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Home > Main Library > Human Rights > Various Rights > Various rights: reports of violations in Burma > Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) reports

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Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) reports
Work in progress - most KHRG reports are in the thematic sections

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Description/subject: The largest body of high-quality reports on the civil war in Burma, especially focussed on the civilian victims - currently over 600 reports dating from 1992.
Language: English, Karen, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/reports/karenlanguage/index.php
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Individual Documents

Title: Hidden Strengths, Hidden Struggles: Women’s testimonies from southeast Myanmar - English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 03 August 2016
Description/subject: "This report presents women’s testimonies in respect of various issues during the reporting period of January 2012 to March 2016. These issues include the dangers posed to women by the presence of armed actors in communities; the effects of land confiscation and development projects on women’s livelihoods; women’s access to healthcare and education; the continued occurrence of gender-based violence; and the harms caused by landmines; forced labour; arbitrary taxation and extortion. Importantly, women’s actions and agency in the face of abuse and injustice are also documented in this report. These agency strategies are documented to highlight women’s actions as women are not passive recipients of abuse...KHRG presents the perspectives of local women on issues identified by them, including livelihoods, militarisation,health, education, and others. The report outlines human rights abuses that are of particular concern for women, including gender-based violence (GBV), and how continued human rights abuses in southeast Myanmar affect women and men differently, an aspect that is often overlooked. In addition, it highlights the agency strategies that women employ for self-protection, and the challenges they face when attempting to access justice for abuses. Finally, the report suggests ways to address the issues raised and improve the situation for women in southeast Myanmar, by giving concrete recommendations to the Government of Myanmar, ethnic armed organisations, local and international civil society organisations, and the international community supporting the peace process and in Myanmar. KHRG is confident that this report will provide a valuable resource for practitioners and stakeholders working on issues related to southeast Myanmar, and that it can be used as a tool in developing an awareness of local women’s concerns and agency. KHRG also believes that the report will be equally interesting for members of the general public who would like to learn more about women’s perspectives of the situation on the ground in rural southeast Myanmar..." pdf links in html version
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ), Karen
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg_july_2016_hidden_strengths_hidden_struggles_english_resize... (English, 3.7MB)
http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/book_-_hidden_strengths_burmese_for_web_resize.pdf (Burmese, 3.7MB)
http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/k_briefer_final_resize.pdf
http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/thematic2016e_final_resize.pdf (map, English)
http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/thematic2016b_final_resize.pdf (map, Burmese)
http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/hshs_appendix_final_resize.pdf (appendix, English - raw data, 5MB)
Date of entry/update: 04 August 2016


Title: Thaton Situation Update: Thaton Township, July to October 2015
Date of publication: 19 April 2016
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Thaton Township, Thaton District between July and October 2015. It also includes updates on land confiscation, education, healthcare, military activities, and development projects. • On November 15th 2014, a Thaw Maw villager in Noh Ta Hsguh village tract reported that Tyre Factory #2 had confiscated 250 acres of land, belonging to Thaw Maw villagers. They had also planted rubber trees on the confiscated land. Due to decreasing rubber prices, the factory owners are now selling the land back to the villagers, at a price of 60,000 kyat (US $46.20) per acre. • Following the signing of the 2012 preliminary ceasefire, the Burma/Myanmar government, the Karen National Union (KNU), and other organisations have increased their education activities and support in Thaton Township. However, despite a growing number of schools and more external support, some parents are still facing financial difficulties sending their children to school. • The Burma/Myanmar government and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have built new clinics in Thaton Township. Nonetheless, villagers are still facing difficulties accessing healthcare and adequate medicine. As healthcare in the towns continues to be an option mainly for the more affluent, some villagers continue to seek treatment in their villages or in KNU-controlled areas..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) - KHRG #15-101-S1 Thaton
Format/size: html; pdf (219K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/2016-04-19-Thaton_Situation_Update-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 04 May 2016


Title: Dooplaya Photo Set: Road construction and expansion results in destruction of villagers’ plantations in Kyonedoe and Kyainseikgyi townships, December 2014 to July 2015
Date of publication: 09 March 2016
Description/subject: "his Photo Set illustrates road construction and expansion taking place in Kyainseikgyi and Kyonedoe townships, Dooplaya District between December 2014 and July 2015. These projects, managed by Khin Zaw Company, as well as another unknown company that has been subcontracted by the Burma/Myanmar government, destroyed villagers’ betel nut and rubber plantations. The affected villagers have not yet received any compensation for their losses..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (403K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/2016/03/15-5-ps1/dooplaya-photo-set-road-construction-and-expansion-results-destruc...
Date of entry/update: 10 April 2016


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Dwe Lo Township, August to October 2015
Date of publication: 09 March 2016
Description/subject: Hpapun (Mutraw) District "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Dwe Lo Township, Hpapun District between August and October 2015, including forced labour, land confiscation, and livelihood issues. - Soldiers from Tatmadaw Infantry Battalion (IB) #96 in Dwe Lo Township, forced villagers in A--- valley to transport their supplies and the only compensation the villagers were given was petrol. - The Karen National Union (KNU) organised for land confiscation victims in Meh Thoo and Meh Way village tracts to receive two million kyat (US $1,547.80) per acre as compensation. - Since the signing of the 2012 preliminary ceasefire agreement, displaced persons in Dwe Lo Township have been able to return to their old villages...."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (459K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/2016/03/15-114-S1/hpapun-situation-update-dwe-lo-township-august-october-2015
Date of entry/update: 09 April 2016


Title: Hpapun Incident Report: Landmine kills one buffalo and injures two in Bu Tho Township, April 2015
Date of publication: 07 March 2016
Description/subject: "This Incident Report describes a landmine incident in A--- village in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District on April 13th 2015, that left one buffalo dead and two injured as one of the animals stepped on a landmine. The mine had been planted by soldiers from Company #2 of Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1013. Saw B---, the owner of the buffaloes, had not received any compensation at the time of writing this report. - See more at: http://khrg.org/2016/03/15-68-i5/hpapun-incident-report-landmine-kills-one-buffalo-and-injures-two-bu-tho-township#sthash.p9Pj1l6B.dpuf..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (205K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/2016/03/15-68-i5/hpapun-incident-report-landmine-kills-one-buffalo-and-injures-two-...
Date of entry/update: 09 April 2016


Title: Hpapun Field Report: January to December 2013
Date of publication: 02 March 2016
Description/subject: "This Field Report includes information submitted by KHRG community members describing events which occurred in Hpapun District between January and December 2013. The report describes human rights violations, including sexual harassment, violent abuses, landmine incidents, forced labour, land confiscation, gold mining, arbitrary taxation, and theft and looting. In addition, fighting between Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) and Border Guard Force (BGF) soldiers resulted in injury and displacement of villagers. The report also documents villagers’ concerns regarding the stability of the 2012 preliminary ceasefire and issues important to the local communities, such as access to education and healthcare. - Between January and December 2013, villagers reported ongoing militarization and use of landmines by Tatmadaw and BGF soldiers in Bu Tho and Dwe Lo townships, resulting in fatalities and injury to villagers and livestock. - BGF soldiers committed human rights abuses such as sexual harassment, violent abuse, and demands for forced labour from villagers in Bu Tho Township. - Monk U Thuzana’s followers ordered villagers to perform forced labour for the monk’s bridge construction project. - A private gold mining enterprise has been endangering villagers’ health in Dwe Lo Township. Villagers expressed their opposition to gold mining projects in the area by producing placards and posting them along the road and the river..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/2016/02/16-1-f1/hpapun-field-report-january-december-2013
Date of entry/update: 10 April 2016


Title: Thaton Situation Update: Bilin Township, October 2015
Date of publication: 25 February 2016
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bilin Township, Thaton District in October 2015, including updates on the 2015 general election, education, and development projects. - Villages under the administration of the Burma/Myanmar government are able to vote in the 2015 general election. However, villages located in Karen National Union (KNU) controlled areas have not been adequately informed ahead of the election. - Local Karen teachers selected to teach in villages have had to resign after Burma/Myanmar government teachers were sent to teach in Bilin Township, sparking concerns that Karen language education will be given less attention and taught outside of school hours. - Heavy rain and floods damaged paddies, and, combined with an increase in the paddy price, caused livelihood concerns among some villagers. - The main roads that have been under construction in Bilin Township since 2013 will be completed during 2016. Although useful for the villagers, the road construction has caused problems for some villagers whose lands have been damaged..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (502K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/2016/02/15-100-s1/thaton-situation-update-bilin-township-october-2015
Date of entry/update: 10 April 2016


