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Home > Main Library > The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > UN Human Rights entities working on Burma (Myanmar) > United Nations human rights treaties to which Myanmar is a party > Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)

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Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: CEDAW Main page
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


Individual Documents

Title: CEDAW (Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women): Examination of the Initial Report of Myanmar
Date of publication: 21 January 2000
Description/subject: 21 January 2000: 1) U Win Mra's Statement; 2) Questions from the Committee; 3) Response by Myanmar; 4) Shadow Report by the Women's Organizations of Burma's Shadow Report Writing Committee: "Burma: The Current State of Women - Conflict Area Specific". Includes recommendations on health, education, violence against women and poverty.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Burma Debate" Vol. VI, No, 4
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: CEDAW (Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women): Initial Report of Myanmar
Date of publication: 25 June 1999
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (CEDAW/C/MMR/1)
Format/size: pdf (203K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: CEDAW 2000: (Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women): Concluding Observations on Myanmar
Date of publication: 28 January 2000
Description/subject: (CEDAW/C/2000/I/CRP.3/Add.2/Rev.1.)
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations.
Format/size: pdf (51K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: CEDAW 2000: Summary record of the 450th meeting (Myanmar)
Date of publication: 21 January 2000
Description/subject: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Twenty-second session Summary record of the 450th meeting Held at Headquarters, New York, on Friday, 21 January 2000, at 10.30 a.m.... Chairperson: Ms. González Contents Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 18 of the Convention (continued) Initial report of Myanmar
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (CEDAW/C/SR.450
Format/size: pdf (128K)
Date of entry/update: 24 December 2007


Title: CEDAW 2000: Summary record of the 451st meeting (Myanmar)
Date of publication: 21 January 2000
Description/subject: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women Twenty-second session... Summary record of the 451st meeting Held at Headquarters, New York, on Friday, 21 January 2000, at 3 p.m. Chairperson: Ms. González Contents Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 18 of the Convention (continued) Initial report of Myanmar (continued)
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (CEDAW/C/SR.451)
Format/size: pdf (139K)
Date of entry/update: 24 December 2007


Title: CEDAW 2000: Summary record of the 452nd meeting (Myanmar)
Date of publication: 26 January 2000
Description/subject: Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women... Twenty-second session... Summary record of the 457th meeting Held at Headquarters, New York, on Wednesday, 26 January 2000, at 3 p.m. Chairperson: Ms. González Contents Consideration of reports submitted by States parties under article 18 of the Convention (continued)
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (CEDAW/C/SR.452)
Format/size: pdf (142K)
Date of entry/update: 24 December 2007


Title: CEDAW 2007: (Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women): Combined second and third periodic reports of Myanmar
Date of publication: 04 September 2007
Description/subject: Conclusion: "...Myanmar women enjoy good life and rights in accordance with the laws or customs since ancient time. The government is carrying out within the limited resources to enable entire Myanmar women to face the challenges of knowledge age and to keep abreast with the world. In so doing, so that all women enjoy full rights and for the comprehensive development of women, conservation of Myanmar traditional culture is also considered seriously."... The report can also be found in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish by searching at http://documents.un.org/ -- paste CEDAW/C/MMR/3 into the Symbol box of the Simple Search.
Language: English (also Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish on the ODS site -- see Description)
Source/publisher: United Nations (CEDAW/C/MMR/3)
Format/size: pdf (197K)
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2007


Title: CEDAW: Response by Myanmar to the recommendations contained in the concluding observations of the Committee following the examination of the combined second and third periodic report of Myanmar on 3 November 2008
Date of publication: 03 December 2010
Description/subject: Women’s Rights
Language: English
Source/publisher: CEDAW/C/MMR/CO/3/Add.2
Format/size: pdf (32K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G10/470/14/pdf/G1047014.pdf?OpenElement
Date of entry/update: 15 February 2012


Title: CEDAW: Response by Myanmar to the recommendations contained in the concluding observations of the Committee following the examination of the combined second and third periodic report of Myanmar on 3 November 2008
Date of publication: 13 September 2011
Description/subject: Participation of Women in Political and Public Life...Women in Northern Rakhine State
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (CEDAW/C/MMR/CO/3/Add.3)
Format/size: pdf (63K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents-dds-ny.un.org/doc/UNDOC/GEN/G11/452/94/pdf/G1145294.pdf?OpenElement
Date of entry/update: 15 February 2012


Title: Concluding observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women: Myanmar
Date of publication: 07 November 2008
Description/subject: 1. The Committee considered the combined second and third report of Myanmar (CEDAW/C/MMR/3) at its 864th and 865th meetings, on 3 November 2008 (see CEDAW/C/SR.864 and 865). The Committee's list of issues and questions is contained in CEDAW/C/MMR/Q/3 and the responses of Myanmar are contained in CEDAW/C/MMR/Q/3/Add.1.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (CEDAW/C/MMR/CO/3)
Format/size: pdf (90K)
Alternate URLs: http://www2.ohchr.org/english/bodies/cedaw/docs/co/CEDAW-C-MMR-CO-3.pdf
Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


