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Burmese Educationists

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Education Burma
Description/subject: A well-organised website. Substantial content..... CONTENTS: Teacher Training... RWCT Workshops... RWCT Guidebooks... Migrants Learning Center... Children Learning Center... Year Report 2007... Education Papers... Edu and Demo – Eng... Edu and Demo - Bur... Presentation (video Eng)... Presentation (video Bur)... Funding... Who We Are... Photo Gallery.
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: English, Burmese
Source/publisher: Education Burma
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 September 2010


Individual Documents

Title: The Current Myanmar Curriculum (သင္ရိုးညႊန္းတန္းကို ဘယ္သူေရြးမလဲ)
Date of publication: 27 August 2012
Description/subject: "ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ လက္ရွိပညာေရးစနစ္တြင္ သင္ရိုးညႊန္းတန္းဟူ၍ မည္မည္ရရ ျပစရာမရွိပါ။"
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
Date of entry/update: 05 October 2014


Title: Languages, Identities and Education
Date of publication: 15 October 2011
Description/subject: "The ethnic groups that live in Burma/Myanmar possess distinctive national, cultural and language identities. However, the teaching of indigenous minority languages has been prohibited since 1962, and, even though changes are being introduced, that policy largely remains in place today. The paper outlines brief historical background of eight major ethnic groups and, introduces to the ethnic languag es and their status in Burmese/Myanmar education. It considers issues relating the teaching of ethnic minority languages, and discusses the question, "What should be the policy on language education in Burma/Myanmar?" The paper argues that there is a need to take into consideration „multilingual education‟ in the light of the linguistic diversity that exists in Burma. It sees linguistic diversity as a positive characteristic of the country, and safeguarding this diversity as an important task for its citizens."...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Languages, Identities and Education - ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ လူမ်ဳိးမ်ား၏ ဘာသာစကားႏွင္႔ ပညာေရး
Date of publication: 22 August 2011
Description/subject: "ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတြင္ ေနထိုင္ၾကသည့္ တိုင္းရင္းသား လူမ်ဳိးမ်ားသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသို႔ ၀င္ေရာက္ခဲ႔ၾကသည္႔ အခ်ိန္ကာလ၊ သမိုင္း၊ ယဥ္ေက်းမွုႏွင့္ ဘာသာစကားမ်ားကြဲျပားၾကေသာ္လည္း တူညီသည္႔ အခ်က္မွာ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို အတူတကြပိုင္ဆိုင္ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။'...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Alternate URLs: http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Critical Thinking: The Burmese Traditional Culture of Education
Date of publication: 28 May 2010
Description/subject: "Buddhist monastery schools are the sec ond largest education institutions in Burma. A senior monk has suggested that critical thinking strategies are the method of the Buddha's teaching. The presentati on will explore the practice of critical thinking teaching strategies in Burmese sc hools, and in refugee and migrant schools on the Thai-Burma border from 2002 to 2010. It will also report on the response of teachers who promote critical thinking in their classrooms, including what they understand by the term 'critical thinki ng'. The presentation will discuss the relationship between 'critical thinking' a nd the Buddhist tradition in Burma. It will also explore the impact of ‘critical thinking’ in Burmese society."...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Education and Democracy in Burma: Decentralization and Classroom- Level Educational Reform
Date of publication: 10 July 2007
