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Social studies of Burma

Individual Documents

Title: Micro Level Study on Socio-­economic Situation of Sinlan Village, Pyin Oo Lwin Township: A Geographic Perspectives
Date of publication: 04 September 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Socio­‐economic situation means an individual's or a group's position within a hierarchical social structure. Socio-­economic status depends on a combination of variables, including occupation, education, income, wealth, and place of residence. While sociologists often use socio-­economic status as a means of predicting behavior, geographers used to focus on that position with the relations to or reference of a place or space or a region. Therefore, in this paper, the variables of the social and economic status of a small village will be examined at an individual level with the respects of location, physical phenomena, human resource, land use pattern and the environmental perception of the rural dwellers from Sinlan Village. This village is located about 1km northwest of Pyin Oo Lwin town. It lies at an elevation of about 1,160 meters above sea level so that it receives temperate climate. As consequence, the main economy and living style of the village is quite different to that of the others. Random sampling method was used to define the number of households to be visited and interviewing and field observation methods are also applied to collect the necessary data by the teachers and PhD preliminary students from Geography Department, Mandalay University. The field survey was made in February,2015.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Nyo Nyo and Soe Sandar San
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.4MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 04 September 2015


Title: Myanmar: A new dawn (video)
Date of publication: 21 August 2014
Description/subject: As Myanmar emerges slowly from five decades of dictatorship, will it ever catch up with its more prosperous neighbours?...After almost half a century of authoritarian rule, Myanmar (or Burma) is gradually coming in from the cold, dark years of repression and dictatorship giving way to new industries and culture – driven by both, the growing interest of foreign investors and the gradual softening of political criticism and sanctions from the US, Europe and others...However, ... there still is a clear divide between those benefiting from the new world, and those struggling to survive in old Burma. Prosperity – or anything approaching it – is still a long way off. Most of Myanmar's 60 million people have yet to experience the full benefits of that growing freedom and the country – though rich in natural resources - remains one of most deprived in the world...Thanks to a wide range of newspapers now available the population is becoming better informed but on a practical level although some adventurous entrepreneurs are prepared to take a risk on new start-ups and business ventures, most people do not even have the money to fund their child's education..."
Author/creator: Sally Sara, Vivien Altman and ABC
Language: English
Source/publisher: Aljazeera (People & Power)
Format/size: Adobe Flash (25 minutes)
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2014


Title: Asian Development Bank Interim Country Partnership Strategy: Myanmar, 2012-2014: POVERTY ANALYSIS (SUMMARY)
Date of publication: September 2012
Description/subject: 1. One of the key development challenges faced by Myanmar is how to reduce poverty and inequality. To achieve this goal, it will be necessary to have a good understanding of the state and nature of poverty and inequality in the country, including where and who the poor are, and what causes poverty and vulnerability. This paper discusses the main findings of the Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey in Myanmar (2009-2010) and related studies, and outlines their broad implications on poverty reduction strategies and policies in the country..." Poverty Level and Trends; Poverty, Inequality and Vulnerability; Characteristics of the Poor—Poor vs. Non-Poor Households; Causes of Poverty; Implications on Poverty Reduction Strategies and Policies...Trends in Poverty Incidence [incl by State and region]
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Format/size: pdf (74K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/mya-interim-poverty.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2012


