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Sea-level rise, Burma/Myanmar

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: *Youtube search for Burma OR Myanmar - sea level rise* (video)
Description/subject: About 3,090 results
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Various sources via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash or html5
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2017


Title: Google search results for myanmar sea level rise on mongabay.com
Description/subject: 106 results (October 2017)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Mongabay via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 October 2017


Individual Documents

Title: ESTABLISHING A MYANMAR NATIONAL CLIMATE LAND BANK
Date of publication: 23 May 2018
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "Globally three times as many people are now displaced annually because of extreme weather events and climate change than those displaced due to conflict, with the vast majority of those displaced living in developing countries, 81% of whom reside in Asia. The movement and planned relocation of people and communities from their homes and lands necessitated by the effects of extreme weather events and climate change is rapidly becoming one of the greatest threats to the enjoyment of human rights and to broader concerns of peace and security in Myanmar. Climate displacement from both extreme weather events and climate change are set to pose a particularly dramatic challenge for the people and government of Myanmar. According to one survey, the country is currently ranked second out of 187 countries in the Global Climate Risk Index for vulnerability to climatic natural disasters. Still reeling from the effects of Cyclone Nargis in 2008, a decade on the country remains worryingly unprepared for dealing with natural disasters and this will be only further compounded when considering the large-scale displacement of populations which may occur as a result of climate change impacts such as rising sea levels, coastal erosion and temporary or permanent inundation. A recent report has predicted that sea level in Myanmar will rise by up to 50cm by 2050.3 Apart from some low-lying areas being permanently inundated, sea level rise will also affect season coastal flooding and storm surge intensity during cyclones and tropical storms. Additionally, rising salinity levels, salt water intrusion and ocean acidification will bring additional pressures to livelihood viability of local communities living in these effected coastal regions. Given the scale of the crisis affecting Myanmar, the government needs to develop pro-active, appropriate preventative policies and capacities to specifically respond to climate displacement threats from both extreme weather events and future climate change If not, millions of people may be forced to flee their homes and lands along the country’s 2000km coastline. This potential displacement catastrophe is only further compounded when populations living along the country’s many rivers and waterways are impacted as floodplains become increasingly uninhabitable, adding to the massive displacement that has already taken place due to decades of conflict and disaster. While it is clear that millions will be affected by climate change in the decades to come, there has been virtually no vulnerability mapping or planning in Myanmar to identify at risk communities from climate displacement, nor assessments of potential locations for resettlement. It is also not clear which, if any, targeted institutions, policies or programmes are in place to support these communities."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Displacement Solutions, Ecodev
Format/size: pdf (2.7MB-reduced version; 20MB-original)
Alternate URLs: https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/DIS5757%20Myanmar%20National%20Climate%20...
Date of entry/update: 30 October 2018


Title: Climate Change and Sea Level Rise in Asia: Myanmar
Date of publication: 29 December 2016
Description/subject: "...Combined with its geographical location (sandwiched between two of the world’s largest polluters, China and India), it is no wonder that the country was recently called the second most vulnerable in the world to the impacts of climate change. Of these, the effects of rising sea level have some of the greatest potential for causing widespread devastation in the country. The estimated 0.5 meter rise, which is predicted to occur by 2100, could result in the Ayeyarwady Delta shoreline advancing by 10 km – a development which would significantly impact poorer, rural Burmese employed in the agricultural sector..."
Author/creator: Dr. Miriam Grinberg
Language: English
Source/publisher: PISAspeak
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 March 2017


Title: Scoping study of `Coastal Squeeze' phenomenon, Ayeyarwady Delta, Myanmar
Date of publication: 27 May 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Coastal squeeze is defined as the reduction in the space of coastal habitats to operate [1] and it is an important cause for (amongst others) coastline retreat, an increase in flood risk and salinity intrusion. Land use changes, such as deforestation and urbanization, reduce the space of natural habitats such as mangrove forests. This causes a deterioration of these habitats, which leads to a reduction of their natural protective and provisioning functions. Costs related to these function losses can be avoided by early recognition of coastal squeeze and early action against it. The coastal zone inMyanmar is subject to urbanization, extreme weather conditions (cyclones), increase in agri- and aquaculture and (illegal) felling of mangroves. TU Delft and partners are developing a research proposal in order to investigate the occurrence of coastal squeeze in Myanmar and to use this knowledge to develop a decision making tool that can operate within an integrated coastal zone management strategy. Our research is a scoping study to investigate how remote sensing analysis (using freely available Landsat imagery) can contribute to early recognition of coastal squeeze. This is applied on a case study of the lower Ayeyarwady delta in Myanmar, a crucial agricultural zone nicknamed the ‘Rice Bowl of Myanmar’. Analysis of Landsat imagery has been done to create a series of land use maps and determine coastline changes. This analysis has led to varying results. The use of recent Landsat imagery combined with data gathered by fieldwork has promising results to accurately calculate land use for large areas. Unfortunately this technique loses accuracy rapidly when applied to imagery from the past. Causes are the quality of the imagery (Landsat in general and the used techniques to obtain surface reflection images), the quality of the algorithm used for the classification and the quality and quantity of our ground truth data set. Extraction of the coastline for the past 30 years has been done with a reasonable accuracy of § 60 meters. Trends of coastline retrogradation and/or progradation along the coast of the delta have been identified and are presented in a map. Another output of this scoping study is an indicative map that identifies coastline types along the Ayeyarwady delta coastline".....Subject coastal squeeze Ayeyarwady Delta Myanmar remote sensing Landsat land use classification QGIS ground truthing coastline change
Author/creator: Kroon, M.E.N., Rip, J.
Language: English
Source/publisher: TU Delft Library
Format/size: pdf (4.35MB, reduced version; 232K-original)11.3MB)
Alternate URLs: https://repository.tudelft.nl/islandora/object/uuid:29ec675d-db8e-4f76-a5a1-f16a67eeb083?collection...
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs24/Scoping_study_on_coastal_change-Irrawaddy-232.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 January 2018