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Home > Main Library > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by ethnicity/administrative area > Education by State > Education in Mon State

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Education in Mon State

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Pointb - Inspiring a new era of possibility
Description/subject: Education project in Mon State
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pointb
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 02 June 2014


Individual Documents

Title: Inaccessible and Under-Resourced: Concerns Over Education in Rural Mon Communities
Date of publication: 01 June 2015
Description/subject: "The report draws on interviews conducted by WCRP field reporters with 146 individuals, largely in 17 rural villages of Ye Township (Mon State), Kyainnseikyi Township (Karen State), and Yebyu Township (Tenasserim Region). Through the report WCRP presents the significant challenges faced by both students and teachers in government-led Basic Education and ‘Mixed’ Schools, and in non-state Mon National Education Committee (MNEC) operated Mon National Schools; first exploring the issue of education dropout, and second outlining resource constraints in rural village schools. WCRP expresses concern that, despite some progress on national-level education reform, the benefits of reform have clearly yet to be seen in rural ethnic areas of the country. Overwhelmingly, WCRP’s main findings were that education in rural Mon regions remains inaccessible for children from poor families, and that rural village schools remain chronically under-resourced. More specifically, WCRP’s research highlighted that, despite the Burmese government’s commitment to Millennium Development Goal No. 2 (Universal Completion of Primary Education), over a third of children who stated when they had left education dropped out before completing Primary School. Meanwhile, three quarters of students who gave reasons why they had dropped out from education cited problems connected to livelihood difficulties. In terms of resource shortages, 14 of 23 village schools surveyed indicated problems with insufficient material and human resources. WCRP concludes Inaccessible and Under-Resourced with a call for all parties concerned with education in Mon regions, including the Burmese government, MNEC and international aid organisations, to undertake all necessary measures to address the highlighted concerns. In particular, WCRP advocates that all parties must take comprehensive action to limit the effects of poverty on school attendance and to strengthen resources available to rural village schools. WCRP hopes that the data contained within this report may be used as a starting point for follow-up research and stepped-up engagement, facilitating measures that may slowly begin to improve education prospects for some of Burma’s most marginalised children."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
Format/size: pdf (3.8MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/WCRP-2015-06-Inaccessible&Under-resourced-brief-bu-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 June 2015


Title: Mon State Faces Shortage of Teachers for Mother-Tongue Education
Date of publication: 11 June 2014
Description/subject: "After passing a bill to allow the Mon language to be taught in government schools, the Mon State government is facing a shortage of teachers capable of doing the job, regional lawmakers said."...
Author/creator: LAWI WENG
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 October 2014


Title: Mon State to Allow Ethnic Language Classes in Govt Schools
Date of publication: 10 April 2014
Description/subject: "The Mon State Parliament has passed a bill to allow the teaching of ethnic languages in government schools for the first time in more than half a century, state lawmakers say."...
Author/creator: LAWI WENG
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 October 2014


Title: International Mother Language Day 21 February & Teaching of Mother Language in Burma
Date of publication: 02 March 2014
Description/subject: "After preserving of over 2500 years, the survival of Mon language is largely at the will of the population of less than three millions in current time."...
Author/creator: Hongsar Channaibanya
Language: English
Source/publisher: Independent Mon News Agency
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 October 2014


Title: A Preliminary Assessment of Decentralization in Education: Experiences in Mon State and Yangon Region (English)
Date of publication: December 2013
Description/subject: "This discussion paper examines decentralization within the formal education system in Myanmar in Yangon Region and Mon State. The aspects of decentralization considered include arrangements between the central government and the states for the management of education, including budgets, human resources, curriculum, policy frameworks, and overall decision-making authority..."
Author/creator: Brooke Zobrist and Patrick McCormick
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asia Foundation, MDRI-CESD ( No. 1)Discussion Papaer
Format/size: pdf (620K-reduced version; 3.4MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/APreliminaryAssessmentofDecentralizationinEducation.pdf
Date of entry/update: 04 July 2014


Title: A Preliminary Assessment of Decentralization in Education: Experiences in Mon State and Yangon Region Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ(
Date of publication: December 2013
Description/subject: "This discussion paper examines decentralization within the formal education system in Myanmar in Yangon Region and Mon State. The aspects of decentralization considered include arrangements between the central government and the states for the management of education, including budgets, human resources, curriculum, policy frameworks, and overall decision-making authority..."
Author/creator: Brooke Zobrist and Patrick McCormick
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Asia Foundation, MDRI-CESD
Format/size: pdf (614K-reduced version; 3.5MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/APreliminaryAssessmentofDecentralizationinEducationBur...
Date of entry/update: 04 July 2014


