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Home > Main Library > History > Historical periods > SLORC period (1988-1997) > Events of 1988

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Events of 1988

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: "The Irrawaddy" Research Pages
Description/subject: Background Biographies; Bomb Blasts in Burma—A Chronology; Burma Diplomatic Missions; Burma's Regional Commanders; CCB forms Investigation Body to investigate money laundering offenses; Cabinet of Burma; Chronology of Burma's Laws Restricting Freedom of Opinion, Expression and the Press; Chronology of Chinese-Burmese Relations; Chronology of the Press in Burma; Committee Representing the People's Parliament [CRPP]; Dialogue between Military Government and NLD; Diplomatic Trips; Foreign Companies Withdrawn from Burma; Foreign Embassies to Burma; Foreign Investment in Burma; Full List of the Prisoners - Page1; List of Cease-fire Agreements with the Junta; List of Journalists, Authors and Poets Who Received Sentences After 1988; List of the Prisoners (Authors); List of the Prisoners (Death in Custody).
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Research Pages
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Individual Documents

Title: Struggle for Peace: The 25 Year Journey of the ABSDF - ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးအတြက္ ျဖတ္သန္းျခင္း - ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံလံုးဆိုင္ရာေက်ာင္းသာ
Date of publication: April 2014
Description/subject: Struggle for Peace: The 25 Year Journey of the ABSDF....."ABSDF မာ နားလည ဖ ခက ခဲတဲ ၊ ေဖာ ျပလ မရႏ င တဲ ၊ လက ဆ ပ လက က င မျပႏ င တဲ အရာတစ ခ ရ ပါတယ ။ က်ေနာ တ အ မ က ထြက ခြာလာစဥ က က်ေနာ တ ဟာအသက ငယ ရြယ ပါေသးတယ ။ က်ေနာ တ ဟာ တ က ခ က ရဖ ကလြဲလ ဘာက မ မစဥ းစားခဲ ၾကပါဘ း။ က်ေနာ တ ဟာ ေထာင နဲ ခ် တဲ ေက်ာင းသားေတြျဖစ ၾကပါတယ ။ က်ေနာ တ ထြက ခြာခဲ စဥ က က်ေနာ တ မ သားစ ေတြဟာ သ တ ရဲ႕သားသမ းေတြက လ ျခ ဳေဘးကင းမ ရ ၾကဖ ဆ ေတာင းလ ်က က်န ရစ ခဲ ၾကပါတယ ။ သ တ ဟာ က်ေနာ တ အတြက အလြန စ တ ပ ပန ၾကၿပ း က်ေနာ တ ေဘးကင းလ ျခ ေရးအတြက အျမဲဆ ေတာင းလ ်က ရ ၾကတယ ။ ဒါေပမဲ က်ေနာ တ ကေတာ သ တ အတြက စ းစဥ းမ မေတြးမ ခဲ ၾကပါ။ က်ေနာ တ မ သားစ ေတြက လ းဝ ေမ ေလ်ာ ေနခဲ ၾကတယ ။ တစ ခါက KNU ေဒသ၊ တပ မဟာ ၆ မ ာ အစ းရစစ တပ နဲ ထ ပ တ က ၾကဳ ခဲ ဖ းတယ ။ အဲဒ အခါ KNU က စစ ေၾကာင းတာ၀န ခ ေတြက စည းေ၀းပြဲရ လ ခရ းသြားရမ ာျဖစ တာေၾကာင စစ ေၾကာင းေတြက တပ မ ဴးငယ ေတြနဲ ထားခဲ ရတယ ။ သ တ ကအေတြ႕အၾက ဳပ င းအားနည းတာေၾကာင က်ေနာ တ ဟာ ဗမာစစ တပ ရဲ႕ ပစ မ တ အျဖစ အလြယ တက ျဖစ ခဲ ရပါတယ ။ အဲဒ ည ၉ နာရ ခန မ ာ ဗမာစစ တပ က က်ေနာ တ က စတင ပစ ခတ ခ် န က်ေနာ တ မ ာ အဆင သင အေနအထား လ းဝရ မေနခဲ ဘဲ ျပန လည ပစ ခတ ႏ င ျခင းမရ ခဲ ပါ။ ခ်က ျခင းက တပ က ဆ တ မ န ေပးခဲ ၿပ း တပ ဆ တ ခဲ တာ မနက ၄ နာရ ေလာက မ လ ျခ ဳတဲ ေနရာတစ ခ က ေရာက ရ ခဲ ၾကပါတယ ။ က ေကာင း ေထာက မစြာပဲ အလစ အင က တ က ခ က ခ ခဲ ရေပမဲ လည း ဘယ သ မ ထ ခ က ဒဏ ရာမရခဲ ၾကပါ ဘ း။ က်ေနာ တ မ သားစ ေတြရဲ႕ ဆ ေတာင းေမတ ာ ပ သမ ေတြေၾကာင လည း ျဖစ ႏ င ပါတယ ။ ဒ အရာေတြက လက ဆ ပ လက က င ျပလ မရႏ င တဲ ၊ သက ေသျပဖ ခက ခဲတဲ အရာျဖစ ပါတယ ။ က်ေနာ တ မ သားစ ေတြကက်ေနာ တ က အျမဲက ည ေစာင မေနတဲ ပ ရ ပ လ က်ေနာ စ တ ထဲမ ာ ရ ေနပါတယ ။ ပ ပ းက ည ေပးတဲ ပ စ အမ် ဳးမ် ဳးရ ပါတယ ။ တခ်ဳ ႕က ခင ဗ်ား ျမင ႏ င ေတြ႕ႏ င ေပမဲ အခ် ဳ႕အရာေတြဟာ မ်က စ နဲ မျမင ႏ င မေတြ႕ႏ င တဲ အရာေတြ ျဖစ ပါတယ ။ ( ရဲေဘာ ေက်ာ က )..."
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies (CPCS)
Format/size: pdf (6.3MB-reduced version; 9.57MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.centrepeaceconflictstudies.org/wp-content/uploads/Struggle-for-Peace-Burmese-small.pdf
http://www.centrepeaceconflictstudies.org/publications/browse/
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2015


