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Foreign investment in mining

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Burma Sees Foreign Investment Topping $5b in 2014-15
Date of publication: 17 September 2014
Description/subject: "Burma has revised its forecast for foreign direct investment (FDI) to more than US$5 billion for the fiscal year that began in April, a senior official said on Tuesday, surpassing earlier expectations and led by new ventures in energy and telecoms. The figure exceeds an earlier estimate of $4 billion, with investments in the first five months of this fiscal year worth $3.32 billion, said Aung Naing Oo, secretary of the government-run Myanmar Investment Commission (MIC)"...
Author/creator: AUNG HLA TUN
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Irrawaddy
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2014

Title: EAGC Ventures Corp.
Description/subject: Formerly East Asia Gold Corp. Nothing much on the site (Sept 2001) though they are mentioned as active in the 2001 Mining Annual Report.
Language: English
Alternate URLs: http://infoventure.tsx.com/TSXVenture/TSXVentureHttpController?GetPage=CompanySummary&PO_ID=822283&...
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Ivanhoe Mines
Description/subject: Most foreign mining in Burma is done by Ivanhoe. Click on Copper Operations, then on Monywa or search for Myanmar or Monywa. Gold also.
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Metal Mining Agency of Japan
Description/subject: Active in promoting mining in Burma. "The Metal Mining Agency of Japan (MMAJ) is a semigovernmental organization under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of International Trade and Industry and the main organization that executes the Japanese Government's policies related to the mining industry. Since its establishment in 1963, the Agency has been conducting various exploration operations for mineral resources both within and outside Japan, and other worldwide activities, such as technical cooperation in resources development for developing countries with mineral resources, technological research and development in the field of mining, rare metal stockpiling in Japan, mining related environmental pollution control activities, and international exchange through the collection and analysis of information concerning mineral resources. From a long-term viewpoint, the Agency has also been conducting exploration of deep seafloor mineral resources in the Pacific Ocean. Through these activities, the Agency has contributed to the stable supply of nonferrous metal resources, not only for use in Japan, but also in other countries."
Language: Japanese, English
Alternate URLs: http://www.dundee.ac.uk/cepmlp/main/html/mmaj.htm
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2010

Title: Metal Mining Agency of Japan: Oversesas projects in Asia
Description/subject: Click on Myanmar for a map and description of MMAJ's earlier interest in the Monywa mine, now being exploited by Ivanhoe. In 1998 MMAJ organised a Workshop in Rangoon for "Investment Promotion & Environemntal Protection in the Mining Sector in ASEAN"
Language: English
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://web.archive.org/web/20041115084443/www.mmaj.go.jp/mmaj_e/services.html
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2010

Title: Mineral Resources Map of Asia
Description/subject: Click down to Burma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Metal Mining Agency of Japan (MMAJ)
Alternate URLs: http://www.caatlas.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=section&layout=blog&id=9&Itemid=12
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2010

Title: Mines and Communities Website
Description/subject: The Mines and Communities Website ("MAC") was initiated by members of the Minewatch Asia-Pacific London support group. Its main aim is to ensure easy access to materials published by the group, as well as partner organisations and individuals. We want to make information on mining impacts, projects, and the corporate sector more widely available. Above all, we hope to empower mining-affected communities, so that they can better fight against damaging proposals and practices. The website is supported by: JATAM (Mining Advocacy Network, Indonesia), Mines, Minerals and People (India), Minewatch Asia Pacific Project (Philippines), Partizans (People against Rio Tinto Zinc and Its Subsidiaries, UK), Philippine Indigenous Peoples Links (UK), the Society of St. Columban (UK) and Third World Network Ghana. These organisations are also represented on the editorial group which will submit and monitor new information and contacts on which this website can build......See the Country page for several dozen articles and reports on mining in Burma. MAC is one of the homes of "Grave Diggers: A Report on Mining in Burma" by Roger Moody.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Mines and Communities
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Mining Laws of Asian Countries
Description/subject: Interesting to compare the Burmese 1994 Mining Law with those of other Asian countries (see analysis of the 1994 Mining Law in "Grave Diggers" by Roger Moody, which is on the OBL shelves).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Metal Mining Agency of Japan
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.herbertsmithfreehills.com/-/media/HS/Insights/Guides/PDFs/Asia%20guides/Mining%20Law%20i...
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2010

Title: Mining Watch, Canada / Mines Alerte
Description/subject: Carries a copy of "Grave Diggers" (no search engine so go to publications and browse). Good links page.
Language: English
Format/size: English, fracais, espanol
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Individual Documents

