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Title: A Study of the Buddha Image Made of Bamboo-strips at the Myathabeik Foothill in Thaton, Mon State
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "After the lord Buddha Parinibbāna (pass away), the Buddhists have worshipped with devotion (1) SarÄ«rika Cetiya (Relics) (2) Dhamma Cetiya (Teachings) (3) Uddissa Cetiya (Images) (4) Paribhoga Cetiya (Bodhi tree and utensils) (5) Pāda Cetiya (foot-­‐prints of the Buddha) in memory of the Lord Buddha. Among these five different kinds of Cetiyas where there are images of the Lord Buddha on it, are called as Uddissa Cetiya. In traditions, the Lord Buddha Images are made of gold, silver, copper, iron, stone, wood and bamboo-­strips. Just as there are many differences with the materials used in carving sacred images there are also differences in shape, size and style. One image different from another in gesture (mudrā), sitting posture (āsana) and sacred throne (pallaá¹…ka). A wonderful Hneephayargyi made of bamboo-­strips exists at the Myathabeit foothill in Thaton, Mon state. A group of six young craftsmen who made the image was led by Sayar Myint Naing Oo. Unlike other images, there are interesting and wonderful features in the creating of this particular Hneephayargyi. Therefore, this monograph on the brief history of statues and images and the creating of Hneephayargyi are compiled and presented so that Buddhists may not only revere and strengthen their faith, but it may also, be of partial help to those who want to find out and study Buddhists arts. Key words: the impressive capability of the Myanmar’s handicraft."......Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Myint Myint Than
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (233K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015

Title: Betel Receptacles
Date of publication: December 1960
Description/subject: Betel-chewing has been a national habit in Myanmar for centuries. The great variety of betel receptacles have become a significant source for cultural research . The old Mon and Myanmar inscriptions described betel and items necessary to the eating of betel. The author has analyzed eighteen types of betel receptacles, some with insignias of one particular class, and others of more general nature. The different types of betel receptacles like Kwam: ac, Kwam: up, and Kwam: khawk are made of different materials that reflect the wealth and status of the user. They range from split bamboo,to silver and gold studded with precious stones.....Subject Terms: betel receptacles..... Key Words: 1. Kwam: an (Insignia worn by wealthy men in the 17th and first half of the 18th century.]... 2. Kwam : ac... 3. Kwam : up (Insignia designed for royalty-- kings, princes sawbwas, and nobles.)... 4. Kwam kalap (Fashion appurtances during the late Ava period designating wives of nobles, lesser court officials, and lords of the villages.)... 5. Kwam : Khawk (Part of the insignia designating kings, princes, nobles and their wives and consorts.)
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Bulletin of the Burmese Historial Commission", Vol. 1, Part 2, pp167-229, 1960-12, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (938K-reduced version; 3.5MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0010.pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 November 2014

Title: The Thrones of the Burmese Kings
Date of publication: December 1960
Description/subject: This paper was read at the Kanthaseinlai Society on 31 Jan 1960. The author wrote about the nine thrones of Myanmar Kings which were used for different purposes on specific occasions. 1. The Sihasana Throne, Lion Throne, (Earth Palace)... 2. The Sihasana Throne, Lion Throne, (Hluttaw)... 3. The Padummasana Throne, Lily Throne... 4. The Bhamarasana (Bee Throne)... 5. The Maruyasana (Peacock Throne)... 6. The Migsana Deer Throne... 7. The Hamsasana Hamsa Throne... 8. The Gagasana Elephant Throne... 9. Sankhasana Conch Throne.....Subject Terms: 1. Thrones... 2. The Sihasana Throne, Lion Throne, (Earth Palace)... 3. The Sihasana Throne, Lion Throne, (Hluttaw)... 4. The Padummasana Throne, Lily Throne... 5. The Bhamarasana (Bee Throne)... 6. The Maruyasana (Peacok Throne)... 7. The Migsana Deer Throne... 8. The Hamsasana Hamsa Throne... 9. The Gagasana Elephant Throne... 10. Sankhasana Conch Throne..... Key Words: thrones
Author/creator: Yi Yi, Dr.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Research Society", Vol. 43, No. 2, pp79-123, 1960-12, via University of Washington
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB-reduced version; 2.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.lib.washington.edu/myanmar/pdfs/YI0016.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2014