Title: Toungoo Field Report: December 2013 to December 2014
Date of publication: 25 February 2016
Description/subject: "This Field Report describes events occurring in Toungoo District between December 2013 and December 2014. During this period, KHRG mainly received reports from Thandaunggyi Township and surrounding areas. The report includes information submitted by KHRG community members on a range of human rights abuses and issues of importance to local communities including land confiscation, militarisation, fighting between armed groups, commercial activity carried out by military actors, violent abuse, access to education, access to healthcare, and development projects. • There have been ongoing cases of land confiscation at the hands of the Tatmadaw, for the purpose of building Burma/Myanmar government offices, establishing military target practice areas and increasingly, for plantations, commercial projects, and sale to private companies. • Militarisation in Toungoo District has continued, despite the 2012 preliminary ceasefire between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Burma/Myanmar government, with the Tatmadaw rotating troops and replenishing their rations and ammunitions at camps in remote areas. • A local militia, the Thandaung Special Region Peace Group, have been engaged in several commercial activities, including running gambling areas, logging, and stone mining, in order to raise funds to support their operations. All of these activities have had a disruptive effect on villagers, in particular the school students. • The Burma/Myanmar government has invested in providing financial support for school students in standards one to four in Toungoo District, however this has not always been effective as in some cases the money does not reach the students. • There continues to be a lack of access to adequate healthcare in Toungoo District; the Burma/Myanmar government has only built clinics in the village tracts close to main roads, there is a shortage of properly trained healthcare workers and in the case of villagers with lower incomes, treatment is often too expensive. • Between April and June 2014 there was a meeting that was headed by the Mya Sein Yaung company, with representatives from ten villages, on the subject of the company’s Reducing Poverty project being implemented in Thandaunggyi Township."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (382K-reduced version; 658K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2016-02-25-Taungoo_Field_Report-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 February 2016


Title: BGF Battalion #1014 demands forced labour, asserts heavily militarised presence in villages in Hpapun District, June 2015
Date of publication: 14 December 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes forced labour and military activities in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District in June 2015... On June 12th 2015, the villagers of A--- village, Meh Pree village tract, Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District were forced to do unpaid labour by Plah Thoo and Plah Yu Say from Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1014. The villagers were ordered to carry water and collect vegetables and firewood for the BGF military camp... On June 14th 2015, the Tatmadaw soldiers from Light Infantry Division (LID) #22 came into B--- village, Kyaw Pah village tract with 35 Tatmadaw soldiers and two BGF soldiers. Since they were travelling through a KNLA restricted area, they were carrying heavy weapons as a display of power. They passed through the village on their way to C--- village, where they heard that the Karen armed groups would be holding a meeting..."
Language: English, Karen and Burmese
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (159K, 297K and 173K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-9-nb1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 December 2015


Title: Complaint Letter to the chairperson of the Burma/Myanmar government Land Management Committee, November 2015
Date of publication: 08 December 2015
Description/subject: "The Complaint Letter below was written by the Shwegyin Karen Baptist Association, a missionary association from Kyaukkyi Town, Kyaukkyi Township, Nyaunglebin District, and sent to the chairman of the Burma/Myanmar government Kyaukkyi Township Land Management Committee, on November 5th 2015. The letter concerns the Burma/Myanmar government’s construction of buildings on a Christian church compound. According to the letter, the compound has belonged to the church for 55 years. The Burma/Myanmar government has begun construction of a Cooperative Department building and plans to construct a Department of Rural Development building and commission offices within the church compound. This has been done without prior consultation with the Shwegyin Karen Baptist Association. The Shwegyin Karen Baptist Association reported to KHRG that they submitted the complaint letter to Burma/Myanmar government officials, members of the KNU, and other political parties, but they have not seen any action taken in response; instead the construction has continued. This report also includes details of earlier letters sent to authorities by the Shwegyin Karen Baptist Association in an attempt to have the church compound officially measured and recorded, to prevent the land from being confiscated..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (419K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-125-cl4.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 December 2015


Title: Dooplaya Situation Update: Kyainseikgyi Township, March to May 2015
Date of publication: 26 November 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kyainseikgyi Township, Dooplaya District between March and May 2015, including violent clashes between armed groups, injury caused by a landmine, and militarisation... On March 10th 2015, fighting broke out between Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #549 and LIB #231, and the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA) in A--- section, M--- village, lasting for around 30 minutes. KHRG is unable to confirm whether any villagers were injured during the fighting... On April 17th 2015, 31-year-old Saw B--- from D--- village was hit by a landmine which was purportedly planted by the DKBA. He sustained injuries to his feet but survived the explosion.... DKBA Battalion #901 established a new army camp in C--- village on April 25th 2015..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (159K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-38-s1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 December 2015


Title: Mergui-Tavoy Short Update: Ler Muh Lah Township, 1998 to 2013
Date of publication: 23 November 2015
Description/subject: "This Short Update describes events occurring in Ler Muh Lah Township, Mergui-Tavoy District between 1998 and 2013, including forced relocation, torture, arbitrary arrest, and forced labour... In 1998, villagers now living in A--- village were forced to relocate by the Tatmadaw... In June 2011, the village head of A--- village was severely beaten by Tatmadaw soldiers as he was interrogated for information on suspected village connections to the Karen National Union (KNU). Based on information he eventually gave the Tatmadaw soldiers under torture, at least 15 villagers were arrested and held in jail... During the conflict, Tatmadaw soldiers led by Officer Nay Lin Soe arrested all the male villagers in A--- village and killed the village head. They forced all the male villagers to be sentries throughout the night, beating them if they fell asleep. This caused the rest of the villagers to flee to the forest for several weeks... After being forced to relocate by the Tatmadaw, the villagers have struggled with housing on their new land; since 2009, the owner of the new land has not permitted the villagers to build any new houses. The villagers have asked the Tatmadaw for support with this, as it was them who relocated the villagers to this land, but they have not received any help..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (153KB)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/13-94-d1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 December 2015


Title: Mergui-Tavoy Situation Update: Ta Naw Th’Ree Township, January to May 2015
Date of publication: 19 November 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Ta Naw Th’Ree Township, Mergui-Tavoy District, during the period of January to May 2015, including military activity, access to education, and access to healthcare... In Ta Naw Th’Ree Township, the Tatmadaw have been using horses to transport rations to the border areas... A group of Burma/Myanmar government staff from Military Security Affairs, which is the Burma/Myanmar government’s intelligence agency, have also been active in the township, trying to gather intelligence on the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA)... A local, anti-malaria community group entered the area and treated those who were suffering from malaria. A local non-governmental organisation (NGO) came once a month and provided vaccinations to the mothers and children in the villages. KNU health workers also visited the villages and provided medical treatment to the villagers... The Burma/Myanmar government is investing in the local government schools and sending their own trained teachers to teach in them. The Karen Education Department (KED) supports the Karen schools in Ta Naw Th’Ree Township by providing materials such as pens, notebooks, pencils, and clothes for the teachers..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (169K)
Date of entry/update: 20 December 2015


Title: Thaton Field Report: January to December 2014
Date of publication: 19 November 2015
Description/subject: "This field report describes events occurring in Thaton District between January and December 2014. It includes information submitted by KHRG researchers on a range of human rights abuses and other issues of importance to local communities, including arbitrary demands, forced labour, road construction and extension, stone mining, militarisation, land confiscation and commercial agricultural projects, and community development such as education, sanitation, and healthcare... According to reports received in 2014, Tatmadaw military activities remained the same, or even decreased in some townships in Thaton District, compared to previous years. Despite this, there were still three reports regarding human rights abuses committed by the Tatmadaw in 2014. These included cutting down villagers’ trees and bamboo for the purpose of repairing their camp, as well as for secretly selling them for their own profit. On two occasions, villagers were forced by the Tatmadaw to do unpaid labour for them... In terms of education in Thaton District in 2014, international organisations, such as UNICEF and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), came into the area to support education, engaging in projects such as building schools for the local villagers and supplying stationary. In addition, the locally-built Karen schools joined forces with the Burma/Myanmar government schools in order for the students to be able to continue their education after they finish the Karen primary school in their village. To enable this, the Burma/Myanmar government sent their teachers to the area; however, their teachers often leave the village since they dislike staying in the rural areas. As a result, the quality of education available to students has been low... KHRG has received 12 reports covering for-profit development projects such as stone mining, road construction and extension, and rubber and teak plantations. These projects resulted in land confiscation and destruction, livelihood problems, and restrictions on freedom of movement. Other community development projects were conducted by non-governmental organisations (NGOs), who built water pumps, schools, and clinics. These projects brought some improvements in education and healthcare; however, there are ongoing challenges due to a lack of proper needs assessments with villagers and delays in project implementation..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (443K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-1-f1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 December 2015


Title: Thaton Interview: Saw A---, October 2014
Date of publication: 27 October 2015
Description/subject: "This Interview with Saw A--- describes events and issues occurring in Bilin Township, Thaton District, prior to and during October 2014, including militarisation, arbitrary taxation, restrictions on the freedom of movement, villagers’ livelihoods, economic migration, education, and healthcare... Saw A---, who lives in B--- village, explains how there is an increasing amount of checkpoints in the area set up by armed groups, including the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA), the Border Guard Force (BGF), the Karen National Union (KNU), as well as the Tatmadaw... These armed groups have been demanding crippling amounts of tax from Saw A---, who has worked as a livestock trader for over 20 years. The armed groups have been demanding around 5,000 to 10,000 kyat (US $4.45 to $8.90) in tax from Saw A--- on each pair of buffalo and cows he has with him when he passes through the various checkpoints in the area... Saw A--- also mentioned that due to a lack of career opportunities in Bilin Township, 20 young people from B--- village migrated to Thailand in search of employment..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (321K)
Date of entry/update: 20 December 2015