Title: "Voice Up" Volume 1, August 2012
Date of publication: August 2012
Description/subject: "The newsletter focusing on current issues of empowerment, community participation, and advocacy for women and children from Burma."..... "Women narratives: the life of a refugee" - "The nine refugee camps along the Thai-Burmese border are home to people displaced by war, economic hardship, and Burmese military assaults on ethnic areas. Many refugee women are burdened by difficulties, but still holding on to hope..." "Reports of child trafficking and abuse prompt educational workshop on the border"..."Support Women’s Capacity and Listen to Their Voices"..."Donor cuts nearly shut down middle school in refugee camp"..."Parents question strenuous student schedules"..."Mon language study only allowed on weekends in government schools"..."Women IDPs and refugees continue to face challenges to livelihood"..."First ever Women and Peace Workshop held in Mon State"..."Shin Saw Puu Association represents important step in women’s leadership and civil participation" - “This Association really encourages women to participate in leadership roles, and they inspire many women to get involved.”..."Young women leading community development projects"..."KWAT Demonstrates Persistent Abuses and Impunity in Kachin State"..."Child sufferers of dengue fever pack Moulmein hospital"..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2012


Title: Building Community Education Program under a democratic government in Burma
Date of publication: 17 January 2012
Description/subject: "The right to teach and learn in native languages is declared as a universal human right by the United Nations. However, in Burma teaching and learning in native languages are not legal under the current constitution. There are millions of children in Burma whose parents are non-Burmese speaking. Still, learning native languages is neither allowed nor supported in the public education system in Burma"...
Author/creator: Banya Hongsar
Language: English
Source/publisher: Independent Mon News Agency
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 October 2014


Title: A Noble Monk: A Hero Defending Mon Language and Culture in the 21st Century
Date of publication: 04 July 2011
Description/subject: "Language is a foundation of human existence. Each language has its own unique characteristics. Languages can be changed due to location, dialect, and environment. The cultural survival of one ethnicity has endured in the 21st century. The spoken and written language of the Mon people in lower Burma and central Thailand has been revitalised in recent years through the efforts of Buddhist monks and community leaders."...
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Independent Mon News Agency"
Date of entry/update: 09 October 2014


Title: Education Still Not Free in Mon State
Date of publication: 07 June 2011
Description/subject: "Students’ families in Mon State have reported having to pay a school registration and text book fee even though the new government claimed the education year of 2011-2012 to be free for primary school education"...
Author/creator: RAI MAROH
Language: English
Source/publisher: Independent Mon News Agency
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 October 2014


Title: Ethnic Political Parties Plan to Propose Ethnic Education in Parliament
Date of publication: 03 June 2011
Description/subject: "After a meeting held yesterday in Rangoon, five ethnic political parties came to a decision to propose ethnic education be taught at the government schools during the next session of parliament"...
Author/creator: LAWI WENG
Language: English
Source/publisher: Independetn Mon News Agency
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 October 2014


Title: Five Ethnic Political Parties Plan to Propose Ethnic Education at Government Schools
Date of publication: 10 May 2011
Description/subject: "...The five ethnic political parties include the Rakhine Nationals Development Party, the AMDP, the Chin National Party, the Phalon Sawaw Party and the Shan Nationalities and Democratic Party (SNDP)"...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Independent Mon News Agency
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 October 2014


Title: Ceasefire Over, New Government Still Allows Mon Students A Continuing Education
Date of publication: 02 May 2011
Description/subject: "The newly appointed Burmese government has continued to allow Mon students, from the ninth and tenth grades, the opportunity to take exams at the government schools during the 2011 academic year despite the end to the ceasefire agreement with the New Mon State Party (NMSP)"...
Author/creator: LAWI WENG
Language: English
Source/publisher: Independent Mon News Agency
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 October 2014