Description/subject: "In the last sixty years, Burma has experienced several periods of political upheaval, each of which has impacted on the country’s educational system. The first transition in 1948 was from colonial to national education, and the second, following the 1962 military coup, was from national to ‘socialist’ education. In this paper, I will address these periods of educational change and, anticipating Burma’s eventual transition to democracy, will suggest a plan to decentralize the educational system fr om classroom through to national level. I will draw from my seven years of educational work for displaced Burmese young people along the Thai-Burma border, and from my current re search on education in democracy. I will also discuss strategies for promoting educational reform and strengthening cultural and national identity within the context of a democratic transition in a multi-ethnic society."...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Assessment Article on the Reform of Democractic Education - ဒီမိုကေရစီ ပညာေရးျပဳ ျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမွု
Description/subject: "ဤေဆာင္းပါးသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံက်ာင္းမ်ားတြင္ အစဥ္တစိုက္က်င့္သံုးခဲ့သည့္ စာေမးပြဲစနစ္မ်ားႏွင့္ တကၠသိုလ္၀င္ခြင့္အေပၚ သံုးသပ္တင္ျပ၍ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲသင့္သည့္ နည္းလမ္းမ်ားကို အႀကံျပဳထားပါသည္။"...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Children’s Opportunity to Learn in the Ethnic Nationality Areas in Burma
Description/subject: "This paper is based on the findings of the local education workshops, which were conducted by the national health and educat ion committee. The workshops were held at (1) Mon area, (2) Karen area, (3) Karenni and Shan areas, (4) Central area where ABSDF is based, (5) Kachin area and (6) western pa rt of Burma. The following topics were discussed: (1) children’s opportunity to learn, (2) Curriculum, (3) the teaching of mother tongue at school, (4) teaching methodology and (5) teacher education. The data in this paper does not include information from Arakan area and Shan area. Shan teachers could not attend the workshops and the NHEC (west branch) could not access to Arakan area due to various constraints."...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Critical Thinking (What, Why, How), 2004 - ေ၀ဖန္ပိုင္းျခား စဥ္းစားျခင္းကိုျမွင့္တင္ေသာ သင္ၾကားနည္းစနစ္
Description/subject: "၁၉၉၅ ေနာက္ပိုင္းမွာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ ပညာေရး ျပဳ ျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမွုမ်ားဟာ ေက်ာင္းသား ေက်ာင္းသူမ်ားကိုယ္တိုင္ ေလ႔လာသင္ယူတဲ့ နည္းစနစ္မ်ားနဲ႔ ေ၀ဖန္ပိုင္းျခား စဥ္းစားမွုကို ျမွင္႔တင္တဲ့ နည္းစနစ္မ်ားသို႔ ဦးတည္လာခဲ႔ပါသည္။"...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Critical Thinking and Autonomy, 2010 - ေ၀ဖန္ပိုင္းျခား စဥ္းစားျခင္းႏွင္႔ ကိုယ္ပိုင္ျပ႒ာန္းခြင္႔
Description/subject: "ေ၀ဖန္ပိုင္းျခား စဥ္းစားျခင္းအားျဖင္႔ သူတပါး၏ လႊမ္းမိုးခံေနရမွုမွ လြတ္ေျမာက္၍ ကိုယ္ပိုင္ အယူအဆ ကိုယ္အေတြးအေခၚျဖင္႔ လြတ္လပ္စြာ ရပ္တည္ႏိုင္ပါသည္။"
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Education and Democracy in Burma, 2007 - ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ပညာေရးႏွင့္ ဒီမိုကေရစီ
Description/subject: "ပညာေရး ျပဳ ျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမွုမလုပ္လွ်င္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္တြင္ ဒီမိုကေရစီ ေရွ.ဆက္ႏိုင္မည္မဟုတ္ပါ။"
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Education in Burma (1945-2000)
Description/subject: "This paper embodies a documentary analysis of the Burmese education system within the historical context . It provides an overview of the Burmese historical background, education before independe nce (1945-1948), after independence (1948- 1962), under the military rule (1962-1988) and on the wave of democratisation (1988- 2000)."...
Author/creator: Thein Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Education in Burma 1 : Hope for the Future
Description/subject: "The paper explores the current educational si tuation in Burma and educational activities outside Burma based on the exiled author’s wo rk for the education of Burmese children and teacher education. Education in Burma has deteriorated at all levels in terms of equity, quality and efficiency during many years under the military regime. Burmese schools have predominantly offered teacher-cen tered and subject-orie nted teaching and rote learning. There is a la ck of teacher trai ning and a weak curriculum. The regime uses education as a political tool preventing children from learning how to think."...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Education Policy Article (ပညာေရးေပၚလစီ)
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 05 October 2014