Title: Forced recruitment of a child soldier by KNLA in Kyainseikgyi Township, Dooplaya District, October 2015
Date of publication: 23 October 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes the forced recruitment of a child soldier by the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) in Kyainseikgyi Township, Dooplaya District. A 43-year-old woman from A--- village, known as Naw A---, reported to a KHRG community member that her youngest son, Saw E---, was recruited by the KNLA in 2013, when he was 16 years old. As her son did not want to be a soldier, she reported the case to the village head and asked the local KNLA base for his release. Nonetheless, there has been no action taken by the KNLA. As a result of her son’s forced recruitment, Naw A--- also faces livelihood difficulties, since she lives with only one of her daughters and she needs her son to be released so he can help them with their livelihood needs.[1]..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (130K-reduced version; 148K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-17-nb1_0.pdf
http://khrg.org/2015/10/15-17-nb1/forced-recruitment-child-soldier-knla-kyainseikgyi-township-doopl...
Date of entry/update: 05 November 2015


Title: Mergui-Tavoy Situation Update: Ler Muh Lah and Ta Naw Th’Ree townships, January to June 2015
Date of publication: 22 October 2015
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Ler Muh Lah and Ta Naw Th’Ree townships, Mergui-Tavoy District, prior to and during the reporting period of January to June 2015. These include militarisation, violent abuse, land confiscation, development projects, and education. This Situation Update also describes villagers’ responses to land confiscation... Villager Saw A--- was struck ten times with a stick by Tatmadaw Operations Commander (G3) Tin Soe on March 3rd 2015, as he had hung the Karen national flag in front of his house. Operations Commander Tin Soe forced Saw A--- and other villagers to remove any Karen flags from their houses... In Pa Saw village tract, Ler Mu Lah Township, the Asian World Company has used land confiscated from villagers in 1997 as a palm oil plantation. Following the signing of the preliminary ceasefire the villagers have returned to their land and rebuilt their houses amongst the palm oil trees. The Asian World Company ordered them to relocate, but the villagers refused... In 2014, further land was confiscated from villagers in Ma Saw village tract, Ler Mu Lah Township, by Malaysian company, The Myanmar Stark Prestige Plantation (MSPP). The company has begun clearing vegetation and planting palm oil trees on the land. The villagers submitted a petition to the Karen National Union (KNU) concerning MSPP’s actions and appealing for compensation... KNU and Burma/Myanmar government staff helped the villagers to reclaim 150 acres of land from U Aung Win, who had previously confiscated 1,700 acres of the villagers’ land... Burma/Myanmar government schools are allowing Karen language to be taught, but the subject is not scheduled during regular school hours.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (322K-reduced version; 1.20MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-52-s1.pdf
http://khrg.org/2015/10/15-52-s1/mergui-tavoy-situation-update-ler-muh-lah-and-ta-naw-th%E2%80%99re...
Date of entry/update: 04 November 2015


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, November 2014 to January 2015
Date of publication: 21 October 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District during the period between November 2014 to January 2015, including illegal logging, punishment, education, and livelihoods... In C--- village, Pa Heh village tract, primary school students who did not pass the examinations were punished by their teacher who made them sit down and stand up 500 to 1,000 times... Karen National Union (KNU) soldiers arrested two people found on a bamboo raft carrying logs which had been cut down on November 3rd 2014... Saw A---, the representative of the Karen Office of Relief and Development (KORD), came to hold a meeting in B--- IDP camp regarding cuts to rations and how internally displaced persons (IDPs) can earn their livelihoods in the future."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (198K-reduced version; 213K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-16-s1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-10-21-Hpapun_Situation_Update-Bu_Tho_Township_November...
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2015


Title: Toungoo Interview: Naw A---January 2015
Date of publication: 15 October 2015
Description/subject: "This Interview, with Naw A---, describes events and issues occurring in Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District, reported to KHRG in January 2015, including land confiscation, education, healthcare, and development projects... Villagers heard that a company is coming to the area to implement a development project for which they will confiscate land in B--- village, as well as in nearby villages. The villagers submitted a complaint letter to the township administrators stating their objection to the project, as they were afraid that their lands for which they do not have land grants will be confiscated... Students are receiving a poor education as school teachers are often absent, as they frequently leave the village to visit their homes, which can take up to two weeks per trip. Further to this, some of them have expressed that they do not want to teach at all... As there is no health clinic in B--- village, villagers must travel to Toungoo Town for medicine or treatment whenever they are sick."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (165K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-14-a4-i1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-10-15-Toungoo_Interview-Naw_A-January-2015-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2015


Title: Fighting between Tatmadaw and KNLA soldiers leads to violent abuse and displacement of villagers in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, October 2015
Date of publication: 13 October 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes three separate incidents of fighting that occurred on September 30th 2015, between Tatmadaw and Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) soldiers in Day Wah and Kyaw Pah village tracts, Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District. This includes arbitrary arrest and detention, violent abuse of a villager, restrictions on the freedom of movement, and displacement of villagers... The deputy commander of KNLA Company #4 reported that his soldiers engaged in a fight with Tatmadaw soldiers due to the Tatmadaw soldiers failing to abide by the ceasefire agreement and crossing over their delimited area... Following one of the skirmishes, Tatmadaw soldiers violently abused a 61-year-old male villager, accusing him of providing them with false information regarding the whereabouts of KNLA soldiers. They then arrested him and ordered him to follow them for one day before finally releasing him... Due to the fighting, approximately ten households in Meh K’Naw village, Kyaw Pah village tract temporarily fled to the area surrounding Myaing Gyi Nyu Town in Hpa-an District. At the time KHRG received this information, these villagers had not yet returned to their village... Following the fighting, Tatmadaw and Border Guard Force (BGF) soldiers set up a checkpoint on the vehicle road between Hpapun and Ka Ma Maung towns and stopped all cars in search of Karen National Union (KNU) members.[1]"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (150K-reduced version; 162K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-16-nb1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-10-13-Fighting_between_Tatmadaw_and_KNLA_soldiers_lead...
Date of entry/update: 21 October 2015


Title: Hpa-an Short Update: Nabu Township, April to March 2015
Date of publication: 08 October 2015
Description/subject: "This Short Update describes the general situation in Nabu Township, Hpa-an District during the period between April and March 2015, including updates on health and education, as well as improvements to villagers' freedom of movement... Since the preliminary ceasefire was signed in 2012, the villagers have been freer to work for their own living, rather than being subjected to forced labour. Villagers have also been able to travel more freely, as the number of landmines being planted in the area have also been decreasing... Prior to the preliminary ceasefire, there were only Karen National Union (KNU) funded schools in Nabu Township. Since 2012, the Burma/Myanmar government has opened many of their own schools there, however villagers see this situation as unstable, as the nationwide ceasefire has not been signed yet and it is unclear if students will be able to depend on the Burma/Myanmar government teachers in the long term..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (133K-reduced version; 144K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-48-d1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-10-08-Hpa-an_Short_Update-April_to_March_2015-en-red.p...
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2015


Title: Toungoo Photo Set: Militarisation in Thandaunggyi Township, December 2014 to February 2015
Date of publication: 08 October 2015
Description/subject: "This Photo Set depicts events and issues in Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District reported to KHRG between December 2014 and February 2015, including militarisation, land confiscation, as well as military activity by both the Tatmadaw and Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA). Villagers report being concerned regarding the Tatmadaw’s resupply of rations into remote areas of Thandaunggyi Township during the ceasefire period, as well as the Burma/Myanmar government’s prioritisation of the construction and repair of roads used by the military over other public roads..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (244K-reduced version; 398K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-6-ps1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-10-08-Toungoo_Photo_Set-December_2014_to_February_2015...
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2015


Title: Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi Township, January to February 2015
Date of publication: 07 October 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes issues occurring in Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District during the period between January and February 2015, including ethnic/religious discrimination, forced labour, education challenges, healthcare disparities, development projects, civilians’ situation, administration, and military movements. Sein Than Aung, a police officer in Thandaung Myo Thit Town, is an ethnic Rakhine and discriminates against his subordinates who are ethnic Karen and Muslim... In Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District, teachers are reported to not be teaching effectively; they write down the lesson without explanation and then proceed to play games on their mobile phones. As a result, students find it hard to understand what they are supposed to be learning... Rather than providing the community with the proper injection against elephantiasis, the healthcare workers in Thandaunggyi Township gave out pills to community representatives that they tasked with dispensing the pills to their communities. After ingesting the pills, many people suffered severe side-effects from the medication, including dizziness and vomiting, but there was no response to villagers’ complaints from the health workers... A private company affiliated with the Burma/Myanmar government that was tasked with erecting electrical infrastructure from Thandaung Myo Thit Town to Baw Ga Lee village in Toungoo District, used villagers’ forced and unpaid labour to dig the holes for the electrical pylons..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (190K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-18-s1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-10-07-Toungoo_Situation_Update_January_to_February_201...
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2015


