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Sustainable development

Individual Documents

Title: A Geographical Perspective On Myanmar’s Transition: Towards Inclusive, People ‐ Centered And Sustainable Economic Growth
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar has a land area of 676,581 km2 with an estimated population of 51.49 million, consisting of diverse ethnic groups speaking over 100 languages and dialects. Myanmar’s transition from military regime to civilian rule started under a new Constitution that came into effect in May, 2008. During its transition, Myanmar needs more effective national and regional development and governmental reforms and restructuring. People‐centred development reforms need to be implemented in order to reach international standards&meet the people’s needs. A people‐centered development strategy incorporates the values of justice, sustainability, and inclusiveness. A number of reforms have already been undertaken in the financial sector, in relaxing media censorship, release of detainees and reaching ceasefire agreements in a number of conflict areas. Although the government has enacted the new Environmental Law and related regulations to use natural resources in a sustainable manner, there are many environmental problems caused by development projects of various sectors. Between one‐third and one‐fourth of the population is estimated to be living under the poverty line but almost 80 percent of inhabitants are living either in poverty or very close to it. Despite significant efforts during the transition period in Myanmar, there is still a long way to go in developing a comprehensive social protection scheme. Myanmar attempts to manage a “triple transition”: nation building, state‐building and economic liberalization. Rule of law is crucial for peaceful and sustainable development. Transitions are never smooth, and it is likely that the situation on the ground in Myanmar will get messier before it gets better. Myanmar should work to ensure that current positive trends continue to 2015 and beyond. In order to sustain its growth momentum in the long run, Myanmar should aim for a growth trajectory that is inclusive, equitable, and environmentally sustainable."...Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Maung Maung Aye
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (445K)
Date of entry/update: 08 August 2015


Title: Urbanization: The Structures of Sustainable Urban Landscape of Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "With the major economic system changes, many new developments are observed in every sector of Myanmar. Urban landscaping is an integral part of modern urban construction and also presents the development of economic conditions. One of the most important factors of urbanization is population size. Urbanization is developed rapidly, based on rural-­‐urban migration and natural growth of cities and towns. As urban area develops changes occur in the landscape such as buildings, roads, recreational sites. etc. Although the country’s population remains largely rural because of Myanmar economy is based on agriculture, urban population growth was faster than spatial growth. Yangon is Myanmar’s largest urban area. However, spatially it grew between 2000 and 2010, increasing at a rate of 0.5% a year, from 370 square kilometers to 390. This paper studies many social (traffic congestion, waste disposal, water problems) and environmental issues (pollution) in urbanization and concludes that long-­‐term solutions to these problems. Therefore this paper presents the structure of urban landscape of some significant features within Myanmar and the controlling factors to this urban landscape. If population growth and urbanization are given sufficient attention in economic policies which must seek to manage for the sustainable future urban landscape of Myanmar.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thin Thin Khaing
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015


Title: Advocating for Sustainable Development in Burma (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 2012
Description/subject: ဤနုိးေဆာ္မႈမ်ားသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခိုင္ၿမဲေသာ ဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးေရး က႑မ်ားတြင္ပါ၀င္မည့္ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ား၊ တသီးပုဂၢလမ်ားအတြက္ အခ်က္အလက္ရင္းျမစ္မ်ားပင္ ျဖစ္သည္။ ဤအခ်က္အလက္ ရင္းျမစ္မ်ားသည္ ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခိုင္ၿမဲေသာဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးေရးအယူအဆ၊ ျမန္မာ အစိုးရ၏ တာ၀န္၀တၱရားမ်ားႏွင့္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ရန္ရွိသည့္အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားကိုေဖာ္ျပသည္။ ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခိုင္ၿမဲေသာဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးေရးသည္ ႏိုင္ငံ၏သဘာ၀သယံဇာတအရင္းအျမစ္ႏွင့္ ပတ္၀န္းက်င္ကို ထိခုိက္ပ်က္စီးေစမႈ မရွိဘဲ လူသားတုိ႔၏လုိအပ္ခ်က္၊ အထူးသျဖင့္ အမွန္တကယ္အကာအကြယ့္မဲ့ဒုကၡေရာက္လ်က္ရွိေသာ လူမႈအဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ား၏ လိုအပ္ခ်က္ကို တိုက္႐ိုက္အက်ဳိးသက္ေရာက္ေစမည့္ ဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးေရး ျဖစ္သည္။ ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခိုင္ၿမဲေသာ ဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးေရးသည္ သဘာ၀ကမၻာေျမႀကီး ႏွင့္ လူေနထိုင္မႈဘ၀တို႔ကို က႑ေပါင္းစံုျဖင့္ ဆက္စပ္လ်က္ရွိသည္။ က႑ေပါင္းစံုဟုဆိုရာတြင္ ဇီ၀မ်ိဳးကြဲမ်ား (သဘာ၀ပတ္၀န္းက်င္အတြင္း ကြဲျပားမႈအမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳး)၊ ေျမယာ (သတၱဳတြင္းတူးေဖာ္ျခင္း အပါအ၀င္)၊ သစ္ေတာမ်ား၊ စိုက္ပ်ဳိးေရး၊ ေရ၊ စြမ္းအင္ႏွင့္ စီးပြားေရးတို႔ျဖစ္သည္။...
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
Format/size: pdf (5.6MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/Advocating_for_Sustainable_Development_in_Burma_full.ppt
Date of entry/update: 21 April 2016