Title: Armut im Land der Goldenen Pagoden. Soziale Sicherheit, Gesundheit und Bildung in Burma; Focus Asien Nr. 26
Date of publication: 29 December 2005
Description/subject: In den letzten Jahren häufen sich die Meldungen über die kritische humanitäre Situation in Burma. Die sozialen Indikatoren Sterblichkeitsraten, Bildungsindikatoren, Verbreitung von typischen Armutskrankheiten wie Malaria und Tuberkulose, die alarmierende Verbreitung von HIV/AIDS - zeichnen ein düsteres Bild über den Zustand des Landes, wobei es große regionale und gesellschaftliche Unterschiede gibt. Die Broschüre gibt Einblicke in die Bereiche Gesundheits- und Bildungswesen in Burma, wobei Erfahrungen aus der praktischen Arbeit von Hilfsorganisationen dargestellt werden. Neben Vorstellungen vom Wohlfahrtsstaat werden darüber hinaus die Situation burmesischer Migrant/innen in Thailand beleuchtet, die Auswirkungen des Opiumbanns auf die Bevölkerung der Wa-Sonderregion untersucht und Chancen und Risiken humanitärer Hilfe diskutiert. Inhalt: Ulrike Bey: Armut im „Land der Goldenen Pagoden“; Marco Bünte: Dimensionen sozialer Probleme in Myanmar – Ein Überblick; Hans-Bernd Zöllner: Der Traum vom budhistischen Wohlfahrtsstaat; Tankred Stöbe: Das Gesundheitssystem in Burma/Myanmar unter Ausschluss der ethnischen Minderheiten?; Brenda Belak: Der Zugang zur medizinischen Versorgung; Johannes Achilles: Das Bildungswesen in Birma/Myanmar – Erfahrungen zum Engagement im Bildungsbereich; Ulrike Bey: Frauen in Bildung und Gesundheit; Michael Tröster: Die Wa in Gefahr. Nach dem Opiumbann droht in der Special Region eine humaitäre Katastrophe; Jackie Pollock: Die Lebensqualität von Migrant/innen in Thailand; Jasmin Lorch: Der Rückzug des UN Global Fund aus Burma; Alle Artikel dieses Bandes sind außerdem noch separat verlinkt. keywords: social security, health, education, humanitarian aid, migration, opium ban
Author/creator: Ulrike Bey (Hrsg.)
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Asienhaus
Format/size: pdf 970k
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2006


Title: Der Traum vom buddhistischen Wohlfahrtsstaat
Date of publication: 29 December 2005
Description/subject: Die hier vorgestellte These besagt, dass es im buddhistischen Birma ein von Menschen aus allen Schichten der Bevölkerung geteiltes geschichtlich überliefertes System von Vorstellungen und Erwartungen gibt, das mit unserem Begriff "Wohlfahrtsstaat" belegt werden kann. keywords: burmese way to socialism, social system, constitution, political culture, welfare state
Author/creator: Hans-Bernd Zöllner
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Asienhaus Focus Asien Nr. 26; S. 15-21
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2006


Title: Die Lebensqualität von Migrant/innen in Thailand
Date of publication: 29 December 2005
Description/subject: Politik und Gesetzgebung für Arbeitsmigrant/innen, Lebens- und Arbeitsbedingungen, Bildung in Thailand, Probleme der Rückkehr und Wiedereingliederung, Sicherheit, Bewegung und Reisen keywords: migrant workers, working conditions
Author/creator: Jackie Pollock (Übersetzung von Daniel Hilbring)
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Asienhaus Focus Asien Nr. 26
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2006


Title: Dimensionen sozialer Probleme in Myanmar - Ein Ãœberblick
Date of publication: 29 December 2005
Description/subject: Armut in Myanmar; Die Situation im Gesundheitswesen; Die AIDS-Problematik; Das Bildungssystem keywords: poverty, health system, HIV/AIDS, education, social problems
Author/creator: Marco Bünte
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Asienhaus Focus Asien Nr. 26; S. 9-14
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2006


Title: Frauen in Bildung und Gesundheit
Date of publication: 29 December 2005
Description/subject: Armutsreduzierung und die Stärkung der Position von Frauen hängen in vielerlei Hinsicht zusammen. In Burma, so heißt es im Allgemeinen, nehmen die Frauen eine angesehene und respektierte Rolle in der Gesellschaft ein. In der Kombination mit Armut, Gewalt oder kulturellen Werten werden jedoch Diskriminierungen und Ungleichheiten sichtbar. Die meisten Gesundheitsprobleme, denen sich Frauen ausgesetzt sehen, sind auf schlechte Lebensbedingungen zurückzuführen. keywords: women, health, education, prostitution, HIV/AIDS, family planning
Author/creator: Ulrike Bey
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Asienhaus Focus Asien Nr. 26, S. 37-43
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 March 2006