Title: STRUGGLE FOR PEACE: The 25 year journey of The ABSDF - ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးအတြက္ ျဖတ္သန္းျခင္း - ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံလံုးဆိုင္ရာေက်ာင္းသာ
Date of publication: April 2014
Description/subject: "Expressed through the voices of All Burma Students Democratic Front (ABSDF) members, this book tells the story of the organisation’s birth from the August 8, 1988 student uprising through its 25 years of living and fighting in the remote jungle areas of the country. It provides an in-depth examination of the experiences of ABSDF members, from their time as protesting students, to revolutionaries, to their current involvement in the Myanmar peace process. From hardships caused by disease and food supplies, to the fears, hopes, joys and disappointments of young men and women trying to realise their dream of fighting against oppression, Struggle for Peace takes readers on a journey of change and transformation..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies (CPCS)
Format/size: pdf (8.90MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.centrepeaceconflictstudies.org/publications/browse/
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/CPCS-2014-04-ABSDF-STRUGGLE_FOR_PEACE-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2015


Title: The role of students in the 8888 People's Uprising in Burma
Date of publication: 08 August 2011
Description/subject: "...Twenty three years ago today, on 8 August 1988, hundreds of thousands of people flooded the streets of Burma demanding an end to the suffocating military rule which had isolated and bankrupted the country since 1962. Their united cries for a transition to democracy shook the core of the country, bringing Burma to a crippling halt. Hope radiated throughout the country. Teashop owners replaced their store signs with signs of protest, dock workers left behind jobs to join the swelling crowds, and even some soldiers were reported to have been so moved by the demonstrations to lay down their arms and join the protestors. There was so much promise...The leaders of the 88 generation have a particularly important role to play in the future of Burma. Not only are they widely admired but they have repeatedly shown their ability to unite ordinary people from all walks of life under a common cause: equality; self-determination; and democratization. This struggle for a unified Burma has been ongoing since independence and cannot be achieved unless there is an inclusive dialogue between the ruling “civilian” regime, the National League for Democracy, and representatives of all ethnic nationality groups to discuss the future of a unified Burma. Until these issues are resolved, Burma will not transition into a peaceful, democratic, and developing country..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (Burma)
Format/size: pdf (661K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.aappb.org/Publications/The_Role_of_Students_in_the_8888_Peoples_Uprising_in_Burma.pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 September 2011


