"The present report is based upon the good offices efforts undertaken by the
Secretary-General and his Special Envoy, Razali Ismail, in facilitating national reconciliation
and democratization in Myanmar, in accordance with General Assembly resolution 59/263
of 23 December 2004.
The Secretary-General has maintained from the very beginning that the National
Convention and subsequent stages in the seven-step road map for transition to democracy put
forth by the Government of Myanmar in 2003 has the potential to be a positive step forward.
He has stressed that to ensure credibility it is essential that the National Convention phase of
the road map, which the Government reconvened in May 2004 to lay the foundations on
which a new constitution is drafted, includes representatives of the National League for
Democracy (NLD), other political parties and ethnic nationality groups, as well as other strata
of society. The Secretary-General has similarly made it clear that all those involved in the
National Convention must also be allowed to speak freely, openly and without restriction on the
matters at hand. To date, however, the National Convention has regrettably fallen short of
satisfying these basic requirements.
On 17 February 2005, the Convention was again reconvened without the participation of
representatives of the NLD and other political parties. Furthermore, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi not
only remains under house arrest, but along with her deputy has also had her detention extended
for a further year. Other political and ethnic leaders have also been arrested or detained, causing
one ceasefire group to boycott the Convention.
Most regrettably, it therefore remains the Secretary-General’s view that the National
Convention, in its present format, does not adhere to the recommendations made by the
General Assembly in successive resolutions. He thus reiterates his call on the Myanmar
authorities, even at this late stage, to take the necessary steps to make the road map process more
inclusive and credible. The Secretary-General also encourages the authorities to ensure that the
third phase of the road map, the drafting of the constitution, is fully inclusive. A national
referendum will be held after that. It is his considered view that unless this poll adheres to
internationally accepted standards of conduct and participation, it may be difficult for the
international community, including the countries of the region, to endorse the result.
In furtherance of this objective, the Secretary-General once again appeals to
the Myanmar authorities to resume without delay a substantive political dialogue with
the representatives of all ethnic nationality groups and political leaders, including
Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, to help achieve a genuine process of national reconciliation.
He reiterates the need for the remaining constraints on all political leaders to be lifted, NLD
offices to be allowed to reopen and political prisoners, including elected officials, to be released.
In this context, the Secretary-General renews his readiness to facilitate national reconciliation
efforts among all parties concerned. At the same time, however, he wishes to articulate his
deep concern at the Myanmar authorities’ continued unwillingness to cooperate with his
Special Envoy over the past year. The present situation casts serious doubt on the prospects
for the United Nations to play an effective role as a facilitator in furtherance of the relevant
resolutions of the General Assembly. He urges the authorities to demonstrate their commitment
to a credible process of democratization and national reconciliation by allowing his
Special Envoy to return to Myanmar to continue his facilitation efforts."|