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Home > Main Library > Law and Constitution > Administration > Military, Police, Prisons, Fire services etc. > Laws, decrees, bills, regulations and manuals relating to the Penal System (standards and commentary)

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Laws, decrees, bills, regulations and manuals relating to the Penal System (standards and commentary)

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (the Nelson Mandela Rules)
Date of publication: 08 January 2016
Description/subject: "The UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (SMRs) were initially adopted by the UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders in 1955, and approved by the UN Economic and Social Council in 1957. On 17 December 2015 a revised version of the Standard Minimum Rules were adopted unanimously by the 70th session of the UN General Assembly in Resolution A/RES/70/175; (see PRI’s press release). This followed a four-year revision process after a 2010 UN General Assembly resolution which requested revision of the SMRs ‘so that they reflect recent advances in correctional science and best practices’. Find out more on the revision process. The revised Rules will be known as the ‘Nelson Mandela Rules‘ to honour the legacy of the late President of South Africa, Mr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela, who spent so many years of His life in prison’...." KEYWORDS: PRISONER TREATMENT, CRIME PREVENTION, CRIMINAL JUSTICE, CONFERENCES, DOCUMENTATION, INTERNATIONAL DAYS, WOMEN PRISONERS, DETAINED JUVENILES, NON-CUSTODIAL SANCTIONS, TECHNICAL COOPERATION, RESOURCES ALLOCATION, INFORMATION DISSEMINATION, ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE, TRAINING PROGRAMMES
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (A /RES/70/175)
Format/size: pdf (390K)
Alternate URLs: https://www.penalreform.org/resource/standard-minimum-rules-treatment-prisoners-smr/
Date of entry/update: 11 November 2016


Individual Documents

Title: ျမန္မာ- အခြင့္အေရးမ်ား ေထာင္တြင္းသို႕ ေဆာင္က်ဥ္းေပး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ အက်ဥ္းေထာင္မ်ား ဥပေဒမူ
Date of publication: 10 November 2016
Description/subject: ၂၀၁၅ ခုႏွစ္ဇူလိုင္လတြင္ အက်ဥ္းေထာင္မ်ား ဥပေဒမူၾကမ္းကို ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ျပည္ေထာင္စု လႊတ္ေတာ္တြင္ “ရပ္ရြာေအးခ်မ္း သာယာေရးႏွင့္ တရားဥပေဒစုိးမုိးေရး”၊ “မႈခင္းထပ္မံ မက်ဴးလြန္ေစရန္ ကာကြယ္ေရး”၊ အက်ဥ္းသားမ်ားအား ျပစ္ဒဏ္မွ လြတ္ေျမာက္ၿပီးေသာအခါ ထုိက္သင့္ေသာ အသက္ေမြးမႈ ပညာရပ္မ်ား သင္ၾကားတတ္ေျမာက္ေစရန္ အတြက္ အဓိကရည္ရြယ္လ်က္ တင္သြင္းခဲ့ပါသည္။ ဤအက်ဥ္းေထာင္မ်ား ဥပေဒမူၾကမ္းမွာ ေခတ္ႏွင့္ မေလ်ာ္ညီေတာ့ေသာ အက်ဥ္းေထာင္မ်ားႏွင့္ စပ္လ်ဥ္းသည့္ ဥပေဒမူေဘာင္မ်ားျဖစ္သည့္ ၁၈၉၄ ခုႏွစ္ အက်ဥ္းေထာင္ အက္ဥပေဒ၊ ၁၉၀၀ ခုႏွစ္ အက်ဥ္းသားမ်ား အက္ဥပေဒ ႏွင့္ ၁၉၂၀ အက်ဥ္းသားအျဖစ္ သတ္မွတ္ျခင္း အက္ဥပေဒ တို႕ကို ပယ္ဖ်က္ၿပီး အစားထိုးမည့္ ဥပေဒမူၾကမ္း ျဖစ္သည္။ ဤကဲ့သို႕ ဥပေဒပိုင္းအရႀကိဳးပမ္းမႈကို အျပည္ျပည္ဆိုင္ရာ လြတ္ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းသာခြင့္အဖြဲ႕က ႀကိဳဆိုပါသည္။ ျပည့္စံုေသာ၊ အေသးစိတ္က်ေသာ၊ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ လူ႕အခြင့္အေရးဥပေဒ စံညြန္းမ်ားႏွင့္ ကိုက္ညီေသာ အက်ဥ္းေထာင္မ်ား ဥပေဒတစ္ရပ္သည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ အက်ဥ္းသားမ်ားအားထိန္းသိမ္းခ်ဳပ္ေႏွာင္ျခင္းဆိုင္ရာ အေျခအေနမ်ားကို တိုးတက္ေကာင္းမြန္ေအာင္ေဆာင္ရြက္ရာတြင္ အေရးပါေသာ နည္းလမ္းတစ္ခု ျဖစ္ပါလိမ့္မည္။ သိုေသာ္ ယခုထြက္ရွိလာေသာ လူထုကိုခ်ျပသည့္ ဥပေဒမူၾကမ္းသည္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ စံခ်ိန္စံညႊန္းမ်ားႏွင့္ မ်ားစြာ ေဝးကြာေနပါေသးသည္။ လြတ္လပ္မႈဆံုးရႈံး၍ အက်ဥ္းက်ခံေနရေသာသူမ်ား၏ အခြင့္အေရးကာကြယ္ေပးႏိုင္ရန္အတြက္ လိုအပ္ေသာ ျပဌာန္းခ်က္မ်ားစြာ က်န္ရွိေနေသးေၾကာင္းေတြ႕ရပါသည္။ ယခု အျပည္ျပည္ဆိုင္ရာ လြတ္ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းသာခြင့္အဖြဲ႕က တင္ျပမည့္ အေသးစိတ္ ဆန္းစစ္ေလ့လာခ်က္တြင္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ လူ႕အခြင့္အေရး စံခ်ိန္စံညႊန္းမ်ားနွင့္ ကိုက္ညီစြာ အက်ဥ္းေထာင္မ်ားဥပေဒကို မည္ကဲ့သို႕ျပင္ဆင္သင့္သည္ဆိုေသာ တိက်သည့္ အၾကံျပဳခ်က္မ်ားကို ေဖၚျပထားပါသည္။ လက္ရွိ ဆန္းစစ္ခ်က္မွာ လႊတ္ေတာ္ ကုိယ္စားလွယ္မ်ား၊ အျခားေသာ အစုိးရ အာဏာပုိင္မ်ား၊ လူ႔အသုိင္းအဝန္းအတြက္ လႈပ္ရွားၾကသူမ်ား ႏွင့္ ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံ၏ အက်ဥ္းေထာင္ စနစ္ကုိ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲရန္ ႀကိဳးပမ္းေနၾကသူတုိ႔အတြက္ အသံုး၀င္မည္ဟု ကြၽႏ္ုပ္တုိ႔ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ပါသည္။
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: pdf (899K)
Date of entry/update: 11 November 2016