Title: IDENTITY, IMAGE AND ETHNIC CONFLICT IN BURMA: A CASE STUDY OF MON PEOPLE
Date of publication: December 2010
Description/subject: Abstract: "Burma‘s ethnic conflict is one of the longest conflicts in the world. The conflict has been ongoing since 1948. The conflict has resulted in the loss of thousands of lives and thousands more have become refugees or internally displaced persons. This study attempts to explain the root causes of ethnic conflict in Burma through an in-depth analysis of the Mon ethnic group as a case study. Based on the results of the analysis, the study presents possible solutions to the conflict. The results show that the conflict is caused by three major factors: threats to ethnic identity, nationalist sentiments, and images of out-group. When the Mon ethnic identity was identified and measured, the Mons are highly nationalistic and strongly identified with their group. Thus, they are prompted to respond to threats to their identity. Major factors explaining the threats to Mon ethnic identity are the loss of territory, downgrading of identity, restrictions on the teaching of language and literature, and practicing of culture, the destruction of national symbols, internal migrations and population transfer, intermarriage, and threats of annihilation. The Mon have a barbarian image of the Burman because they see Burman as superior in capability, inferior in status, and as having harmful intentions. The level of in-group identity also v has a positive correlation with the level of barbarian image. These two variables (identity and barbarian image) also have positive correlations with the level of conflict. This implies that those who have higher levels of in-group identity and a greater barbarian image of the Burman results in higher levels of conflict. The level of barbarian image also shows a positive correlation with the forming of alliances with other non-Burman ethnic groups and fighting against the Burman. The current Burmese government‘s ―seven steps road map‖ will not provide a solution to the ethnic conflict in Burma. Burma‘s ethnic problems could be solved by dialogue among all stakeholders, democratization, power-sharing, and the forming of a super-ordinate identity. These can happen through the establishment of a genuine federal political system that guarantees autonomy to all ethnic groups in Burma."
Author/creator: Pon Nya Mon, Ph.D.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Washington State University (Doctoral Dissertation)
Format/size: pdf (1.7MB) 286 pages
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2011


Title: The Students’ Revolutionary Spirit
Date of publication: 08 August 2009
Description/subject: ..."My teacher, who was Mon, told all his students who spoke Mon language that, “You must speak Burmese in the class – don’t speak Mon. If you speak one Mon word, you must pay 5 pyar”. I did not know that this was called racial discrimination, but his words hurt me, and left me with a question – why?"...
Author/creator: Nai Saing
Language: English
Source/publisher: Mon Independent News Agency
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 05 November 2014


Title: An Enduring Culture
Date of publication: April 2008
Description/subject: The Mon, one of the earliest indigenous people in the Thai-Burmese area, were instrumental in disseminating Buddhism to the region. Nowadays they face a fight for cultural survival... " CONCENTRATED in the mountainous border area of Burma and Thailand, up to three million Mon are struggling to preserve their culture and language. Researchers and anthropologists worry that Mon culture may disappear entirely, deliberately assimilated through the policies of both the Thai and Burmese governments. Thai military officials observe a Mon festival in Samut Sakhon near Bangkok. (Photo: Bangkok Post) As evidence, they point to Moulmein, the capital of Mon State in Burma, where the name of the Mon National Museum was changed by Burmese authorities to the “National Museum,” and members of the Mon Literature and Culture Association were replaced by junta associates. In Thailand, meanwhile, security officials pressured organizers of the annual Mon National Day festival in February to refrain from singing and dancing, to limit the festival to one day, to identify the organizers of the festival and ban the participation of unregistered workers from Burma. In addition, Thai officials also urged the public not to support the Mon cultural events at Samut Sakhorn, home to almost 200,000 workers from Burma, the majority of whom are Mon..."
Author/creator: Lawi Weng
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 4
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2008


Title: Child rights and Mon Education Committee
Date of publication: 31 May 2003
Description/subject: Mon National Education Policy: "... the committee has very limited authority and resources to tackle the rights for children education in Mon territory under current circumstances because the ruling military government still refused to acknowledge the role of the committee in urban areas after cease-fire agreement..." Cases described.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Plight of Women and Children in Burma" (Issue No. 2/2003) - pp 8-10
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 06 April 2004


Title: Mon Language in Thailand: The endangered heritage
Date of publication: 11 May 2003
Description/subject: "This paper will give the picture of Mon language situation in Thailand both spoken and written language from the earliest time to the present day. The written language will include inscriptions, palm leaf manuscripts, and printed books..."
Author/creator: Paphatsaun Thianpanya,
Language: English
Source/publisher: Kao Wao News Group
Format/size: html (60K)
Date of entry/update: 12 May 2003


Title: Links to Mon Cultural and Political Resources
Description/subject: -A gook link to the following sites and more: Euro-Mon Community...Mon Culture and Literature Survival Project...Mon Unity League...Monland Restoration Council... Rehmonnya.org (human rights and media website)... The Mon Information Home Page...UNPO Mon Page...IDENTITY, IMAGE AND ETHNIC CONFLICT IN BURMA: A CASE STUDY OF MON PEOPLE... An Enduring Culture
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 October 2014