Title: Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
Date of publication: 18 December 1979
Description/subject: Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 34/180 of 18 December 1979; entry into force 3 September 1981. For the jurisprudence under the Convention, visit the site of CEDAW Committee. Myanmar accession: 22 July 1997.
Language: English, Francais, Espanol, Russian, Arabic, Chinese
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.un.org/womenwatch/daw/cedaw/text/econvention.htm
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Gathering Strength - Women from Burma on their Rights
Date of publication: January 2002
Description/subject: Link to the URLs of the individual chapters (pdf): IMAGES ASIA'S CEDAW PROJECT METHODOLOGY: THE AIM OF THIS REPORT 11; THE INTERVIEW PROCESS 11; OBSTACLES ENCOUNTERED DURING RESEARCH 13; DATA ANALYSIS 14; OTHER PROJECT AIMS 17. THE CEDAW & THE GOVERNMENT'S OBLIGATIONS: THE CEDAW & THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN'S RIGHTS MOVEMENT; STRUCTURE OF THE CEDAW; GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS; CEDAW MONITORING MECHANISMS; THE SPDC AT THE 22ND SESSION OF THE CEDAW... MEETINGS & MACHINERY: THE GOVERNMENT'S COMMITMENT TO THE CEDAW: OVERVIEW; THE BURMESE WAY TO EQUALITY; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS... SOCIAL ROLES & GENDER STEREOTYPES: OVERVIEW; RELIGION & GENDER DISCRIMINATION; PRESERVERS OF CULTURE; FAMILY ROLES; SOCIAL RELATIONS & BEHAVIOURAL NORMS; RESTRICTIONS; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS... VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN: OVERVIEW; WOMEN IN WAR; RELOCATION & DISPLACEMENT; SEXUAL VIOLENCE & ARMED CONFLICT; SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN AREAS OF MILITARY OCCUPATION; SEXUAL VIOLENCE ACROSS BORDERS: REFUGEES & MIGRANTS; SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN THE COMMUNITY; REPORTING & PUNISHMENT OF SEXUAL VIOLENCE; FORCED MARRIAGE; DOMESTIC VIOLENCE; DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN RELOCATION & REFUGE; GOVERNMENT PROGRAMS ON DOMESTIC VIOLENCE; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS... WOMEN'S HEALTH: OVERVIEW; GOVERNMENT HEALTH SPENDING; POLICY, LAW & ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS RELATING TO WOMEN'S HEALTH; EDUCATION ABOUT WOMEN'S HEALTH ISSUES; ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE; REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH; MATERNAL HEALTH; WOMEN & HIV/AIDS 120 FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS... EDUCATION FOR WOMEN & GIRLS: OVERVIEW; WOMEN & ILLITERACY; CURRENT SCHOOL ATTENDANCE & DROP OUT; BARRIERS TO EDUCATION; DISCRIMINATION IN GIRLS' SCHOOLING; INCENTIVES & OPPORTUNITIES FOR HIGHER EDUCATION; VOCATIONAL TRAINING; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS... THE ECONOMY & WOMEN'S LABOUR: OVERVIEW; THE ECONOMY; DECISION-MAKING & THE FAMILY INCOME; CULTURAL STEREOTYPES REGARDING WORK; RURAL WOMEN; FORCED LABOUR; EDUCATION & WORK OPPORTUNITIES; WOMEN IN THE PAID LABOUR FORCE; THE CIVIL SERVICE; THE INFORMAL SECTOR; THE PRIVATE SECTOR; LACK OF INFORMAL & PRIVATE SECTOR REGULATION; THE ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS... MIGRATION & TRAFFICKING OF WOMEN & GIRLS: OVERVIEW; RESTRICTION ON WOMEN'S FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT; REGIONAL MIGRATION; TRAFFICKING; SEX WORK; DEPORTATION; ACTIONS TO COMBAT TRAFFICKING; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS... WOMEN & THE LAW: OVERVIEW; FOUNDATIONS OF THE LAW IN BURMA; LAWS RELATING SPECIFICALLY TO WOMEN; THE PRACTICE OF THE LAW; WOMEN & FAMILY LAW; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS... WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN POLITICS: OVERVIEW; RESTRICTIONS ON POLITICAL FREEDOM; INTERNATIONAL PARTICIPATION; NATIONAL PARTICIPATION; LOCAL PARTICIPATION; WOMEN'S PARTICIPATION IN OPPOSITION MOVEMENTS; CONSEQUENCES OF POLITICAL ACTIVITY; WOMEN'S POLITICAL ACTIVITIES IN EXILE; WOMEN IN BURMA'S POLITICAL FUTURE; FINDINGS & RECOMMENDATIONS... CONCLUSION... BIBLIOGRAPHY... ORGANISATIONAL PROFILE.
Author/creator: Brenda Belak
Language: English
Source/publisher: Images Asia
Format/size: html (38K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: In the Shadow of the Junta - CEDAW Shadow Report by women of Burma
Date of publication: 27 October 2008
Description/subject: (Press RElease, 27 October 2008): CEDAW shadow report reveals systemic gender discrimination in Burma... "Women’s organizations are today launching a shadow report revealing systemic gender discrimination in Burma, which will be used to review Burma at the 42nd Session of the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) Committee in Geneva on November 3, 2008. The Women’s League of Burma, together with other community-based organizations around Burma’s borders, has compiled extensive data in the report on how the regime’s failed policies have impacted women and girls, particularly in the areas of education, health, rural development, and violence against women. The findings strongly contradict the claims in the country report by the ruling military regime, the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), that women in Burma “enjoy their rights even before they are born.” The report exposes how the regime is profiting from the sale of the country’s natural resources to build up the military and its GONGOs, and how systematic militarization and prioritization of military expenditure has reinforced the existing patriarchal system. It analyzes how the regime’s new constitution not only fails to effectively promote gender equality, but guarantees that the armed forces, an almost exclusively male institution, will control a quarter of seats in the government. The report states: “The face of public life in Burma is male, because the culture of Burma today is profoundly militarized. The military presence pervades every village, town and city, every branch and level of its administration, and every situation involving power and status.” The report exposes how national women’s organizations are merely for show. They are led by wives of SPDC commanders, who promote the regime’s policies and abuse their power at every level. The report reiterates that there can be no advancement of the lives of women and girls in Burma, and no protection and promotion of their rights while the military and its proxy organizations remain in power. “The regime’s road map to disciplined democracy is simply a road-map to further patriarchy,” said Nang Yain (General Secretary of the Women’s League of Burma) “We need genuine political reform to work for gender equality in Burma.”"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Women's League of Burma
Format/size: pdf (5,38MB, original; 4.1MB (alternate URL)
Alternate URLs: http://www.womenofburma.org
http://www.womenofburma.org/Report/IntheShadow-Junta-CEDAW2008.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 November 2008


