Laws relating to education - texts and commentary
|Title:|| ||Laws relating to Education - Burma: texts and commentary
|Description/subject:|| ||Link to the OBL Education section under Law and Constitutiuon|
|Language:|| ||English, Burmese/ á€»á€™á€”á€¹á€™á€¬á€˜á€¬á€žá€¬|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Online Burma/Myanmar Library|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||27 September 2014|
|Title:|| ||Upper House Approves Education Law Amendments
|Date of publication:|| ||26 March 2015|
|Description/subject:|| ||"The Upper House on Thursday voted to pass draft amendments to the National Education Law, just under six months after the contentious bill was enacted by the Union Parliament,
Upper House lawmaker Khin Wyne Kyi of the National Democratic Force confirmed that the bill secured passage with some modifications after four hours of debate, and will soon be submitted for consideration in the Lower House.
Among the changes negotiated on Thursday were a rewording of commitments to increase budget outlays to the education sector. Student unions and the National Network for Education Reform (NNER) had pushed for a commitment of 20 percent of all public spending by 2020, one of 11 specific reform demands.
â€œThe increase to the education budget of 20 percent of national spending within five years has been amended to increase the budget year by year over five years, without the 20 percent limit,â€ said Khin Wyne Kyi.
The approved bill also qualified a demand for instruction in mother tongues to stipulate that languages of instruction must be ethnic languages native to Burma, thereby excluding instruction in Mandarin or Arabic. A student push for government authority over educational institutions operated by religious orders has been dropped, as has an attempt to legislate the construction of student and teacher union facilities..."|
|Author/creator:|| ||NOBEL ZAW|
|Source/publisher:|| ||"The Irrawaddy"|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||11 May 2015|
|Title:|| ||Updates: National Education Law â€“ Student Protests
|Date of publication:|| ||2015|
|Description/subject:|| ||"...Action Committee for Democratic Education (ACDE) is comprised of All Burma Federation of Student Unions and University Student Unions. The Committee was established and its members were elected during the nationwide student emergency conference convened on 12-13 November 2014. The emergency conference, attended by more than 500 students, strongly condemned the National Education Law approved by the parliaments and government and unanimously agreed to boycott it. The boycott students demanded that the government initiate negotiations with them regarding the approved National Education Law within 60 days and called for a quadripartite dialogue involving ACDE, National Network for Education Reform (NNER), parliament and the government. We believe the following matters urgently need to be addressed for creation of national education policies and laws that endure democratic education system. Therefore, we hereby announce that we will work to address matters surrounding the following issues by means of negotiations with relevant stakeholders.
(1) Inclusion of representatives of teachers and students in legislation process of education policies and laws, by-laws and other related laws,...
(2) the right to freely establish and operate student and teacher unions and legal recognition for them,...
(3) establishment of National Education Commission and University Coordination Committee mentioned in the approved National Education Law...
(4) self-determination and self-management on educational affairs of individual state/regions and schools...
(5) modifying current examination and university matriculation system...
(6) modifying teaching methods to such that ensure freedom for thinking and self-studying of students...
(7) inclusion of a provision in National Education Law that ensure freedom for the practice of ethnic languages and mother tongue based multi-lingual education for ethnic populations and tribes...
(8) inclusive education for all children including children with disabilities...
(9) resumption of enrollment for students previously expelled from schools due to the student uprisings...
(10) allocation of 20 percent of national budget for education...
(11) regulating of free compulsory education up to middle school level rather than primary level..."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||Burma Partnership|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||11 May 2015|