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Army

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Commanders of Myanmar Regional Military Commands
Date of publication: 26 February 2012
Description/subject: Not all that much information, but it's a start on this important part of the Burma Army
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: pdf (51K)
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2012


Title: Myanmar Army Commanders of Regional Military Commands
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2012


Individual Documents

Title: Military expansion and exploitation in Nyaunglebin District
Date of publication: 05 August 2008
Description/subject: "With the SPDC Army's continued expansion in Nyaunglebin District, local villagers not under military control have had to once again flee into the surrounding forest while troops have forcibly interned other villagers in military-controlled relocation sites. These relocation sites, typically in the plains of western Nyaunglebin, alongside army camps or SPDC-controlled vehicle roads, serve as containment centres from which army personnel appropriate labour, money, food and supplies to support the military's ongoing expansion in the region. Extortion by military officers operating in Nyaunglebin District has included forced 'donations' allegedly collected for distribution to survivors of Cyclone Nargis in the Irrawaddy Delta. This field report looks at the situation in Nyaunglebin up to the end of May 2008..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group Field Reports (KHRG #2008-F10)
Format/size: html, pdf (455 KB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg08b10_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 November 2009


Title: Burma Army
Date of publication: 15 July 2007
Description/subject: Die Armee der SPDC Militärdiktatur ist mittlerweile auf eine Truppenstärke von 500.000 Soldaten angewachsen und jetzt selbst nur noch durch ein System der Angst zu kontrollieren. Fast jeder hat einen Vorgesetzten und die Exekution ist nur einen Schuß entfernt. Der militärische Geheimdienst ist überall und selbst die höheren Ränge werden oft ‘Reinigungen’ nach sowietischem Vorbild unterzogen. Karen; Flüchtlinge; Burma Army; Refugees
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Burma Riders
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2007


Title: "MY GUN WAS AS TALL AS ME" - Child Soldiers in Burma
Date of publication: 16 October 2002
Description/subject: "Burma is believed to have more child soldiers than any other country in the world. The overwhelming majority of Burma's child soldiers are found in Burma's national army, the Tatmadaw Kyi, which forcibly recruits children as young as eleven. These children are subject to beatings and systematic humiliation during training. Once deployed, they must engage in combat, participate in human rights abuses against civilians, and are frequently beaten and abused by their commanders and cheated of their wages. Refused contact with their families and facing severe reprisals if they try to escape, these children endure a harsh and isolated existence. Children are also present in Burma's myriad opposition groups, although in far smaller numbers. Some children join opposition groups to avenge past abuses by Burmese forces against members of their families or community, while others are forcibly conscripted. Many participate in armed conflict, sometimes with little or no training, and after years of being a soldier are unable to envision a future for themselves apart from military service. Burma's military government, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), claims that all of its soldiers are volunteers, and that the minimum recruitment age is eighteen.4 However, testimonies of former soldiers interviewed for this report suggest that the vast majority of new recruits are forcibly conscripted, and that 35 to 45 percent may be children. Although there is no way to establish precise figures, data taken from the observations of former child soldiers who have served in diverse parts of Burma suggests that 70,000 or more of the Burma army's estimated 350,000 soldiers may be children..."
Author/creator: Kevin Heppner
Language: English
Source/publisher: Human Rights Watch
Format/size: html (in sections); pdf (570K) 214 pages
Alternate URLs: http://www.hrw.org/reports/2002/burma/Burma0902.pdf
http://www.hrw.org/press/2002/10/burma-1016.htm (press release and other links)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Better the Devil You Don't Know
Date of publication: July 1999
Description/subject: "A steady trickle of defectors from the Burmese army continues to flow into neighboring countries. Their numbers are small because the penalty for trying to escape from the frontline is execution..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 7, No. 6
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Slaughter of the Innocent Soldiers
Date of publication: September 1997
Description/subject: Recruitment • Roles And Duties • Treatment and experiences. They are about 13 or 15 years old, wear army uniforms and carry war weapons. By all other measures they are still children, but it is not war games they play. Burmese history is full of stories of different kings at war with each other and the modern period since 1948 -- when the British surrendered their colonial rule -- has been little different. Almost from the day the British lowered the Union Jack, Burma has been home to a continuous civil war described by some observers as one of the most complicated conflicts in the world.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 5. No. 6
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: The Myanmar Army (Wikipedia)
Description/subject: "The Myanmar Army (Burmese: တပ်မတော်(ကြည်း)), pronounced [taʔmədɔ̀ tɕí]) is the land component of the Military of Myanmar. The Myanmar Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of Myanmar and has the primary responsibility of conducting land-based military operations. The Myanmar Army maintains the second largest active force in Southeast Asia after Vietnam's Vietnam People's Army. The Myanmar Army has a troop strength around 492,000. The army has extensive combat experience in fighting insurgents in rough terrains, considering it has been conducting non-stop counter-insurgency operations against ethnic and political insurgents since its inception in 1948..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: pdf (58K), html
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2012