Title: Myanmar: Contemporary Life
Date of publication: March 2005
Description/subject: "This chapter is about the lives of ordinary people in contemporary Myanmar"
Author/creator: Myat Thein
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chapter from :Values and life styles in urban Asia: a cross-cultural analysis"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 October 2009


Title: Human Security in Burma
Date of publication: October 2000
Description/subject: Human security has become a popular political cause, but for, Burma, the state uses national security to subvert human security leaving this up to the international community.
Author/creator: Aung Zaw/Montreal
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 10
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Studies in Social Deprivation in Myanmar MYA/98/004
Date of publication: April 1999
Description/subject: Final Consolidated Report Revised by Paul Shaffer Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex in collaboration with Tun Aung Prue, Tin Win, Khin Khin Aye, Ronald Wai, Yee Yee Than, Daw Wah Wah Thein, Ohmar Lwin, Win Tun, Hiroki Kajifusa... Introduction.. Section 1.1 Context and Overview of the Study;Section 1.2 Identification Issues: Characteristics of Social Deprivation; Section 1.3 Process Issues: Dynamics of Social Deprivation;Section 1.4 A Note on the Division of Labour…. Section 2 - Identification Issues: Characteristics of Social Deprivation: Section 2.1 Targeting Social Deprivation: Indicator Selection; Section 2.1.1 HDIBS: All Townships (Rural); Section 2.1.2 HDIBS: Township-level Data (Rural; Section 2.1.2a Dry Zone; Section 2.1.2b Delta Zone; Section 2.1.2c Shan State; Section 2.1.2d Chin State; Section 2.1.2e Rakhine State; Section 2.1.2f Kachin State; Section 2.2 Gender and Social Deprivation; Section 2.2.1 Education; Section 2.2.2 Health; Section 2.2.3 Nutrition; Section 2.2.4 Other; Section 2.3 Main Findings and Operational Implications; Section 2.3.1 Indicators and Proxies of Social Deprivation; Section 2.3.2 Gender and Social Deprivation... Section 3 Process Issues: Dynamics of Social Deprivation: Section 3.1 Conceptualising the Dynamics of Social Deprivation; Section 3.2 Social Change and Seasonality; Section 3.2.1 Literature Review; Section 3.2.2 The Village Studies; Section 3.2.2a Northern Rakhine State; Section 3.2.2b Dry Zone; Section 3.2.2c Shan State; Section 3.2.2d Delta Region; Section 3.3 Gender; Section 3.3.1 Literature Review; Section 3.3.2 The Village Studies; Section 3.3.2a Northern Rakhine State (NRS); Section 3.3.2b Dry Zone; Section 3.3.2c Shan State; Section 3.3.2d Delta Region; Section 3.4 Environment; Section 3.4.1 Literature Review; Section 3.4.2 The Village Studies; Section 3.4.2a Northern Rakhine State (NRS); Section 3.4.2b Dry Zone; Section 3.4.2c Shan State; Section 3.4.2d Delta Region; Section 3.5 Main Findings and Operational Implications; Section 3.5.1 Social Change and Seasonality; Section 3.5.2 Gender; Section 3.5.3 Environment… References… Appendix A - Terms of Reference… Appendix B - The Village Study – Methodology: Section B.I Overview of Methodology; Section B.2 Review of Methods; Section B.2.1 Salutations/Introduction (Day 1); Section B.2.2 Social Map (Day 2); Section B.2.3 Discussion of History/Social Change (Day 2); Section B.2.3a Guidelines for Discussion of History/Social Change; Section B.2.4 Gender Focus Group Discussion and Women's Time Line (Days 3-4); Section B.2.4a Guidelines for Gender Focus Group Discussion; Section B.2.5 Environment Focus Group and Natural Resource Map (Days 3-4); Section B.2.5a Guidelines for Natural Resource Map and Environment Focus Group Discussion; Section B.2.6 Institutions Focus Group and Venn Diagram (Days 3-4); Section B.2.6a Guidelines for Institution Focus Group Discussion and Venn Diagram; Section B.2.7 Well-being Ranking (Day 5); Section B.2.7a Guidelines for Well-being Ranking; Section B.2.8 Semi-Structured Interviews (Days 6-7); Section B.2.8a Guidelines for Semi-Structured Interviews (Households); Section B.2.8b Guidelines for