Title: Thaton Situation Update: Thaton Township, January to February 2015
Date of publication: 05 October 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update provides information on villagers’ livelihoods, healthcare, development projects, Burma/Myanmar government military bases, and the activities of wealthy businessmen in Thaton Township, Thaton District, during the period between January and February 2015. Since the signing of the preliminary ceasefire agreement, organisations such as World Concern, the Myanmar Red Cross Society (MRCS), and United Nations agencies, such as the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have entered Thaton Township to conduct local development projects. Most of the projects are aimed at building schools, installing toilets, digging wells, distributing school materials, and conducting vocational training... On February 5th 2015, Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #3, led by Battalion Deputy Commander Zay Ya Win, arrived in the area to stay in A--- monastery in order to observe the activities of the local village heads... Burmese private companies have begun construction of a caustic soda factory in B--- village, Noh Ta Hsguh village tract, Thaton Township... The villagers from Hpa-an and Thaton townships gathered together and held a meeting to discuss how to regain their land that was confiscated to make way for the construction of the caustic soda factory..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (230K-reduced version; 423K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-10-05-Thaton_Situation_Update-Thaton_Township_January_...
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2015


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho and Dwe Lo townships, April 2014 to February 2015
Date of publication: 11 September 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Bu Tho and Dwe Lo townships, Hpapun District between April 2014 and February 2015, including the embezzlement of public funds, child labour, and fraudulent gambling. Hpapun District administrator U Aung Than Zaw oversaw the construction of bridges in Bu Tho Township, paid for with government funds. He spent only 14,400,000 kyat (US $12,933.36) of the allotted 30,000,000 kyat (US $26,944.50) on actual bridge construction. The remaining 15,600,000 kyat (US $14,011.14) he used to fund his own business. Two cases of child labour occurred in Hpapun District: one in S--- village, Ma Htaw village tract, Dwe Lo Township; and one in G--- village, Meh Klaw village tract, Bu Tho Township. The two underage workers were employed in construction work and the abuse occurred due to a lack of awareness regarding child labour rights. On September 27th 2014, casino owner U Myint was arrested and taken into custody by Hpapun Township police for cheating people out of their money at the casino..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (601K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-11-s1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-09-11-Hpapun_Situation_Update-Bu_Tho_and_Dwe_Lo_townsh...
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2015


Title: Hpapun Incident Report: Villager killed by Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1013 in Bu Tho Township, March 2015
Date of publication: 08 September 2015
Description/subject: "This Incident Report describes the shooting and subsequent death of Saw A---, a villager from B--- village, Htee Tha Daw Hta village tract, Bu Tho Township. Saw A--- was shot on March 15th 2015 between 7 and 8 pm. The perpetrator was Private Saw Kyaw Ka of Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1013 Company #3, led by Company Second-in-Command Hpah Yuh Khay. The villager was on his way to go spear fishing when he came across the BGF and was shot by accident, as it was already dark outside. When the injured villager protested the BGF shooting of villagers, he was shot twice more. The BGF left Saw A--- at the place where he was shot and he was only sent to Hpa-an Hospital when his fellow villagers came for him later that night. He was under treatment for two days before passing away in the hospital on March 17th 2015. He was buried in the graveyard of Hkaw Taw Town. As a result of Saw A---'s death, his family has been facing livelihood issues so his wife met with Battalion #1013 Commander Maung Hla Kyaing to demand that he compensate her by providing her with financial support for one month. Although the commander agreed, no compensation has been paid out yet..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (505K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-68-i4.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-09-08-Hpapun_Incident_Report_Villager_killed_by_Border_Guard_Force_(BGF)_Battalion_March_2015-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2015


Title: Nyaunglebin Situation Update: Shwegyin Township, October 2014 to January 2015
Date of publication: 08 September 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Shwegyin Township, Nyaunglebin District between October 2014 and January 2015, including gold mining, environmental damage, logging, militarisation, arbitrary taxation, and restrictions on villagers’ freedom of movement. It also describes the changing human rights situation during the ceasefire period. According to the report, the overall human rights situation is improving in Shwegyin Township compared to before the signing of the Jaunary 2012 preliminary ceasefire agreement between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Burma/Myanmar government. However, villagers report still being concerned regarding ongoing human rights abuses, Tatmadaw presence in the area, and the stability of the current preliminary ceasefire..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (203K-reduced version; 586K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-09-08-Nyaunglebin_Situation_Update-Shwegyin_Township_O...

http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-22-s1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2015


Title: Fighting between Tatmadaw and DKBA soldiers along the Asian Highway displaces villagers in Dooplaya District, July 2015
Date of publication: 03 September 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes the displacement of villagers in Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District as a result of fighting that took place during July 2015 between Tatmadaw and Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA) soldiers over control of a recently completed section of the Asian Highway. This information was provided by monk U T---, in whose monastery many of the displaced villagers sought refuge. This News Bulletin also lists several specific incidents of fighting and the implications of these incidents on the surrounding villages. As a result of the fighting, more than 1,000 villagers from more than five different villages in Kawkareik Township temporarily fled their homes and sought shelter at monasteries in Kawkareik Town. The schools in these villages were forced to close temporarily out of fears over the safety of the students, who were consequently unable to attend their lessons. The displaced villagers struggled to maintain their farms and plantations, as well as to look after their livestock during the fighting. The villagers slept at the monasteries throughout the night, as they were afraid that they would be ordered to porter for the Tatmadaw soldiers if they had stayed in their villages. On July 6th 2015, two villagers who were travelling on a path near to where Tatmadaw soldiers had taken up position for fighting were shot dead in Hlaingbwe Township, Hpa-an District, see more at “Recent fighting between Tatmadaw and DKBA soldiers leads to killing and displacement of villagers in Hpa-an District, July 2015,” KHRG, August 2015. On July 7th 2015, a primary school building in Kawkareik Town was hit and damaged by a grenade reported to have been fired by two DKBA soldiers. However, no students or teachers were harmed as the incident took place at 7 am before the school had opened for the day.[1]..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (595K-reduced version; 613K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/%3fKHRG-2015-09-03-Fighting_between_Tatmadaw_and_DKBA_soldiers_a...
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-15-nb1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 September 2015


Title: Hpa-an Incident Report: Explicit and violent threats in Myaing Gyi Ngu Town, Hlaingbwe Township, April 2015
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Description/subject: "This Incident Report describes a violent threat made on April 25th 2015 by senior monk U Nyan Ni Ka to the siblings of Maung A---, who was killed by Border Guard Force (BGF) soldiers from Battalion #1011 on April 24th 2015. Monk U Nyan Ni Ka threatened the siblings when they came to request compensation for Maung A---’s death. Monk U Nyan Ni Ka said he would cut them all with his knife. As a result of this threat, Maung A---’s siblings were frightened and had to return to their village without receiving the full amount of money that they had expected to receive. For more information on the killing of Maung A---, see: “Hpa-an Incident Report: Violent abuse and killing committed by BGF soldiers in Myaing Gyi Ngu Town, April 2015,” KHRG, August 2015..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (430K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-43-i2_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/%3fKHRG-2015-08-28-Hpa-an_Incident_Report-Explicit_and_violent_t...
Date of entry/update: 19 September 2015


Title: Forced relocation and destruction of villagers’ shelters by Burma/Myanmar government officials and police in Hpa-an Township, Thaton District, June 2015
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes an incident in which the Burma/Myanmar government police force and Burma/Myanmar Department of Forest Management destroyed and burnt down 97 villager houses, displacing approximately 500 villagers in B--- village, Hpa-an Township, Thaton District in June 2015. Despite holding Karen National Union (KNU) issued land grants, villagers were ordered by the Burma/Myanmar government to move out of their village since the government demarcated the area as a forest reserve. However, villagers reported that this land was the location of their old village, which they had to leave behind in 1983 during altercations between the Tatmadaw and the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA). The villagers also noted that even though the government demarcated the land as a forest reserve, there are no big teak or ironwood trees there. In addition, businessmen from Hpa-an Town came and planted rubber trees and the Tatmadaw sometimes use the area for target practice. The Chief Minister of Kayin State, U Zaw Min, threatened villagers into signing a document stating they agree to dismantle their houses and would not live on that land anymore. In attempting to prevent the destruction of their village, villagers sought help from Saw P---, who attempted to advocate on their behalf, to no avail. When the villagers refused to dismantle their village, the Burma/Myanmar government police arrested 25 villagers, one monk and one KNU/KNLA-Peace Council (KNU/KNLA-PC) member and continued to raid the village, burning and looting villagers’ houses, and planting teak trees. In the aftermath of the raid, approximately 100 villagers fled to Myawaddy with the help of Saw P---, since they do not dare to live in the village any longer. A KHRG researcher also interviewed one of the fleeing villagers and a full interview can be found here.[1] For an in-depth analysis of recent trends in land confiscation in southeast Burma/Myanmar see KHRG’s latest thematic report, “’With only our voices, what can we do?’: Land confiscation and local response in southeast Myanmar..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (1.25MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-14-nb1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/%3fKHRG-2015-08-26-Forced_relocation_and_destruction_of_villager...
Date of entry/update: 19 September 2015


