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Corruption

Individual Documents

Title: Government Defence Anti-Corruption Index (Myanmar)
Date of publication: November 2015
Description/subject: "Myanmar is located in Band F, which indicates critical corruption risk in its national defence and security establishments. No branch of the state - the legislative, executive, or judicial branches - may exercise oversight over the military. Article 20 of the 2008 constitution states, “The Defence Services has the right to independently administer ... all affairs of the armed forces.” In practice, Myanmar has two parallel power structures: the civil government and the military, with the latter also having significant influence in the former. There is a complete lack of transparency regarding military activities and no public disclosure of any key information on defence spending, strategy, or procurement plans - precluding any opportunities for civilian oversight...".....Under Political, Financial, Personnel, Operational and Procurement, you will find a number of questions and answers headed: COMMENTS; SOURCES; RESEARCHER AND PEER REVIEWERS.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Transparency International - Defence and Security
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://government.defenceindex.org/ (close any pop-up and click on map for Myanmar)
Date of entry/update: 13 January 2016


Title: Hpapun Situation Update: Bu Tho and Dwe Lo townships, April 2014 to February 2015
Date of publication: 11 September 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events and issues occurring in Bu Tho and Dwe Lo townships, Hpapun District between April 2014 and February 2015, including the embezzlement of public funds, child labour, and fraudulent gambling. Hpapun District administrator U Aung Than Zaw oversaw the construction of bridges in Bu Tho Township, paid for with government funds. He spent only 14,400,000 kyat (US $12,933.36) of the allotted 30,000,000 kyat (US $26,944.50) on actual bridge construction. The remaining 15,600,000 kyat (US $14,011.14) he used to fund his own business. Two cases of child labour occurred in Hpapun District: one in S--- village, Ma Htaw village tract, Dwe Lo Township; and one in G--- village, Meh Klaw village tract, Bu Tho Township. The two underage workers were employed in construction work and the abuse occurred due to a lack of awareness regarding child labour rights. On September 27th 2014, casino owner U Myint was arrested and taken into custody by Hpapun Township police for cheating people out of their money at the casino..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (601K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-11-s1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-09-11-Hpapun_Situation_Update-Bu_Tho_and_Dwe_Lo_townsh...
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2015


Title: Politics of corruption in Myanmar
Date of publication: 05 April 2013
Description/subject: "Signs of corruption are mounting in Myanmar, a crisis of confidence that threatens to derail President Thein Sein's ambitious reform program. Whether Thein Sein is willing to push through top-level prosecutions, including at the tainted telecommunications ministry, could make or break the country's transition from military to democratic rule. Underscoring decades of unaccountable military rule, Myanmar has consistently ranked near the top of Transparency International's global corruption rankings. Now, with financial reforms and economic liberalization measures promising to lure big new foreign investments and boost asset prices across the economy, officials are increasingly leveraging their positions for personal gain, according to government insiders situated at the president's office..."
Author/creator: Larry Jagan
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Asia Times Online"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 May 2014


Title: Dirty Hands Can’t Clean Up Government
Date of publication: March 2007
Description/subject: Burma’s military regime is busy tidying up its house with a “clean government” program to fight corruption and achieve good governance. It’s certainly a welcome initiative—provided it’s sincere.
Author/creator: Editorial
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 15, No. 3
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 04 May 2008


Title: Keeping the Censors Sweet
Date of publication: 17 August 2005
Description/subject: Bribery is a part of everyday life for Burma’s press... "From the outside, the three-story building at number six is as nondescript as the other houses and businesses on Wingabar Road just outside downtown Rangoon. Inside, however, the Press Scrutiny and Registration Division headquarters stands out from the majority of the capital’s Spartan offices and government departments because of its abundant furniture and electrical appliances. “The PSRD office is lavishly decorated, even the toilet,” said one regular visitor, a journalist who requested anonymity. A closer look at the DVD players, televisions, stereos and furniture that fill the building reveals small identification tags, each with the name of a leading Burma publication. The labels allow Burma’s censorship board to keep track of the journals that have paid up in full—each appliance and piece of furniture is a mandatory bribe..."
Author/creator: Clive Parker
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 13, No. 8
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www2.irrawaddy.org/article.php?art_id=4905
Date of entry/update: 08 September 2010


Title: Economic and Social Chaos of the State
Date of publication: 26 December 2002
Description/subject: " Burma has come to resemble the former Soviet regime, and we are presently witnessing the same economic and social chaos. The Burmese junta continues to build up its military, despite agreeing to peace with 17 ethnic armed groups. Needless infrastructure projects have been launched one after another, while people in the streets are saying: "Who needs these roads and dams? You can’t eat them or buy food for us."... It seems from the regime’s perspective that the nation’s economic and social problems can be solved by pampering white elephants in their elaborately decorated stables at Min Dharma Hill..."
Author/creator: Danu Maung
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Commentary Archive
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: The Two Faces of Corruption
Date of publication: April 2000
Description/subject: Corruption serves as one of the major forces of distortion in Burma's economy as well as a means for Burmese people to meet the high costs of living. It also serves as a way for the "big people" of Burma to enrich themselves.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 4-5
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003


Title: Going for the Green
Date of publication: August 1997
Description/subject: Burma remains one of the poorest countries in the world. But over the recent years, one cannot ignore the military government building more golf courses throughout the country.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 5. No. 4-5
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003