after, WFP and its cooperating partner have reached 100 percent of 455,269 targeted beneficiaries with 3,241 tons of food in the states/regions of Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Mon, Rakhine and Sagaing. In support of the Government-led flood response, WFP has seconded a senior staff to the National Natural Disaster Management Committee (NNDMC) to provide technical assistance and as a cluster lead of Logistics and Emergency Telecommunication assisting the NNDMC, WFP is coordinating with relevant ministries in Nay Pyi Taw to provide necessary assistance..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Program (WFP) via ReleifWeb
Format/size: pdf (1.76MB)
Alternate URLs: http://reliefweb.int/country/mmr
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2015


Title: MYANMAR CASE STUDY: Putting women at the centre of disaster risk reduction
Date of publication: May 2012
Description/subject: Men and women in Myanmar have, in principle, equal rights and women play a role in all spheres of society. However, gender discrimination is still widespread. There are very limited opportunities for women’s leadership at all levels. Gender-based violence, mostly against women, is widespread, particularly in conflict areas. In the aftermath of cyclone Nargis, Oxfam set up a programme in Dedaye Township, which aimed to restore primary production and income levels, establish social safety nets, and promote alternative skills-based livelihoods options. The programme took two main approaches: to identify and address vulnerability to risk and to foster the development of women’s livelihoods. This both directly benefits women, who are among the most vulnerable members of the community, and improves the capacity of the whole community to withstand natural hazards.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Oxfam
Format/size: pdf (164K)
Alternate URLs: http://policy-practice.oxfam.org.uk/publications/myanmar-case-study-putting-women-at-the-centre-of-...
Date of entry/update: 07 October 2012


Title: Natural Disaster and Humanitarian Assistance in Asia: The Case of Myanmar
Date of publication: October 2009
Description/subject: Introduction: "In May 2008, the international community was frustrated with Myanmar’s1 resistance to humanitarian access after the country was hit by the large-scale cyclone named ‘Nargis.’ Western nations as well as neighboring countries tried to persuade the military government to open up the country and to let in aid supplies and rescue personnel, however, the junta refused to accept them. Myanmar criticized the humanitarian access, calling it ‘humanitarian intervention.’ This paper looks further into the Myanmar case, focusing on political negotiations among the international community, regional community and Myanmar. The Myanmar case is the first in which controversy over humanitarian access after a natural disaster occurred, and it involves the principle of the ‘Responsibility to Protect’ (generally called the ‘R2P’)2 vulnerable people from crimes against humanity. In this case, a number of Western nations asked for the invocation of the R2P principle proposing that the UN Security Council should pass a resolution to authorize emergency relief delivery and impose this on Myanmar if the junta was either unwilling or unable to cope, and where significant loss of life had occurred. If a state fails to protect its people does it then become the responsibility of the international community to protect that state’s population? This paper makes a modest attempt to answer that question..."
Author/creator: Miki HONDA
Language: English
Source/publisher: Waseda University
Format/size: pdf (856K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Maki-Honda-2009-10-Natural_Disaster_and_Humanitarian_Assistance_...
Date of entry/update: 10 October 2015