Title: ISSUES TO BE RAISED CONCERNING THE SITUATION OF STATELESS ROHINGYA WOMEN IN MYANMAR (BURMA)
Date of publication: October 2008
Description/subject: SUBMISSION TO THE COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION OF DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN (CEDAW) For the Examination of the combined 2nd and 3rd periodic State party Reports (CEDAW/C/MMR/3) -MYANMAR-....."...Rohingya women and girls suffer from the devastating consequences of brutal government policies implemented against their minority group but also from socio-religious norms imposed on them by their community, the combined impact of which dramatically impinges on their physical and mental well-being, with long-term effects on their development. a) State-sponsored persecution: The 1982 Citizenship Law renders the Rohingya stateless, thereby supporting arbitrary and discriminatory measures against them. Their freedom of movement is severely limited; they are barred from government employment; marriage restrictions are imposed on them; they are disproportionately subject to forced labour, extortion and other coercive measures. Public services such as health and education are appallingly neglected. Illiteracy is estimated at 80%. The compounded impact of these human right violations also results in household impoverishment and food insecurity, increasing the vulnerability of women and children....Rohingya women and girls are also subject to serious gender-based restrictions due to societal attitudes and conservative interpretation of religious norms in their male-dominated community. The birth of a son is always favoured. Girls’ education is not valued and they are invariably taken out of school at puberty. Women and adolescent girls are usually confined to their homes and discouraged from participating in the economic sphere. They are systematically excluded from decision-making in community matters. Divorced women and widows are looked down upon, exposed to sexual violence and abandoned with little community support..."
Author/creator: Chris Lewa
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Arakan Project
Format/size: pdf (179K)
Date of entry/update: 30 January 2009


Title: List of issues and questions with regard to the consideration of periodic reports: Myanmar
Date of publication: 06 March 2008
Description/subject: The pre-session working group examined the combined second and third periodic report of Myanmar (CEDAW/C/MMR/3)and produced a list of 29 questionw which was sent to the SPDC. The replies to the questions are contained in CEDAW/C/MMR/Q/3/Add.1
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (CEDAW/C/MMR/Q/3)
Format/size: pdf (48K)
Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008


Title: Responses to the list of issues and questions with regard to the consideration of the combined second and third periodic report: Myanmar
Date of publication: 14 October 2008
Description/subject: 98 paras in response to the List of Issues CEDAW sent to the SPDC in March 2008.
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations (CEDAW/C/MMR/Q/3/Add.1)
Format/size: pdf (45K)
Date of entry/update: 23 November 2008