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Migrant workers in the clothes industry

Individual Documents

Title: MIGRANT WORKERS IN THAILAND’s GARMENT FACTORIES
Date of publication: December 2014
Description/subject: "This report, and the research carried out by MAP has highlighted how migrants working in textile and garment factories in Mae Sot, Tak Province of Thailand, are vulnerable to labour rights violations and exploitation including being paid less than other Thai workers, having their precious documentation confiscated, and paying too much into health and social benefit plans that they do not know how to claim...Fluctuating migrant policies and the fact that a migrant’s documentation status is linked to the employer undermine migrant workers’ security and limit their liberty. Restrictions on forming unions and collective bargaining stem from the Thai Labour Protection Act of 1998 and the fact that the Royal Thai Government has not yet ratified relevant ILO Conventions. All of these factors result in extremely poor working conditions for migrants working in the garment industry. Labour abuses are characterized by extremely long working hours, receiving wages considerably below legally set minimum wages and unfair deductions. Without legal enforcement to protect migrants’ labour rights, few see the benefit of being registered, and so only a fraction have proper documents. While organizations like the MAP Foundation and others can assist migrant workers by providing them with knowledge on labour rights and collective bargaining, these efforts will always be limited. In order to provide equity and security to migrants working in the garment and textile industry in Mae Sot, and all occupations throughout Thailand, fundamental changes need to be made to labour laws, accompanied by meaningful monitoring and enforcement. Essentially, migrants need to be entitled to enjoy the same rights as Thai workers under the law and in practice..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Clean Clothes Campaign
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/2014-12-00-CCC-MAP-ThaiReport.pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 December 2014