Title: Thaton Interview: Ma A---, July 2015
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: This Interview with Ma A--- describes events occurring in B--- village, Hpa-an Township, Thaton District in June 2015, including land confiscation, forced relocation, attack on a village and villagers, threatening, looting, arbitrary detention and threats to children’s right to education. "The villagers who lived in B--- village, whose ancestors lived there, and who had obtained the land titles to that land from the Karen National Union (KNU), had their village burned and looted by Burma/Myanmar police and officials from the Burma/Myanmar Department of Forest Management between June 22nd and 25th 2015, under the claim that it had been designated a forest reserve... Prior to the raid, on February 1st 2015, U Zaw Min, the chief minister of Kayin State, forced 15 villagers from B--- village to sign a document in which they agreed to demolish their houses and move elsewhere within seven days. This deadline was later revised to June 21st 2015 when the police came to B--- village... Ma A--- reported that on June 2nd 2015, around 50 police officers came into B--- village and arrested 25 villagers, including the interviewee’s husband and father, in addition to her younger brother, who had already been in jail for two months at that point. None of these villagers have been released at the time of writing. Other villagers have fled to the forest, monastery or their relatives’ houses to avoid being arrested... While the police were demolishing the villagers’ houses, they also looted the village, taking villagers’ valuables and the goods Ma A--- sold in her shop... Following the destruction of the village, approximately 100 villagers, including Ma A---, fled to Myawaddy with the help of Saw P---... There are six school-age children in the group that fled to Myawaddy. Their newly built school in B--- village was also destroyed..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/%3fKHRG-2015-08-26-Thaton_Interview-Ma_A--_July_2015-en.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-58-a8-i1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 September 2015


Title: They Poured Petrol Around My House and Burnt Down My House: KHRG Interview with Karen Villager
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: "Below are excerpts of Karen Human Rights Group’s (KHRG) interview with Ma A—, a Karen villager who describes events occurring in her village in June 2015, including land confiscation, forced relocation, attack on a village and villagers, threatening, looting, arbitrary detention and threats to children’s right to education. The interview was conducted in Thaton District in July 2015 by a community member trained by KHRG to monitor local human rights conditions."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Link
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2016


Title: Dooplaya Photo Set: Road construction in Kyainseikgyi and Win Yay townships, November 2014 to January 2015
Date of publication: 17 August 2015
Description/subject: "This Photo Set depicts road construction, including the Asian Highway, in Kyainseikgyi and Win Yay townships, Dooplaya District between November 2014 and January 2015. Villager testimony describes land confiscation and the destruction of houses, shops, and plantations in order to make way for the roads. Villagers also report a lack of compensation for the land and crops destroyed as a result of the road construction...."
Language: English, Karen and Burmese
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (183K-reduced version; 362K-original, 193K-reduced version; 373K-original and 205K-reduced version; 384K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-3-ps1_0.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-3-ps1_k_0.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-3-ps1_b_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-17-Dooplaya_Photo_Set-%20Road_construction_in_Kyain...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-17-Dooplaya_Photo_Set-%20Road_construction_in_Kyain...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-17-Dooplaya_Photo_Set-%20Road_construction_in_Kyain...
Date of entry/update: 17 September 2015


Title: Hpa-an Incident Report: Land confiscation in Paingkyon Township, May 2015
Date of publication: 17 August 2015
Description/subject: "This Incident Report describes the confiscation of villagers’ land committed by Border Guard Force (BGF) Cantonment Area Commander Kya Aye, who oversees Battalion #1015 and Battalion #1016, and Cantonment Area Supervisor U Kyaw Hein on May 1st 2015. They then resold the land to the Steel Stone Group to be used for road construction and infrastructure development. The villagers reported the incident to the Karen National Union (KNU) requesting compensation for their land and calling for restrictions on the BGF commanders’ power. KHRG also received a complaint letter submitted to the KNU Agriculture Department by a community representative of 14 villagers whose lands have been confiscated, including those listed in this incident report, requesting the KNU aid them in reclaiming their land: see, “Complaint letter to KNU Agriculture Department in Paingkyon Township regarding land confiscation,” KHRG, July 2015..."
Language: English, Karen and Burmese
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (455K, 285K, and 195K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-46-i1_0.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-46-i1_k.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-46-i1_b.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-17-Hpa-an_Incident_Report-Land_confiscation_in_Pain...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-17-Hpa-an_Incident_Report-Land_confiscation_in_Pain...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-17-Hpa-an_Incident_Report-Land_confiscation_in_Pain...
Date of entry/update: 17 September 2015


Title: Toungoo Interview: Naw A---, January 2015
Date of publication: 17 August 2015
Description/subject: "This Interview with Naw A--- describes events and issues occurring in Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District, during January 2015, including land confiscation, development projects, healthcare and education... Villagers are concerned about land confiscation for an industrial zone planned nearby Toungoo Town and have sent complaint letters to the Burma/Myanmar government requesting that they terminate the company’s development projects... Naw A--- mentioned that students have failed examinations due to old teachers being replaced with new, younger teachers. The children do not fully understand school lessons due to the low standard of teaching by the new teachers... Naw A--- stated that there is a group from a neighbouring village that provides medical care and medicines to the villagers..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (267K-reduced version; 398K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-14-a6-i1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-17-Toungoo_Interview-Naw_A---January_2015-en-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 September 2015


Title: Dooplaya Situation Update: Kyainseikgyi, Kawkareik and Kyonedoe townships, January to February 2015
Date of publication: 14 August 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Kyainseikgyi, Kawkareik and Kyonedoe townships, Dooplaya District during the period between January and February 2015, including fighting between armed groups and updates on education and healthcare... On February 27th 2015, fighting broke out between the Tatmadaw and the Border Guard Force (BGF) against General San Aung's group from the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA). It resulted in the deaths of four soldiers, including one soldier from the Tatmadaw, two from the BGF, and one from the DKBA... Villages in Kyainseikgyi Township report needing Karen language textbooks in order to teach their students properly... Local shopkeepers are owed money by road constructors from the Burma/Myanmar government who borrowed money from them during the construction process and have not repaid their debt..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (260K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-38-s3.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-14-Dooplaya_Situation_Update-Kyainseikgyi-Kawkareik...
Date of entry/update: 16 September 2015


Title: Hpapun Interview: Saw A---, January 2015
Date of publication: 11 August 2015
Description/subject: "This Interview with Saw A--- describes events and issues occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, during January 2015, including improvements in education, villager opinions about the ceasefire, and land confiscation.... The Karen Education Department (KED) said they will raise each teachers' salaries from 4,500 baht (US $133.48) to 7,500 baht (US $222.47) per year starting in 2014 in B--- village... Saw A--- expressed his opinion on the ceasefire agreement between the Burma/Myanmar government and the Karen National Union (KNU), saying that he does not have faith in the current ceasefire... Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #340 confiscated villagers’ land in Hpapun area and put up a sign declaring it to be the battalion’s land. The villagers remain the legal landlords but the LIB is exercising de-facto control. The interviewee’s brother had submitted a complaint about this to the KNU Land Department several times in 2014 and, although he was told the land will be returned, there has been no observed progress towards land reclamation or compensation..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (308K-reduced version; 476K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-15-a2-i1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-11-Hpapun_Interview-Saw_A---January_2015-en-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 September 2015


Title: Explicit threats and the indiscriminate firing of mortars and small arms by BGF soldiers in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, June 2015
Date of publication: 06 August 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District in June 2015, including explicit threats and the indiscriminate firing of small arms and mortars by Border Guard Force (BGF) soldiers. The first incident took place on June 13th 2015, when the soldiers of Htoo Lwe Baw Company from BGF Battalion #1015 shelled mortars and fired small arms into P--- place, in G--- village, injuring villagers’ livestock and damaging their rubber plantations. The second incident was perpetrated by Second Lieutenant Tha Beh from BGF Battalion #1014, who on June 17th 2015 threatened to kill one or two villagers for allegedly supporting the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA). The villagers fear the BGF soldiers because they have previously committed numerous abuses toward the villagers in the area and continue to threaten their lives and livelihoods both physically and verbally.[1]..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (254K-reduced version; 416K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-11-nb1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-06-Explicit_threats_and_the_indiscriminate_firing_o...
Date of entry/update: 16 September 2015