Title: Issues Surrounding Curriculum Development in the Ethnic Nationality Areas of Burma
Description/subject: "The paper mainly focuses on the curriculum development in the ethnic nationality areas of Burma. However, the study found that cu rriculum development alone could not solve the educational problems due to the fact that the majority of children had no proper education, the drop out rate is high and th e quality of teaching is low. The paper provides findings of the studies on curricula, teaching methods and children’s access to education in the ethnic nationality areas of Bu rma. It also reflects the suggestions of participants at the education conference held in Chiang Mai, Thailand in July 2002 organized by the Burmese National Hea lth and Education Committee (exiled)."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Learning Centered Education (ေက်ာင္းသားေတြကို ဘယ္လိုသင္မလဲ)
Description/subject: "ယေန႔ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေက်ာင္းမ်ားသည္ ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား၏လြတ္လပ္စြာ သင္ယူခြင့္ကိုလည္းအားမေပး ဆရာမ်ားက အားသြန္ခြန္စိုက္ သင္ၾကားေပးျခင္းလည္း မရွိ"...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 06 October 2014


Title: Learning in a Democracy
Description/subject: "With the dialogue between the ruling regime and the democratic opposition once again deadlocked, many people are thinking that Burma is due for an Iraq-style "regime change." Regardless of the manner in whic h political change comes to the country, however, the initial period of reconstruction following the establishment of democracy will be especially challenging for educators. The success of Burma’s efforts to reestablish itself as a democratic nation will depend largely on its capacity to introduce sweeping educational reforms—from the cl assroom to the state level."
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: Lessons from Italy Education System (အီတလီ ပညာေရး စနစ္မွ အတုယူစရာမ်ား)
Description/subject: "ကေလးတစ္ဦခ်င္း၏ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္မွုႏွင္႔ ေက်ာင္းသားမ်ား စုေပါင္းသင္ယူမွုကို တၿပိဳင္နက္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ျခင္း၊ မတူကြဲျပားေသာ လူမွုေရးေနာက္ခံရွိသူမ်ား ခႏၥာကိုယ္ မသန္စြမ္းသူမ်ား၊ ဘာသာစကားႏွင့္ ယဥ္ေက်းမွု ကြဲျပားသူမ်ား၊ .... သည္အတုယူစရာမ်ားျဖစ္သည္။"....
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 06 October 2014


Title: NNER Education Policy Recommendations for the Parliament (ျပည္သူ႔လႊတ္ေတာ္သို႔ တင္သြင္းသည္႔ အမ်ိဳးသားပညာေရး မူ၀ါဒ)
Description/subject: "အေျခခံမူမ်ားတြင္ ႏိုင္ငံသားအားလံုး၏ တန္းတူအခြင့္အေရး၊ လူ႔ဂုဏ္သိကၡာႏွင့္ ပညာေရးဆိုင္ရာ လြတ္လပ္ခြင္႔မ်ား ပါ၀င္ပါသည္။"...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 06 October 2014


Title: Teacher Role in Education Transition, 2009 - ဒီမိုကေရစီေျပာင္းလဲေရး ကာလတြင္ ဆရာ၊ ဆရာမမ်ား ေတြ႔ႀကဳံ ရသည္႔အခက္အခဲမ်ား။ ခ်
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.htm
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014


Title: The Educational Cost of Army Rule in Burma
Description/subject: "This paper deals with the educational cost of army rule in Burma in at least four respects. First, there is a lack of access to education due to years of neglect regarding compulsory basic education. Second, the school curriculum fails to promote skills, which are needed for the world of work as well as social life. Third, there is no provision for teaching in languages other than Burmese for children whose mother tongue is not Burmese. The three problems mentioned above are worsened by the fact that the teaching profession is undermined by the regime."...
Author/creator: Dr. Thein Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thinking Classroom Foundation
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/show.php?cat=2261&lo=d&sl=0
http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/resources.html
Date of entry/update: 03 October 2014