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The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Individual Documents

Title: The rise of gentry power on the China–Burma frontier since the 1870s: the case of the Peng family in mianning, southwest Yunnan
Date of publication: 2014
Description/subject: "From the 1870s to the 1940s, the construction of lineages among the Han settlers on the frontier between China’s Yunnan province and Burma became significant. Through these lineages the construction of Han identity was also extended toward Burma along various transportation routes. In the continuing reformation of frontier society, gentry power, based on lineage corporations, expanded and performed a crucial role in the construction of a new style of border, as well as functioning as a leading force for ethnic competition by extend-ing state power into the borderland. After the colonization of north Burma by the British in 1886, new economic opportunities attracted more Chinese merchants who built networks along transportation routes between cities in Burma and commercial centers in Yunnan, which also changed the social landscape of the frontier. The construction of lineages as a Han system not only overlapped with trade networks, but also provided sufficient economic and political resources to build a Han identity, which competed with other types of identity-polity systems–such as those of the Dai, the Lahu and the Wa–between the Mekong River and the Salween River..."
Author/creator: Jianxiong Ma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST)
Format/size: pdf (856K)
Alternate URLs: http://repository.ust.hk/ir/Record/1783.1-52366
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Jianxiong-Ma-2014-The_rise_of_gentry_power_on_the_China%96Burma_...
Date of entry/update: 10 October 2015


Title: The Five Buddha Districts on the Yunnan - Burma Frontier: A Political System Attached to the State
Date of publication: September 2013
Description/subject: Abstract: "The Five Buddha Districts system prevailed from the 1790s to the 1880s on the frontier between Yunnan, in Southwest China, and the Burmese Kingdom, in the mountainous areas to the west of the Mekong River. Through more than a century of political mobilization, the Lahu communities in this area became an integrated and militarized society, and their culture was reconstructed in the historical context of ethnic conflicts, competition, and cooperation among the Wa, Dai, and Han Chinese settlers. The political elites of the Five Buddha Districts, however, were monks who had escaped the strict orthodoxy of the Qing government to become local chieftains, or rebels, depending on political changes in southern Yunnan. As a centralized polity, the Five Buddha Districts system was attached to the frontier politics of the Qing state before the coming of European colonial powers. The Qing state provided a sociopolitical space for local groups to develop their political ideals between various powerful Dai-Shan chieftains. The negotiation, competition, and cooperation between the Five Buddha leadership and the Qing, Dai chieftains, and neighboring political powers had been thoroughly integrated into the frontier politics of this interdependent society for more than two hundred years. As t he history of the Yunnan-Burma frontier formation shows that no mountain space existed to allow the natives to escape from the state through their shifting agriculture, and anarchism was not practiced by the mountain people who were separated from the state, t he author argues that a stateless region like James Scott’s “Zomia” did not historically exist in this region..."
Author/creator: Jianxiong Ma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST)
Format/size: pdf (949K-reduced version; 1.02MB-original)
Alternate URLs: https://www.google.co.th/search?q=Burma+OR+Myanmar+site:cuhk.edu.hk&cad=h
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Jianxiong-Ma-2013-09-The_Five_Buddha_Districts_on_the_Yunnan-Bur...
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2015


Title: Salt and Revenue in Frontier Formation: State Mobilized Ethnic Politics in the Yunnan-­Burma Borderland since the 1720s
Date of publication: July 2013
Description/subject: Abstract: "This research reviews the formation of the Yunnan-Burma frontier since the 1720s, when the Qing government reformed the administrative systems from chieftainships to official counties in the middle and southern Yunnan mountains areas. One of some crucial political changes was the policy of salt revenue which directly stimulated large scale ethnic resistance in the region of salt wells. However, the social political context of continuing ethnic conflicts was not only rooted in the reshaping of the salt-consuming districts, but also rooted in social changes in the Yunnan-Burma borderland because of increasing Han Chinese immigration and their penetration into mining, long distance trade and local agriculture. In order to successfully control mountain resources as the base of revenue, the Qing government continued to gradually integrate native Dai chieftains into official counties. Local resistance continued and reached a peak from the 1790s to the 1810s. Pushed by the Qing government, and with the collaboration of different social actors, the synthesized mobilization of frontier formation had made ethnic politics a main style of social political reconstruction, even if commercial exchange, long distance trade, and demographic reshaping also continued to be mixed with ethnic politics as another layer of the Yunnan- Burma frontier formation..."
Author/creator: Jianxiong Ma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Cambridge Journals via Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Format/size: pdf (697K-reduced version; 890K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Jianxiong-Ma-2013-Salt_and_Revenue_in_Frontier_Formation-State_M...
Date of entry/update: 10 October 2015


Title: Results of a Google site-specific search for Burma OR Myanmar on cuhk.edu.hk
Description/subject: 1,310 results (October 2015)
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 October 2015


Title: Results of a local search for Burma OR Myanmar on cuhk.edu.hk
Description/subject: 1,840 results (October 2015)
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.cuhk.edu.hk/english/index.html
Date of entry/update: 09 October 2015