Title: Press release on “With only our voice, what can we do?” Land confiscation and local response in southeast Myanmar
Date of publication: 06 August 2015
Description/subject: "The Foreign Correspondents’ Club of Thailand, Bangkok - Three years after the 2012 preliminary ceasefire negotiations between the Myanmar government and the Karen National Union (KNU), reported instances of land confiscation continue to increase in southeast Myanmar. In its 2015 report, ‘With only our voices, what can we do?’, KHRG highlights four main land use types which lead to land confiscation: infrastructure projects, natural resource extraction, commercial agriculture projects, and military activities. Based on testimony from local villagers, the Myanmar government; domestic corporate actors; and Tatmadaw and Karen ethnic armed groups (EAGs) are all identified as being complicit in the confiscation of land from local communities in southeast Myanmar. Against this bleak background, local villagers report using a variety of strategies to prevent and mitigate the impacts of land confiscation, such as reaching out to civil society organisations (CSOs) and the media, negotiating with actors involved in projects, and lobbying both the Myanmar government and Karen EAGs."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (38.3K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-06-Press_release-confiscation_and_local_response_in...
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/english_khrg_press_release_6_august_2015.pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 September 2015


Title: Recent fighting between Tatmadaw and DKBA soldiers leads to killing and displacement of villagers in Hpa-an District, July 2015
Date of publication: 03 August 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes recent fighting between Tatmadaw and Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA) soldiers, which has led to killings and displacement of villagers in Hlaingbwe Township, Hpa-an District, in July 2015. On July 6th 2015, Tatmadaw soldiers attacked a DKBA camp near Waw Poo Bridge in Meh Th’Waw village, Hlaingbwe Township. On that day, two villagers were shot and killed by Tatmadaw soldiers whilst travelling on the road where the Tatmadaw soldiers had taken up position for fighting. The relatives of the two villagers tried to retrieve the bodies, but the Tatmadaw soldiers did not allow them to do so at the time. The relatives were permitted to retrieve the bodies several days later.[1]"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (350K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-08-03-Recent_fighting_between_Tatmadaw_and_DKBA_soldie...
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-13-nb1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 September 2015


Title: Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi and Htantabin townships, November 2014 to February 2015
Date of publication: 31 July 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Thandaunggyi and Htantabin townships, Toungoo District during the period from November 2014 to February 2015, including military activity, civilians’ situation, healthcare, education, land confiscation and landmines... In Toungoo District, the Tatmadaw are as active as they were in the past. They send their rations to the camps once every three months. On February 12th 2015, Military Operations Command (MOC) #20 was replaced by MOC #5, bringing approximately 80 military transport vehicles with them... The villagers in Toungoo District usually treat their diseases and illnesses in Karen National Union (KNU) clinics when they are ill. Sometimes, it causes problems for the KNU clinic workers as they do not have enough medicine in their clinic. The villagers do not tend to go to the Burma/Myanmar government clinics as they are expensive... In A--- village, Seik Pu Taw village tract, Htantabin Township, Toungoo District, Kaung Myanmar Aung Group of Companies confiscated villagers' land to set up a teak plantation. A villager named Saw B---, whose land was included in the confiscation, went and complained to the company, after which the company sued him and six of his friends for Criminal Trespass under Article 447 of the Myanmar Penal Code."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (485K-reduced version; 504K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-13-s1_wb.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-07-31-Toungoo_Situation_Update_Thandaunggyi_and_Htanta...
Date of entry/update: 15 September 2015


Title: Complaint letter to KNU Agriculture Department in Paingkyon Township regarding land confiscation
Date of publication: 30 July 2015
Description/subject: "The Complaint Letter below was sent to Saw Naw Dee, head of the Agriculture and Land Directorate, from the Karen National Union (KNU) Agriculture Department, Paingkyon Township. It was written by U B--- who is the representative of the land owners whose lands have been confiscated. The villagers’ uncultivated lands were confiscated by Cantonment Area Supervisor U Kyaw Hein from Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1015 who then sold them. In the letter below, the villagers whose lands have been confiscated request that the KNU Agriculture Department in Paingkyon Township take action and help them reclaim ownership of their lands."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (140K-reduced version; 781K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-07-30-Complaint_letter_to_KNU_Agriculture_Department_i...
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-46-cl1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 September 2015


Title: Hpa-an Situation Update: Hlaingbwe Township, April to May 2015
Date of publication: 30 July 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Hlaingbwe Township, Hpa-an District during the period between April and May 2015, including a development project in which the Burma/Myanmar government built a new town on villagers’ lands, as well as healthcare and education updates... Between 1981 and 1982, some of the A--- villagers fled to the refugee camps on the Thai-Burma/Myanmar border and left their lands behind. Between 2013 and 2015 the Burma/Myanmar government built a new town on these villagers’ lands and called it A--- Town... The Burma/Myanmar government constructed buildings, a road, and army camps on the villager’s lands, limiting the amount of land villagers living there can use to earn a living. Futhermore, A--- village refugees will have no land to build their homes on if they return... Due to a lack of employment opportunities in Burma/Myanmar, many young people from Hlaingbwe Township migrate to Thailand in order to find work..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (437K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-47-s1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-07-23-Hpa-an_Situation_Update,_Hlaingbwe_and_Nabu_town...
Date of entry/update: 15 September 2015


Title: Rape and violent threats in Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District, April 2014 to May 2015
Date of publication: 28 July 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes a rape case and ongoing threats in B--- village, Kyaw Hkee village tract, Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District, that took place between April 2014 and May 2015. A 17-year-old villager from B--- village, named Naw A---, who at the time was 16 years old, reported that she was raped and subsequently fell pregnant by 26-year-old Saw Hpah Kyaw Eh who is already the father of two children. According to Naw A---, Saw Hpah Kyaw Eh raped her at her house when her adoptive mother and brother were out. After finding out she was pregnant, Naw A--- reported the rape to the village leaders, who dismissed the case as they believe Naw A--- to be feeble-minded. Saw Hpah Kyaw Eh did not take responsibility for the rape and he has kept denying that it was him. Saw Hpah Kyaw Eh said it was Naw A---’s adopted brother that she calls Saw Z--- who had raped her. This news bulletin also describes the villagers’ reactions to Naw A--- and what the victim’s adoptive family did after the case. As of the end of May 2015, the case was re-opened and investigations have begun. The case was re-opened by the Karen Women Organisation (KWO) and the village tract leaders, and has been transferred to the Karen National Police Force (KNPF) for further investigation."
Language: English, Karen and Burmese
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (177K-reduced version; 843K-original, 67K-reduced version; 89.9K-original and 85K-reduced version;172K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-8-nb1_0.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-8-nb1_k.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-8-nb1_b.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-07-28-Rape_and_violent_threats_in_Kawkareik_Township_D...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-07-28-Rape_and_violent_threats_in_Kawkareik_Township_D...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-07-28-Rape_and_violent_threats_in_Kawkareik_Township_D...
Date of entry/update: 14 September 2015


Title: Hpa-an Situation Update: Hlaingbwe and Nabu townships, December 2014 to January 2015
Date of publication: 23 July 2015
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Hlaingbwe and Nabu townships, Hpa-an District during the period between December 2014 and January 2015, including embezzlement of government funds, development projects in the infrastructure and education sector, land confiscation, and healthcare disparities... Between 2013 and 2015, Border Guard Force (BGF) commanders embezzled over 170 million kyat (approximately US $152,126) from government funds earmarked for road, bridge, and school construction, resulting in lower quality infrastructure being built... Armed actors in the area, including the BGF, Karen Peace Force (KPF), and Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA) commanders, have confiscated and leased out villagers’ lands to agribusinesses. As a result, these fields have been converted to rubber plantations, leaving villagers unable to graze their cattle... On December 1st 2014, the Nippon Foundation arrived in Hlaingbwe and Nabu townships. They have since delivered rice donations and constructed several schools... Access to healthcare remains an issue in Hlaingbwe and Nabu townships, as some villagers have to depend solely on the Back Pack Health Worker Team (BPHWT), having no clinic or hospital in the area.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (2.48MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-32-s1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 September 2015