Title: Misremembrance of an Uprising (Review of "The 1988 Uprising in Burma" by Dr Maung Maung)
Date of publication: 06 November 2009
Description/subject: Review of "The 1988 Uprising in Burma" by Dr Maung Maung (Foreword by Franklin Mark Osanka), Monograph 49/Yale Southeast Asia Studies...."...Dr Maung Maung's memoirs of the 1988 Burmese uprising "misremembers"; oft times it falsifies, misrepresents, distorts, obfuscates, whitewashes and can in its best light be described as an "apologia"in a fully uncomplimentary sense. Hence the author's "memory" hinders rather than helps the cause for human rights as far as the struggle is concerned. Nevertheless, from a consequentialist viewpoint, it is hoped that the publication of the book will help some people who were involved in, affected by or take a genuine and concerned interest in the events of 1988 in Burma- to rise from their "forgetfulness" and also to help properly freshen their memory. In this review, the reviewer has attempted to highlight some of the misremembrances of the author with the hope that a small step can be taken towards refreshing and articulating the "memory" of those who were and are affected by the 1988 uprising in Burma..."
Author/creator: Myint Zan
Language: English
Source/publisher: Newcastle Law Review, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 101-119, 2000
Format/size: pdf (178K)
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2014


Title: The repression of the August 8-12 1988 (8-8-88) uprising in Burma/Myanmar
Date of publication: 25 February 2009
Description/subject: Table of Contents: * A. Context; * B. Decision-Maker, Organizers and Actors; * C. Victims,; * D. Witnesses; * E. Memories; * F. General and Legal Interpretations of the facts; * G. Bibliography
Author/creator: Renaud Egreteau
Language: English
Source/publisher: Sciences-Po (Encyclopedia of Mass Violence)
Format/size: pdf (175K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.massviolence.org/Article?id_article=303
Date of entry/update: 20 April 2010


Title: Memories of 8.8.88
Date of publication: August 2008
Description/subject: A journalist recalls clandestine visits to Burma to report the country’s story to the world, in an historic period of upheaval... "WORD reached Bangkok in late August 1987 that the Burmese economy was grinding to a standstill, and that the rice harvest could be compromised by weak rainfalls in some areas. As a reporter who liked to operate alone, I was assigned by Asiaweek, the Hong Kong-based newsweekly, to slip into the country. I would get no byline, no credit, not much pay, but a lot of satisfaction..."
Author/creator: Dominic FAulder
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 8
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2008


Title: Secrets of Commune 4828
Date of publication: August 2008
Description/subject: How communists played a shadowy role in Burma’s 1988 pro-democracy uprising
Author/creator: Aung Zaw
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 8
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2008


Title: The Price of Disunity
Date of publication: August 2008
Description/subject: Burma’s democracy movement needs some serious soul-searching if it wants to secure its aims... "IN this 20th year of Burma’s democracy movement it’s time to ask what it has achieved in those two decades. Is it any nearer now to its goal?..."
Author/creator: Kyaw Zwa Moe
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 8
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2008


Title: Twenty Years of Marking Time
Date of publication: August 2008
Description/subject: After 20 years at a political standstill, the iconic images of Burma’s 1988 pro-democracy uprising have lost none of their immediacy..."BURMA imploded on August 8, 1988. Students and monks governed the country for months as millions marched through the streets, demanding democracy and an end to one-party rule. Economic mismanagement and the demonetization of the Burmese currency in 1987 finally forced many to come out in protest. The regime that had ruled the country for 26 years wasn’t wise enough to negotiate with the protesters but countered with brutal force, at a cost of many lives. Politicians, a new generation of student leaders and the general public joined forces in a movement for change that became known as the “four eights” uprising. Its foundation coincided with the 50th anniversary of the “1300 Movement,” the Burmese resistance against British colonial rule. This time, Ne Win was the public enemy No 1, inflaming popular anger still more with a speech in which he warned: “If the army shoots, it has no tradition of shooting into the air. It will shoot straight to hit.” ..."
Author/creator: Yeni
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 8
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2008


Title: Making Revolution Happen: An Interview with Christopher Gunness
Date of publication: September 2003
Description/subject: "BBC reporter Christopher Gunness was in Burma during the nationwide 8.8.88 democracy uprising. He conducted clandestine radio interviews with several Burmese students and activists that were broadcast to millions of Burmese. The military government accused the reports of triggering the August 1988 uprising. Fifteen years later, Gunness remains blacklisted from entering Burma and is still considered a top enemy of the junta. The Irrawaddy reminisced with him via email about his reporting experiences from 1988... Question: When you worked in Burma as a reporter in 1988, did you get the sense that the sporadic student protests early in the year would flare up into a nationwide uprising?..."
Author/creator: Christopher Gunness
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 11, No. 7
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irrawaddy.org/print_article.php?art_id=3085
http://www.irrawaddy.org/interview_show.php?art_id=3085
Date of entry/update: 06 November 2003