Semi-Structured Interviews (Women); Section B.2.9 Needs Assessment and Priority Ranking (Day 8); Section B.2.9a Guidelines for Needs Assessment and Priority Ranking; Section B.3 Checklist of Expected Outputs per village… Appendix C - Village Study Report: Format… Appendix D - Site Selection: Section D.I Conceptual Issues; Section D.2 The Villages; Section D.2.1 Northern Rakhine State (NRS); Section D.2.1a West Oo Daung Village, Maungdaw Township; Section D.2.1b Kapagaung Village, Maungdaw Township; Section D.2.1c Maung Hla Ma Village, Buthidaung Township; Section D.2.Id Kin Chaung Village, Buthidaung Township; Section D.2.1e Kyauk Chaung Village, Rathedaung Township; Section D.2.1f Aung Ma Village, Rathedaung Township; Section D.2.2 Dry Zone Region; Section D.2.2a Kulai Village, Kyaukpadaung Township; Section D.2.2b Kyaukkhwet Village, Kyaukpadaung Township; Section D.2.3 Shan State; Section D.2.3a Taung Paw Gyi Village, Pindaya Township; Section D.2.3b Tha Yet Pyar Village, Pindaya Township; Section D.2.4 Delta Region; Section D.2.4a Pa Wein Village, Bogalay Township; Section D.2.4b Teipinseik Village, Bogalay Township; Appendix E - Monitoring Social Deprivation: Preliminary Thoughts.
Author/creator: Paul Shaffer
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA)
Format/size: pdf (400K) 119 pages
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: A review of national social policies, Myanmar
Date of publication: 1999
Description/subject: . "This paper is an attempt to comprehensively review the current state of poverty and the poverty reduction policy in Myanmar with an emphasis on the following four areas: Education, Health, Ethnic Minorities, and Environment (Watershed Management). The transition from a development program based on isolationism and self-sufficiency to a market driven economy has great potential for growth and development. For instance, the revival and liberalization of economic activities in Myanmar since 1988 has spurred substantial real growth. However, the implementation of economic reforms has been slow and uneven. Moreover, the expansion in economic activity since 1988 also has not resulted in significant improvements in the living conditions of people. In 1994, Myanmar with a Human Development Index (HDI) value of 0.475 fell in the category of "low human development" countries and ranked 131 out of 175 countries..." A Brief Political History of Myanmar since Independence; SPDC Policy on Poverty Alleviation; SPDC Policy on Education; SPDC Policy on Health; SPDC Policy on Ethnic Minorities; Environment/Watershed Management.
Author/creator: John V. Dennis, Ph.D
Language: English
Source/publisher: Regional Environmental Technical Assistance 5771 Poverty Reduction & Environmental Management in Remote Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) Watersheds Project (Phase I) UN ESCAP
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Introduction to Social Research Methods
Description/subject: Table of Contents: Foreword 1... Introduction 7... Glossary 19... Defining a Research Problem 27... Quantitative and Qualitative Research 39... Baseline Study 58... Survey Research (1) 74... Survey Research (2) 84... Sampling: Non-Probability Sampling 98... Sampling: Probability sampling 110... Focus Group Discussion (FGD) 124... In-depth Interviews 144... Participatory Learning Appraisal and its Tools 160... Participatory Action Research (PAR) 184... Research and Ethics 204... Research and Project Design 222... Case study 240... Quantitative Data Analysis 254... Qualitative data analysis 276... Using Secondary Sources or Existing Data 292... Evaluation Research 300... Supporting Details 314... Writing a Report 330... Policy and Advocacy brief Writing 342
Author/creator: Maxime Boutry, Tun Myint and François Tainturier
Language: English and Burmese
Source/publisher: Inya Institute
Format/size: pdf (4.2MB-reduced version; 8.28MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Inya_Inst-Introduction_to_Social_Research_Methods-en-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 September 2015