Title: 'With only our voices, what can we do?': Land confiscation and local response in southeast Myanmar. - Texts, maps and video (English, Karen Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 30 June 2015
Description/subject: "Villagers in Karen areas of southeast Myanmar continue to face widespread land confiscation at the hands of a multiplicity of actors. Much of this can be attributed to the rapid expansion of domestic and international commercial interest and investment in southeast Myanmar since the January 2012 preliminary ceasefire between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Myanmar government. KHRG first documented this in a 2013 report entitled ‘Losing Ground’, which documented cases of land confiscation between January 2011 and November 2012. This report, ‘With only our voices, what can we do?’, is a follow up to that analysis and highlights continued issue areas while identifying newly documented trends. The present analysis assesses land confiscation according to a number of different factors, including: land use type; geographic distribution across KHRG’s seven research areas; perpetrators involved; whether or not compensation and/or consultation occurred; and the effects that confiscation had on local villagers. This report also seeks to highlight local responses to land confiscation, emphasising the agency that individuals and communities in southeast Myanmar already possess and the obstacles that they face when attempting to protect their own human rights. By focusing on local perspectives and giving priority to villagers’ voices, this report aims to provide local, national, and international actors with a resource that will allow them to base policy and programmatic decisions that will impact communities in southeast Myanmar more closely on the experiences and concerns of the people living there."..... Toungoo (Taw Oo) District... Hpa-an District... Dooplaya District... Hpapun (Mutraw) District... Mergui-Tavoy District... Thaton (Doo Tha Htoo) District... Nyaunglebin (Kler Lwee Htoo) District...
Language: English, Karen and Burmese
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (en-5MB; bu-5.5MB; maps-en-2.8MB; maps-bu-2.7MB; appendices1&2-en-2.7MB; appendix 3-en+bu-614K; briefer-Karen-2.7MB) video (Adobe Flash, 16 minutes)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-06-30-With_only_our_voices-en-red.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-06-30-With_only_our_voices-bu-red.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-06-30-With_only_our_voices-maps-en-red.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-06-30-With_only_our_voices-maps-bu-red.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-06-30-With_only_our_voices-appendices-1+2-en.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-06-30-With_only_our_voices-appendix_3-en+bu-red.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-06-30-With_only_our_voices-briefer-ka-red.pdf
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N65W8TabFj8
Date of entry/update: 10 July 2015


Title: Tatmadaw artillery fire directed at villagers working on hill field farms in Hpapun District, February 2015
Date of publication: 02 March 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes event occurring in Lu Thaw Township, Hpapun District in February 2015. On February 17th 2015, Burma/Myanmar Tatmadaw troops indiscriminately fired artillery shells towards a location where villagers were clearing vegetation for hill field farming in Saw Muh Plaw village tract, Lu Thaw Township. Again, on February 22nd 2015, villagers reported that Tatmadaw troops fired shells toward villagers preparing hill fields for farming in Hkay Hpoo village tract, Lu Thaw Township. Both Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalions (LIB) #543 and #410 are based nearby, however villagers are uncertain which battalion fired the shells. Although no villagers were injured, they report being afraid to continue clearing hill fields for planting season."
Language: English and Burmese
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (4.3MB original; 203K reduced version - English and 60.7MB - Burmese)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-2-nb_english.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-03-02-Tatmadaw_artillery_fire_directed_at_vi...

http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-2-nb1_burmese.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-03-02-Tatmadaw_artillery_fire_directed_at_vi...
Date of entry/update: 09 March 2015


Title: Dooplaya Interview: Maung A---, August 2014
Date of publication: 24 February 2015
Description/subject: "This Interview with Maung A--- describes events occurring in Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District in October 2010, including the confiscation of his land by the Tatmadaw for the construction of buildings for the Karen Peace Force (KPF). Villagers were not compensated for the land and Maung A--- remains landless and unemployed. He refrained from submitting a formal land claim due to intimidation from the Tatmadaw..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (2.25MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-65-a5-i1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-02-24-Dooplaya_Interview_Maung_A----August_2...
Date of entry/update: 25 February 2015


Title: Thaton Situation Update: Bilin and Hpa-an townships, June to November 2014
Date of publication: 23 February 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bilin and Hpa-an townships, Thaton District during the period between June to November 2014, including forced recruitment, arbitrary taxation, ongoing militarisation and non-governmental organisation (NGO) activity... On June 4th 2014, the Thaung Kyan Thu Hsa Kyin Yay A Pwe (Tha Ka Hsa Hpa) anti-insurgency group led by Moe Nyo forcibly recruited soldiers in Bilin Township. Villages in four village tracts were required to provide recruits based on the number of households in the village... Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1014, which is based in Hpa-an Township, have three army camps which arbitrarily demand tax from cow and buffalo traders. These BGF camps are Law Poo, Meh Poo and Pah Paw army camps... Since the ceasefire, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), such as the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Save the Children and Bridge Asia Japan (BAJ) are entering Bilin and Hpa-an townships and implementing local development projects. Most of the projects involve building schools and clinics, providing solar panels, as well as providing access to a water supply."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (2.49MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-85-s1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-02-23-Thaton_Situation_Update_Bilin_and_Hpa-...
Date of entry/update: 25 February 2015


Title: Ongoing militarisation of southeastern Burma/Myanmar, since the January 2012 ceasefire agreement between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Burma/Myanmar government
Date of publication: 17 February 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes the ongoing militarisation of southeastern Burma/Myanmar by the Burma/Myanmar Tatmadaw and Border Guard Force (BGF) following the January 2012 ceasefire between the government of Burma/Myanmar and the Karen National Union (KNU). Villagers in mixed control areas throughout this region have raised concerns that the ceasefire will break down and fighting will begin again, after observing the activities of the Burma/Myanmar Tatmadaw army."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (372K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-9-nb1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-02-17-Ongoing_militarisation_of_southeastern...
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2015


Title: Dooplaya Photo Set: Land confiscation in Kawkareik and Kyainseikgyi townships, December 2013 to September 2014
Date of publication: 12 February 2015
Description/subject: "This Photo Set depicts land confiscated in Kawkareik and Kyainseikgyi townships, Dooplaya District for infrastructure development and military purposes. These projects include the expansion of existing roads and the construction of new roads, as well as the construction of buildings for use by the Tatmadaw. The photos were taken between December 2013 and September 2014. Villagers did not receive any compensation for their land which was confiscated and destroyed."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (1.14MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-1-ps1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-02-12-Dooplaya_Photo_Set_Land_confiscation_i...
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2015


Title: Thaton Situation Update: Bilin, Thaton, Kyaikto and Hpa-an townships, September to November 2014
Date of publication: 10 February 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bilin, Thaton, Kyaikto and Hpa-an townships, Thaton District during the period between September to November 2014, including armed groups' activities, forced labour, restrictions on the freedom of movement, development activities and access to education... On October 7th 2014, Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1014 Company Commander Tin Win from Htee Soo Kaw Village ordered A---, B---, C--- and D--- villagers to work for one day. Ten villagers had to cut wood, bamboo and weave baskets to repair the BGF army camp in C--- village, Hpa-an Township... In Hpa-an Township, two highways were constructed at the beginning of 2013 and one highway was constructed in 2014. Due to the construction of the road, villagers who lived nearby had their land confiscated and their plants and crops were destroyed. They received no compensation, despite reporting the problem to Hpa-an Township authorities... In the academic year of 2013-2014 more Burmese government teachers were sent to teach in Karen villages. Villagers are concerned as they are not allowed to teach the Karen language in the schools."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (2.52MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-101-s1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-02-10-Thaton_Situation-Update_Bilin_Thaton_K...
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2015


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, October 2014
Date of publication: 06 February 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update was written in October 2014 and describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, including issues of land confiscation... The Burma/Myanmar government Land Registration and Management Department and Land Administrative Department in Hpapun District confiscated villagers’ lands and gave it to Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalions (LIBs) #340, #341, #434 and #642, which are under Tatmadaw Southeast Command Headquarters... Tatmadaw Operations Commander (G3) Zaw Myo Tin, who is operating in A--- military camp bought six acres of land from a villager in A--- village. However, when he fenced his land, he incorporated approximately sixty acres, which included other villagers’ land... The land owners reported the confiscation of their land to the Karen National Union (KNU), as well as to the Burmese Parliament Representative U Saing Than Naing. With the help of the KNU, some of the villagers were able to continue working on their land."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (168K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-90-s1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-02-06-Hpapun_Situation_Update_Bu%20Tho_Towns...
Date of entry/update: 27 February 2015


Title: Mergui-Tavoy Photo Set: The impact of development in Mergui-Tavoy District, May 2014
Date of publication: 04 February 2015
Description/subject: "This Photo Set shows natural resource extraction projects occurring in K’Ser Doh Township, Mergui-Tavoy District in May 2014. Lead and coal mining projects have damaged the surrounding environment, negatively affecting villagers’ livelihoods. Villagers in Hkay Ter village can no longer use the local river for their daily needs, as it has become muddy and polluted and at least one village has been displaced due to a coal mining project in Ka Neh Khaw village tract."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (1.11MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-4-ps1_2.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-02-04-Mergui-Tavoy_Photo_Set_The_impact_of_d...
Date of entry/update: 27 February 2015


