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Education in Burma - several ethnic groups

Individual Documents

Title: Strength in Diversity: Towards Universal Education in Myanmar’s Ethnic Areas
Date of publication: 11 October 2016
Description/subject: "This study details the role and operations of non-state education providers in ethnic areas, specifically Mon, Shan and Karen States, and the interface with state education. This paper terms education providers connected to ethnic armed groups, and other community-based providers, as ethnic basic education providers (EBEPs), which have been providing vital pre-tertiary education services to conflict-affected communities. Given the political grievances arising out of the Burmanization of government education in the past, as well as the inaccessibility of state services in some of these areas, EBEPs have filled a significant gap and have been educating youths that live daily with conflicts and are at risk of hindered educational development. Valuing a diverse education sector and recognizing existing providers as important partners, will not only contribute to universal education goals and ensure access for all, but is a durable component of a successful peace process. We hope that this report will contribute to ongoing discussions of critical governance and reform issues that are cornerstone to Myanmar’s transition and peace process... Related topics: Peace & Conflict in Myanmar
Author/creator: Kim Jolliffe and Emily Speers Mears
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asia Foundation
Format/size: pdf (5MB)
Date of entry/update: 25 November 2016


Title: Schooling and Conflict: Ethnic Education and Mother Tongue-based Teaching in Myanmar (Burmese မန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 22 February 2016
Description/subject: "Education and language policies and practices are at the heart of ethnic conflicts in Myanmar. For decades, the state has emphasized a centralized, Myanmar language only education system that many ethnic groups felt provided no place for their own languages to be practiced which by extension, threatened their cultures and ethnic identities. The country's democratic transition of the past few years, however, has enabled issues of mother tongue-based education (MTB) to be discussed more openly, and growing acceptance of decentralization within the government at all levels and among the wider public is providing an opening for consideration of how MTB education can be productively integrated into the education system. In this context, The Foundation is pleased to present this research report on the state of MTB education in contested areas in Myanmar, specifically in the Kachin, Mon and Karen context, by Ashley South and Marie Lall who have long been engaged in researching this important topic."
Author/creator: Ashley South and Marie Lall
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Asia Foundation
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB-reduced version; 4.39K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/SchoolingConflictMM.pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 March 2016


Title: Schooling and Conflict: Ethnic Education and Mother Tongue-based Teaching in Myanmar (English)
Date of publication: 22 February 2016
Description/subject: "Education and language policies and practices are at the heart of ethnic conflicts in Myanmar. For decades, the state has emphasized a centralized, Myanmar language only education system that many ethnic groups felt provided no place for their own languages to be practiced which by extension, threatened their cultures and ethnic identities. The country's democratic transition of the past few years, however, has enabled issues of mother tongue-based education (MTB) to be discussed more openly, and growing acceptance of decentralization within the government at all levels and among the wider public is providing an opening for consideration of how MTB education can be productively integrated into the education system. In this context, The Foundation is pleased to present this research report on the state of MTB education in contested areas in Myanmar, specifically in the Kachin, Mon and Karen context, by Ashley South and Marie Lall who have long been engaged in researching this important topic."
Author/creator: Ashley South and Marie Lall
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asia Foundation
Format/size: pdf (1.8MB-reduced version; 4.35MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://asiafoundation.org/resources/pdfs/SchoolingConflictENG.pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 March 2016