Title: Turning Treasure Into Tears - Mining, Dams and Deforestation in Shwegyin Township, Pegu Division, Burma
Date of publication: 20 February 2007
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "This report describes how human rights and environmental abuses continue to be a serious problem in eastern Pegu division, Burma – specifi cally, in Shwegyin township of Nyaunglebin District. The heavy militarization of the region, the indiscriminate granting of mining and logging concessions, and the construction of the Kyauk Naga Dam have led to forced labor, land confi scation, extortion, forced relocation, and the destruction of the natural environment. The human consequences of these practices, many of which violate customary and conventional international law, have been social unrest, increased fi nancial hardship, and great personal suffering for the victims of human rights abuses. By contrast, the SPDC and its business partners have benefi ted greatly from this exploitation. The businessmen, through their contacts, have been able to rapidly expand their operations to exploit the township’s gold and timber resources. The SPDC, for its part, is getting rich off the fees and labor exacted from the villagers. Its dam project will forever change the geography of the area, at great personal cost to the villagers, but it will give the regime more electricity and water to irrigate its agro-business projects. Karen villagers in the area previously panned for gold and sold it to supplement their incomes from their fi elds and plantations. They have also long been involved in small-scale logging of the forests. In 1997, the SPDC and businessmen began to industrialize the exploitation of gold deposits and forests in the area. Businessmen from central Burma eventually arrived and in collusion with the Burmese Army gained mining concessions and began to force people off of their land. Villagers in the area continue to lose their land, and with it their ability to provide for themselves. The Army abuses local villagers, confi scates their land, and continues to extort their money. Commodity prices continue to rise, compounding the diffi culties of daily survival. Large numbers of migrant workers have moved into the area to work the mining concessions and log the forests. This has created a complicated tension between the Karen and these migrants. While the migrant workers are merely trying to earn enough money to feed their families, they are doing so on the Karen’s ancestral land and through the exploitation of local resources. Most of the migrant workers are Burman, which increases ethnic tensions in an area where Burmans often represent the SPDC and the Army and are already seen as sneaky and oppressive by the local Karen. These forms of exploitation increased since the announcement of the construction of the Kyauk Naga Dam in 2000, which is expected to be completed in late 2006. The SPDC has enabled the mining and logging companies to extract as much as they can before the area upstream of the dam is fl ooded. This situation has intensifi ed and increased human rights violations against villagers in the area. The militarization of the region, as elsewhere, has resulted in forced labor, extortion of money, goods, and building materials, and forced relocation by the Army. In addition to these direct human rights violations, the mining and dam construction have also resulted in grave environmental degradation of the area. The mining process has resulted in toxic runoff that has damaged or destroyed fi elds and plantations downstream. The dam, once completed, will submerge fi elds, plantations, villages, and forests. In addition, the dam will be used to irrigate rubber plantations jointly owned by the SPDC and private business interests. The Burmese Army has also made moves to secure the area in the mountains to the east of the Shwegyin River. This has led to relocations and the forced displacement of thousands of Karen villagers living in the mountains. Once the Army has secured the area, the mining and logging companies will surely follow..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: EarthRights International (ERI)
Format/size: pdf (632K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.earthrights.org/files/Burma%20Project/report-_turning_treasure_into_tears.pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 March 2007

Title: Myanmar Geosciences Society
Date of publication: 2003
Language: English
Source/publisher: MGS
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2010

Title: Canadian Company Defends Self, Junta
Date of publication: October 2000
Description/subject: Ivanhoe Mines, a Canadian-based company whose operations in Burma have recently come under renewed scrutiny following the release of a report by a mining watchdog group, has come out in defense of its Burmese business partners, the ruling SPDC
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 10 (Business page)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Grave Diggers: A report on Mining in Burma
Date of publication: 14 February 2000
Description/subject: A report on mining in Burma. The problems mining is bringing to the Burmese people, and the multinational companies involved in it. Includes an analysis of the SLORC 1994 Mining Law.... 'Grave Diggers, authored by world renowned mining environmental activist Roger Moody, was the first major review of mining in Burma since the country's military regime opened the door to foreign mining investment in 1994. Singled out for special attention in this report is the stake taken up by Canadian mining promoter Robert Friedland, whose Ivanhoe Mines has redeveloped a major copper mine in the Monywa area in joint venture enterprise with Burma's military regime. There are several useful appendices with first hand reports from mining sites throughout the country. A series of maps shows the location of the exploration concessions taken up almost exclusively by foreign companies in the rounds of bidding that took place in the nineties.
Author/creator: Roger Moody
Language: English
Source/publisher: Various groups
Format/size: pdf (1.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 September 2010

Title: Burma's Jade Mines: An Annotated Occidental History
Date of publication: 1999
Description/subject: "The history of Burma’s jade mines in the West is a brief one. While hundreds of different reports, articles and even books exist on the famous ruby deposits of Mogok, only a handful of westerners have ever made the journey to northern Burma’s remote jade mines and wrote down their findings. Occidental accounts of the mines make their first appearance in 1837. Although in 1836, Captain Hannay obtained specimens of jadeite at Mogaung during his visit to the Assam frontier (Hannay, 1837), Dr. W.Griffiths (1847) was the first European to actually visit the mines, in 1837 (Griffiths, 1847). The following is his account, as given in Scott and Hardiman (1900–1901):..."
Author/creator: Richard W. Hughes
Language: English
Source/publisher: Journal of the Geoliterary Society (Vol. 14, No. 1, 1999). via ganoksin
Format/size: html (55K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: The 1994 Mines Law - SLORC Law No. 8/94 (English)
Date of publication: 06 September 1994
Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council... The Myanmar Mines Law... (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No 8/94)... The 2nd Waxing Day of Tawthalin, 1356 M.E. (6th September, 1994) "The objectives of this Law are as follows: a.to implement the Mineral Resources Policy of the Government; b.to fulfil the domestic requirements and to increase export by producing more mineral products; c.to promote development of local and foreign investment in respect of mineral resources; d.to supervise, scrutinize and approve applications submitted by person or organization desirous of conducting mineral prospecting, exploration or production; e.to carry out for the development of, conservation, utilization and research works of mineral resources; f.to protect the environmental conservation works that may have detrimental effects due to mining operation..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
Format/size: html, pdf (82K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/1994-SLORC_Law1994-08-The_%20Myanmar_Mines_Law-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003