Title: Nyaunglebin Situation Update: Shwegyin Township, March to June 2014
Date of publication: 29 January 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Shwegyin Township, Nyaunglebin District during the period between March and June 2014, including military activities, mining, education, healthcare, and restrictions on freedom of movement... Since the ceasefire, there are still issues in Shwegyin Township area. Civilians are still worried about human rights violations however the ceasefire has allowed for greater freedom of movement. Mining has become an issue with the river being slowly destroyed and polluted... The report shows that children are being hired by Kaw Ghay Htoo to construct a road regardless of their age which includes tasks unsuitable for children. The children, who were seen working on the construction of the road on March 9th 2014, were not informed that they were too young to be carrying out these kinds of jobs and are therefore being taken advantage of by their employers... The increased presence of Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #440 and #350 and Infantry Battalion (IB) #30 in Shwegyin Township has caused villagers to become fearful of carrying out their daily activities, as well as restricting the amount of freedom they feel they have to move around the area."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (181)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-41-s1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-01-29-Nyaunglebin_Situation_Update_Shwegyin_...
Date of entry/update: 02 March 2015


Title: Thaton Situation Update: Thaton Township, April 2014
Date of publication: 29 January 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Thaton Township, Thaton District during April 2014, including updates on gravel mining projects, community education and healthcare... Villagers report a lack of nurses and medics in Thaton Township. Furthermore, Burma/Myanmar government-built clinics have fallen into disrepair due to neglect and a lack of staff... The Max Myanmar company operates a rubber plantation in Shwe Yaung Pya village, Shwe Yaung Pya village tract, Thaton Township, that has negatively affected villagers by confiscating land that villagers use for grazing their livestock and limiting villagers’ access to firewood... On April 3rd 2014, villagers reported that Pru Min Tun company, a private domestic company, came to Maw Lay village, Maw Lay village tract in Thaton Township, and coerced the community into granting them mining rights in the area. However, local villagers concerned with the project managed to halt its development."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (190K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-45-s1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-01-29-Thaton_Situation_Update_Thaton_Townshi...
Date of entry/update: 03 March 2015


Title: Border Guard Force (BGF) Battalion #1013 Sergeant Saw Hpah Ghaw steals villagers’ livestock
Date of publication: 23 January 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes events occurring in Dwe Lo Township, Hpapun District in June 2014, particularly the repeated theft of villagers’ poultry and livestock by Border Guard Force (BGF) Sergeant Saw Hpah Ghaw, from BGF Battalion #1013. Villagers have raised their concerns to KHRG as they have repeatedly witnessed Sergeant Saw Hpah Ghaw steal villagers’ chickens, ducks and goats, despite receiving a salary from the Burma/Myanmar government. Animal husbandry is commonly practiced by villagers in Kayin State and is used to supplement their income. Villagers are reluctant to directly confront BGF Battalion #1013 regarding these incidents."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (159)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-10-nb1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202015/KHRG-2015-01-23-Border_Guard_Force_(BGF)_Battalion_%231013_Sergeant_Saw_Hpah_Ghaw_steals_villagers_%20livestock-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 March 2015


Title: Hpa-an Field Report: January to December 2013
Date of publication: 19 January 2015
Description/subject: "This Field Report includes information submitted by KHRG researchers describing events occurring in Hpa-an District between January and December 2013. The report describes human rights violations, including drug production, sale and use, especially in Nabu Township; landmines and restrictions on the freedom of movement, land confiscation, arbitrary taxation, forced labour, extrajudicial killings and fighting between armed groups causing injury to civilians. The report also documents issues important to the local communities, such as access to education..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (674K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-5-f1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 December 2015


Title: Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi Township, April to June 2014
Date of publication: 17 December 2014
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District during the period between April and June 2014, including land confiscation and access to education, healthcare and livelihoods: The Burma/Myanmar government provided 1,000 kyat (US $0.97) in A--- village for each student; however the teacher did not pay out the money to the students, saying that she had paid out the money for the cost of transporting school books...There are some mid-wives and medics provided by the Burma/Myanmar government who visit villagers in Maung Nwe Gyi village tract, Kon Taing village tract, Leik Pya Gyi village tract and Leik Pya Ka Lay village tracts area. However, villagers report that they do not vaccinate children in a timely fashion...Villagers report that one woman died during child birth, as the mid-wives appointed by the Burma/Myanmar government are rarely in the village."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (170K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-40-s1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202014/KHRG-2014-12-17-Toungoo_Situation_Update_Thandaunggyi_...
Date of entry/update: 30 December 2014


Title: Toungoo Situation Update: Thandaunggyi Township, July 2014
Date of publication: 05 December 2014
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Thandaunggyi Township, Toungoo District in July 2014, including livelihood problems due to land confiscation: In 2014, Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion (LIB) #603 confiscated over 200 acres of villagers’ land without providing any compensation... The villagers requested permission to collect their crops from LIB #603, however they were denied access to their fields. Instead, LIB #603 allowed local female police officers to collect the crops for themselves... The villagers reported this case to the regional sub-township office, as well as both district and state parliaments, however they had not yet received a reply at the time this report was published..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (132K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-46-s2.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202014/KHRG-2014-12-05-Toungoo_Situation_Update_Thandaunggyi_...
Date of entry/update: 08 January 2015


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho Township, January to June 2014
Date of publication: 03 December 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District during the period between January 2014 to June 2014, including arbitrary taxation, violent abuse, militarisation, forced labour and access to healthcare and education: Villagers report being subjected to arbitrary taxation by armed groups, such as the Tatmadaw and Border Guard Force (BGF), as well as the Karen National Union (KNU), when travelling by boat or car... Officer Tha Beh from BGF Battalion #1014 violently abused a village head, punching and hitting him. Officer Tha Beh’s soldier shot another village head in the hand after Officer Tha Beh learned they had summoned a villager on behalf of the Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (218K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-44-s1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202014/KHRG-2014-12-03-Hpapun_Situation_Update_January_to_Jun...
Date of entry/update: 03 December 2014


Title: Hpa-an Situation Update: Hlaingbwe, Nabu, Paingkyon and Hti Lon townships, May to July 2014
Date of publication: 28 November 2014
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Hlaingbwe, Nabu, Paingkyon and Hti Lon townships, Hpa-an District during the period between May and July 2014, including destruction of villagers’ farm land due to road construction and drug awareness and eradication efforts carried out by armed groups... Burma/Myanmar government road construction, planned from Hlaingbwe town to Meh T’Waw village, damaged parts of villagers’ farm land. No compensation for the loss of land has been provided... From May 21st to May 25th 2014, the Tatmadaw, Karen National Union (KNU), Democratic Karen Benevolence Army (DKBA), Border Guard Force (BGF) and Karen National Union/Karen National Liberation Army - Peace Council (KNU/KNLA-PC) collaborated to conduct several meetings throughout Hpa-an District to promote drug awareness... On June 23th 2014, the KNU, BGF and Tatmadaw collaborated to destroy more than 200 kratom plants in Hti Lon Township."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (165K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-57-s1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202014/KHRG-2014-11-28-Hpa-an_Situation_Update_Hlaingbwe_Nabu...
Date of entry/update: 04 March 2015


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Lu Thaw Township, March to May 2014
Date of publication: 28 November 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Lu Thaw Township, Hpapun District, during the period between March and May 2014, including Tatmadaw activities, landmines, and the situation regarding civilian livelihoods, health care and education.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (186.9K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-38-s1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202014/KHRG-2014-11-28%20%282%29-Hpapun_Situation_Update_%20M...
Date of entry/update: 29 November 2014


Title: Dooplaya Situation Update: Kawkareik Township, September 2014
Date of publication: 20 November 2014
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kawkareik Township, Dooplaya District in September 2014, including issues of land confiscation and explicit threats toward villagers. Starting in November 2010, the Tatmadaw began to confiscate A--- villagers land upon which they built houses for their soldiers’ families, as well as houses for members of the Border Guard Force (BGF) and the Karen Peace Force (KPF) and their families. Villagers complained to the A--- village head, who felt too afraid to raise the issue with the Military Operations Command (MOC) #19 General Tun Nay Lin. Villagers report having been threatened with arrest by KPF and BGF soldiers if they continue to complain."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (264.5K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-65-s1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/KHRG/KHRG%202014/KHRG-2014-11-20-Dooplaya_Situation_Update_Kawkareik_To...
Date of entry/update: 29 November 2014


Title: Hpapun Incident Report: Violent abuse in Bu Tho Township, April 2014
Date of publication: 20 November 2014
Description/subject: papun (Mutraw) District... This Incident Report describes events in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District in April 2014, including violent abuse and injury due to shooting. On April 2nd 2014, Border Guard Force (BGF) Officer Tha Beh summoned the village head of A--- village to meet him after the village head had organized the delivery of a letter on behalf of a Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) officer to the officer’s former private, who is now a BGF private, under Officer Tha Beh’s command. Upon their meeting, Officer Tha Beh punched and hit the village head of A---, as well as the messenger who sent the letter. When the village head of P---, who had also been summoned by Officer Tha Beh, arrived, he was punched and hit as well. The village head of P---brandished a machete, after which one of Officer Tha Beh’s privates, who had accompanied him, shot the village head of P---, hitting him in the hand and accidently shooting Officer Tha Beh in the leg..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (263K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/14-50-i1_0-red.pdf
http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-50-i1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 November 2014