Rule of Law - global and regional
|Title:|| ||International Development Law Organization
|Description/subject:|| ||"IDLO is the only intergovernmental organization exclusively devoted to promoting the rule of law. Governments, multilateral organizations, private foundations and the private sector support our work. We are headquartered in Rome, where we were first founded, and where we continue to enjoy strong support from the Italian government. We are present in The Hague, a city whose hospitality connects us with an unrivaled legal tradition. And we are represented at the United Nations in New York and Geneva, where we help shape the debate about human rights and development."|
|Source/publisher:|| ||International Development Law Organization|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||28 July 2015|
|Title:|| ||Rule of law (Wikipedia)
|Description/subject:|| ||"The rule of law (also known as nomocracy) is the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to arbitrary decisions by individual government officials. It primarily refers to the influence and authority of law within society, particularly as a constraint upon behavior, including behavior of government officials. The phrase can be traced back to 16th century England, and it was popularized in the 19th century by British jurist A. V. Dicey. The concept was familiar to ancient philosophers such as Aristotle, who wrote "Law should govern".
Rule of law implies that every citizen is subject to the law, including law makers themselves. In this sense, it stands in contrast to an autocracy, collective leadership, dictatorship, or oligarchy where the rulers are held above the law (which is not necessary by definition but which is typical). Lack of the rule of law can be found in democracies and dictatorships, and can happen because of neglect or ignorance of the law, corruption, or lack of corrective mechanisms for administrative abuse, such as an independent judiciary with a rule-of-law culture, a practical right to petition for redress of grievances, or elections..."|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||21 July 2012|
|Title:|| ||United Nations Rule of Law
|Description/subject:|| ||"...The principle of the rule of law applies at the national and international levels. At the national level, the UN supports a rule of law framework that includes a Constitution or its equivalent, as the highest law of the land; a clear and consistent legal framework, and implementation thereof; strong institutions of justice, governance, security and human rights that are well structured, financed, trained and equipped; transitional justice processes and mechanisms; and a public and civil society that contributes to strengthening the rule of law and holding public officials and institutions accountable. These are the norms, policies, institutions and processes that form the core of a society in which individuals feel safe and secure, where legal protection is provided for rights and entitlements, and disputes are settled peacefully and effective redress is available for harm suffered, and where all who violate the law, including the State itself, are held to account..."|
|Language:|| ||English (other languages available)|
|Source/publisher:|| ||United Nations|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||17 August 2014|
|Title:|| ||World Justice Project (WJP)
|Description/subject:|| ||Working Definition of the Rule of Law:
The WJP uses a working definition of the rule of law based on four universal principles:
The government and its officials and agents are accountable under the law...
The laws are clear, publicized, stable, and fair, and protect fundamental rights, including the security of persons and property...
The process by which the laws are enacted, administered, and enforced is accessible, efficient, and fair...
Justice is delivered by competent, ethical, and independent representatives and neutrals who are of sufficient number, have adequate resources, and reflect the makeup of the communities they serve.|
|Source/publisher:|| ||World Justice Project (WJP)|
|Date of entry/update:|| ||20 July 2012|