Title: "Conqueror of Kings: Burma's Student Leader"
Date of publication: 2003
Description/subject: During the democracy uprising in 1988, Paw Oo Htun, whose nom de guerre, Min Ko Naing, means Conqueror of Kings, emerged as one of the movement's most prominent student leaders. Together with other student leaders, he revived the umbrella students' organization the All Burma Federation of Student Unions. Today, while serving out a twenty year prison sentence, Min Ko Naing remains a symbol of the Burmese student movement. In this essay, interviews with close friends and student colleagues help document his story.
Author/creator: Megan Clymer and Min Ko Naing
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Burma Studies" Vol. 8, 2003
Format/size: pdf (804K)
Date of entry/update: 01 January 2009


Title: Another Black August
Date of publication: August 2000
Description/subject: For every person who experienced Burma's democracy summer of 1988, August will always be remembered as a month of bloodshed and crushed hopes. For it was in August 1988 that literally millions of Burmese from every walk of life joined to demand an end to more than a quarter-century of unenlightened despotism, onlyto be gunned down in untold numbers throughout the country.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 8
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: His Story, Not History - a review of of Maung Maung's "The 1988 Uprising in Burma"
Date of publication: August 2000
Description/subject: "The 1988 Uprising in Burma" by Dr Maung Maung (foreword by Franklin Mark Osanka), Monograph 49, 1999, Yale Southeast Asia Studies, New Haven, Connecticut..."Despite its title, this is not an account of the dramatic events that engulfed Burma in 1988. It is an attempt to rewrite history, a whitewash of one of the most brutal massacres in modern Asian history. More precisely, it is a blind eulogy to Burma’s aging strongman Gen Ne Win. And the reverence for the "Old Man," as he is usually referred to in Burma, is extended even to his children and grandchildren. For these reasons alone, Dr. Maung Maung’s book is worth reading because it shows how far an academic sycophant is prepared to go to please his mentor..."
Author/creator: Bertil Lintner
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No.8
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Reporting '88
Date of publication: August 2000
Description/subject: A veteran journalist gives a personal recount of his experiences in covering Burma and the 8-8-88 movement.
Author/creator: Dominic Faulder/Bangkok
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 8
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: 11 Years Later
Date of publication: August 1999
Description/subject: Cast of 1988 Players • Burma's Unfinished Revolution • Calm before the storm • August 8, 1988 • "They are killing us" • "Something of ourselves" • Filling the power vacuum • The threat to law and order • Prelude to the coup • Eleven years later... • The Sagaing Massacre • A Sketch of Taunggyi
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 7. No. 7
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Remembering 1988
Date of publication: June 1998
Description/subject: 1) Reminiscences & Reflections on 8-8-88 by Burton Levin2) Voices of 88: selections from Voices of '88, a traveling exhibit compiled under the sponsorship of the Open Society Institute.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Burma Debate", Vol... V, No. 3
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmadebate.org/archives/bdsummer98.html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: The Extraordinary Session of the BSPP Congress, 23-25 July 1988
Date of publication: 25 July 1988
Description/subject: July 23: The Extraordinary Session of the BSPP Congress opened at 8:30 am at the Saya San Hall, presided over by Yebaw Aung Tha Ban. 1062 of the 1089 delegates were present, or 97.52%. It heard five addresses: one by Chairman U Ne Win (full text); one by General Secretary U Aye Ko on the convening of the Congress [excerpts]; one on by U Aye Ko changes in State economic policies (excerpts]; one by Joint General Secretary U Sein Lwin on investing the Central Committee with the right to amend the guiding philosophy, "the System of Correlation of Man and His Environment"; and one by U Htwe Han on investing the Central Committee with the right to amend the Party Constitution.
Author/creator: Hugh MacDougall (compiler of BPS)
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Working People's Daily (via Burma Press Summary)
Format/size: html (66K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: 8-8-88 Archive
Description/subject: Rangoon General Hospital dead and wounded list 1 (7th Aug-17th Aug 1988)
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Research Pages
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irrawaddy.org/research_show.php?art_id=441
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: 8-8-88 Archive
Description/subject: Sagaing-dead and wounded list
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Research Pages
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://irrawaddymedia.com/article8888_2.php
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003