Title: MYANMAR: BRING RIGHTS TO PRISONS - AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL’S RECOMMENDATIONS ON THE DRAFT PRISONS LAW
Date of publication: 10 November 2016
Description/subject: "In July 2015 a draft Prisons Law was introduced in Myanmar’s Parliament, with the objective to “safeguard peace in the community and the rule of law”; prevent “repeat offending”; and provide for the rehabilitation of prisoners with a view to their release. The draft Prisons Law is set to replace Myanmar’s outdated legal framework on prison conditions by repealing the 1894 Prisons Act, the 1900 Prisoners Act and the 1920 Identification of Prisoners Act. Amnesty International welcomes this legislative initiative. A prisons law which is comprehensive, detailed, and fully in line with international human rights law and standards will be an important tool to improve conditions of detention in Myanmar. However, the latest draft made available to the public falls far short of international standards. It fails to include a number of provisions necessary to protect the rights of people deprived of their liberty. In this detailed legal analysis, Amnesty International makes specific recommendations as to how the draft Prisons Law should be amended to bring it in line with international human rights law and standards. We hope that this analysis will prove to be useful to parliamentarians, other government officials, civil society actors, and others working on the reform of Myanmar’s prison system..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: pdf (605K)
Date of entry/update: 11 November 2016


Title: Prison Reforms must respect human rights - အျပည္ျပည္ဆိုင္ရာ လြတ္ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းသာခြင့္ အဖြဲ႕ သတင္း ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္ ၁၀ ႏို၀င္
Date of publication: 10 November 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: pdf (238K
Date of entry/update: 11 November 2016


Title: Prison Conditions in Burma and the Potential for Prison Reform
Date of publication: September 2016
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "As Burma emerges from decades of authoritarian rule and international isolation, the issue of human rights and human rights abuses has been of large concern to many actors involved. Holding those accountable for crimes committed in the past has been at the forefront for many observers. However, Burma must also take steps toward ensuring that the opportunity for such abuse is removed and cannot be repeated in the future. Prisons are one such place where abuses are particularly likely to occur. They are hidden from the public eye, and prisoners are shown little sympathy by the general public. This creates an environment of increased impunity, which in turn leads to the violation of basic human rights for many individuals. This is true for both political prisoners and criminal prisoners alike. Reforming the prison system, although perhaps not politically expedient, is therefore crucial to eliminating human rights violations. This paper, therefore, is a preliminary assessment of the potential for such a reform in Burma. The research is ongoing and will hopefully provide a valuable resource for other individuals and organizations interested in the penal system in Burma and its reform. It is meant as a foundation from which to work from and build upon..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, Burma (AAPPB)
Format/size: pdf (3MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 November 2016