Title: Advocating for Sustainable Development in Burma (English)
Date of publication: 2012
Description/subject: "... This is a resource for organisations and individuals advocating about sustainable development issues in Burma. This resource provides information about the concept of sustainable development and about the government of Burma’s commitments and responsibilities when it comes to sustainable development. Sustainable development is development that does not damage the environment or the country’s natural resources, and that meets people’s needs, including the needs of the most vulnerable communities. Sustainable development relates to many aspects of the natural world and of people’s lives. These aspects include: biodiversity (variety in the natural environment), land (including mining), forests, agriculture, water, energy, and the economy..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
Format/size: pdf (1.7MB); ppt (4.8MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/Advocating_for_Sustainable_Development_in_Burma_full.ppt
Date of entry/update: 21 April 2016


Title: Advocating for Sustainable Development in Burma (Kachin)
Date of publication: 2012
Description/subject: Ndai gaw uhpung uhpawng ni hte tinghkrai hku nna myen mung Kata n amazing bawng ring lam a matu sut nhprang laika rai nga ai. Ndai sut nhprang laika gaw, matut manoi kyem mazing bawng ring masa a shiga hte dai mazing bawng ring lam galaw sa wa yang myen mungdan a ap nawng ai hte lit la ai shiga hpe jaw nga ai. Madi shadaw kyem mazing bawng ring masa gaw makau grup yin hpe n jahten shaza ai (sh) mungdan a shingra nhprang sut rai hpe n jahten ai bawngring lam rai nna grau jahten shaza hkrum ai shinggyim uhpawng ni mada’ shawa masha ni hta ra ai lam ni hpe jahkum shatsup ya nga ai. Kawn” mazing bawng ring lam gaw shingra mungkan hte shinggyim masha ni a asak hkrung lam hta na nsam maka law law hte matut mahkai nga ai. Ndai nsam maka kumla ni hta lawm ai gaw sakhkrung hpan hkum (grup yin nga ai arai amyu baw hkum sumhpa), lamu ga (ja maw, sut nhprang maw ni lawm ai), nam maling hkai sun, hka tsam n-gun hte sut masa ni rai nga ma ai.
Language: Kachin
Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
Format/size: pdf (869K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/Advocating_for_Sustainable_Development_in_Burma_full.ppt
Date of entry/update: 21 April 2016


Title: Advocating for Sustainable Development in Burma (Shan)
Date of publication: 2012
Description/subject: "... This is a resource for organisations and individuals advocating about sustainable development issues in Burma. This resource provides information about the concept of sustainable development and about the government of Burma’s commitments and responsibilities when it comes to sustainable development. Sustainable development is development that does not damage the environment or the country’s natural resources, and that meets people’s needs, including the needs of the most vulnerable communities. Sustainable development relates to many aspects of the natural world and of people’s lives. These aspects include: biodiversity (variety in the natural environment), land (including mining), forests, agriculture, water, energy, and the economy..."
Language: Shan
Source/publisher: Burma Environmental Working Group (BEWG)
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/Advocating_for_Sustainable_Development_in_Burma_full.ppt
Date of entry/update: 21 April 2016


Title: UNEP: Sustainable Building Policies on Energy Efficiency: Myanmar
Date of publication: June 2011
Description/subject: "... The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in partnership with the Building and Construction Authority (BCA) of Singapore is preparing a regional status report within the framework of the global status reporting on sustainable buildings, launched by the United Nations Environment Programme - Sustainable Buildings and Climate Initiative (UNEP-SBCI). The regional status reporting will collate the current status and trends from sustainable buildings initiatives in the region, with the aim of publishing the Regional Status Report on Sustainable Building Policies in South-East Asia. The Regional Status Report on Sustainable Building Policies in South-East Asia will provide an overview of the policies and initiatives put in place in various South-East Asian countries on promoting the development of sustainable buildings, with a first focus on Energy Efficiency related initiatives. The report is being conducted by BCA’s Centre for Sustainable Buildings and Construction (CSBC). Countries participating in the Regional Status Report on Sustainable Building Policies in South-East Asia are: Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, The Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. The Country Report on Sustainable Building Policies on Energy Efficiency in Brunei Darussalam is part of the series of Country Reports linked to the Regional Status Report on Sustainable Building Policies in South-East Asia. The Country Report on Sustainable Building Policies on Energy Efficiency, collated as of June 2011, aims to profile country’s sustainable building policies and initiatives according to the four category classification of policy instruments developed by UNEP-SBCI, stated in the publication of the “Assessment of Policy Instruments for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Buildings, 2007”. These four types of policy instruments cover the whole range from voluntary to regulatory. The four policy instruments categories are: • Category 1: Voluntary Instruments • Category 2: Fiscal Instruments • Category 3: Regulatory Instruments • Category 4: Market-based Instruments..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Format/size: pdf (509K)
Date of entry/update: 23 April 2016